Publications (2)1.75 Total impact
Article: Tolerability of malaria chemoprophylaxis in non-immune travellers to sub-Saharan Africa: multicentre, randomised, double blind, four arm study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare the tolerability of malaria chemoprophylaxis regimens in non-immune travellers. Randomised, double blind, study with placebo run-in phase. Travel clinics in Switzerland, Germany, and Israel. Proportion of participants in each treatment arm with subjectively moderate or severe adverse events. 623 non-immune travellers to sub-Saharan Africa: 153 each received either doxycycline, mefloquine, or the fixed combination chloroquine and proguanil, and 164 received the fixed combination atovaquone and proguanil. A high proportion of patients reported adverse events, even in the initial placebo group. No events were serious. The chloroquine and proguanil arm had the highest proportion of mild to moderate adverse events (69/153; 45%, 95% confidence interval 37% to 53%), followed by mefloquine (64/153; 42%, 34% to 50%), doxycycline (51/153; 33%, 26% to 41%), and atovaquone and proguanil (53/164; 32%, 25% to 40%) (P = 0.048 for all). The mefloquine and combined chloroquine and proguanil arms had the highest proportion of more severe events (n = 19; 12%, 7% to 18% and n = 16; 11%, 6% to 15%, respectively), whereas the combined atovaquone and proguanil and doxycycline arms had the lowest (n = 11; 7%, 2% to 11% and n = 9; 6%, 2% to 10%, respectively: P = 0.137 for all). The mefloquine arm had the highest proportion of moderate to severe neuropsychological adverse events, particularly in women (n = 56; 37%, 29% to 44% versus chloroquine and proguanil, n = 46; 30%, 23% to 37%; doxycycline, n = 36; 24%, 17% to 30%; and atovaquone and proguanil, n = 32; 20%, 13% to 26%: P = 0.003 for all). The highest proportion of moderate or severe skin problems were reported in the chloroquine and proguanil arm (n = 12; 8%, 4% to 13% versus doxycycline, n = 5; 3%, 1% to 6%; atovaquone and proguanil, n = 4; 2%, 0% to 5%; mefloquine, n = 2; 1%, 0% to 3%: P = 0.013). Combined atovaquone and proguanil and doxycyline are well tolerated antimalarial drugs. Broader experience with both agents is needed to accumulate reports of rare adverse events.BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 12/2003; 327(7423):1078.
Article: Evaluation of mood profiles during malaria chemoprophylaxis: a randomized, double-blind, four-arm study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To objectively compare the mood profiles of users of malaria chemoprophylaxis regimens (atovaquone-proguanil, chloroquine-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine) in a group of nonimmune tourists to sub-Saharan Africa. In a randomized, double-blind, four-arm study with placebo run-in phase conducted at travel clinics in Switzerland, Germany, and Israel, we compared moods and feelings in chemoprophylaxis users (n= 547) by administering the standardized "Profile of Mood States" (POMS) questionnaire. This is designed to provide data on six categories of feelings: tension, depression, anger, vigor, fatigue, and confusion. The questionnaire was administered at four time points: recruitment (T1), 13 to 11 days before departure (T2), 6 to 4 days before departure (T3), and 7 to 14 days after return from Africa (T4). There were no significant differences with respect to overall mood impact between the medication arms. All scores were in the normal range, and no means were more than 1 SD from the norm. The POMS data were reanalyzed with respect to sex, age, medication group, and control time points (T1-T4). There were significant interaction effects between sex and medication group--women in the mefloquine group showed more "fatigue" (p= .011) and "confusion" (p= .011) than men. Significant effects of age group (below median age 34 y vs median age and above) were noted on the "tension" and "fatigue" scales in that less "tension" (p= .045) and less "fatigue" (p= .000) were noted in those aged 34 years and older. Younger participants, aged <34 years, reported more "confusion" (p= .013) at T2 than at T1 and T4. Although the overall mood profiles were similar for the users of any of the standard malaria chemoprophylaxis regimens, we found that women using mefloquine showed more fatigue and confusion than men and that younger persons aged less than 34 years, regardless of chemoprophylaxis used, reported more tension and fatigue than their older counterparts.Journal of Travel Medicine 16(1):42-5. · 1.75 Impact Factor