Suzanne L Wolden

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, New York, United States

Are you Suzanne L Wolden?

Claim your profile

Publications (200)796.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To evaluate feasibility and patterns of failure in adult patients with Ewing sarcoma (ES) treated with whole lung irradiation (WLI) for pulmonary metastases. Methods and Materials Retrospective review of all ES patients treated at age 18 or older with 12-15 Gy WLI for pulmonary metastases at a single institution between 1990 and 2014. Twenty-six patients met the study criteria. Results The median age at WLI was 23 years (range, 18-40). The median follow-up time of the surviving patients was 3.8 years (range, 1.0-9.6). The 3-year cumulative incidence of pulmonary relapse (PR) was 55%, with a 3-year cumulative incidence of PR as the site of first relapse of 42%. The 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were 38 and 45%, respectively. Patients with exclusively pulmonary metastases had better outcomes than did those with extrapulmonary metastases: the 3-year PR was 45% in those with exclusively lung metastases versus 76% in those with extrapulmonary metastases (P=.01); the 3-year EFS was 49% versus 14% (P=.003); and the 3-year OS was 61% versus 13% (P=.009). Smoking status was a significant prognostic factor for EFS: the 3-year EFS was 61% in nonsmokers versus 11% in smokers (P=.04). Two patients experienced herpes zoster in the radiation field 6 and 12 weeks after radiation. No patients experienced pneumonitis or cardiac toxicity, and no significant acute or late sequelae were observed among the survivors. Conclusion WLI in adult patients with ES and lung metastases is well tolerated and is associated with freedom from PR of 45% at 3 years. Given its acceptable toxicity and potential therapeutic effect, WLI for pulmonary metastases in ES should be considered for adults, as it is in pediatric patients. All patients should be advised to quit smoking before receiving WLI.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 08/2014; 89(5):1069–1075. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Loco-regionally recurrent head and neck cancer (HNC) in the setting of prior radiotherapy carries significant morbidity and mortality. The role of re-irradiation (re-RT) remains unclear due to toxicity. We determined prognostic factors for loco-regional control (LRC) and formulated a nomogram to help clinicians select re-RT candidates.
    Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. 06/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Whole-lung irradiation (WLI) is standard of care in the treatment of patients with rhabdomyosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, and Wilms tumor and pulmonary metastases. However, it is not routinely utilized in the treatment of pulmonary metastases arising from other soft tissue sarcoma histologies. A patient presented with synovial sarcoma of his groin and punctate pulmonary metastases. After completion of multimodality treatment to his primary lesion, he received WLI. The patient is without evidence of disease at 3.8 years. This case demonstrates the need for further study of WLI in synovial sarcoma as it may improve outcomes in patients with this disease. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 06/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plaque brachytherapy is a common form of treatment for uveal melanoma, and the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) used (125)I. Recently, (106)Ru has been reintroduced for plaque brachytherapy in the United States. We reviewed our experience treating uveal melanoma with (106)Ru plaque brachytherapy using COMS planning techniques, hypothesizing that we would observe similar outcomes to those in the COMS.
    Brachytherapy 05/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 6-year-old boy initially presented to an outside hospital with a right orbital mass with biopsy positive for translocation involving EWS RNA-binding protein 1 gene and imaging consistent with primary extraskeletal Ewing sarcoma (ES). There was no evidence of metastatic disease. Patient underwent gross tumor resection and adjuvant chemotherapy (VAdriaC/IE) followed by postoperative 45-Gy proton beam radiation. After 19 months, a solitary in-field local recurrence occurred, which was unsuccessfully surgically resected. Thereafter, treatment commenced with irinotecan and temozolomide, and the patient presented to the center of the authors. MRI showed locally recurrent disease without evidence of metastatic disease. Right orbital exenteration was performed, and an orbital mold was fashioned to deliver brachytherapy. There were no complications. The patient had no evidence of recurrent disease at 37-month follow up. This is the first report of orbital implant brachytherapy for recurrent primary ES of the orbit, and an additional report of primary extraskeletal ES of the orbit, which is a rare primary orbital tumor.
    Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery 05/2014; · 0.69 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Current Children's Oncology Group (COG) guidelines recommend 24 Gy whole abdominopelvic radiation therapy (WAP-RT) for pediatric patients with sarcoma with peritoneal dissemination and/or malignant ascites. However, WAP-RT has never been described for pediatric sarcoma excluding desmoplastic small round-cell tumor (DSRCT). The objective of this study was to evaluate feasibility, outcomes, and toxicity of WAP-RT in children with sarcoma and peritoneal dissemination.ProcedureDetailed records of all 10 pediatric patients with sarcoma (excluding DSRCT) treated with WAP-RT from 2001 to 2013 were reviewed.ResultsMedian age was 9.9 years (range, 1.7–33.8). Seven patients had rhabdomyosarcoma, 2 embryonal undifferentiated sarcoma of the liver, and 1 Ewing sarcoma. Patients received a median dose of 24 Gy with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to the whole abdomen and pelvis. Two patients did not complete treatment, one due to transfusion-resistant pancytopenia and one due to moderate acute gastrointestinal toxicity. At a median follow-up of 4.0 years, both relapse-free survival and overall survival were 100%. Acute hematologic toxicities were common, with 40% of patients developing a grade 4 hematologic toxicity. Most acute gastrointestinal toxicities were grade 1 and managed appropriately with anti-diarrheals and anti-emetics. Late effects varied, and half of patients are without long-term sequelae.Conclusions All patients remain free of disease, both locally and distantly. Although WAP-RT was associated with acute and late toxicity, treatment was feasible with supportive care. Given the excellent rates of tumor control, we recommend that all providers give WAP-RT with IMRT to patients with pediatric sarcoma and peritoneal dissemination and/or malignant ascites. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 05/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The risk of breast cancer is high in women treated for a childhood cancer with chest irradiation. We sought to examine variations in risk resulting from irradiation field and radiation dose. We evaluated cumulative breast cancer risk in 1,230 female childhood cancer survivors treated with chest irradiation who were participants in the CCSS (Childhood Cancer Survivor Study). Childhood cancer survivors treated with lower delivered doses of radiation (median, 14 Gy; range, 2 to 20 Gy) to a large volume (whole-lung field) had a high risk of breast cancer (standardized incidence ratio [SIR], 43.6; 95% CI, 27.2 to 70.3), as did survivors treated with high doses of delivered radiation (median, 40 Gy) to the mantle field (SIR, 24.2; 95% CI, 20.7 to 28.3). The cumulative incidence of breast cancer by age 50 years was 30% (95% CI, 25 to 34), with a 35% incidence among Hodgkin lymphoma survivors (95% CI, 29 to 40). Breast cancer-specific mortality at 5 and 10 years was 12% (95% CI, 8 to 18) and 19% (95% CI, 13 to 25), respectively. Among women treated for childhood cancer with chest radiation therapy, those treated with whole-lung irradiation have a greater risk of breast cancer than previously recognized, demonstrating the importance of radiation volume. Importantly, mortality associated with breast cancer after childhood cancer is substantial.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2014; · 18.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The emergence of the threat of radiological terrorism and other radiological incidents has led to the need for development of fast, accurate and noninvasive methods for detection of radiation exposure. The purpose of this study was to extend radiation metabolomic biomarker discovery to humans, as previous studies have focused on mice. Urine was collected from patients undergoing total body irradiation at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation at 4-6 h postirradiation (a single dose of 1.25 Gy) and 24 h (three fractions of 1.25 Gy each). Global metabolomic profiling was obtained through analysis with ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS). Prior to further analyses, each sample was normalized to its respective creatinine level. Statistical analysis was conducted by the nonparametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and the Fisher's exact test and markers were validated against pure standards. Seven markers showed distinct differences between pre- and post-exposure samples. Of those, trimethyl-l-lysine and the carnitine conjugates acetylcarnitine, decanoylcarnitine and octanoylcarnitine play an important role in the transportation of fatty acids across mitochondria for subsequent fatty acid β-oxidation. The remaining metabolites, hypoxanthine, xanthine and uric acid are the final products of the purine catabolism pathway, and high levels of excretion have been associated with increased oxidative stress and radiation induced DNA damage. Further analysis revealed gender differences in the patterns of excretion of the markers, demonstrating that generation of a gender-specific metabolomic signature will be informative and can provide a quick and reliable assessment of individuals in a radiological scenario. This is the first radiation metabolomics study in human urine laying the foundation for the use of metabolomics in biodosimetry and providing confidence in biomarker identification based on the overlap between animal models and humans.
