S Cheng

French Institute of Health and Medical Research, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (16)61.95 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Carotid artery stenosis (CS) is a major risk factor for ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ICVD) and is therefore of interest in genetic investigating. Here we report the distribution of 100 polymorphisms in 47 suspected susceptibility genes for ICVD and its risk factors. Previously published markers in suspected susceptibility genes were genotyped in ICVD patients and controls (928/602). Genotyping was performed using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and linear immobilized probe array assays. ICVD cases were subtyped according to Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) or subdivided into CS and non-CS patients by ultrasonography in a separate analysis. Three polymorphisms located in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL), angiotensinogen (AGT) and guanine nucleotide-binding protein beta-3 (GNB3) genes were significantly associated with ICVD after correction for age and gender. The strongest association was found for the protective LPL Ser447Term polymorphism. All the significant markers showed varying frequencies in different subphenotypes of ICVD. Factor VII, apolipoprotein E and two renin polymorphisms were differentially frequent in patients with evidence of CS compared with non-CS patients. We have found that some previously described susceptibility polymorphisms are weakly associated with ICVD and that subdivision of patients into CS and non-CS groups may help to identify new candidate polymorphisms.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 04/2008; 118(3):146-52. · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Individuals with type 1 diabetes have an increased incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and a higher risk of cardiovascular death compared with individuals of the same age in the general population. While chronic hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance partially explain excess CAD, little is known about the potential genetic determinants of accelerated coronary atherosclerosis in type 1 diabetes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of apolipoprotein A-IV (APOA4) polymorphisms with coronary artery calcification (CAC) progression, a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. Two previously well-studied functional APOA4 polymorphisms resulting in the substitution of the amino acid Thr for Ser at codon 347 and Gln for His at codon 360 were genotyped in 634 subjects with type 1 diabetes and 739 non-diabetic control subjects, the participants of the prospective Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes (CACTI) study. The His360 allele was associated with a significantly higher risk of CAC progression among patients with type 1 diabetes (33.7 vs 21.2%, p=0.014), but not in the control subjects (14.1 vs 11.1%, p=0.42). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that the presence of the APOA4 His360 allele predicts an increased risk of progression of coronary atherosclerosis in adults with type 1 diabetes of long duration (odds ratio = 3.3, p=0.003 after adjustment for covariates associated with CAD risk). CONCLUSIONS /INTERPRETATION: This is the first report suggesting an association between the APOA4 Gln360His polymorphism and risk of CAC progression in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Additional studies are needed to explore potential interactions between APOA4 genotypes and metabolic/oxidative stress components of the diabetic milieu leading to rapid progression of atherosclerosis.
    Diabetologia 09/2006; 49(8):1946-54. · 6.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. In DN patients, triglyceride (TG) level is elevated and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity, which hydrolyzes TG, is decreased. The LPL S447X and apolipoprotein E (APOE) exon 4 polymorphisms affect TG levels, and the APOC3 -455T>C polymorphism affects LPL activity. Our aim was to examine the association of these polymorphisms with nephropathy in type 2 diabetes. We examined these polymorphisms in a case-control study of type 2 diabetic patients including 374 with DN and 392 without DN. LPL 447X-containing genotypes (447X+) were significantly decreased in DN patients [18.6 vs 25.6%, odds ratio (OR) = 0.66, p = 0.02], as were APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 genotypes (64.8 vs 73.1%, OR = 0.68, p = 0.01). In addition, combinations of genotypes [APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 and LPL 447X+ (OR = 0.56), APOC3 CC and LPL 447X+ (OR = 0.31), APOE epsilon3/epsilon3 and APOC3 CC (OR = 0.61] were protective for DN compared with the most common combination of the respective polymorphisms. Our findings suggest the importance of interactions among lipid genes in modulating the risk of DN.
