Takami Matsuyama

Kagoshima University, Kagosima, Kagoshima, Japan

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Publications (73)316.15 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Folate receptors α (FRα) and β (FRβ) are two isoforms of the cell surface glycoprotein that binds folate. The expression of FRα is rare in normal cells and elevated in cancer cells. Thus, FRα-based tumor-targeted therapy has been a focus area of laboratory research and clinical trials. Recently, it was shown that a significant fraction of tumor-associated macrophages expresses FRβ and that these cells can enhance tumor growth. Although FRα and FRβ share 70% identity in their deduced amino acid sequence, a monoclonal antibody (MAb) reactive with both receptors has not been developed. A MAb that can target both FRα-expressing cancer cells and FRβ-expressing tumor-associated macrophages may provide a more potent therapeutic tool for cancer than individual anti-FRα or anti-FRβ MAbs. In this study, we developed a MAb that recognizes both FRα and FRβ (anti-FRαβ). The anti-FRαβ specifically stained trophoblasts and macrophages from human placenta, synovial macrophages from rheumatoid arthritis patient, liver macrophages from cynomolgus monkey and common marmoset, and cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages from ovary and lung carcinomas. Surface plasmon resonance showed that the anti-FRαβ bound to soluble forms of the FRα and FRβ proteins with high affinity (KD=6.26×10(-9) M and 4.33×10(-9) M, respectively). In vitro functional analysis of the anti-FRαβ showed that this MAb mediates complement-dependent cytotoxicity, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis of FRα-expressing and FRβ-expressing cell lines. The anti-FRαβ MAb is a promising therapeutic candidate for cancers in which macrophages promote tumor progression.
    06/2015; 34(3):181-190. DOI:10.1089/mab.2014.0072
  • Cancer Research 04/2014; 72(14 Supplement):A86-A86. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.PANCA2012-A86 · 9.28 Impact Factor
  • Hua Li, Taku Nagai, Kazuhisa Hasui, Takami Matsuyama
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. Folate receptor β (FRβ)-expressing macrophages have been identified as activated macrophages. Here, we investigated the infiltration of FRβ-expressing macrophages in a murine model of bleomycin (BLM)-induced skin fibrosis and assessed the antifibrotic effects of depletion of FRβ-expressing macrophages in this model using a recombinant immunotoxin to FRβ. Methods. A recombinant immunotoxin (anti-FRβ-PE38) was prepared by conjugating the Fv portion of the anti-mouse FRβ heavy chain with truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin A (VH-PE38) and the Fv portion of the anti-mouse FRβ light chain. BLM-induced skin fibrosis mice were intravenously treated with either anti-FRβ-PE38 or VH-PE38 as a control protein. Skin fibrosis was evaluated by the change of skin thickness and hydroxyproline content on Day 29. The TGFβ1 mRNA levels in the treated skin were assessed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR on Day 9. Results. Numbers of FRβ-expressing macrophages increased in BLM-injected skin. Anti-FRβ-PE38 treatment led to a dramatic reduction in the number of FRβ-expressing macrophages. Additionally, skin thickness and hydroxyproline content, were markedly reduced. TGFβ1 mRNA levels were also down-regulated after the treatment. TGFβ1 expression was enriched in FRβ-expressing macrophages compared with FRβ-negative macrophages. Conclusion. These results indicated that anti-FRβ-PE38 treatment efficiently depleted FRβ-expressing macrophages and consequently alleviated BLM-induced skin fibrosis.
    Modern Rheumatology 02/2014; 24(5). DOI:10.3109/14397595.2013.879415 · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Cancer Research 08/2013; 73(8 Supplement):1533-1533. DOI:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-1533 · 9.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for detecting key signal molecules involved in programmed cell death (PCD) in archival human pathology specimens is fairly well established. Detection of cleaved caspase-3 in lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gastric surface foveolar glandular epithelia but not in synoviocytes in RA, gastric fundic glandular epithelia, or nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) cells suggests anti-apoptotic mechanisms in cell differentiation and in oncogenesis such as the induction of survivin. Enzymatically pretreated and ultra-super sensitive detection of beclin-1 in synoviocytes in RA and gastric fundic glandular epithelia suggests enhanced autophagy. The deposition of beclin-1 in fibrinoid necrosis in RA and expression of beclin-1 in detached gastric fundic glandular cells suggest that enhanced autophagy undergoes autophagic cell death (ACD). NKTCL exhibited enhanced autophagy through LC3 labeling and showed densely LC3 labeled cell-debris in regions of peculiar necrosis without deposition of beclin-1, indicating massive ACD in NKTCL and the alternative pathway enhancing autophagy following autophagic vesicle nucleation. Autophagy progression was monitored by labeling aggregated mitochondria and cathepsin D. The cell-debris in massive ACD in NKTCL were positive for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, suggesting DNA oxidation occurred in ACD. Immunohistochemical autophagy and PCD analysis in archival human pathology specimens may offer new insights into autophagy in humans.