    Radiation Research 03/2014; · 2.70 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The results of RTOG-MRC randomized trial of photon (n=15) versus neutron (n=17) therapy in the 1980's reported an improved local control (LC) with neutron radiotherapy for unresectable salivary gland tumors. Due to increased severe toxicity with neutron radiotherapy and the paucity of neutron-therapy centers, we analyzed our institution's results of photon radiotherapy for unresectable salivary gland tumors. From 1990 to 2009, 27 patients with unresectable salivary gland cancer underwent definitive photon radiotherapy at our institution. Nodal involvement on presentation was found in 9 patients. Median dose of radiotherapy was 70 Gy. Chemotherapy was given to 18 patients, most being platinum-based regimens. Local control (LC), locoregional control (LRC), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity outcomes were assessed. With a median follow-up of 52.4 months, the 2/5-year actuarial LC was 69% (95%CI ± 21.0%)/55% (± 24.2%), LRC was 65% (± 21.4%)/47% (± 21.6%), and DMFS was 71% (± 21.8%)/51% (± 22.8%), respectively using competing risk analysis. The median OS was 25.7 months, and the 2/5-year OS rates were 50% (± 19.0%)/29% (± 16.6%), respectively. Higher histologic grade was significant for an increased rate of DM (intermediate grade vs. low grade, p=0.04, HR 7.93; high grade vs. low grade, p=0.01, HR 13.50). Thirteen (48%) patient's experienced acute grade 3 toxicity. Late grade 3 toxicity occurred in three (11%) patients. Our data compares favorably to neutron radiotherapy with fewer late complications. Photon radiotherapy is an acceptable alternative to neutron radiotherapy in patients who present with unresectable salivary gland tumors.
    Radiology and Oncology 03/2014; 48(1):56-61. · 1.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is a clinical need to improve the efficacy of standard cetuximab + concurrent intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for patients with locally and/or regionally advanced HNSCC. Taxanes have radiosensitizing activity against HNSCC, and nab-paclitaxel may offer therapeutic advantage in comparison with other taxanes. This was a single-institution phase I study with a modified 3 + 3 design. Four dose levels (DLs) of weekly nab-paclitaxel were explored (30, 45, 60, and 80 mg/m(2)), given with standard weekly cetuximab (450 mg/m(2) loading dose followed by 250 mg/m(2) weekly) and concurrent IMRT (total dose, 70 Gy). Twenty-five eligible patients (20 M, 5 F) enrolled, with median age 58 years (range, 46-84 years). Primary tumor sites were oropharynx, 19 (10 human papillomavirus [HPV] pos, 8 HPV neg, 1 not done); neck node with unknown primary, 2; larynx 2; and oral cavity and maxillary sinus, 1 each. Seven patients had received prior induction chemotherapy. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was exceeded at DL4 (nab-paclitaxel, 80 mg/m(2)) with three dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) (grade 3 neuropathy, grade 3 dehydration, with grade 3 mucositis grade 3 anemia) among five assessable patients. There was only one DLT (grade 3 supraventricular tachycardia) among six patients at DL3 (nab-paclitaxel, 60 mg/m(2)), and this was deemed the MTD. Among 23 assessable patients, the most common ≥ g3 AEs were lymphopenia 100%, functional mucositis 65%, and pain in throat/oral cavity 52%. At a median follow-up of 33 months, 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) is 65% [95% confidence interval (CI) 42% to 81%] and 2-year overall survival (OS) is 91% (95% CI 69-97). The recommended phase II dose for nab-paclitaxel is 60 mg/m(2) weekly when given standard weekly cetuximab and concurrent IMRT. This regimen merits further study as a nonplatinum alternative to IMRT + cetuximab alone. NCT00736619.
    Annals of Oncology 02/2014; · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Achieving local control is a crucial component in the management of neuroblastoma, but this may be complicated in the setting of prior radiation treatment, especially when the therapeutic target is in proximity to critical structures such as the spinal cord. The authors describe a pediatric patient with multiply recurrent neuroblastoma and prior high-dose radiation therapy to the spine who presented with progressive epidural disease. The patient was managed with resection and intraoperative high-dose-rate brachytherapy using a phosphorus-32 ((32)P) plaque previously developed for the treatment of brain and spine lesions.
    Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 01/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives The complications as a result of re-irradiation (re-RT) for recurrent head and neck cancer (HNC) can be devas-tating to the already very ill patient. We sought to examine the pattern of failure with the goal of designing optimal re-RT fields for these patients. Methods From July 1996 to April 2011, 47 HNC patients treated with fractionated re-RT developed locoregional fail-ure. Recurrence sites were oropharynx (n=12), neck (n=11), oral cavity (n=9), larynx (n=5), paranasal sinuses (n=5), parotid (n=4), and hypopharynx (n=1). Median initial radia-tion therapy (RT) dose was 65 Gy and median time between radiations was 32.2 months. Salvage surgery was performed in 21 patients (45 %), and 37 patients (79 %) received con-current chemotherapy. Median re-RT dose was 60 Gy, and all patients received intensity-modulated RT. Patterns of failure were assessed by reviewing target volume delineation and compared slice-by-slice visually alongside axial imaging documenting locoregional recurrence. There was no intention to encompass prophylactic subclinical regions at risk. Coding of failures was either in-field (InF) or out-of-field (OutF). All others were marginal failures (margF). Results With a median follow-up of 24.5 months, the median time to locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS) was 5.3 months and median overall survival (OS) was 12.5 months. Failures were documented as InF in 42 patients (89 %), OutF in three patients (6 %), and margF in two patients (4 %). Five patients died while undergoing re-RT. Patients who developed OutF occurred at sites beyond 2 cm from the tumor volume. Conclusions In our series of recurrent HNC patients who underwent salvage re-RT, the vast majority of locoregional failures were InF. We feel that confining re-RT targets to the gross tumor volume or postoperative clinical target volume without treating the subclinical regions at risk for failure is sufficient. With current image guidance capabilities, reducing the planning target volume margin may further minimize toxicities.
    Journal of Radiation Oncology. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported inferior outcomes for locally advanced head and neck cancer treated with cetuximab (C225) versus cisplatin (CDDP). We now examine if this difference persists when accounting for HPV status and update outcomes on the entire cohort. From 3/106 to 4/1/08, 174 locally advanced head and neck cancer patients received definitive treatment with RT and CDDP (n=125) or RT and C225 (n=49). Of these, 62 patients had tissue available for HPV analysis. The median follow-up was 47 months. The 3-year loco-regional failure, disease-free survival, and overall survival for CDDP versus C225 were 5.7% versus 40.2% (P<0.0001), 85.1% versus 35.4% (P<0.0001), and 90.0% versus 56.6% (P<0.0001), respectively. In the subset with tissue, there was no difference in rates of HPV or p16 positivity between the 2 groups. In this subset, the 3-year loco-regional failure, disease-free survival, and overall survival for CDDP versus C225 were 5.3% versus 32.0% (P=0.01), 86.8% versus 43.2% (P=0.002), and 86.7% versus 76.9% (P=0.09), respectively. Multivariate analysis continued to show a benefit for CDDP. With longer follow-up and the inclusion of HPV and p16 status for about one third of patients where tissue was available, we continued to find superior outcomes with concurrent CDDP versus C225.
    American journal of clinical oncology 01/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose Plaque brachytherapy is a common form of treatment for uveal melanoma, and the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) used 125I. Recently, 106Ru has been reintroduced for plaque brachytherapy in the United States. We reviewed our experience treating uveal melanoma with 106Ru plaque brachytherapy using COMS planning techniques, hypothesizing that we would observe similar outcomes to those in the COMS. Methods and Materials Medical records of patients undergoing 106Ru plaque brachytherapy were reviewed retrospectively. Patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics were recorded. Outcomes including visual acuity, local tumor recurrence, salvage treatment, metastasis, and survival were recorded. Cox regression analyses were used to determine factors associated with local tumor recurrence and enucleation. Results Twenty-eight patients were studied. Median age was 60 years, and 50% were men. Median tumor base diameter and height were 9.4 and 2.6 mm, respectively. Ophthalmic complications were rare. Local tumor recurrence and enucleation occurred in 13 and 4 patients, respectively. Local tumor recurrence was associated with low visual acuity in the tumor-bearing eye, posterior tumors, small plaque size, and difference in plaque–tumor diameter of <6 mm. Enucleation was associated with low visual acuity and posteriorly located tumor. Estimated 5-year rate of death and metastasis was 18.5% and 11.4%, respectively. Conclusions Among patients treated with 106Ru plaque brachytherapy using COMS planning techniques, we found a greater than expected rate of local tumor recurrence. Planning 106Ru plaque brachytherapy should be done carefully at centers that have previously used COMS protocols and 125I.