    Clinical Genetics 08/2006; 70(1):20-8. · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms in candidate genes related to lipid metabolism, thrombosis, hemostasis, cell-matrix adhesion, and inflammation have been suggested clinically useful in risk assessment of cardiovascular disease. We evaluated a panel of 92 candidate gene polymorphisms, using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction-immobilized probe assay amongst 523 individuals who subsequently developed myocardial infarction (MI), and amongst 2092 individuals who remained free of reported cardiovascular disease over a mean follow-up period of 13.2 years. Of the 92 polymorphisms tested, three that we previously reported on were associated with risk of MI, [pro12ala in the peroxisome proliferator activated-receptor gamma gene (odds ratio, OR = 0.75, P = 0.02); thr164ile in the beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene (OR = 0.14, P = 0.007); and ala23thr polymorphism in the eotaxin gene (OR = 1.87, P = 0.01)]. However, when adjusted for the other 89 polymorphisms evaluated, these findings were no longer statistically significant. Further, in contrast to reports from other investigators, we found little evidence for association of a C677T polymorphism in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene, the angiotensin-I-converting enzyme 1 insertion/deletion polymorphism, a 4G/5G polymorphism in the serine/cysteine proteinase inhibitor-clade E-member 1 gene, the factor V Leiden mutation, the G20210A factor II mutation, a -455G>A polymorphism in the beta-fibrinogen gene, the cys112arg/arg158cys apolipoprotein E gene polymorphism, a gly460trp polymorphism in the alpha-adducin gene, and a -629C>A polymorphism in the cholesteryl ester transfer protein gene with risk of MI. After correction for multiple comparisons, the addition of genetic information observed in the present study had little impact on risk prediction models for MI. The present investigation highlights the importance of replication and validation of findings from genetic association studies.
    Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 03/2006; 4(2):341-8. · 6.08 Impact Factor
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    R. Y. Zee, N. R. Cook, S. Cheng
    Journal of Vascular Surgery - J VASC SURG. 01/2006; 44(5):1131-1131.
  • Atherosclerosis Supplements - ATHEROSCLER SUPPL. 01/2006; 7(3):332-332.
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    ABSTRACT: Several compelling lines of evidence suggest an important influence of genetic variation in susceptibility to Kawasaki disease (KD), an acute vasculitis that causes coronary artery aneurysms in children. We performed a family-based genotyping study to test for association between KD and 58 genes involved in cardiovascular disease and inflammation. By analysis of a cohort of 209 KD trios using the transmission disequilibrium test, we documented the asymmetric transmission of five alleles including the interleukin-4 (IL-4) C(-589)T allele (P=0.03). Asymmetric transmission of the IL-4 C(-589)T was replicated in a second, independent cohort of 60 trios (P=0.05, combined P=0.002). Haplotypes of alleles in IL-4, colony-stimulating factor 2 (CSF2), IL-13, and transcription factor 7 (TCF7), all located in the interleukin gene cluster on 5q31, were also asymmetrically transmitted. The reported associations of KD with atopic dermatitis and allergy, elevated serum IgE levels, eosinophilia, and increased circulating numbers of monocyte/macrophages expressing the low-affinity IgE receptor (FCepsilonR2) may be related to effects of IL-4. Thus, the largest family-based genotyping study of KD patients to date suggests that genetic variation in the IL-4 gene, or regions linked to IL-4, plays an important role in KD pathogenesis and disease susceptibility.
    Genes and Immunity 09/2005; 6(5):438-44. · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme serum paraoxonase plays an important role in antioxidant defences and prevention of atherosclerosis. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clinical condition associated with increased oxidant stress and cardiovascular mortality. Two common polymorphisms of serum paraoxonase, PON1 Leu(55)Met and Gln(192)Arg, have been postulated to modulate the cardiovascular risk. We studied 915 subjects with angiographic documentation: 642 subjects with coronary atherosclerosis and 273 with normal coronary arteries. Two hundred and twenty-four subjects met the diagnostic criteria of MS. We found a significant interaction between MS and both the PON1 polymorphisms in determining the risk of coronary artery disease (P<0.05 by likelihood-ratio test). The 55Leu and the 192Arg alleles, associated with reduced protection against lipid peroxidation, were associated with coronary artery disease only in the MS subgroup. Subjects with MS and both 55Leu and 192Arg alleles had significantly increased risk (OR=9.38 with 95% CI=3.02-29.13 after adjustment by multiple logistic regression) as compared to subjects without MS and with 55Met/Met-192Gln/Gln genotype. No increased risk was found for subjects with MS and the 55Met/Met-192Gln/Gln genotype. This study highlights a potential example of genetic (paraoxonase polymorphisms)-clinical (MS) interaction influencing cardiovascular risk.