    12/2012; 1(2):74-88. DOI:10.3390/cells1020074
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    ABSTRACT: Folate receptor β (FRβ) is induced during macrophage activation. A recombinant immunotoxin consisting of the truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE38) conjugated to an anti-FRβ antibody (anti-FRβ-PE38) has been reported to kill activated macrophages in inflammatory diseases. To elucidate the effect of an immunotoxin targeting FRβ on atherosclerosis, we determined the presence of FRβ-expressing macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions and administered the FRβ immunotoxin in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. The FRβ-expressing macrophages were observed in atherosclerotic lesions of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. At 15 or 35 weeks of age, the apolipoprotein E-deficient mice were divided into 3 groups and were intravenously administered 0.1 mg/kg of anti-FRβ-PE38 (immunotoxin group), 0.1 mg/kg of PE38 (toxin group), or 0.1 mL of saline (control group) every 3 days, for a total of 5 times for each age group. The mice were analyzed at 21 or 41 weeks of age. Treatment with the immunotoxin resulted in 31% and 22% reductions in atherosclerotic lesions of the 21- and 41-week-old mice, respectively (P<0.05). Administration of immunotoxin reduced the numbers of FRβ- and tumor necrosis factor-α-expressing macrophages, reduced cell proliferation, and increased the number of apoptotic cells (P<0.05). Real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that the expression of FRβ and tumor necrosis factor-α mRNA was significantly decreased in the immunotoxin group (P<0.05). These results suggest that FRβ-expressing macrophages exist in the atherosclerotic lesions of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice and that FRβ immunotoxin administration reduces the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in younger and older individuals. The recombinant FRβ immunotoxin targeting activated macrophages could provide a novel therapeutic tool for atherosclerosis. (J Am Heart Assoc. 2012;1:e003079 doi: 10.1161/JAHA.112.003079.).
    Journal of the American Heart Association 08/2012; 1(4):e003079. DOI:10.1161/JAHA.112.003079 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously demonstrated that synovial sublining macrophages express folate receptor beta (FRβ). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular administration of a recombinant immunotoxin to FRβ for treating rat antigen-induced arthritis. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) to rat FRβ was produced by immunizing mice with B300-19 cells (murine pre-B cells) transfected with the rat FRβ gene. Recombinant immunotoxin was prepared by conjugating the Fv portion of the anti-rat FRβ mAb heavy chain with a truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin A and the Fv portion of the anti-rat FRβ mAb light chain. Antigen-induced arthritis was induced through intra-articular injection of methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA) after two subcutaneous injections of mBSA and complete Freund's adjuvant. Immunotoxin was intra-articularly injected into the arthritis joint every other day for seven days after arthritis onset. Joint swelling was measured and histological scores of inflammation, synovial thickness, cartilage, and bone destruction were determined. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect osteoclast and osteoclast precursor FRβ-expressing macrophages and cathepsin K-positive cells on day 21. Intra-articular administration of the immunotoxin attenuated joint swelling (61% suppression; P < 0.01 compared to the control on day 21) and improved histological findings, particularly cartilage and bone destruction (scores of rats treated with control versus the immunotoxin: 2.2 versus 0.5; P < 0.01), by reducing the number of FRβ-expressing macrophages and cathepsin K-positive cells. Intra-articular administration of an immunotoxin to FRβ is effective for improving rat antigen-induced arthritis.
