Sun Whe Kim

Seoul National University Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (24)63.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Current nodal staging system for extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer is controversial. The number of metastatic lymph nodes (mLN) and lymph node ratio (LNR) has been studied for the assessment of the nodal status in many other gastrointestinal cancers, but there are few studies on assessing the prognostic impact of these parameters in EHBD cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 239 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for adenocarcinoma of EHBD from 1995 to 2009 in our institution. The prognostic value of the number of mLN and LNR was evaluated by adjusting for other known factors. Optimal cutoff points were determined using maximally selected chi-square test. Lymph node metastasis was found in 77 (32 %) patients. Univariate analysis for overall survival (OS) revealed both the number of mLN (0 vs. 1-3 vs. ≥4; p < 0.001) and LNR (<0.2 vs. ≥0.2; p < 0.001) as significant prognosticators. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the number of mLN was an independent prognostic factor, whereas LNR was not. The estimated 5-year OS was 48.7 % for patients with negative nodes, 33.4 % for patients with 1-3 mLN, and 9.1 % for patients with 4 or more mLN (p < 0.001). The number of mLN is a powerful parameter to predict survival in the EHBD cancer, which is more reliable than LNR. As for many other gastrointestinal cancers, further classification of node positive patients based on the number of mLN seems to be useful and may provide precise information.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11605-015-2898-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) after distal pancreatectomy (DP) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients. We performed a retrospective review of 62 consecutive patients who underwent curative DP followed by adjuvant CRT between 2000 and 2011. There were 31 men and 31 women, and the median age was 64 years (range, 38 to 80 years). Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered to the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes with a median dose of 50.4 Gy (range, 40 to 55.8 Gy). All patients received concomitant chemotherapy, and 53 patients (85.5%) also received maintenance chemotherapy. The median follow-up period was 24 months. Forty patients (64.5%) experienced relapse. Isolated locoregional recurrence developed in 5 patients (8.1%) and distant metastasis in 35 patients (56.5%), of whom 13 had both locoregional recurrence and distant metastasis. The median overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 37.5 months and 15.4 months, respectively. On multivariate analysis, splenic artery (SA) invasion (p=0.0186) and resection margin (RM) involvement (p=0.0004) were identified as significant adverse prognosticators for DFS. Also, male gender (p=0.0325) and RM involvement (p=0.0007) were associated with a significantly poor OS. Grade 3 or higher hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities occurred in 22.6% and 4.8% of patients, respectively. Adjuvant CRT may improve survival after DP for pancreatic body or tail adenocarcinoma. Our results indicated that SA invasion was a significant factor predicting inferior DFS, as was RM involvement. When SA invasion is identified preoperatively, neoadjuvant treatment may be considered.
    Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2014; 47(2). DOI:10.4143/crt.2014.025 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To evaluate the prognostic significance of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR), and total phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expressions in patients undergoing adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for proximal extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer. Methods: Sixty-three patients with proximal EHBD cancer who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant CRT were enrolled into this study. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to a median of 40 Gy (range, 40 to 54 Gy). Fifty-nine patients also received fluoropyrimidine chemotherapy as a radiosensitizer. p-Akt, p-mTOR, and PTEN expression were assessed with immunohistochemical staining on the tissue microarray. Results: p-Akt, p-mTOR, and PTEN were expressed in 23 (36.5%), 17 (27.0%), and 24 patients (38.1%), respectively. p-Akt expression was associated with distant metastasis and overall survival (OS), but not with locoregional recurrence. The 5-year distant metastasis-free and OS rates were 25.8% versus 58.2% (P=0.007), and 27.5% versus 50.2% (P=0.0167) in patients with negative and positive expression, respectively. On multivariate analysis, nodal involvement was the only significant prognosticator predicting inferior distant metastasis-free survival (P=0.0105), whereas p-Akt expression had a borderline significance (P=0.0541). As for OS, p-Akt expression was a marginally significant prognosticator (P=0.0635), whereas other risk factors lost the statistical significance. Conclusion: p-Akt expression tended to be associated with a favorable prognosis in patients undergoing curative resection followed by adjuvant CRT for proximal EHBD cancer.
