R N Vincent

University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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Publications (4)14.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Extravascular lung water (EVLW) was measured in 16 patients with congenital heart disease by the cold green dye, double indicator dilution technique. Five patients with optimally corrected tetralogy of Fallot served as controls, and EVLW in this group was 4.7 +/- 0.5 ml/kg (111 +/- 13 ml/m2) (mean +/- standard deviation). In 5 asymptomatic patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), normal pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and increased pulmonary blood flow, EVLW was 5.7 +/- 2.8 ml/kg (132 +/- 63 ml/m2), which was not significantly different from the value of control patients. However, in 6 patients with ventricular septal defect, PA hypertension, normal left atrial pressure and an equivalent left-to-right shunt to ASD patients, EVLW was 15.9 +/- 3.8 ml/kg (270 +/- 60 ml/m2). This was significantly different from values in both control and ASD patients (p less than 0.01). It is concluded that in the face of normal pulmonary vascular resistance, PA pressure is transmitted to the microvasculature, causing hydrostatic pulmonary edema. Other factors that may be implicated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary edema, such as increased pulmonary blood flow and relative lymphatic insufficiency in infants, cannot be excluded.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 10/1985; 56(8):536-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hemodynamic values measured 12 to 24 hours postoperatively in the intensive care unit (ICU) were compared with those measured at a later cardiac catheterization in 68 patients after closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD). A pulmonary arterial (PA) saturation of more than 80% or a pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio (Qp:Qs) greater than 1.5 in the ICU were sensitive indicators for identifying patients at risk of having a hemodynamically significant residual left-to-right shunt (Qp:Qs greater than 1.5) at catheterization. Measurement of PA pressure in the ICU was a useful predictor of PA pressure at catheterization. In the absence of factors known to alter PA pressure, measurement of PA pressure in the ICU overestimates what it will be at a subsequent cardiac catheterization. Early assessment of hemodynamics after closure of VSD is useful in identifying patients at risk of having hemodynamically significant residual VSD and those who may have persistent PA hypertension.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 03/1985; 55(5):526-9. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Extravascular lung water (EVLW) was measured in 17 patients with congenital heart disease by the cold-green-dye, double indicator-dilution technique. In 5 control patients, EVLW was 4.7 +/- 0.5 ml/kg (111 +/- 13 ml/m2) (mean +/- standard deviation). Twelve patients were studied immediately after correction of their heart defects. In 6 patients with normal or decreased pulmonary blood flow preoperatively (Group I), EVLW was 6.2 +/- 1.9 ml/kg (122 +/- 46 ml/m2). This value is not significantly different from that of the control patients. In 6 patients with increased pulmonary blood flow and congestive heart failure preoperatively (Group II), EVLW was 15.7 +/- 3.8 ml/kg (270 +/- 60 ml/m2), which is significantly different from both control and Group I patients (p less than 0.01). There was no correlation of EVLW with pre- or postoperative left atrial pressure, length of cardiopulmonary bypass or deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, postoperative serum protein, albumin, hematocrit or cardiac index. Thus, EVLW in the immediate postoperative period is determined by preoperative pathophysiologic characteristics rather than by intraoperative management, and patients with congestive heart failure resulting from left-to-right shunts have increased EVLW despite normal left atrial pressures.
    The American Journal of Cardiology 08/1984; 54(1):161-5. · 3.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The hemodynamic response to high-frequency ventilation was compared with conventional ventilation in six infants following cardiac surgery. While undergoing high-frequency ventilation, adequate gas exchange was maintained in all infants. High frequency ventilation allowed a reduction of peak ventilatory pressure at the airway opening by 19%, and peak tracheal pressure by 42%. No clinically important changes in heart rate, systemic and pulmonary arterial pressure, cardiac index, or systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance were noted when high-frequency ventilation was compared with conventional ventilation.
    Pediatrics 05/1984; 73(4):426-30. · 5.12 Impact Factor