    Arthritis research & therapy 05/2012; 14(3):R106. DOI:10.1186/ar3831 · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antigen retrieval (AR) and ultra-super sensitive immunohistochemistry (ultra-IHC) have been established for application to archival human pathology specimens. The original ultra-IHC was the ImmunoMax method or the catalyzed signal amplification system (ImmunoMax/CSA method), comprising the streptavidin-biotin complex (sABC) method and catalyzed reporter deposition (CARD) reaction with visualization of its deposition. By introducing procedures to diminish non-specific staining in the original ultra-IHC method, we developed the modified ImmunoMax/CSA method with AR heating sections in an AR solution (heating-AR). The heating-AR and modified ImmunoMax/CSA method visualized expression of the predominantly simple present form of HTLV-1 proviral DNA pX region p40Tax protein (Tax) in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) cells in archival pathology specimens in approximately 75% of cases. The simple present form of Tax detected exhibited a close relation with ATLL cell proliferation. We also established a new simplified CSA (nsCSA) system by replacing the sABC method with the secondary antibody- and horse radish peroxidase-labeled polymer reagent method, introducing the pretreatments blocking non-specific binding of secondary antibody reagent, and diminishing the diffusion of deposition in the CARD reaction. Combined with AR treating sections with proteinase K solution (enzymatic-AR), the nsCSA system visualized granular immunostaining of the complex present form of Tax in a small number of ATLL cells in most cases, presenting the possibility of etiological pathological diagnosis of ATLL and suggesting that the complex present form of Tax-positive ATLL cells were young cells derived from ATLL stem cells. The heating-AR and ultra-IHC detected physiological expression of the p53 protein and its probable phosphorylation by Tax in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of peripheral blood tissue specimens from HTLV-1 carriers, as well as physiological and pathological expression of the molecules involved with G1 phase progression and G1-S phase transition (E2F-1, E2F-4, DP-1, and cyclin E) in ATLL and peripheral T-cell lymphoma cells. The ultra-IHC with AR is useful for etiological pathological diagnosis of ATLL since HTLV-1 pathogenicity depends on that of Tax, and can be a useful tool for studies translating advanced molecular biology and pathology to human pathology.
    ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA 04/2012; 45(2):83-106. DOI:10.1267/ahc.11034 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the appearance and distribution of folate receptor β-expressing (FRβ+) macrophages in the pancreatic tumor microenvironment and their relationship to metastasis and prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients. Tumor samples were obtained from 76 patients with pancreatic cancer who underwent curative resection. None of these patients had received any preoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Both FRβ+ and tumor-infiltrating (CD68+) macrophages were examined in each tumor specimen by immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence staining using a newly developed anti-human FRβ monoclonal antibody and CD68 antibody. The appearance, distribution, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on FRβ-expressing or CD68+ macrophages, and tumor microvessel density (MVD) were assessed. Log rank test and Cox proportional hazard regression were used to investigate the associations among CD68+ or FRβ+ macrophages, clinicopathologic factors, and overall survival. FRβ+ macrophages were prominent in the perivascular regions of the tumor-invasive front and a specific subset with VEGF expression in the CD68+ macrophages. A high number of FRβ+ macrophages showed a positive association with high MVD, a high incidence of hematogenous metastasis, and a poor prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients. FRβ+ macrophages are a novel subset of tumor-associated macrophages in pancreatic cancer and may play an important role in the tumor microenvironment in association with systemic metastasis through the interaction with tumor cells and vessels. FRβ+ macrophages may be promising a targeting therapy for pancreatic cancer.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 02/2012; 19(7):2264-71. DOI:10.1245/s10434-012-2263-0 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The distribution of folate receptor (FR)-β+ macrophages and their M1/M2 expression profiles were examined in osteoarthritis (OA) synovial tissues, and compared to those in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial tissues and CD163+ macrophages in both OA and RA synovial tissues. The phenotypes and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-folate uptake of FR-β+ synovial macrophages were analysed by flow cytometry. The distribution of FR-β+ macrophages in OA and RA synovial tissues was examined by immunofluorescent microscopy. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin (IL)-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β expression in FR-β+ macrophages was detected by double-immunostaining in both OA and RA synovial tissues. FR-β+ macrophages were predominantly present in the synovial lining layer in OA patients. The proportion of CD163-FR-β+ cells in synovial mononuclear cells (MNCs) was increased in OA compared to RA synovial tissues. FR-β(high) macrophages from OA synovial tissues represented the majority of folic acid-binding cells. Although FR-β+ or CD163+ macrophages in the synovial tissues of OA and RA patients expressed a mixed pattern of M1 and M2 macrophage markers, there were more M2 markers expressing synovial macrophages in OA than in RA patients. The distribution and M1/M2 expression profiles of FR-β+ synovial macrophages were different between OA and RA synovial tissues. Thus, the findings underscore that the M1/M2 paradigm using surface markers FR-β and CD163 is an oversimplification of macrophage subsets. Functional FR-β present on OA synovial macrophages provides a potential tool for the diagnosis and treatment of OA.
