Ping Zhang

University of South China, Heng-nan, Hunan, China

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Publications (64)216.62 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aldehyde stress contributes to molecular mechanisms of cell death and the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). The neurotoxin 1-Methy-4-Phenylpyridinium Ion (MPP(+)) is commonly used to model PD. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is an important enzyme detoxifying aldehydes. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether MPP(+)-induced neurotoxicity is involved in aldehyde stress by modulation of ALDH2. Our results demonstrated that treatment of PC12 cells with MPP(+) leads to aldehyde stress by increasing in loads of malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal, which indicated that MPP(+)-induced aldehyde stress contributes to its cytotoxicity in PC12 cells. We also showed that MPP(+) up-regulates the expression and activity of ALDH2 in PC12 cells and that inhibition of ALDH2 by its specific inhibitor daidzin prevents MPP(+)-induced decrease in cell viability and increases in apoptosis, oxidative stress and aldehyde stress in PC12 cells. These findings suggest that aldehyde stress contributes to MPP(+)-induced toxicity in PC12 cells by upregulation of ALDH2. This study provides a novel insight into the role of ALDH2 in the neurotoxicity of MPP(+).
    Neurochemical Research 07/2014; · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic alcohol intoxication suppresses immune function and increases osteoporosis risk suggesting bone-tissue cytotoxicity. Human immunodeficiency virus infection leads to similar impairments. This study investigated the effects of chronic alcohol administration during the early stage of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) and their differentiated progeny in the bone marrow and peripheral blood of rhesus macaques.
    Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 06/2014; · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim:Homocysteine (Hcy) can elicit neuronal cell death, and hyperhomocysteinemia is a strong independent risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on Hcy-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and neuronal apoptosis in rat hippocampus.Methods:Adult male SD rats were intracerebroventricularly (icv) injected with Hcy (0.6 μmol/d) for 7 d. Before Hcy injection, the rats were treated with NaHS (30 or 100 μmol·kg(-1)·d(-1), ip) or/and k252a (1 μg/d, icv) for 2 d. The apoptotic neurons were detected in hippocampal coronal slices with TUNEL staining. The expression of glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), cleaved caspase-12, and BDNF in the hippocampus were examined using Western blotting assays. The generation of H2S in the hippocampus was measured with the NNDPD method.Results:Hcy markedly inhibited the production of endogenous H2S and increased apoptotic neurons in the hippocampus. Furthermore, Hcy induced ER stress responses in the hippocampus, as indicated by the upregulation of GRP78, CHOP, and cleaved caspase-12. Treatment with the H2S donor NaHS increased the endogenous H2S production and BDNF expression in a dose-dependent manner, and significantly reduced Hcy-induced neuronal apoptosis and ER stress responses in the hippocampus. Treatment with k252a, a specific inhibitor of TrkB (the receptor of BDNF), abolished the protective effects of NaHS against Hcy-induced ER stress in the hippocampus.Conclusion:H2S attenuates ER stress and neuronal apoptosis in the hippocampus of Hcy-treated rats via upregulating the BDNF-TrkB pathway.
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 04/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Neutropenia frequently occurs in patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Causes for neutropenia during HIV infection are multifactoral, including the viral toxicity to hematopoietic tissue, the use of myelotoxic agents for treatment, complication with secondary infections and malignancies, as well as the patient's association with confounding factors which impair myelopoiesis. An increased prevalence and severity of neutropenia is commonly seen in advanced stages of HIV disease. Decline of neutrophil phagocytic defense in combination with the failure of adaptive immunity renders the host highly susceptible to developing fatal secondary infections. Neutropenia and myelosuppression also restrict the use of many antimicrobial agents for treatment of infections caused by HIV and opportunistic pathogens. In recent years, HIV infection has increasingly become a chronic disease because of progress in antiretroviral therapy (ART). Prevention and treatment of severe neutropenia becomes critical for improving the survival of HIV-infected patients.
    International Reviews Of Immunology 03/2014; · 5.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteine (Hcy) is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) acts as an endogenous neuromodulator and neuroprotectant. It has been shown that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the pathological mechanisms of the learning and memory dysfunctions and that H2S exerts its neuroprotective role via suppressing ER stress. In the present work, we explored the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of Hcy on the formation of learning and memory, the generation of endogenous H2S, and the expression of ER stress in the hippocampus of rats. We found that intracerebroventricular injection of Hcy in rats leads to learning and memory dysfunctions in the Morris water maze and novel of object recognition test and decreases in the expression of cystathionine-β-synthase, the major enzyme responsible for endogenous H2S generation, and the generation of endogenous H2S in the hippocampus of rats. We also showed that exposure of Hcy could up-regulate the expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), CHOP, and cleaved caspase-12, which are the major mark proteins of ER stress, in the hippocampus of rats. Taken together, these results suggest that the disturbance of hippocampal endogenous H2S generation and the increase in ER stress in the hippocampus are related to Hcy-induced defect in learning and memory.
