Qinghong Dan

The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

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Publications (2)4.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We investigated for the interaction between the polyol pathway and enhanced non-enzymatic glycation, both implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic atherosclerosis, in the activation of aortic smooth muscle cell (SMC) function. Mouse aortas and primary cultures of SMCs from wildtype (WT) mice and transgenic (TG) mice expressing human aldose reductase (AR) were studied regarding changes in AR activity, and SMC gene activation, migration and monocyte adhesion, in response to advanced glycation end-product modified BSA (AGE-BSA). Results showed that AGE-BSA increased AR activity in both WT and TG aortas, with greater increments (p < 0.05) in TG aortas which, basally, had elevated AR activity (2.8 fold of WT). These increments were attenuated by zopolrestat, an AR inhibitor. Similar AGE-induced increments in AR activity were observed in primary cultures of aortic SMCs from WT and TG mice (60% and 100%, respectively, P < 0.01). Such increments were accompanied by increases in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA levels (both P < 0.05), activation of membrane-associated PKC-beta1 (P < 0.05) as well as increased SMC migration and Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP)-1 monocyte adhesion to SMCs (both p < 0.01), with all changes being significantly greater in TG SMCs (P < 0.05) and suppressible by either zopolrestat or transfection with an AR antisense oligonucleotide. Our findings suggest that the effects of AGEs on SMC activation, migration and monocyte adhesion are mediated partly through the polyol pathway and, possibly, PKC activation. The greater AGE-induced changes in the TG SMCs have provided further support for the dependency of such changes on polyol pathway hyperactivity.
    Life Sciences 12/2004; 76(4):445-59. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Both activation of the polyol pathway and enhanced non-enzymatic glycation have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic glomerulopathy. We investigated the interaction between these two pathways using normal mesangial cells (MCs) and transgenic (TG) MCs with elevated aldose reductase (AR) activity. TG mice with expression of the human AR (hAR) gene in kidney MCs were established. Mouse glomeruli and primary cultures of MCs from hAR TG and wild-type (WT) mice were studied regarding the changes in AR activity, transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and type IV collagen mRNA and protein levels, in response to BSA modified by advanced glycation end-products (AGE-BSA). Ex vivo addition of AGE-BSA increased AR activity, TGF-beta1 and type IV collagen mRNA levels in both WT and TG glomeruli, with greater rise in TG glomeruli. These increments were attenuated by zopolrestat, an AR inhibitor. In cultured MCs, AGE-BSA enhanced AR activity, TGF-beta(1) and type IV collagen mRNA and protein levels both in WT and TG MCs, again with greater increases in TG MCs. The AGE-induced enhancement in TGF-beta1 and type IV collagen expression were suppressed by either zopolrestat or transfection with an AR antisense oligonucleotide. These data suggest that the activation of the polyol pathway by AGEs, more marked in genetic conditions with increased AR activity, may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic glomerulopathy, through enhancing mesangial cell expression of TGF-beta1 and type IV collagen.
    Nephron Experimental Nephrology 02/2004; 98(3):e89-99. · 2.01 Impact Factor