    American Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000121 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the outcome of patients with ampullary cancer who had undergone curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients METHODS:: Between January 1991 and August 2006, 71 patients with ampullary cancer underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy. There were 38 males and 33 females, and median age was 56 years (range, 28 to 77 y). Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to 40 to 50 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction; 67 patients also received intravenous 5-fluorouracil as a radiosensitizer. Median follow-up duration was 72 months for survivors. There were 5 isolated locoregional recurrences, 20 isolated distant metastases, and 11 combined locoregional and distant relapses. The 5-year locoregional relapse-free and overall survival rates were 76.2% and 64.5%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, nodal ratio and histologic differentiation were significant prognostic factors for overall survival (P=0.0382 and 0.0331, respectively). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after curative resection can achieve a long-term survival rate in patients with ampullary cancer. Nodal ratio and histologic differentiation are independent prognostic factors for these patients.
    American journal of clinical oncology 04/2014; DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000075 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) of the pancreas are still considered a surgical enigma. Many clinical research trials have failed to identify prognostic factors that predict the malignant behavior of SPTs. This work was a retrospective multicenter study that included a total of 17 medical institutions. Data from 351 patients who underwent surgical resection from January 1990 to December 2008 were retrospectively collected using standardized case report forms requesting clinicopathologic features. Thirty-four patients (9.7%) were male, and 317 (90.3%) were female, with a mean age of 36.8 ± 12.4 years. Recently, minimally invasive (P < 0.001) and parenchyma or function-preserving limited surgeries (P = 0.016) have been more frequently applied for the treatment of pancreatic SPTs. Ninety-eight patients (27.9%) had microscopic malignant features. Only 9 patients (2.6%) experienced tumor recurrence after the initial pancreatic SPT resection. Multivariate analysis showed that a tumor size larger than 8 cm [Exp (β) = 7.385, P = 0.018], microscopic malignant features [Exp (β) = 10.009, P = 0.011], and stage IV [Exp (β) = 42.003, P = 0.002] were significant prognostic factors for tumor recurrence. When combined with stage IV, the microscopic malignant features and 2010 World Health Organization definition of solid pseudopapillary carcinoma more successfully differentiated future recurrence risk groups (P < 0.001). More specific pathologic descriptions need to be employed in pathologic report forms to provide proper information to predict SPT recurrence after resection. Future studies emphasizing the standardized pathologic evaluation of pancreatic SPTs may unveil the enigmatic nature of pancreatic SPTs.
    Annals of surgery 04/2014; 260(2). DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000000583 · 7.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To develop nomograms for predicting the overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) in patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer undergoing adjuvant chemoradiation therapy after curative resection. From January 1995 through August 2006, a total of 166 consecutive patients underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. Multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards regression was performed, and this Cox model was used as the basis for the nomograms of OS and RFS. We calculated concordance indices of the constructed nomograms and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. The OS rate at 2 years and 5 years was 60.8% and 42.5%, respectively, and the RFS rate at 2 years and 5 years was 52.5% and 38.2%, respectively. The model containing age, sex, tumor location, histologic differentiation, perineural invasion, and lymph node involvement was selected for nomograms. The bootstrap-corrected concordance index of the nomogram for OS and RFS was 0.63 and 0.62, respectively, and that of AJCC staging for OS and RFS was 0.50 and 0.52, respectively. We developed nomograms that predicted survival and recurrence better than AJCC staging. With caution, clinicians may use these nomograms as an adjunct to or substitute for AJCC staging for predicting an individual's prognosis and offering tailored adjuvant therapy.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2013; 87(3):499-504. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2013.06.2041 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prognostic significance of CD24 expression in patients undergoing adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer. Eighty-four patients with EHBD cancer who underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy were enrolled in this study. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to a median of 40 Gy (range: 40-56 Gy). All patients also received fluoropyrimidine chemotherapy for radiosensitization during radiotherapy. CD24 expression was assessed with immunohistochemical staining on tissue microarray. Clinicopathologic factors as well as CD24 expression were evaluated in multivariate analysis for clinical outcomes including loco-regional recurrence, distant metastasis-free and overall survival. CD24 was expressed in 36 patients (42.9%). CD24 expression was associated with distant metastasis, but not with loco-regional recurrence nor with overall survival. The 5-year distant metastasis-free survival rates were 55.1% and 29.0% in patients with negative and positive expression, respectively (P = 0.0100). On multivariate analysis incorporating N stage, histologic differentiation and CD24 expression, N stage was the only significant factor predicting distant metastasis-free survival (P = 0.0089), while CD24 expression had borderline significance (P = 0.0733). In subgroup analysis, CD24 expression was significantly associated with 5-year distant metastasis-free survival in node-positive patients (38.4% with negative expression vs 0% with positive expression, P = 0.0110), but not in node-negative patients (62.0% with negative expression vs 64.0% with positive expression, P = 0.8599). CD24 expression was a significant predictor of distant metastasis for patients undergoing curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy especially for node-positive EHBD cancer.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2013; 19(9):1438-43. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v19.i9.1438 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the prognostic factors predicting distant metastasis in patients undergoing adjuvant chemoradiation for extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer. Between January 1995 and August 2006, 166 patients with EHBD cancer underwent resection with curative intent, followed by adjuvant chemoradiation. There were 120 males and 46 females, and median age was 61 years (range, 34-86). Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumor bed and regional lymph nodes (median dose, 40 Gy; range, 34-56 Gy). A total of 157 patients also received fluoropyrimidine chemotherapy as a radiosensitizer, and fluoropyrimidine-based maintenance chemotherapy was administered to 127 patients. Median follow-up duration was 29 months. The treatment failed for 97 patients, and the major pattern of failure was distant metastasis (76 patients, 78.4%). The 5-year distant metastasis-free survival rate was 49.4%. The most common site of distant failure was the liver (n = 36). On multivariate analysis, hilar tumor, tumor size ≥ 2 cm, involved lymph node, and poorly differentiated tumor were associated with inferior distant metastasis-free survival (p = 0.0348, 0.0754, 0.0009, and 0.0078, respectively), whereas T stage was not (p = 0.8081). When patients were divided into four groups based on these risk factors, the 5-year distant metastasis-free survival rates for patients with 0, 1, 2, and 3 risk factors were 86.4%, 59.9%, 32.5%, and 0%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Despite maintenance chemotherapy, distant metastasis was the major pattern of failure in patients undergoing adjuvant chemoradiation for EHBD cancer after resection with curative intent. Intensified chemotherapy is warranted to improve the treatment outcome, especially in those with multiple risk factors.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 07/2012; 84(1):81-7. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2011.10.059 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyse the outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for periampullary adenocarcinoma and the impact of tumour location as a prognosticator. Between January 1991 and December 2002, 147 patients with periampullary cancer underwent adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumour bed and regional lymph nodes up to 40 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction with a two-week planned rest. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)/day) was given on days 1-3 of each split course. The median follow-up period was 82 months in survivors. Tumour >2 cm and margin-positivity were more common in patients with pancreatic cancer than nonpancreatic periampullary cancers (p<0.0001 and 0.0780, respectively). According to the tumour location, 5-year overall survival rates of ampulla of Vater, distal common bile duct, duodenal and pancreatic head cancers were 53.0%, 50.3%, 37.5%, and 13.0%, respectively (p<0.0001). On multivariate analysis, pancreatic location (p<0.0001) and nodal involvement (p=0.0123) were associated with inferior overall survival. Regardless of its advanced histologic features, pancreatic location itself was an adverse prognostic factor affecting overall survival.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 05/2012; 14(5):391-5. DOI:10.1007/s12094-012-0814-2 · 2.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To compare the treatment outcome of surgery alone with that of surgery followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for duodenal cancer. METHODS: Between January 1991 and December 2002, 24 patients with duodenal cancer underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. There were 14 males and 10 females, and median age was 61 years (range, 33-75). Nine patients received adjuvant CRT, and 15 did not. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered up to 40 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction with a 2-week planned rest. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m/d) was given on days 1 to 3 of each split course. Median follow-up period was 32 months (range, 5-170). RESULTS: Nodal stage and stage group were more advanced in CRT (+) group (P=0.0894 and 0.0361, respectively). However, other patient and tumor characteristics were similar in each group. Five-year overall survival rates of CRT (-) and CRT (+) group were 47% and 30%, respectively (P=0.3799). Five-year locoregional relapse-free survival rates of CRT (-) and CRT (+) group were 64% and 80%, respectively (P=0.4188). On multivariate analysis, patients treated with adjuvant CRT had better locoregional relapse-free survival with borderline significance (P=0.0750). No patient suffered grade 3 or higher toxicity during CRT. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant CRT is feasible and may enhance locoregional control in advanced-staged duodenal cancer after curative resection.