    Scandinavian journal of rheumatology 01/2012; 41(2):132-40. DOI:10.3109/03009742.2011.605391 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal macrophages (Mφ) play significant roles in maintaining homeostasis by the efficient elimination of foreign particles in the large intestine. However, functional complement receptors have not been fully identified. In this study, we showed that a complement receptor of the Ig superfamily (CRIg, also known as Z39Ig), a receptor for complement fragments (C3b and iC3b), was expressed on a subset of intestinal M in murine and human large intestine. When abilities of uptake of antigens of murine CRIg(+) Mφ were examined, intestinal CRIg(+) Mφ displayed less endocytic and similar phagocytic abilities compared to resident peritoneal F4/80(+)CRIg(-) Mφ and F4/80(+)CRIg(+) Mφ. Additionally, we found that a significant portion of C3b-dependent phagocytosis by large intestinal M involves CRIg, emphasizing the importance of efficient mechanisms to eliminate foreign particles in the large intestine. On the other hand, intestinal Mφ from 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-treated mice had decreased CRIg expression but increased CD11b expression, implying some contribution to the removal of immune complexes. This study will shed new light on opsonization and phagocytosis by large intestinal Mφ.
    Innate Immunity 07/2011; 18(2):258-67. DOI:10.1177/1753425911400641 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated autophagy in 37 cases of nasopharyngeal lymphomas including 23 nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphomas (NKTCL), 3 cytotoxic T-cell lymphomas (cytotoxic-TML) and 9 B-cell lymphomas (BML) by means of antigen-retrieval immunohistochemistry of beclin-1, LC3, mitochondria (AE-1) and cathepsin D. Peculiar necrosis was noted in EBV(+) lymphomas comprising 21 NKTCL, 2 cytotoxic-TML and 1 BML. Lymphomas without peculiar necrosis showed high expression of beclin-1, macrogranular cytoplasmal stain of LC3 with sporadic nuclear stain, a hallmark of autophagic cell death (ACD), some aggregated mitochondria and high expression of cathepsin D, suggesting a state of growth with enhanced autophagy with sporadic ACD. EBV(+) NKTCL with the peculiar necrosis, showed significantly low level of macrogranular staining of LC3, aggregated mitochondria and low expression of cathepsin D in the cellular areas when degenerative lymphoma cells showed decreased beclin-1, significantly advanced LC3-labeled autophagy, residual aggregated mitochondria and significantly reduced expression of cathepsin D, suggesting advanced autophagy with regional ACD. Consequently it was suggested that enhanced autophagy and reduced expression of lysosomal enzymes induced regional ACD under EBV infection in NKTCL.
    ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA 06/2011; 44(3):119-31. DOI:10.1267/ahc.10024 · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • British Journal of Dermatology 10/2010; 163(4):892-4. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2133.2010.09913.x · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that alveolar and interstitial macrophages play a key role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) by producing proinflammatory and/or fibrogenic cytokines. We showed that inflammatory macrophages expressed folate receptor beta (FRbeta) while resident macrophages in normal tissues expressed no or low levels of FRbeta. In the present study, we examined the distribution of FRbeta-expressing macrophages in the lungs of patients with usual idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (UIP) and mice with bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF) and tested whether the depletion of FRbeta-expressing macrophages could suppress bleomycin-induced PF in mice. Immunostaining with anti-human or -mouse FRbeta monoclonal antibody (mAb) revealed that FRbeta-expressing macrophages were present predominantly in fibrotic areas of the lungs of patients with UIP and mice with bleomycin-induced PF. Intranasal administration of a recombinant immunotoxin, consisting of immunoglobulin heavy and light chain Fv portions of an anti-mouse FRbeta mAb and truncated Pseudomonas exotoxin A, increased survival significantly and reduced levels of total hydroxyproline and fibrosis in bleomycin-induced PF. In immunohistochemical analysis, decreased numbers of tumour necrosis factor-alpha-, chemokines CCL2- and CCL12-producing cells were observed in the immunotoxin-treated group. These findings suggest a pathogenic role of FRbeta-expressing macrophages in IPF. Thus, targeting FRbeta-expressing macrophages may be a promising treatment of IPF.