S Katayama

Institut de Génétique Moléculaire de Montpellier, Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France

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Publications (3)8.16 Total impact

  • S Katayama, B Dupuy, G Daube, B China, S T Cole
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    ABSTRACT: The intron-encoded endonuclease I-CeuI from Chlamydomonas eugametos was shown to cleave the circular chromosomes of all Clostridium perfringens strains examined at single sites in the rRNA operons, thereby generating ten fragments suitable for the rapid mapping of virulence genes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). This method easily distinguishes between plasmid and chromosomal localisations, as I-CeuI only cuts chromosomal DNA. Using this approach, the genes for three of the four typing toxins, beta, epsilon, and tau, in addition to the enterotoxin and lambda-toxin genes, were shown to be plasmid-borne. In a minority of strains, associated with food poisoning, where the enterotoxin toxin gene was located on the chromosome, genes for two of the minor toxins, theta and mu, were missing.
    MGG - Molecular and General Genetics 08/1996; 251(6):720-6.
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    S Katayama, B Dupuy, T Garnier, S T Cole
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    ABSTRACT: The physical map of the 3.6-megabase chromosome of Clostridium perfringens CPN50 was extended by positioning sites for the endonucleases SfiI and I-CeuI, and in parallel, the gene map was expanded by using a genome scanning strategy. This involved the cloning and sequencing of random chromosomal fragments, identification of the functions of the putative genes by database searches, and then hybridization analysis. The current gene map comprises almost 100 markers, many of which encode housekeeping functions while others are involved in sporulation or pathogenesis. Strikingly, most of the virulence genes were found to be confined to a 1,200-kb segment of the chromosome near oriC, while the pleiotropic regulatory locus, virRS, was situated toward the putative replication terminus. A comparison of the gene maps of three endospore-forming bacilli, C. perfringens, Clostridium beijerinckii, and Bacillus subtilis, revealed a similar order and distribution of key sporulation and heat shock genes which might reflect an ancient evolutionary relationship.
    Journal of Bacteriology 11/1995; 177(19):5680-5. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The location of the cpe gene, encoding the enterotoxin responsible for food poisoning in humans, has been studied in a series of enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens strains by means of pulsed field gel electrophoresis of genomic DNA. The cpe gene was found at the same chromosomal locus in strains associated with food poisoning in humans and was shown to be linked to a repetitive sequence, the HindIII repeat, and an open reading frame, ORF3, that may be part of an insertion sequence. In contrast, when the strains originated from domesticated livestock cpe was located on a large episome where it was often close to a copy of the transposable element IS1151. In these cases, the HindIII repeat was not linked to the cpe gene although this was generally preceded by ORF3.
    Molecular Microbiology 03/1995; 15(4):639-47. · 4.96 Impact Factor