    American journal of clinical oncology 06/2011; DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e31821dee31 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for patients with extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) cancer, and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients. Between January 1995 and December 2002, 86 patients with adenocarcinoma of EHBD underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. There were 59 male and 27 female patients, and median age was 59 years (range, 34 to 73 y). Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to 40 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction with a 2-week planned rest. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)/d) was given on day 1 to 3 of each split course. The median follow-up period was 83 months for survivors. Forty-eight patients failed the treatment: locoregional recurrence in 20, distant metastasis in 38, and both locoregional and distant relapses in 10 patients. Five-year locoregional relapse-free survival rate was 70.3%. On multivariate analysis, resection margin status was the only significant prognosticator (P=0.0299). Five-year distant metastasis-free survival rate was 53.6%. Three or more involved lymph nodes had an adverse impact on distant metastasis-free survival (P=0.0334). Five-year overall survival rate was 44.7%, and poorly differentiated tumor was associated with inferior overall survival (P=0.0297). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy after curative resection can achieve a long-term survival in patients with EHBD cancer. Resection margin status, number of involved lymph nodes, and histologic differentiation are associated with locoregional relapse, distant metastasis, and overall survival, respectively. Distant metastasis was the major pattern of failure, possibly due to the increased locoregional control by use of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Intensification of systemic treatment is warranted.
    American journal of clinical oncology 02/2011; 35(2):136-40. DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e318209aa29 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for patients with distal common bile duct (CBD) cancer who underwent curative surgery, and to identify the prognostic factors for these patients. Between January 1991 and December 2002, 38 patients with adenocarcinoma of the distal CBD underwent curative resection followed by adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. There were 27 men and 11 women, and the median age was 60 years (range, 34-73). Adjuvant radiotherapy was delivered to the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes up to 40 Gy at 2 Gy/fraction with a 2-week planned rest. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)/day) was given on day 1 to day 3 of each split course. The median follow-up period was 39 months. The 5-year overall survival rate of all patients was 49.1%. On univariate analysis, only histologic differentiation (p = 0.0005) was associated with overall survival. Tumor size (< or =2 cm vs. >2 cm) had a marginally significant impact on the treatment outcome (p = 0.0624). However, there was no difference in overall survival rates between T3 and T4 tumors (p = 0.6189), for which the main determinants were pancreatic and duodenal invasion, respectively. On multivariate analysis, histologic differentiation (p = 0.0092) and tumor size (p = 0.0046) were independent risk factors for overall survival. Long-term survival can be expected in patients with distal CBD cancer undergoing curative surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Histologic differentiation and tumor size were significant prognostic factors predicting overall survival, whereas duodenal invasion was not. This finding suggests the need for further refinement in tumor staging.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 12/2009; 77(4):1186-90. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.06.033 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for ampulla of Vater cancer. Between January 1991 and December 2002, 118 patients with ampulla of Vater cancer underwent en bloc resection. Forty-one patients received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy [RT(+) group], and 77 did not [RT(-) group]. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered to the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes, for a total dose of up to 40 Gy delivered in 2-Gy fractions, with a planned 2-week rest period halfway through the treatment period. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)/day) was given on Days 1 to 3 of each split course. The median follow-up was 65 months. The 5-year overall survival rate in the RT(-) and RT(+) groups was 66.9% and 52.8%, respectively (p = 0.2225). The 5-year locoregional relapse-free survival rate in the RT(-) and RT(+) groups was 79.9% and 80.2%, respectively (p = 0.9582). When age, type of operation, T stage, N stage, histologic differentiation, and the use of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy were incorporated into the Cox proportional hazard model, there was an improvement in the locoregional relapse-free survival rate (p = 0.0050) and a trend toward a longer overall survival (p = 0.0762) associated with the use of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Improved overall survival (p = 0.0235) and locoregional relapse-free survival (p = 0.0095) were also evident in patients with nodal metastasis. In contrast, enhanced locoregional control (p = 0.0319) did not result in longer survival in patients with locally advanced disease (p = 0.4544). Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy may enhance locoregional control and overall survival in patients with ampulla of Vater cancer after curative resection, especially in those with nodal involvement.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 05/2009; 75(2):436-41. