Takeshi Kondo

Showa University, Shinagawa, Tōkyō, Japan

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Publications (6)20.82 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) have been shown to reduce left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the effects of angiotensin receptor blockers have yet to be established. This study was conducted to examine the effects of candesartan on left ventricular remodeling after AMI. Consecutive AMI patients were assigned to a candesartan group or ACEI group after successful coronary intervention. The patients in the candesartan group (n = 77, mean age, 62.8 +/- 1.3) received candesartan and the patients in the ACEI group (n = 80, mean age, 63.3 +/- 1.2) received lisinopril, enalapril, or trandolapril. Four mg was the most frequent dose in the candesartan group at 6 months. Lisinopril, enalapril, and trandolapril were administered to 52%, 27%, and 21% of the patients in the ACEI group, respectively. No significant differences in the incidences of cardiac death, nonfatal MI, or hospitalization for heart failure (P = NS) were found between the groups. The candesartan group exhibited a somewhat higher percent increase in left ventricular ejection fraction and significantly lower percent increases in left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular end-systolic volume index compared to the ACEI group (P < 0.05, P < 0.05, respectively). Candesartan is more effective than ACEI in preventing left ventricular remodeling after AMI.
    International Heart Journal 09/2006; 47(5):715-25. · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL) has an established association with diabetic dyslipidemia, previous studies have failed to show an association between sd-LDL and diabetes among coronary heart disease patients. This study investigated the prevalence of sd-LDL and abnormal glucose regulation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). LDL size at the onset of ACS was measured by nondenatured gradient gel electrophoresis in 314 of 429 consecutive patients. Sd-LDL was prevalent in 54% of the patients, irrespective of the presence of previously known diabetes (50% vs 60% in nondiabetes and diabetes, respectively). Diabetes was present in 122 (28%) of the patients, and 110 patients without diabetes underwent an oral glucose tolerance test. Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and newly detected diabetes were found in as many as 44% and 22% of the patients tested, even though their hemoglobinA1c levels were in the normal range (5.3+/-0.5%). The prevalence of sd-LDL was significantly higher in patients with glucose intolerance than in those with normal glucose tolerance (61% vs 42%). IGT and diabetes were far more common than normal glucose regulation in ACS patients, and the abnormal glycometabolism was closely associated with highly atherogenic sd-LDL.
    Circulation Journal 05/2006; 70(4):393-401. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cytokine elevation has been demonstrated in chronic heart failure, little attention has been focused on cytokine levels during the acute stage. We examined the changes of cytokine levels in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure to investigate their relationship with severity of heart failure. Patients with acutely decompensated heart failure (73 patients; 72+/-2 years) were included. Blood samples were taken from the peripheral vein on admission before the start of drug therapy, at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h as well as 1, 2 and 4 weeks after admission. Control data were obtained from age-matched normal patients who had no cardiovascular disease. Serum IL-6, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels were measured using the ELISA method. Mean IL-6, IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels on admission were significantly higher than those in the control patients (p<0.001). IL-6 peaked at 12 h and declined thereafter, whereas IL-1beta and TNF-alpha remained unchanged throughout the duration of the study. Peak IL-6 significantly correlated with pulmonary wedge pressure on admission (r=0.332, p=0.0041). % change of IL-6 levels between peak (12 h after admission) and 24 h was significantly correlated with that of pulmonary wedge pressure between peak (on admission) and 24 h (r=0.308, p=0.0081). Peak IL-6 in patients treated with mechanical ventilation on admission was significantly higher than that in patients who underwent no mechanical ventilation (p<0.05). IL-6 levels possibly reflect the severity of heart failure and thus may be useful for the evaluation of disease status in acutely decompensated heart failure.
    International Journal of Cardiology 04/2005; 100(3):415-20. · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) phenotype (pattern B), high concentrations of remnant-like particles (RLPs), and postprandial lipemia are newly recognized risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the associations of these lipoprotein abnormalities remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships among LDL phenotype, very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) subclasses, and postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in CHD patients. We performed an oral fat tolerance test in 32 patients with acute myocardial infarction and compared the following parameters between patients characterized by either large buoyant LDL (pattern A) versus pattern B: lipids and apolipoproteins (apo) in the plasma and Svedberg flotation rates (Sf) >400 (chylomicron), Sf 60-400 (large VLDL), and Sf 20-60 (small VLDL) fractions. Fasting levels of triglyceride, RLP-cholesterol and RLP-triglyceride were slightly higher in the pattern B patients. Postprandial increases of RLP-cholesterol and the cholesterol and triglyceride of large VLDL fractions were significantly greater in the pattern B patients. The areas under the curves of cholesterol, triglyceride, and apo-B in large VLDL fractions were significantly higher in pattern B, while those in small VLDL were not. RLP-cholesterol and RLP-triglyceride in fasting and fed states correlated very highly with the corresponding cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in large VLDL fractions. These results suggest that postprandial increase of large VLDL fractions and RLPs contribute to the formation of small dense LDL in CHD patients.
    Atherosclerosis 09/2003; 170(1):131-40. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are endothelial cell-specific growth factors, but the production of these growth factors in cardiomyocytes has also been demonstrated. However, there have been no reports focusing their attention on the changes in these growth factors after coronary intervention. We investigated the time-course changes of the serum VEGF and HGF levels in angina pectoris (AP) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The serum HGF and VEGF levels were measured in 60 patients with AP, in 62 patients with AMI (AP, before heparin administration, and at 24 and 48 hours, and one week after intervention; AMI, before heparin, and at 48 and 72 hours, and one, two, three and four weeks) and in 56 patients with neurocirculatory asthenia as controls. We defined the patients with remodelling who showed an increase in left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI) in the sub-acute phase of AMI. Hepatocyte growth factor levels in the AP and AMI were significantly higher than that in the control (p<0.0001). The AMI level was also significantly higher than AP (p<0.001). In the AMI and AP, HGF peaked at 48 hours. Vascular endothelial growth factor level in the AMI was significantly higher than that in the control and AP (p<0.0001). In the AMI, VEGF peaked at two weeks. There was a significant positive correlation between the peak VEGF and LVEDVI in the sub-acute phase of AMI (p=0.0089, r=0.436). Peak VEGF in the remodelling (+) group was significantly higher than that in the remodelling (-) group (p<0.001). In the AP, VEGF was unchanged. While both myocardial and vascular damage contribute to an increase in HGF level, vascular damage is not associated with the increase in VEGF. Vascular endothelial growth factor might be related to left ventricular remodelling in the sub-acute phase of myocardial infarction.
    Coronary Artery Disease 06/2003; 14(4):301-7. · 1.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It remains unclear how closely the small dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (diameter < or =25.5 nm) is associated with various types of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Japanese patients, an ethnic group with lower serum cholesterol levels and less massive obesity compared with Western populations. We measured mean LDL particle diameter by gradient gel electrophoresis in 571 patients with CHD and in 263 healthy subjects who served as control patients. Patients with CHD were classified into acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stable CHD and vasospastic angina. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein-A1 and -B were significantly different between patients with CHD and controls. LDL size in patients with CHD was markedly smaller than that in controls in both men and women (25.5 +/- 0.7 vs 25.9 +/- 0.4 and 25.7 +/- 0.7 vs 26.0 +/- 0.5 nm, respectively). LDL cholesterol was significantly higher in patients with ACS than in other groups. Plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased as the number of diseased vessels or angiographic coronary severity evaluated by Gensini score increased, but the LDL size was comparable irrespective of the type of CHD and the extent and severity of the lesions. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that small dense LDL was independently associated with the incidence of CHD in both sexes (odds ratio [OR] 3.5, 95% CI 2.1-5.7, and OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.5-5.6, P <.005). Our study suggests that the small dense LDL is strongly associated with various types of CHD, independent of traditional and nontraditional coronary risk factors, but is not related to the severity and extent of the coronary lesions.
    American heart journal 12/2002; 144(6):1026-35. · 4.56 Impact Factor