    Brachytherapy 01/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose Loco-regionally recurrent head and neck cancer (HNC) in the setting of prior radiotherapy carries significant morbidity and mortality. The role of re-irradiation (re-RT) remains unclear due to toxicity. We determined prognostic factors for loco-regional control (LRC) and formulated a nomogram to help clinicians select re-RT candidates. Material and methods From July 1996 to April 2011, 257 patients with recurrent HNC underwent fractionated re-RT. Median prior dose was 65 Gy and median time between RT was 32.4 months. One hundred fifteen patients (44%) had salvage surgery and 172 (67%) received concurrent chemotherapy. Median re-RT dose was 59.4 Gy and 201 (78%) patients received IMRT. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards were used to identify independent predictors of LRC and a nomogram for 2-year LRC was constructed. Results Median follow-up was 32.6 months. Two-year LRC and overall survival (OS) were 47% and 43%, respectively. Recurrent stage (P = 0.005), non-oral cavity subsite (P < 0.001), absent organ dysfunction (P < 0.001), salvage surgery (P < 0.001), and dose >50 Gy (P = 0.006) were independently associated with improved LRC. We generated a nomogram with concordance index of 0.68. Conclusion Re-RT can be curative, and our nomogram can help determine a priori which patients may benefit.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To analyze prognostic factors and patterns of failure for rhabdomyosarcoma of the perineal and perianal region (PRMS), with an emphasis on radiation therapy for locoregional control. Methods and Materials Detailed records of all 14 patients treated for PRMS at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center between 1998 and 2012 were reviewed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to assess the event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS), and a competing-risks analysis was used to assess the cumulative incidence of local, regional, and distant failures. Results Median age was 15.8 years (range, 1.1-31.9 years). High-risk features were identified: 9 of 14 patients (64%) had group 3 disease and 3 of 14 (21%) had group 4; 11 of 14 tumors (78%) were alveolar; 12 of 14 tumors (86%) were ≥5 cm; and 9 of 14 patients (64%) had involved lymph nodes (N1). Of those aged ≥10 years at diagnosis, 9 of 10 (90%) had alveolar histology, all had tumors ≥5 cm, and 8 of 10 (80%) presented with N1 disease. The rates of local, regional, and distant failure at 5 years were 17%, 31%, and 52%, respectively. Although 3 of the 4 patients with regional failure received nodal irradiation, only one of the nodal failures occurred in the radiation therapy field. The 5-year EFS was 33%, and OS was 39%. Age ≥10 years was associated with poor outcomes: EFS was 13% in patients aged ≥10 years, compared with 75% in those aged <10 years (P=.04); the OS was 13% in patients aged ≥10 years, compared with 100% in those aged <10 years (P=.04). Conclusions Patients with PRMS, especially those aged ≥10 years, present with poor prognostic features and continue to have poor outcomes. Given the high incidence of regional node recurrence, we recommend prophylactic ilioinguinal lymph node irradiation for all patients aged ≥10 years. For children aged <10 years, nodal evaluation is essential to determine the role for lymph node irradiation.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 01/2014; 89(1):82–87. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose We sought to identify risk factors for distant metastasis (DM) in patients with oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) and perform a recursive partition analysis (RPA) to identify patients both at low and high risk for DM. Methods Our center treated 647 consecutive OPC patients with IMRT between 9/98 and 1/12. The following clinical features were used as prognostic factors: T Stage, N Stage, smoking history, tumor grade, tumor sub-site, the presence of a low lying (level IV or VB) lymph node (LLLN). A Cox model of the risk of DM was used to identify independent prognostic factors. RPA was used to identify patients at low, intermediate, and high risk for DM. Results The median follow-up time in living patients was 42.2 months (range: 2–166). The primary OPC site was the tonsil in 296 patients, base of tongue in 315 patients, and soft palate or pharyngeal wall in 36 patients. For the entire cohort, the Kaplan–Meier estimate for 3 year freedom from distant metastasis was 88.4%. A Cox model identified T Stage (p < 0.001), N Stage (p = 0.02), and LLLN (p = 0.002) as independent predictors of DM. RPA identified patients at low, intermediate, and high risk of DM, with a 3-year freedom-from DM of 98%, 91.1%, and 65.4% respectively. Conclusion The presence of a low lying lymph node is significantly associated with an increased risk of DM in OPC. RPA identified patients both at very low and very high risk for DM with information routinely obtained in clinic.