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.11.067 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of ramosetron for the prevention of chemoradiotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CRINV) in patients receiving upper abdominal irradiation with concurrent 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy. Between November 2006 and April 2007, 25 patients with pancreatico-biliary cancer underwent adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. A total dose of 40 Gy was delivered using 2 Gy/fraction, 5 days a week, with 2 weeks of planned rest after 20 Gy. Concomitant 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m(2)/day i.v. bolus) was administered for the first 3 days of each split course. During the first course of chemoradiotherapy, all patients had prophylactic metoclopramide before treatment and those refractory to metoclopramide received rescue medication with ondansetron. During the second course of chemoradiotherapy, prophylactic ramosetron was given to patients who were refractory to ondansetron. Response to antiemetics was scored in four tiers: none, no CRINV; mild, did not interfere with normal daily life; moderate, interfered with normal daily life and severe, patient bedridden because of CRINV. Fifty-six percent of the patients (14 of 25) had moderate CRINV despite metoclopramide, and received ondansetron. Ten patients who experienced moderate CRINV despite the ondansetron had prophylactic ramosetron, and 60% of the patients (6 of 10) had the symptom improved. Ramosetron proved to be an effective alternative for the control of CRINV during upper abdominal irradiation with concurrent 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2009; 39(2):111-5. DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyn140 · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the influence of the adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) on the liver regeneration and liver function after partial hepatectomy (PH). Thirty-four patients who underwent PH for biliary tract cancer between October 2003 and July 2005 were reviewed. Hemihepatectomy was performed in 14 patients and less extensive surgery in 20. Of the patients, 19 patients had no adjuvant therapy (non-RT group) and 15 underwent adjuvant RT by a three-dimensional conformal technique (RT group). Radiation dose range was 40 to 50 Gy (median, 40 Gy). Liver volume on computed tomography and the results of liver function tests at 1, 4, 12, 24, and 52 weeks after PH were compared between the RT and non-RT groups. The preoperative characteristics were identical for both groups. During the interval between Weeks 4 and 12 when adjuvant RT was delivered in the RT group, the increase in liver volume was significantly smaller in the RT group than non-RT group (22.9 +/- 38.3cm(3) and 81.5 +/- 75.6cm(3), respectively, p = 0.007). However, the final liver volume measured at 1 year after PH did not differ between the two groups (p = 0.878). Liver function tests were comparable for both groups. The resection extent and original liver volume was independent factors for final liver volume measured at 1 year after PH. In this study, adjuvant RT delayed the liver regeneration process after PH, but the volume difference between the two study groups became nonsignificant after 1 year. Adjuvant RT had no additional adverse effect on liver function after PH.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 11/2008; 74(1):67-72. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.06.1941 · 4.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular markers for cancers are not only useful for cancer detection and prognostic prediction, but may also serve as potential therapeutic targets. In order to identify reliable molecular markers for prognostic prediction in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), we evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of 15 proteins, namely p53, p27, p16, RB, Smad4, PTEN, FHIT, GSTP1, MGMT, E-cadherin, nm23, CD44, TIMP3, S100A4, and promyelocytic leukemia (PML) in 138 cases of GBC using the tissue microarray method. The prognostic significance was analyzed for each protein. Overexpression of p53 and S100A4, and loss of p27, p16, RB, Smad4, FHIT, E-cadherin and PML expression were associated with poor survival. In particular, PML and p53 showed considerable potential as independent prognostic markers. Patients with normal PML and p53 expression displayed favorable outcomes, compared to those showing abnormal expression of either or both proteins (49% vs. 23% in a 5-year survival rate; 60 months vs. 11 months in median survival, respectively; P=0.009). Thus, PML and p53 are potential candidates for development as clinically applicable molecular prognostic markers of GBC, and may be effective therapeutic targets for the disease in the future.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 02/2007; 13(4):326-35. DOI:10.1007/BF02940312 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of radiation therapy target volume on the treatment outcome of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for pancreatic cancer after curative resection. Between February 1987 and July 2001, 70 patients treated with curative resection and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma were analyzed. There were 49 males and 21 females, with a median age of 57 years. Whipple's operation was performed in 44 patients, pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy in 14, distal pancreatectomy in 9, and subtotal pancreatectomy in 3. Postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy was given up to 40 Gy at 2 Gy per fraction with a two-week planned rest. Intravenous 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m2/day) was given on days 1 to 3 of each split course of radiotherapy. Until 1991, whole pancreas or preoperative tumor volume and retroperitoneal lymph nodes were irradiated (extended field, n=14). Thereafter, the target volume included the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and the involved pancreatic resection margin (limited field, n=56). The median follow-up period of all the patients was 16 months (range, 2-99). The overall 2- and 5-year survival rate of all patients was 29.7% and 14.0%, respectively. According to the radiotherapy target volume, the median survival time was 14 months in the extended field group and 16 months in the limited field group (P = 0.65). From the viewpoint of the target volume of radiotherapy, a limited field did not worsen the treatment outcome, although the survival rate was poor in both groups.
