[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Austral University of Chile has progressively incorporated in the Service Learning Academy methodology, taking as reference the international experience, particularly the U.S..With this teaching-learning strategy is sought, simultaneously, to solve problems of vulnerable communities and achieve academic goals in training. The process experienced by this institution has allowed to enhance their social capital for the sake of the environment, strengthen the civic conscience, comply with emerging problems addressed communities with their players and develop disciplinary skills with emphasis on values formation. This article the work done in developing the Service Learning students from the School of Nursing at the Universidad Austral
de Chile as part of their curriculum. It highlights the different communities involved as community partners and the opportunities available to replicate this initiative in any place where vulnerable communities and identify needs that can be resolved by making quality service a learning process in the real world.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: to describe the characteristics and behavior of occupational accidents according to the working system of hospital staff. Methods: descriptive study of occupational accidents (n = 263) between July of 1998 and June of 2002 in three hospitals of the Ninth Region of Chile. Data from the personnel office of the respective centers were collected, and records of medical licenses and certificates of denunciation of occupational accidents were analyzed. According to the work system (shift work [SW] and daytime work [DW]), frequency, severity and costs resulting from the occupational accidents were compared, and its distribution in all 4 years was evaluated. Results: the occupational accidents were distributed similarly, with slight predominance in the SW (53.6%). As a result of the greater proportion of women in the workplaces within the hospital, accidents happened mainly in them, surpassing 70% in both work systems. With regard the working schedule, a greater proportion of accidents occurred between 8:00 and 12:00 hours, and independently of the shift modality, these happened mainly within the first 3 hours of the shift. Greater severity and direct costs were derived from accidents in SW. This global observation was the tendency in the different years analyzed. Conclusions: elimination of the SW in the hospitals is unlikely; however, efforts must be made to guarantee safe and comfortable working conditions, and additionally deliver the necessary resting time for staff.