R J Shaw

Imperial College London, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (2)14.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Chronic hypoxia due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) constitutes a stress to cerebral metabolic homeostasis. Previous studies using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) have suggested that the brains of such patients utilize anaerobic glycolysis, which in neonatal, animal, and in vitro studies is associated with a protective intracellular alkalosis. To identify such a compensatory intracellular alkalosis in hypoxic COPD patients, in vivo cerebral 31P MRS was performed in eight patients and eight controls. The mean intracellular pH (pHi) in patients with COPD was similar to that of age-matched controls, but decreased in the patients with COPD by a mean pHi of 0.02 (p = 0.04), following supplemental oxygen. There was no change in cerebral pHi in normal subjects following oxygen administration. The broadband component of the MR spectrum increased in all the patients with COPD (p = 0.01), suggesting altered phospholipid membrane fluidity in the brain associated with the change in pHi following oxygen administration. The change in the broadband resonance was strongly correlated with the change in pHi (r = -0.68, p = 0.014). This study suggests that patients with COPD exhibit a compensatory change in pHi and abnormalities in cerebral membrane phospholipid conformation in the face of chronic hypoxia.
    Metabolic Brain Disease 04/2003; 18(1):95-109. DOI:10.1023/A:1021938926807 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cerebral intracellular energy production (cerebral bioenergetics) via oxidative phosphorylation and the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is critical to cerebral function. To test the hypothesis that patients with chronic stable hypoxia also generate neuronal ATP via an anaerobic metabolism, we studied the changes in cerebral (31)P magnetic resonance spectra ((31)P MRS) in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and compared the results with MR spectra from similar areas of the brain in control subjects. Ten patients with stable COPD (age: 65 +/- 9 yr [mean +/- SD]; Pa(O(2)): 8.8 +/- 1.2 kPa; Pa(CO(2)): 6.1 +/- 0.8 kPa; pH 7.42 +/- 0.03, and FEV(1): 41 +/- 20% predicted) and five healthy volunteers underwent cerebral (31)P MRS (TR-5,000 ms) at 1.5 T. When COPD patients were compared with controls, the percentage MR signal with respect to total MR-detectable phosphorus-containing metabolites was increased from inorganic phosphate (Pi) (7.1 +/- 1. 3% versus 3.9 +/- 0.7%, p = 0.0001) and phosphomonoesters (PMEs) (9. 4 +/- 1.2% versus 6.9 +/- 0.3%, p = 0.0001), whereas the signal from phosphodiesters was reduced (34.8 +/- 3.2 versus 40.4 +/- 3.3%, p = 0.015). The ratios of Pi to betaATP (0.8 +/- 0.2 versus 0.4 +/- 0.1, p = 0.001) and of PME to betaATP (1.0 +/- 0.2 versus 0.7 +/- 0.1, p = 0.015) were increased, but the phosphocreatine-to-Pi ratio (2.1 +/- 0.6 versus 3.2 +/- 0.6, p = 0.01) was reduced in patients as compared with controls. This alteration in phosphorus-containing metabolites within cerebral cells provides evidence of extensive use of anaerobic metabolism in hypoxic COPD patients.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 01/2000; 160(6):1994-9. DOI:10.1164/ajrccm.160.6.9810069 · 11.99 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

42 Citations
14.38 Total Impact Points


  • 2000–2003
    • Imperial College London
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom