[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can occur at various sites, including the oral mucosa, where it is associated with a high risk of head and neck cancer. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman with tongue cancer that developed following Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic GVHD, and we discuss the possible causes of cancer development.
Australian Dental Journal 06/2010; 55(2):200-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1834-7819.2010.01211.x · 1.10 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study we evaluated pedunculated oncocytic carcinoma (OC) in the buccal mucosa via immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
An 84-year-old man was referred to our clinic with a pedunculated mass about 4 cm in diameter in the right buccal mucosa. An incision biopsy revealed the diagnosis of oncocytic tumor, and enucleation was performed. The tumor was stained for immunohistochemical analysis using the ABC method and antibodies against cytokeratin (CK), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), desmin, S-100 protein and muscle-specific actin, respectively. The tumor was stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate for visualization by electron microscopy.
Histopathology results revealed that the tumor consisted of oncocytic cells, characterized by eosinophilic and granular cytoplasm, and atypical nuclei. These cells had infiltrated local blood vessels, salivary glands and muscles. Immunohistochemical staining indicated that these cells were positive for CK and EMA, and negative for desmin, muscle-specific actin and S-100 protein. Electron microscopy revealed numerous dilated cytoplasmic mitochondria, and the cell contours and nucleic shapes of tumor cells were often irregular.
Because the histopathologic features of OC are similar to those of benign oncocytoma, the diagnosis of OC must be confirmed by a combination of clinical and ultrastructural characteristics.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose was to evaluate carotid calcifications on panoramic radiographs, and relate to risk factors for vascular diseases.
Between 1997 and 2001, 2568 radiographs were retrospectively collected from new patients at Mie University Hospital whose ages ranged from 50 to 70 years. The mean age of the subjects was 62.2 years (men 61.9 years, women 62.3 years). Medical and social data were collected from case notes, and body weight, height, and age of menopause confirmed by telephone interviews.
About 106 carotid calcifications were found on the panoramic radiographs of 26 males and 80 females. The ratio of males to females was 1:3.07. The subjects with carotid calcifications had medical histories that included hypertension (27.6%), obesity (21.1%), hyperlipidemia (14.5%), and cardiovascular diseases (13.2%), all with recognized risk factors for atheromas. Of 76 patients who responded to follow up interviews, two (2.63%) died from cardiovascular stroke during an average follow up of 2.43 years.
The results show carotid calcifications detected on panoramic radiographs can be used to help predict vascular strokes in patients. In cases where calcified carotid artery atheromas are detected, the dentist or oral and maxillofacial surgeon should refer the patient to a specialized physician.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was designed to assess the effect of stellate ganglion near-infrared irradiation (SGR) on glossodynia and the mechanism of action.
Thirty-seven patients with glossodynia received SGR once weekly for 4 weeks. The response to treatment was evaluated on the basis of the change in pain intensity, assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS) before and after 4 weeks of treatment. The temperature and blood flow of the tongue were also measured before and after first SGR. As control, eight healthy subjects were studied.
Tongue pain as assessed by the VAS decreased in 28 of the 37 patients (75.7%). Mean pain intensity decreased significantly from 5.1 +/- 2.2 to 1.9 +/- 2.1 (P < 0.05). Tongue blood flow at rest in the patients with glossodynia [7.2 +/- 1.6 ml min(-1) (100 g)(-1)] was significantly lower than that in the healthy subjects [7.8 +/- 0.23 ml min(-1) (100 g)(-1)]. Five minutes after SGR, the temperature of the tongue rose 1.5 +/- 0.21 degrees C, and blood flow increased to 8.5 +/- 1.2 ml min(-1) (100 g)(-1). Tongue blood flow (at rest) after 4 weeks of SGR had increased to 7.7 +/- 1.1 ml min(-1) (100 g)(-1).
SGR is an effective treatment for glossodynia. The mechanism by which SGR improves symptoms associated with glossodynia is thought to be as follows: SGR inhibits abnormally increased sympathetic activity associated with glossodynia. This is followed by normalization of decreased tongue blood flow, thereby alleviating pain.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the characteristics of ectopic chondroid/bone matrix and chondrogenic/osteogenic cells induced by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2).
rhBMP-2 (5 microg) combined with atelocollagen was implanted into calf muscles of rats and removed on days 7, 10, 14, 21, or 28. Tissue sections were examined using: (i) hematoxylin/Alcian blue/Sirius red stain, (ii) enzyme histochemistry for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity, (iii) immunohistochemistry for types I, II, and X collagen, and (iv) electron microscopy.
On day 7, numerous fibroblast-like cells with ALP activity were present on the pellet rim. On day 10, chondroid matrix (CM) had formed, contained both type I collagen and proteoglycans, and often continued into the BMP pellet. On day 14, bone-like matrix formed around hypertrophic chondrocytes simultaneously with endochondral ossification. Coexpression of types I and II collagen within chondrocytes and osteocytes was observed throughout the time course of the experiment.
These results suggest that fibroblast-like cells invading the pellet differentiate into chondrocytes and form CM under the scaffold of the carrier component. It appears that some chondrocytes change their phenotype to produce the bone-like matrix and remain within the endochondral bone. This process enables rapid osteogenesis to occur.