ABSTRACT: A total of 134 patients with advanced breast cancer and no prior chemotherapy for advanced disease were treated with mitoxantrone, 14 mg/m2 intravenously every 3 weeks. Of these, 99 could be evaluated for response and all for toxicity. Six patients achieved a complete response and 29 a partial response, the overall response rate being 35% (95% confidence limits 25% to 45%). The median time to treatment failure was greater than 46 weeks. Mitoxantrone was well tolerated. Nausea and vomiting occurred in 40% of patients, but these were seldom severe. Total alopecia occurred in only six patients. Four patients developed clinically significant evidence of cardiotoxicity after cumulative doses of 174 to 256 mg/m2. Mitoxantrone offers comparable efficacy and less acute toxicity than the most active single agents currently used in the treatment of advanced breast cancer.
Seminars in Oncology 10/1984; 11(3 Suppl 1):15-8. · 3.50 Impact Factor