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 08/2010; 161(2):348-56. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2010.04182.x · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examined the relationship between external environmental factors and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphomagenesis. Archival paraffin sections from 134 cases of nasopharyngeal lymphomas in the northeast of China were investigated by in situ hybridization of EBV-encoded small RNA-1 (EBER-1) and by immunohistochemistry of the status of programmed cell death (PCD). The cases examined included 74 (55.2%) cases of NK/T-cell lymphomas (NKTCL) in T-cell and NK-cell neoplasms as well as 32 (23.9%) cases of B-cell neoplasms (B-MLs) and 9 (6.7%) cases of carcinomas. These cases indicated a significant dominant occurrence of NKTCL in the nasal cavity and of B-MLs in the pharynx. Many EBV-associated NKTCLs were seen in the nasopharynx, all three cases of EBV-associated B-MLs were in the nasal cavity and all three cases of EBV-associated carcinomas were only seen in the pharynx. The low number of NKTCL cases showing little or no EBV association, together with the existence of EBER-1-free lymphoma cells in EBV-associated NKTCLs, suggested EBV-related lymphoma cell expansion during lymphomagenesis. Peculiar necrosis, frequently observed in NKTCLs, was due to accelerated PCD. This PCD was autophagic cell death as judged by labeling of Beclin-1 and LC3, which possibly occurred due to EBV infection, when apoptosis was suppressed by survivin. Very minute squamous carcinomas, observed in 10 of 23 cases of NKTCLs with residual epithelia that were survivin-positive but not EBV-associated suggested that carcinogenesis occurred before lymphomagenesis. These data suggest that external environmental oncogenic factors initiate nasopharyngeal carcinomas and lymphomas whereas EBV infection promotes them.
    Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hematopathology 11/2009; 49(2):97-108. DOI:10.3960/jslrt.49.97
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    ABSTRACT: Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) is the secondary lymphoid tissue in bronchial mucosa and is involved in the development of bronchopulmonary immune responses. Although migration of lymphocytes from blood vessels into secondary lymphoid tissues is critical for the development of appropriate adaptive immunity, the endothelia and lymphocyte adhesion molecules that recruit specific subsets of lymphocytes into human BALT are not known. The aim of this study was to determine which adhesion molecules are expressed on lymphocytes and high endothelial venules (HEVs) in human BALT. We immunostained frozen sections of BALT from lobectomy specimens from 17 patients with lung carcinoma with a panel of monoclonal antibodies to endothelia and lymphocyte adhesion molecules. Sections of BALT showed B cell follicles surrounded by T cells. Most BALT CD4+ T cells had a CD45RO+ memory phenotype. Almost all BALT B cells expressed alpha4 integrin and L-selectin. In contrast, 43% of BALT T cells expressed alpha4 integrin and 20% of BALT T cells expressed L-selectin. Almost all BALT lymphocytes expressed LFA-1. HEVs, which support the migration of lymphocytes from the bloodstream into secondary lymphoid tissues, were prominent in BALT. All HEVs expressed peripheral node addressin, most HEVs expressed vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and no HEVs expressed mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1. Human BALT expresses endothelia and lymphocyte adhesion molecules that may be important in recruiting naive and memory/effector lymphocytes to BALT during protective and pathologic bronchopulmonary immune responses.
    Respiratory research 10/2009; 10(1):97. DOI:10.1186/1465-9921-10-97 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are frequently found in glioblastomas and a high degree of macrophage infiltration is associated with a poor prognosis for glioblastoma patients. However, it is unclear whether TAMs in glioblastomas promote tumor growth. In this study, we found that folate receptor beta (FR beta) was expressed on macrophages in human glioblastomas and a rat C6 glioma implanted subcutaneously in nude mice. To target FR beta-expressing TAMs, we produced a recombinant immunotoxin consisting of immunoglobulin heavy and light chain Fv portions of an anti-mouse FR beta monoclonal antibody and Pseudomonas exotoxin A. Injection of the immunotoxin into C6 glioma xenografts in nude mice significantly depleted TAMs and reduced tumor growth. The immunotoxin targeting FR beta-expressing macrophages will provide a therapeutic tool for human glioblastomas.
    Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 03/2009; 58(10):1577-86. DOI:10.1007/s00262-009-0667-x · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alveolar bone loss is caused by a host response to periodontal pathogens, and its progression is often enhanced by systemic conditions such as insulin resistance. Alveolar bone dehiscence has been observed in KK-A(y) mice, which are metabolic syndrome model mice with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate inducements responsible for alveolar bone dehiscence in the KK-A(y) mice. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the mandibles of mice was detected using immunohistochemical staining and the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. After administration of N-acetylcysteine, an antioxidant, to KK-A(y) mice, alveolar bone loss and the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein in gingival keratinocytes and of hydrogen peroxide concentrations in plasma, were analyzed. The effect of hydrogen peroxide on endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in keratinocytes was examined using cultured keratinocytes. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase was decreased in gingival keratinocytes from KK-A(y) mice compared with gingival keratinocytes from control mice. Administration of N-acetylcysteine to the mice restored endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in the gingival keratinocytes, suppressed the alveolar bone loss and decreased the hydrogen peroxide concentrations in plasma without the improvement of obesity or diabetes. In vitro, stimulation with hydrogen peroxide decreased the expression level of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in cultured keratinocytes, which was restored by the addition of N-acetylcysteine. Reactive oxygen species, such as hydrogen peroxide, are responsible for the alveolar bone loss accompanied by decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in KK-A(y) mice. Therefore, we propose a working hypothesis that the generation of oxidative stress is an underlying systemic condition that enhances alveolar bone loss in periodontitis occurring as a complication of diabetes.
    Journal of Periodontal Research 11/2008; 44(1):43-51. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0765.2007.01060.x · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aquaporin 3 (AQP3) is the predominant water channel protein in human keratinocytes and acts as an inflammatory mediator in some lesions. A chronic, inflammatory process of periodontitis is related with a dramatic change of surrounding fluid homeostasis to plasma extravasation. The exact pattern of aquaporin (AQP) water channel expression and its mechanism in periodontal disease is still unknown. We describe herein an up-regulated AQP3 expression in the epithelial lesion with chronic periodontitis and its functional role. The levels of AQP3 expression in inflamed gingival epithelial tissues were significantly higher than those of healthy subjects. Consistent with these results, AQP3 expression (i.e., levels of mRNA and protein) in cultured rat primary gingival epithelial cells and the human gingival epithelial cell line Ca9-22 were strongly increased in response to TNF-alpha treatment through the 55 kDa TNF-alpha receptor (TNFR I). In this context, small interfering RNA- (siRNA)-mediated "aqp-3 gene silencing," which could reduce AQP3 expression by more than 65%, significantly attenuated selected proinflammatory events of ICAM-1 expression induced by TNF-alpha in Ca9-22. A sixfold increase in leukocyte adherence to TNF-alpha-stimulated epithelial cells was demonstrated by an adherence assay (P < 0.001) and pretreatment with AQP3 siRNA and anti-ICAM-1 antibody reduced leukocyte retention by 85% (P < 0.001). Our study indicates for the first time a novel important mode in the regulation of the inflammatory response through TNF-alpha/TNFR I ligation at the site of epithelial lesions by specialized membrane channel AQP3 and ICAM-1 protein, which is closely implicated in the development of periodontitis mechanisms.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 11/2008; 217(2):338-349. DOI:10.1002/jcp.21506 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To elucidate an in vivo cytokine pattern in allergic contact dermatitis, the mRNAs for IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, IL-12p35, IL-12p40, and IFN-gamma were detected in the skin and spleens of mice with allergic contact dermatitis responses to DNCB using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The mRNAs for IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, and IFN-gamma and IL-12 were constitutively expressed in the spleens from control and allergic contact dermatitis mice. Among these cytokines, the mRNAs for IFN-gamma and IL-12p40 were upregulated in mice with allergic contact dermatitis. On the other hand, the mRNAs for IL-2, IL-4, and IFN-gamma were detected only at diseased skin sites of allergic contact dermatitis mice, but not the skin from the control mice. Moreover, both IL-12p35 and IL-12p40 mRNAs were highly expressed in the skin of mice with allergic contact dermatitis responses to DNCB compared with control mice. Therefore, the present study indicates that, in vivo, allergic contact dermatitis mice appear to have a distinct cytokine production in spleens and skin as detected at the mRNA level.
    Toxicology mechanisms and methods 09/2008; 6(1):23-31. DOI:10.3109/15376519609045910 · 1.55 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
316.15 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2015
    • Kagoshima University
      • • Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      • • School of Medicine
      • • Department of Medical Zoology
      Kagosima, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 1989–1991
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 1987–1990
    • Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
      • Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States