[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eight limonoids (1-8) including three A, B and D-seco-16-nor-type ones, 5,6-dehydrodesepoxyharperforin C2 (1), harrpernoid B (2), and its C-9S epimer, harrpernoid C (3), along with six known compounds (9-14), were isolated from fruits of Harrisonia perforata. Extensive spectroscopic analysis was used to elucidate their structures and stereochemistries. Further confirmation of structures of 1 and 2 were obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Limonoids (1-8) were evaluated for their anti-tobacco mosaic virus activity and in vitro cytotoxicity against A549 and HL60 cell lines; only compound 2 showed weak activity.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six new nortriterpenoids, schirubridilactones A-F (1-6), as well as 14 known compounds, were isolated from the leaves and stems of Schisandra rubriflora. The structures of 1-6 were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods including HSQC, HMBC, (1)H-(1)H COSY, and ROESY NMR experiments. The relative stereochemistry of 1 was confirmed through single-crystal X-ray analysis. In addition, compounds 1-6 showed anti-HIV-1 activity with EC(50) values in the range 14.3-80.8 microg/mL and selectivity indices in the range 2.2-9.0.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new diterpenoid alkaloids, racemulosines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the roots of Aconitum racemulosumFranch. The structures of the new alkaloids were elucidated by analysis of physical and spectroscopic data, and the structure of 1 was further confirmed by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Furthermore, compound 1, at 2.25⋅10−4 mol/l, showed moderate activity against platelet aggregation induced by PAF (platelet-activation factor).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiopterlactones A (1) and B (2), two unique lactones, and three known lactones, osmundalactone (3), osmundalin (4), and 3,5-dihydroxy-gamma-caprolactone (5), have been isolated from the rhizome of Angiopteris caudatiformis. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined by NMR and MS methods, and the structure of 2 was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were assigned by application of the CD excitation chirality method and the modified Mosher's method. Compound 1 was slightly cytotoxic against HeLa cells, with an IC(50) value of 68.8 microM, and compounds 3 and 4 showed moderate insect antifeeding activity against Plutella xylostella and Heliothis virescens.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new unusual natural pigments were first isolated from the whole herbs of Selaginella tamariscina. The structure of selaginellin A (1) was established as (R,S)-4-[(4'-hydroxy-3-((4-hydroxyphenyl)ethynyl)biphenyl-2-yl)(4-hydroxyphenyl)methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one and selaginellin B (2) as (R,S)-4-[(4'-methoxy-4-(methyl)-3-((4-methoxyphenyl)ethynyl)biphenyl-2-yl)(4-methoxyphenyl)methylene]-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-one, along with four known biflavonoids, amentoflavone (3), hinokiflavone (4), heveaflavone (5), and 7''-O-methylamentoflavone (6). Their chemical structures were elucidated by spectral analysis of electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (ESI-MS), one-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1D-NMR) and two-dimensional-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (2D-NMR) including (1)H-NMR, (13)C-NMR, distortionless enhancement by polarization transfer (DEPT) and heteronuclear multiple bond coherence (HMBC), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction techniques.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The asymmetric unit of the title compound [systematic name: 3-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propan-1-one], C17H18O4, contains two independent molecules; these have different conformations with respect to the relative orientation of the aromatic ring planes. The dihedral angles formed by the dimethoxyphenyl and hydroxyphenyl rings in the two molecules are 19.61 (10) and 66.37 (9)°. In the crystal structure, intermolecular O—H...O hydrogen-bonding interactions link the molecules into one-dimensional chains running parallel to the c axis.