Publications (2)3.71 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Low oxygen (O(2)) is the key stimulus for expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in several adherent cells. Whether hypoxia also directs the release of VEGF protein from neutrophils (polymorphonuclear neutrophils; PMN) and platelets has not been investigated. We therefore compared VEGF release of platelets, PMN, and human vascular smooth muscle cells (HSMC) in response to hypoxia with that to activators of cellular degranulation. In contrast to HSMC, VEGF release from PMN and platelets or VEGF mRNA expression in PMN was not stimulated under hypoxic conditions (1% O(2)). Hypo- or hyperthermia and acidosis, other conditions potentially associated with ischemic and inflammatory tissue injury, also did not stimulate VEGF secretion from PMN. However, stimulation of platelets with thrombin and of PMN with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced a time-dependent release of VEGF, peaking after 30 and 60 min, respectively. This was blocked by the degranulation inhibitor pentoxifylline but not by the protein-synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide. We conclude that rapid release of VEGF from platelets and PMN may occur independently of oxygenation during inflammation and hemostasis.AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 09/2000; 279(2):H817-24. · 3.71 Impact Factor
Article: Increases in oxygen tension stimulate expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on human endothelial cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Leukocyte infiltration plays a major role in ischemia-associated organ dysfunction and damage. A crucial step for extravasation of white blood cells is binding of leukocyte beta-integrins to endothelial adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). To test for direct effects of oxygen on this process we studied ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in human dermal microvascular and umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) exposed to different oxygen tensions in the absence or presence of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Hypoxia (95% N2-5% CO2) resulted in a downregulation of basal but not TNF-alpha-induced expression of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Subsequent rises in oxygen (21, 40, or 95% O2) led to marked increase of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 cell surface and mRNA expression in both EC types, which after 16 h amounted to about one-third to one-half of maximal TNF-alpha-induced expression. This increase was greatest after 0.5-h hypoxia and was blunted with prolonged hypoxic preincubation. Exposure of cells preincubated under "normoxic" (21% O2) conditions to hyperoxia (40 or 95% O2) also enhanced expression of both adhesion molecules, but the increase was lower than in cells preexposed to hypoxia. The nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) enhanced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression under basal and hypoxic conditions, but in the presence of L-NAME, levels in reoxygenated cells were not higher than basal levels. Moreover, the oxygen-induced rise could be mimicked by addition of H2O2 to normoxic cells, and the oxygen-induced expression of VCAM-1 but not of ICAM-1 was inhibited by addition of the free radical scavengers superoxide dismutase, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate. These data indicate that an increase in oxygen availability stimulates ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression on micro- and macrovascular EC, which may contribute to adhesion and transmigration of different leukocyte populations in ischemia-reperfusion injuries.The American journal of physiology 07/1999; 276(6 Pt 2):H2044-52.