    Oral Oncology. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prognostic significance of response to induction therapy for rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) by anatomic imaging [computerised tomographic (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan] is controversial. We previously reported no relationship between early response and failure-free survival (FFS) on Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS)-IV. We repeated the same analysis using a more recent clinical trial as an independent cohort of patients with non-metastatic, initially unresected RMS. A total of 338 patients enrolled in Children's Oncology Group (COG) study D9803 met the inclusion criteria for this analysis: (1) non-metastatic, initially unresected (Group III); (2) embryonal (ERMS) or alveolar (ARMS) histology; (3) documented protocol week 12 response to induction chemotherapy (excluding progressive disease) based on anatomic imaging (CT/MRI) and (4) documented protocol therapy beyond week 12. Response at week 12 was determined by the treating institution as complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or no response (NR). FFS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and comparisons between patient subsets were made using the log-rank test. Overall objective response rate (CR+PR) at week 12 of therapy was 85% and was similar between ERMS and ARMS. FFS was similar among all patients with CR, PR or NR (p=0.49). Restricting the analysis to either ERMS or ARMS, there was no difference in FFS by response within either histology subset (p=0.89 and p=0.08, respectively). These findings provide additional evidence that anatomic imaging to assess early response to therapy among patients with RMS does not predict outcome and has questionable use in tailoring subsequent therapy.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 12/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with marker (+) CNS germ cell tumors are usually followed with both surveillance MRI scans and serum tumor markers. We hypothesized that patients with elevated serum tumor markers at diagnosis who achieve a complete biochemical and radiological remission may not need surveillance MRI scans. We retrospectively identified 31 patients with CNS germ cell tumors who presented with an elevated serum tumor marker at the time of diagnosis. We reviewed the records of those patients who (1) achieved a complete biochemical and radiological remission and (2) later suffered tumor recurrence to determine whether the recurrence was detectable biochemically, radiologically, or via both modalities. Nine patients suffered tumor recurrence following initial remission. All 9 had elevated serum tumor markers at recurrence and 8 had MRI evidence of recurrence. The 1 patient with isolated biochemical evidence of recurrence developed MRI evidence of recurrence 15 months later without intervening treatment. One other patient (not one of the 9) had a secondary malignancy (anaplastic astrocytoma) identified by brain MRI scan. Patients with CNS germ cell tumors who present with elevated serum tumor markers at diagnosis and achieve a complete biochemical and radiological remission may not need surveillance MRI scans to monitor for recurrence, but MRI scans may be considered to monitor for secondary malignancy. If other series replicate these findings, surveillance via monitoring of serum tumor markers only could be done and omission or reduction of the frequency of surveillance MRI scans could save a significant amount of money. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013;9999:1-2. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Pediatric Blood & Cancer 12/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiation therapy remains an essential treatment for patients with parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma (PMRMS), and early radiation therapy may improve local control for patients with intracranial extension (ICE). To address the role of radiation therapy timing in PMRMS in the current era, we reviewed the outcome from 2 recent clinical trials for intermediate-risk RMS: Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS)-IV and Children's Oncology Group (COG) D9803. The PMRMS patients on IRS-IV with any high-risk features (cranial nerve palsy [CNP], cranial base bony erosion [CBBE], or ICE) were treated immediately at day 0, and PMRMS patients without any of these 3 features received week 6-9 radiation therapy. The D9803 PMRMS patients with ICE received day 0 X-Ray Therapy (XRT) as well; however, those with either CNP or CBBE had XRT at week 12. Compared with the 198 PMRMS patients from IRS-IV, the 192 PMRMS patients from D9803 had no difference (P<.05) in 5-year local failure (19% vs 19%), failure-free-survival (70% vs 67%), or overall survival (75% vs 73%) in aggregate. The 5-year local failure rates by subset did not differ when patients were classified as having no risk features (None, 15% vs 19%, P=.25), cranial nerve palsy/cranial base of skull erosion (CNP/CBBE, 15% vs 28%, P=.22), or intracranial extension (ICE, 21% vs 15%, P=.27). The D9083 patients were more likely to have received initial staging by magnetic resonance imaging (71% vs 53%). These data support that a delay in radiation therapy for high-risk PMRMS features of CNP/CBBE does not compromise clinical outcomes.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2013; 87(3):512-6. · 4.59 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
796.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1999–2014
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      • • Department of Radiation Oncology
      • • Department of Surgery
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2011
    • Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
      Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
    • University of Utah
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Salt Lake City, UT, United States
  • 1998–2011
    • Stanford University
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Stanford, CA, United States
  • 2010
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Houston, TX, United States
  • 2009
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • Division of Pediatric Surgery
      Pittsburgh, PA, United States
    • Université de Montréal
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 2004
    • University of Washington Seattle
      • Department of Radiation Oncology
      Seattle, WA, United States
  • 2003
    • University of Minnesota Twin Cities
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Minneapolis, MN, United States
  • 2000
    • Stanford Medicine
      Stanford, California, United States