    Tumori 01/2005; 91(6):493-7. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to evaluate the significance of altered expression of mucin and cytokeratin during gallbladder carcinogenesis, we characterized the expressional profiles of MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6, CK7 and CK20 in 33 normal mucosa, 31 adenomas, 55 dysplasias and 131 carcinomas of the gallbladder. In normal gallbladder mucosa, the expressions of MUC5AC and MUC6 were diffuse and MUC1 expression was absent. However, in adenomas, dysplasias and carcinomas, the expressions of MUC5AC and MUC6 tended to decrease, whereas MUC1 expression was elevated. MUC2 and CK20 were infrequently expressed in all of the gallbladder epithelia, but adenomas expressing MUC2 and/or CK20 were more frequently associated with carcinomas and showed a higher grade of atypia than those without these antigens. In carcinomas, MUC1 expression was related to invasive growth, lymph node metastasis and a non-papillotubular type, whereas MUC6 expression was related to non-invasive growth. CK7 was diffusely expressed in almost all lesions, but carcinomas with a loss of CK7 expression showed poor survival. In conclusion, normal gallbladder mucosa has a gastric phenotype, but during carcinogenesis and tumor progression, the gastric phenotype is gradually lost and the aberrant expression of MUC1 occurs. The intestinal phenotype is not common in the gallbladder.
    Pathology International 09/2004; 54(8):576-84. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1827.2004.01666.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To clarify the genetic background of ampullary neoplasm, we investigated the occurrence of microsatellite instability (MSI) in 64 samples of neoplasm of the ampulla of Vater. Eight out of 22 adenomas (34.6%), nine out of 32 carcinomas (28.1%) and one metastatic lesion (10.0%) showed MSI in 1-3 of the nine dinucleotide markers; those cases are categorized into microsatellite instability-low (MSI-L). The remaining samples were stable with respect to all of the tested markers. None of the samples showed a frameshift mutation in the poly A-tract of BAT-26 or transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor, which are frequently mutated in gastric or colorectal cancers showing microsatellite instability. To confirm our finding, we stained 93 ampullary neoplasms with antibodies against the mismatch repair proteins: hMLH1 and hMSH2. All tumors were found to express mismatch repair proteins. In contrast to gastric or colorectal cancers, MSI does not play an important role in the carcinogenesis of ampullary carcinoma.
    Pathology International 11/2003; 53(10):667-70. DOI:10.1046/j.1440-1827.2003.01534.x · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ampulla of Vater cancers arise from precancerous lesions and existence of an adenoma-carcinoma sequence is based on morphological observations. We studied the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 22 adenomas, 32 carcinomas and 10 metastatic lesions using nine dinucleotide-repeated sequences in 3p, 8p, 8q, 9p, 10q, 13q, 17p, 17q, 18q. High LOH frequencies (> 50%) of 9p (IFNA) and 17p (TP53) were observed in adenomas and carcinomas. The frequency of LOH is higher in adenoma (55.6%) than in carcinoma (40%) for 8p (D8S261), but it is the same in cases having adenoma (57.1%) and carcinoma (57.1%) in the same lesion. LOH for 13q (D13S118), 17q (D17S520) and for 18q (D18S34) were more common in carcinomas than in adenomas, but statistically a significant difference was observed only on 13q (p < 0.05). Fractional allelic loss (FAL) is not correlated with any of the clinicopathological parameters. Tumor suppressor genes located in the 8p, 9p and 17p chromosomes might be associated with the early stage of tumorigenesis and that in 13q is involved during the adenoma-carcinoma progression.
    Anticancer research 01/2003; 23(3C):2955-9. · 1.87 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

174 Citations
63.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1995–2014
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Medical Research Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      • Colorectal Cancer Branch
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea