ABSTRACT: Eleven cases of multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) in children were diagnosed over an 11 year period. All underwent postnatal ultrasound (US) studies. Four different patterns of MCDK were recognized: (1) Six cases presented with the classic sonogram of multicystic components. (2) Three cases had hydronephrotic form; correct diagnosis between hydronephrotic form of MCDK and hydronephrosis was difficult as there was a medially-located, large, lobulated cyst and there was connection between the large cyst and neighboring small cysts. (3) One case initially presented with normal renal sonogram but a small cyst appeared on follow up sonogram and there was also decreased renal size and increased echogenecity. (4) One case had only two moderate-sized cysts but no identifiable renal parenchyma. Two cases had follow-up US examination and one dysplastic kidney decreased in renal size on follow-up sonogram. Intravenous urography and radionuclide study revealed both these dysplastic kidneys to be nonfunctioning. Nine children had surgical resection of the diseased kidneys. Contralateral renal anomalies were detected in five children, which included ureteropelvic junction stenosis, ureterovesical junction stenosis, distal ureteral stenosis and polycystic kidney disease. Two of three hydronephrotic forms of MCDK had contralateral ureteral stenosis. Two of six classic forms of MCDK had contralateral ureteral stenosis. The proportion of contralateral ureteral stenosis was higher in the group of hydronephrotic forms of MCDK. Ultrasonography is beneficial for conclusive diagnosis of MCDK; however, a differential diagnosis of simple hydronephrosis needs to be considered.
The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences 08/1995; 11(7):383-9. · 0.61 Impact Factor