Satoshi Ueno

Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Wakayama, Japan

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Publications (7)58.94 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The detailed mechanism of plaque stabilization by statin therapy is not fully understood.Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the effect of lipid-lowering therapy with 20 mg/day of atorvastatin versus 5 mg/day of atorvastatin on fibrous cap thickness in coronary atherosclerotic plaques by using optical coherence tomography (OCT).Methods Seventy patients with unstable angina pectoris and untreated dyslipidemia were randomized to either 20 mg/day or 5 mg/day of atorvastatin therapy. OCT was performed to assess intermediate nonculprit lesions at baseline and 12-month follow-up.ResultsSerum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level was significantly lower during therapy with 20 mg/day compared with 5 mg/day of atorvastatin (69 mg/dl vs. 78 mg/dl; p = 0.039). The increase in fibrous cap thickness was significantly greater with 20 mg/day compared with 5 mg/day of atorvastatin (69% vs. 17%; p < 0.001). The increase in fibrous cap thickness correlated with the decrease in serum levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (R = −0.450; p < 0.001), malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (R = −0.283; p = 0.029), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (R = −0.276; p = 0.033), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (R = −0.502; p < 0.001), and the decrease in grade of OCT-derived macrophages (R = −0.415; p = 0.003).Conclusions Atorvastatin therapy at 20 mg/day provided a greater increase in fibrous cap thickness in coronary plaques compared with 5 mg/day of atorvastatin. The increase of fibrous cap was associated with the decrease in serum atherogenic lipoproteins and inflammatory biomarkers during atorvastatin therapy. (Effect of Atorvastatin Therapy on Fibrous Cap Thickness in Coronary Atherosclerotic Plaque as Assessed by Optical Coherence Tomography: The EASY-FIT Study; NCT00700037)
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 11/2014; · 14.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) found typically in young females without classical coronary risk factors is thought to be a very rare cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The prevalence of SCAD in ACS subjects has been unclear, probably due to the nature of coronary angiography. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to investigate the prevalence of SCAD in ACS. This study consisted of 326 patients with ACS (with or without ST-segment elevation) who underwent OCT to explore the entire culprit artery. According to OCT findings, patients were divided into a SCAD, a plaque rupture (PR), and a non-SCAD/non-PR group. OCT revealed 13 (4.0%) SCADs and 160 (49.1%) plaque ruptures in ACS subjects. The percentage of females versus males was greater in the SCAD group (SCAD: 53.8% vs. PR: 20.0% vs. non-SCAD/non-PR: 23.5%, p=0.02) while no difference was observed in age (SCAD: 67.3±13.3 vs. PR: 66.5±11.1 vs. non-SCAD/non-PR: 67.0±10.5, p=0.90). The prevalence of dyslipidemia (SCAD: 30.8% vs. PR: 63.8% vs. non-SCAD/non-PR: 67.5%, p=0.03) and current smoking (SCAD: 7.7% vs. PR: 57.9% vs. non-SCAD/non-PR: 59.7%, p<0.01) were significantly lower in the SCAD group. SCAD is not a rare cause for ACS, especially in females without classical coronary risk factors.
    European heart journal. Acute cardiovascular care. 09/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether microvascular resistance index (MVRI) immediately after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) can predict the transmural extent of infarction (TEI) defined by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (ce-CMR) in patients with anterior acute myocardial infarction (MI). The degree of microvascular damage is an important determinant of myocardial viability and clinical outcomes in acute MI. A novel dual-sensor (pressure and Doppler velocity) guidewire has the ability to evaluate microvascular damage. ce-CMR can accurately discriminate transmural from nontransmural MI, and the TEI by ce-CMR can predict future improvement in contractile function. In 27 patients immediately after primary PCI for a first anterior acute MI, MVRI, coronary flow reserve (CFR), deceleration time of diastolic velocity (DDT), and zero flow pressure (Pzf) were measured with a dual-sensor guidewire. TEI was graded from 1 to 4 based on the transmural extent of hyperenhanced tissue (1 = 0% to 25% of left ventricular wall thickness, 2 = 26% to 50%, 3 = 51% to 75%, and 4 = 76% to 100%). Infarct size by ce-CMR was also calculated. Peak creatine kinase-myocardial band values were significantly correlated with MVRI (r = 0.77, p < 0.0001), CFR (r = -0.69, p < 0.0001), DDT (r = -0.75, p = 0.0001), and Pzf (r = 0.75, p < 0.0001). Also, infarct size by ce-CMR was significantly correlated with MVRI (r = 0.78, p < 0.0001), CFR (r = -0.67, p < 0.0001), DDT (r = -0.70, p < 0.0001), and Pzf (r = 0.72, p = 0.0002). Receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses of MVRI, CFR, DDT, and Pzf for predicting transmural MI (TEI-grade 4) demonstrated that the area under the curve tended to be higher for MVRI (0.885) than those for CFR (0.848), DDT (0.862), and Pzf (0.853). The best cut-off value for MVRI was 3.25 mm Hg x cm(-1) x s (sensitivity 75%, specificity 89%). Moreover, increased MVRI was significantly related to increased TEI-grade (p < 0.0001). MVRI measured immediately after primary PCI is a useful predictor for the TEI in patients with anterior acute MI.
    JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 04/2009; 2(3):263-72. · 14.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Plaque rupture and secondary thrombus formation play key roles in the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). One pathological study suggested that the morphologies of plaque rupture differed between rest-onset and exertion-triggered rupture in men who experienced sudden death. The aim of the present study was to use optical coherence tomography to investigate the relationship in patients with ACS between the morphology of a ruptured plaque and the patient's activity at the onset of ACS. The study population was drawn from 43 consecutive ACS patients (with or without ST-segment elevation) who underwent optical coherence tomography and presented with a ruptured plaque at the culprit site. Patients were divided into a rest group and an exertion group on the basis of their activities at the onset of ACS. The thickness of the broken fibrous cap correlated positively with activity at the onset of ACS. The culprit plaque ruptured at the shoulder more frequently in the exertion group than in the rest group (rest 57% versus exertion 93%, P=0.014). The thickness of the broken fibrous cap in the exertion group was significantly higher than in the rest-onset group (rest onset: 50 microm [interquartile median 15 microm]; exertion: 90 microm [interquartile median 65 microm], P<0.01). The morphologies of exertion-triggered and rest-onset ruptured plaques differ in ACS patients. Our data suggest that a thin-cap fibroatheroma is a lesion predisposed to rupture both at rest and during the patient's day-to day activity, and some plaque rupture may occur in thick fibrous caps depending on exertion levels.
    Circulation 11/2008; 118(23):2368-73. · 15.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to compare lesion morphologies after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation between patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and stable angina pectoris (SAP) with the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT). The lesion morphologies before and after coronary stenting have been proposed as important predictors of clinical outcome. The high resolution of OCT provides detailed information of coronary vessel wall. We enrolled 55 patients (UAP: n = 24, SAP: n = 31), and examined lesion morphologies by using OCT at pre- and post-SES implantation and 9 months' follow-up. The incidence of plaque rupture (42% vs. 3%, p < 0.001), intracoronary thrombus (67% vs. 3%, p < or = 0.001) and thin-capped fibroatheroma (cap thickness <65 microm; 46% vs. 3%, p < 0.001) at pre-intervention was significantly greater in UAP than that in SAP. Although stent profiles and procedural characteristics were not different between the 2 groups, inadequate stent apposition (67% vs. 32%, p = 0.038) and tissue protrusion (79% vs. 42%, p = 0.005) after percutaneous coronary intervention were observed more frequently in patients with UAP. Plaque rupture was significantly increased after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with UAP (42% to 75%, p = 0.018), and the persistence of core cavity after plaque rupture (28% vs. 4%, p = 0.031) at 9 months' follow-up was observed more frequently in UAP patients compared with SAP patients. At 9 months' follow-up, the incidence of inadequately apposed stent (33% vs. 4%, p = 0.012) and partially uncovered stent by neointima (72% vs. 37%, p = 0.019) was significantly greater in UAP patients than that in SAP patients. All patients took aspirin and ticlopidine during follow-up period, and no patients had stent thrombosis or adverse coronary events. Serial OCT examinations demonstrated markedly different vascular response up to 9 months after SES implantation between UAP and SAP patients. Although the inadequate lesion morphologies after stenting were observed more frequently in UAP patients, these findings were not associated with adverse outcomes in patients with antiplatelet therapy.
    JACC. Cardiovascular imaging 08/2008; 1(4):475-84. · 14.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between plaque color evaluated by coronary angioscopy and fibrous cap thickness estimated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) in vivo. Yellow color intensity of coronary plaque evaluated by coronary angioscopy might be associated with plaque vulnerability. Seventy-seven coronary artery plaques in patients with acute coronary syndrome were observed by angioscopy and OCT. Plaque color was graded as white, light yellow, yellow, or intensive yellow. There were significant differences among the groups classified by plaque color with respect to the fibrous cap thickness estimated by OCT: 389 +/- 74 mum in white plaques, 228 +/- 51 microm in light yellow plaques, 115 +/- 28 microm in yellow plaques, and 59 +/- 14 microm in intensive yellow plaques (p < 0.0001). In Spearman rank-order correlation analysis, there was a significant negative correlation between yellow color intensity and fibrous cap thickness (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, 80% of intensive yellow plaques were thin cap fibroatheroma with a cap thickness of < or =65 microm. The plaque color in coronary angioscopy was determined by the fibrous cap thickness, which was assessed by OCT. Although coronary angioscopy remains a specialized research tool, it might allow us to evaluate plaque vulnerability.
    JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2008; 1(1):74-80. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the ability of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for assessment of the culprit lesion morphology in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in comparison with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and coronary angioscopy (CAS). Optical coherence tomography is a new intravascular imaging method with a high resolution of approximately 10 microm. This may allow us to assess the vulnerable plaques in detail in vivo. We enrolled 30 patients with AMI, and analyzed the culprit lesion by OCT, CAS, and IVUS. The average duration from the onset of symptom to OCT imaging was 3.8 +/- 1.0 h. The incidence of plaque rupture observed by OCT was 73%, and it was significantly higher than that by CAS (47%, p = 0.035) and IVUS (40%, p = 0.009). Furthermore, OCT (23%) was superior to CAS (3%, p = 0.022) and IVUS (0%, p = 0.005) in the detection of fibrous cap erosion. The intracoronary thrombus was observed in all cases by OCT and CAS, but it was identified in 33% by IVUS (vs. OCT, p < 0.001). Only OCT could estimate the fibrous cap thickness, and it was 49 +/- 21 microm. The incidence of thin cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) was 83% in this population by OCT. Optical coherence tomography is a feasible imaging modality in patients with AMI and allows us to identify not only plaque rupture, but also fibrous cap erosion, intracoronary thrombus, and TCFA in vivo more frequently compared with conventional imaging techniques.
    Journal of the American College of Cardiology 10/2007; 50(10):933-9. · 14.09 Impact Factor