    Clinical and Experimental Medicine 05/2005; 5(1):20-30. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Increased oxidative stress is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the atherothrombotic process. Paraoxonases (PONs) are closely related antioxidant enzymes encoded by clustered genes on chromosome 7q. We evaluated three PON polymorphisms (PON1 Leu55Met and Gln192Arg; PON2 Ser311Cys) as possible risk factors for coronary atherosclerotic disease (CAD) and/or its main thrombotic complication, myocardial infarction (MI). We studied 890 subjects with angiographic documentation of coronary vessels (272=CAD-free; 618=CAD). In the CAD group, 341 subjects had a previous MI. Frequencies of various genotypes were not significantly different between CAD-free subjects and the entire CAD population. In the latter group, there were more carriers of the PON2 311Cys variation among those who had suffered a MI than among those who had not (P<0.01 by chi2). The adjusted OR for MI among PON2 311Cys carriers was 1.5 (95%CI, 1.03-2.19). A gene-environmental interaction was found between PON2 Ser311Cys and smoking. Smoking by itself was associated with an increased MI risk. Among smokers, however, the MI risk was related to PON2 genotype: Cys/Cys homozygotes (OR=5.3; 95%CI, 1.7-16.4) and Ser/Cys heterozygotes (OR=2.1; 95%CI, 1.3-3.6) were at greater risk than Ser/Ser subjects (OR=1.2; 95%CI, 0.8-1.8). The PON2 polymorphism did not influence the MI risk among nonsmokers. In CAD subjects, a proportion of the risk of MI may be influenced by the interaction between smoking and a polymorphism in the antioxidant enzyme PON2.
    European Journal of Clinical Investigation 01/2004; 34(1):14-20. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The complexity of recognizing the potential contribution of a number of possible predictors of complex disorders is increasingly challenging with the application of large-scale single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) typing. In the search for putative genetic factors predisposing to coronary artery restenosis following balloon angioplasty, we determined genotypes for 94 SNPs representing 62 candidate genes, in a prospectively assembled cohort of 342 cases and 437 controls. Using a customized coupled-logistic regression procedure accounting for both additive and interactive effects, we identified seven SNPs in seven genes that, together, showed a statistically significant association with restenosis incidence (P <0.0001), accounting for 11.6% of overall variance observed. Among them are candidate genes for cardiovascular pathophysiology (apolipoprotein-species and NOS), inflammatory response (TNF receptor and CD14), and cell-cycle control (p53 and p53-associated protein). Our results emphasize the need to account for complex multi-gene influences and interactions when assessing the molecular pathology of multifactorial medical entities.
    The Pharmacogenomics Journal 01/2002; 2(3):197-201. · 5.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The contribution of 17 polymorphisms within 13 candidate genes on lipid trait variability was investigated by a multiplex assay in 772 men and 780 women coming for a health checkup examination. The studied genes were APOE, APOB, APOC3, CETP, LPL, PON, MTHFR, FGB, GpIIIa, SELE, ACE, and AGT. We found that APOB-Thr71Ile, APOE-(112/158), APOC3-1100C/T, and SELE-98G/T polymorphisms had a significant effect on lipid traits (P < or = 0.001 to P < or = 0.01). Genetic effects accounted for 3.5-5.7% of variation in apolipoprotein B (apoB)-related traits among men, and for 5.7-9.0% among women. The contribution of APOE polymorphism on apoB-related traits variability was two to three times more important in women than in men. We found suggestive evidence for interactive effects between genetics and age, smoking status, and oral contraceptives. Increase of LDL-cholesterol and apoB concentrations with age was stronger among the epsilon4 carriers in women, and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) concentration decreased with age in epsilon4 male carriers. The effect of epsilon2 allele on LDL-cholesterol was more important in the oral contraceptive users. In nonsmokers only, the APOC3-1100C allele in women was related to lower apoB-related traits concentrations, and in men to higher apoA-I and HDL-cholesterol concentrations. In conclusion, this work, in addition to the reinforcement of the already known associations between APOB, APOE, and APOC3 genes and lipids, leads to new perspectives in the complex relationships among genes and environmental factors. The newly observed relationships between E-selectine gene and lipid concentrations support the hypotheses of multiple metabolic pathways contributing to the complexity of lipids variability.
    The Journal of Lipid Research 11/2001; 42(11):1879-90. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: For large numbers of marker loci in a genomic scan for disease loci, we propose a novel 2-stage approach for linkage or association analysis. The two stages are (1) selection of a subset of markers that are 'important' for the trait studied, and (2) modelling interactions among markers and between markers and trait. Here we focus on stage 1 and develop a selection method based on a 2-level nested bootstrap procedure. The method is applied to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) data in a cohort study of heart disease patients. Out of the 89 original SNPs the method selects 11 markers as being 'important'. Conventional backward stepwise logistic regression on the 89 SNPs selects 7 markers, which are a subset of the 11 markers chosen by our method.
    Annals of Human Genetics 10/2000; 64(Pt 5):413-7. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a given individual, the level of cardiovascular risk results from the combination of and interactions between genetic and environmental components. We choose to investigate segregation analysis of intermediate phenotypes in healthy nuclear families, belonging to the Stanislas cohort, a large familial cohort composed of 1006 families, which will be followed for 10 years. We developed a panel of 35 genetic markers including genes involved in lipid metabolism, regulation of blood pressure, thrombosis, platelet function, and endothelial cell adhesion. The allele frequencies of the studied polymorphisms were in agreement with those reported in other Caucasian populations. As an example of segregation analysis, we investigated carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) variability in a subset sample of the Stanislas cohort. We found that about 30% of CIMT variability was attributable to genetic factors. Associations between CIMT and polymorphisms in apo CIII, cholesteryl ester transfer protein, methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase, and fibrinogen genes were observed and explained about 20% of CIMT variability in men. Furthermore, as another example of association studies, we investigated the relations between E-selectin polymorphisms and blood pressure interindividual variability and longitudinal changes in unrelated adults of this familial population. The E-selectin Phe554 allele was found associated with lower systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 10/2000; 38(9):827-32. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, appear to have a multifactorial genetic risk component. Consequently, techniques are needed to facilitate evaluation of complex genetic risk factors in large cohorts. We have designed a prototype assay for genotyping a panel of 35 biallelic sites that represent variation within 15 genes from biochemical pathways implicated in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Each DNA sample is amplified using two multiplex polymerase chain reactions, and the alleles are genotyped simultaneously using an array of immobilized, sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. This multilocus assay was applied to two types of cohorts. Population frequencies for the markers were estimated using 496 unrelated individuals from a family-based cohort, and the observed values were consistent with previous reports. Linkage disequilibrium between consecutive pairs of markers within the apoCIII, LPL, and ELAM genes was also estimated. A preliminary analysis of single and pairwise locus associations with severity of atherosclerosis was performed using a composite cohort of 142 individuals for whom quantitative angiography data were available; evaluation of the potentially interesting associations observed will require analysis of an independent and larger cohort. This assay format provides a research tool for studies of multilocus genetic risk factors in large cardiovascular disease cohorts, and for the subsequent development of diagnostic tests.
    Genome Research 11/1999; 9(10):936-49. · 14.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Until now, our familial studies have showed that shared genetic and environmental factors are involved on lipid parameters variability. More precisely, being working on 119 families we have showed that: a) The apolipo-protein E (apo E) common polymorphism is involved in the total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-Chol), apo E, apo B levels variability, b) the apolipoprotein A-IV gene had no effect on lipid metabolism parameters variability, apo A-IV levels included, c) the apolipoprotein B gene was associated with total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-Chol, triglycerides and apo B levels genetic variability, d) the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene was responsible for 6.5 % of the triglycerides variability, e) the apo E and LPL 447 polymorphisms influence in conjunction lipid parameters. These preliminary results on effects and combination effects of polymorphic genes show the interest of a multilocus approach. We have used in a subgroup of 416 individuals of a familial cohort (Stanislas Cohort) a prototype assay that genotypes a panel of 35 polymorphic sites on 15 candidate genes of Cardiovascular diseases. Each sample is amplified by two multiplex polymerase chain reactions, then hybridized to an array of immobilized, oligonucleotide probes. The frequencies of the rare alleles were in agreement with those reported by others in caucasian populations. The realisation of this multiplex assay in the 1 006 families of the Stanislas Cohort, which is underway, will allow us a better understanding of the inter-individual variability of lipids and will contribute to the determination of the genetic susceptibility of one's individual to cardiovascular risk.
    Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation 01/1999; 59(S230):168-176. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our efforts to develop diagnostic tests for complex multifactorial disorders, and to assist the research community in evaluating genetic markers for predisposition to cardiovascular disease, we have developed a prototype assay to genotype up to 35 variable sites among 15 genes. The candidate markers in this panel were selected from biological pathways likely to contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Each sample is amplified in two multiplex polymerase chain reactions that are then hybridized to an array of immobilized oligonucleotide probes. The assay has been applied to a population-based cohort representing 238 families; allele frequencies observed among 455 unrelated parents from this cohort agree with available literature values. Data from a cohort of 142 lipid-clinic patients were used to explore locus associations with arterial occlusion, as measured by quantitative angiography. This prototype assay provides a research tool for studies to assess the association of multiple markers with disease, and for clinical studies to evaluate marker association with patient responsiveness to experimental therapies.
    Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 09/1998; 36(8):561-6. · 3.01 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

498 Citations
61.95 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2000
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 1999
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
    • Roche
      • Department of Human Genetics
      Basel, BS, Switzerland