ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to determine whether normal subjects with one eye covered and patients in whom one eye had been enucleated generate more head movements than subjects using binocular vision during the performance of a visually guided grasping movement. In experiment 1, 14 right-handed normal subjects were tested binocularly and monocularly in a task in which they were required to reach out and grasp oblong blocks of different sizes at different distances. Although the typical binocular advantage in reaching and grasping was observed, the overall head movement scores did not differ between these testing conditions. In experiment 2, seven right-handed enucleated patients were compared to seven age and sex-matched control subjects (tested under binocular and monocular viewing conditions), on the same task as used in experiment 1. While no differences were found in the kinematics of reaches produced by the enucleated patients and the control subjects, the patients did produce larger and faster resultant head movements, composed mainly of lateral and vertical movements. This suggests that enucleated patients may be generating more head movements in order to better utilize retinal motion cues to aid in manual prehension.
Experimental Brain Research 02/1995; 104(1):107-14. · 2.39 Impact Factor