    Behavioural brain research 01/2014; · 3.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Formaldehyde (FA), a well-known environmental pollutant, has been classified as a neurotoxic molecule. Our recent data demonstrate that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the third gaseous transmitter, has a protective effect on the neurotoxicity of FA. However, the exact mechanisms underlying this protection remain largely unknown. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in the neurotoxicity of FA. Silent mating type information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT-1), a histone deacetylases, has various biological activities, including the extension of lifespan, the modulation of ER stress, and the neuroprotective action. We hypothesize that the protection of H2S against FA-induced neurotoxicity involves in inhibiting ER stress by upregulation of SIRT-1. The present study attempted to investigate the protective effect of H2S on FA-induced ER stress in PC12 cells and the contribution of SIRT-1 to the protection of H2S against FA-induced injuries, including ER stress, cytotoxicity and apoptosis. We found that exogenous application of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS; an H2S donor) significantly attenuated FA-induced ER stress responses, including the upregulated levels of glucose-regulated protein 78, C/EBP homologous protein, and cleaved caspase-12 expression. We showed that NaHS upregulates the expression of SIRT-1 in PC12 cells. Moreover, the protective effects of H2S on FA-elicited ER stress, cytotoxicity and apoptosis were reversed by Sirtinol, a specific inhibitor of SIRT-1. These data indicate that H2S exerts its protection against the neurotoxicity of FA through overcoming ER stress via upregulation of SIRT-1. Our findings provide novel insights into the protective mechanisms of H2S against FA-induced neurotoxicity.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e89856. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression is a common and debilitating mental illness and is often comorbid with anxiety disorders. Altered synaptic plasticity is considered to be an important mechanism underlying antidepressant drug action. It has been reported that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the third gaseous transmitter, facilitates the induction of hippocampal long-term potentiation and augments synaptic neurotransmission, involved in the regulation of synaptic plasticity. The aim of this study was to clarify the antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of H2S. H2S (NaHS, 1.68 or 5.6 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, for 7 days) exerts a specific antidepressant-like effect in the forced swimming test of mice and rats and the tail suspension test of mice, and reduces the anxiety-like behaviors of both mice and rats in the elevated plus-maze test. These results reveal a unique antagonistic action of H2S in depressive-like and anxiety-like behaviors and suggest that elevating H2S signaling in the brain may represent a novel approach for the treatment of depressive and anxiety disorders.
    Behavioural pharmacology 08/2013; · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection in macaques chronically receiving ethanol results in significantly higher plasma viral loads and more rapid progression to end-stage disease. We thus hypothesized that the increased plasma viral load in ethanol treated SIV-infected macaques would negatively correlate with antigen-specific immune responses. Rhesus macaques were administered ethanol or sucrose (n=12 per group) by indwelling gastric catheters for 3 months, and then intravenously infected with SIVMAC251. Peripheral blood T and B-cells immunophenotyping and quantification was performed. Plasma was examined for viremia, levels of SIV-Env-specific binding, and neutralizing antibodies. Virus-specific IFNγ and TNFα cytokine responses to SIV-Nef, Gag or Env peptide pools were measured in peripheral blood CD8+ T-cells. Macaques receiving ethanol had both higher plasma viremia and virus-specific cellular immune responses compared to the sucrose-treated group. The emergence of virus-specific cytokine responses temporally correlated with the decline in mean plasma viral load after 14 days post infection in all SIV infected animals. However, neither the breadth and specificity nor the magnitude of virus-specific CD8+ T-cell responses correlated with early post peak reductions in plasma viral loads. In fact, increased cytokine responses against Gag, gp120 and gp41 positively correlated with plasma viremia. Levels of SIV envelope-specific IgG and neutralizing antibodies were similar over the disease course in both groups of macaques. Persistently higher antigen-specific cytokine responses in animals receiving ethanol are likely an effect of the higher viral loads and antigen persistence, rather than a cause of the increased viremia.
    JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 06/2013; · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In response to severe bacterial infection, bone marrow hematopoietic activity shifts toward promoting granulopoiesis. The underlying cell signaling mechanisms remain obscure. To study the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/stem cell antigen-1 (Sca-1) signaling in this process, bacteremia was induced in mice by intravenous injection of Escherichia coli. A subgroup of animals also received intravenous 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU). In a separate set of experiments, bone marrow lineage (lin)(-)stem cell growth factor receptor (c-kit)(+)Sca-1(-) cells containing primarily common myeloid progenitors were cultured in vitro without or with E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In genotypic background control mice, bacteremia significantly up-regulated Sca-1 expression by lin(-)c-kit(+) cells as reflected by a marked increase in BrdU negative lin(-)c-kit(+)Sca-1(+) (LKS) cells in the bone marrow. In mice with the TLR4 gene deletion, this bacteremia-evoked Sca-1 response was blocked. In vitro, LPS induced a dose-dependent increase in Sca-1 expression by cultured marrow lin(-)c-kit(+)Sca-1(#x2212;) cells. LPS-induced up-regulation of Sca-1 expression was regulated at the transcriptional level. Inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinases/stress-activated protein kinase (JNK) activity with the specific inhibitor SP600125 suppressed LPS-induced up-regulation of Sca-1 expression by marrow lin(-)c-kit(+)Sca-1(-) cells. Engagement of Sca-1 with anti-Sca-1 antibodies enhanced the expression of Sfpi1 SFFV proviral integration 1 (PU.1) in marrow lin(-)c-kit(+)Sca-1(-) cells cultured with LPS. Sca-1 null mice failed to maintain the marrow pool of granulopoietic cells following bacteremia. These results demonstrate that TLR4/Sca-1 signaling plays an important role in the regulation of hematopoietic precursor cell programming and their enhancement of granulocyte lineage commitment in response to E. coli bacteremia.
    Infection and immunity 04/2013; · 4.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons have been shown to increase the rate of HIV replication. In populations where prophylaxis against Pneumocystis pneumonia is utilized, bacterial pneumonia is now the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in HIV+ patients. Our prior studies have shown that chronic alcohol consumption in demarcated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaques increases plasma viral load set point and accelerates progression to end-stage acquired immune deficiency syndrome. While chronic alcohol abuse is well known to increase the incidence and severity of bacterial pneumonia, the impact of alcohol consumption on local and systemic SIV/HIV burden during lung infection is unknown. Therefore, we utilized the macaque SIV infection model to examine the effect of chronic ethanol (EtOH) feeding on SIV burden during the course of pulmonary infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most commonly identified etiology of bacterial pneumonia in HIV+ and HIV- persons in developed countries. METHODS: Alcohol was administered starting 3 months before SIVmac251 inoculation to the end of the study via an indwelling intragastric catheter to achieve a plasma alcohol concentration of 50 to 60 mM. Control animals received isocaloric sucrose. Four months after SIV infection, the right lung was inoculated with 2 × 10(6) CFU S. pneumoniae. RESULTS: Leukocyte recruitment into the lung, pulmonary bacterial clearance, and clinical course were similar between EtOH and control groups. While plasma SIV viral load was similar between groups postpneumonia, chronic EtOH-fed macaques showed a prolonged increase in SIV RNA in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Alveolar macrophages isolated from EtOH-fed macaques 1 day post-pneumonia showed greater nuclear factor kappa beta (NF-κB) activation. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that chronic EtOH feeding results in enhanced local, but not systemic, SIV replication following pneumococcal pneumonia. Increased NF-κB activity in the setting of chronic EtOH ingestion may play a mechanistic role in this observation.
    Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 02/2013; · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Formaldehyde (FA) induces neurotoxicity by overproduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Increasing studies have shown that hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), an endogenous gastransmitter, protects nerve cells against oxidative stress by its antioxidant effect. It has been shown that overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) inhibits the activity of cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS), the predominant H(2)S-generating enzyme in the central nervous system. We hypothesize that FA-caused neurotoxicity involves the deficiency of this endogenous protective antioxidant gas, which results from excessive generation of NO. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether FA disturbs H(2)S synthesis in PC12 cells, and whether this disturbance is associated with overproduction of NO. We showed that exposure of PC12 cells to FA causes reduction of viability, inhibition of CBS expression, decrease of endogenous H(2)S production, and NO production. CBS silencing deteriorates FA-induced decreases in endogenous H(2)S generation, neurotoxicity, and intracellular ROS accumulation in PC12 cells; while ADMA, a specific inhibitor of NOS significantly attenuates FA-induced decreases in endogenous H(2)S generation, neurotoxicity, and intracellular ROS accumulation in PC12 cells. Our data indicate that FA induces neurotoxicity by inhibiting the generation of H(2)S through excess of NO and suggest that strategies to manipulate endogenous H(2)S could open a suitable novel therapeutic avenue for FA-induced neurotoxicity.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(1):e54829. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Traumatic brain injury induces a neuroinflammatory response frequently associated with increased intracranial pressure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of alcohol and increased extracellular pressure on murine BV-2 microglial proliferation and cytokine responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. BV-2 cells were cultured under 0 or 30 mm Hg increased extracellular pressure without or with ethanol (100 mmol/L) or LPS (10 ng/mL) for 24 hours. Cell proliferation was assessed using MTS assay and secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Increased pressure and LPS stimulation each promoted proliferation. Ethanol pretreatment blocked these effects. Basal TNF-α and IL-6 secretion was at the limits of delectability. Basal MCP-1 production was stimulated by pressure, which was blocked by ethanol. Even this low LPS dose stimulated microglial secretion of TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1. Pressure inhibited LPS-stimulated production of these proinflammatory cytokines, while ethanol pretreatment blocked LPS-stimulated cytokine production. The combination of pressure and ethanol further reduced TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1 secretion by LPS-stimulated microglial cells. Alcohol's anti-inflammatory effects may contribute to the reduced mortality from traumatic brain injury that some have described in acutely intoxicated patients, while pressure down-regulation of inflammatory cytokine release could create a negative feedback that ameliorates inflammation in traumatic brain injury.
    American journal of surgery 11/2012; 204(5):602-6. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Formaldehyde (FA), a well-known indoor and outdoor pollutant, has been implicated as the responsible agent in the development of neurocognitive disorders. Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), the third gasotransimitter, is an endogenous neuromodulator, which facilitates the induction of hippocampal long-term potentiation, involving the functions of learning and memory. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of FA on the formation of learning and memory and the generation of endogenous H(2)S in the hippocampus of rats. We found that the intracerebroventricular injection of FA in rats impairs the function of learning and memory in the Morris water maze and novel object recognition test and increases the formation of apoptosis and lipid peroxidation in the hippocampus. We also showed that FA exposure inhibits the expression of cystathionine β-synthase, the major enzyme responsible for endogenous H(2)S generation in hippocampus and decreases the production of endogenous H(2)S in hippocampus in rats. These results suggested that FA-disturbed generation of endogenous H(2)S in hippocampus leads to the oxidative stress-mediated neuron damage, ultimately impairing the function of learning and memory. Our findings imply that the disturbance of endogenous H(2)S generation in hippocampus is a potential contributing mechanism underling FA-caused learning and memory impairment.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 10/2012; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhancement of stem cell Ag-1 (Sca-1) expression by myeloid precursors promotes the granulopoietic response to bacterial infection. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. ERK pathway activation strongly enhances proliferation of hematopoietic progenitor cells. In this study, we investigated the role of Sca-1 in promoting ERK-dependent myeloid lineage proliferation and the effects of alcohol on this process. Thirty minutes after i.p. injection of alcohol, mice received i.v. challenge with 5 × 10(7) Escherichia coli for 8 or 24 h. A subset of mice received i.v. BrdU injection 20 h after challenge. Bacteremia increased Sca-1 expression, ERK activation, and proliferation of myeloid and granulopoietic precursors. Alcohol administration suppressed this response and impaired granulocyte production. Sca-1 expression positively correlated with ERK activation and cell cycling, but negatively correlated with myeloperoxidase content in granulopoietic precursors. Alcohol intoxication suppressed ERK activation in granulopoietic precursors and proliferation of these cells during bacteremia. Granulopoietic precursors in Sca-1(-/-) mice failed to activate ERK signaling and could not increase granulomacrophagic CFU activity following bacteremia. These data indicate that Sca-1 expression promotes ERK-dependent myeloid cell proliferation during bacteremia. Suppression of this response could represent an underlying mechanism for developing myelosuppression in alcohol-abusing hosts with severe bacterial infection.
    The Journal of Immunology 02/2012; 188(4):1961-9. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) produces protection in PC12 cells during 1-methy-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) challenge. The present study aims to clarify the mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective effects of H(2)S. We showed that both glybenclamide, an ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel blocker, and LY294002, a specific PI(3)K-AKT pathway inhibitor, reversed the neuroprotective effect of NaHS (a H(2)S donor) against MPP(+)-induced cytotoxicity to PC12 cells and that NaHS up-regulated the activity of AKT in PC12 cells, which was abolished by blockade of K(ATP) channels with glybenclamide. In addition, NaHS up-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 and blocked MPP(+)-induced down-regulation of Bcl-2, and this augmentation of Bcl-2 expression was prevented by both glybenclamide and LY294002. These data provided the evidence that the neuroprotective action of H(2)S against MPP(+) toxicity to PC12 cells is via the K(ATP)/PI(3)K/AKT/Bcl-2 pathway. We also demonstrated that NaHS attenuated the inhibitory effect of MPP(+) ERK1/2 activation in PC12 cells, whereas U0126, a specific MEK inhibitor, did not reverse the neuroprotective effect of NaHS, which indicated that attenuating MPP(+)-triggered down-regulation of ERK1/2 activation is involved in the protection of H(2)S against MPP(+) neurotoxicity, but ERK1/2 is not an essential effector mediating the neuroprotective effect of H(2)S. In conclusion, the present observations identify a crucial role of the K(ATP)/PI(3)K/AKT/Bcl-2 pathway in H(2)S-exerted neuroprotection against the toxicity of MPP(+). Findings from the present study will help shed light on the mechanisms of H(2)S-elicited neuroprotective effects on MPP(+) toxicity.
    Journal of Molecular Neuroscience 07/2011; 46(2):442-9. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Δ(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC), the primary psychoactive component in marijuana, is FDA approved to ameliorate AIDS-associated wasting. Because cannabinoid receptors are expressed on cells of the immune system, chronic Δ(9)-THC use may impact HIV disease progression. We examined the impact of chronic Δ(9)-THC administration (0.32 mg/kg im, 2 × daily), starting 28 days prior to inoculation with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV(mac251); 100 TCID(50)/ml, iv), on immune and metabolic indicators of disease during the initial 6 month asymptomatic phase of infection in rhesus macaques. SIV(mac251) inoculation resulted in measurable viral load, decreased lymphocyte CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio, and increased CD8(+) proliferation. Δ(9)-THC treatment of SIV-infected animals produced minor to no effects in these parameters. However, chronic Δ(9)-THC administration decreased early mortality from SIV infection (p = 0.039), and this was associated with attenuation of plasma and CSF viral load and retention of body mass (p = NS). In vitro, Δ(9)-THC (10 μm) decreased SIV (10 TCID(50)) viral replication in MT4-R5 cells. These results indicate that chronic Δ(9)-THC does not increase viral load or aggravate morbidity and may actually ameliorate SIV disease progression. We speculate that reduced levels of SIV, retention of body mass, and attenuation of inflammation are likely mechanisms for Δ(9)-THC-mediated modulation of disease progression that warrant further study.
    AIDS research and human retroviruses 06/2011; 27(6):585-92. · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocytopenia frequently occurs in alcohol abusers with severe bacterial infection, which strongly correlates with poor clinical outcome. Knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying the granulopoietic response to bacterial infection remains limited. This study investigated the involvement of stem cell antigen-1 expression by granulocyte lineage-committed progenitors in the granulopoietic response to septicemia and how alcohol affected this response. : Laboratory investigation. University laboratory. Male Balb/c mice. Thirty mins after intraperitoneal injection of alcohol (20% ethanol in saline at 5 g of ethanol/kg) or saline, mice received an intravenous Escherichia coli challenge. E. coli septicemia activated stem cell antigen-1 expression by marrow immature granulocyte differentiation antigen-1 precursors which correlated with an increase in proliferation, granulocyte macrophage colony-forming unit production, and expansion of this granulopoietic precursor cell pool. Acute alcohol treatment suppressed stem cell antigen-1 activation and inhibited the infection-induced increases in proliferation, granulocyte macrophage colony-forming unit production, and expansion the of immature granulocyte differentiation antigen-1 precursor cell population. Consequently, recovery of the marrow mature granulocyte differentiation antigen-1 cell population after E. coli challenge was impaired. Stem cell antigen-1 was induced in sorted granulocyte differentiation antigen-1, stem cell antigen-1' cells by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated C-Jun kinase activation that was also inhibited by alcohol. Furthermore, stem cell antigen-1 knockout mice failed to expand the marrow immature granulocyte differentiation antigen-1 cell pool and demonstrated fewer newly produced granulocytes in the circulation after the E. coli challenge. Alcohol suppresses the stem cell antigen-1 response in granulocyte lineage-committed precursors and restricts granulocyte production during septicemia, which may serve as a novel mechanism underlying impaired host defense in alcohol abusers.
    Critical care medicine 05/2011; 39(9):2121-30. · 6.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cannabinoids have been reported to produce various immunomodulatory effects, which could potentially impact the host response to bacterial or viral infection. We have recently demonstrated that chronic Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; 0.32 mg/kg i.m., BID) decreased early mortality in rhesus macaques infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). However, the possibility that prolonged THC administration affects lymphocyte counts, phenotype, and proliferation indices has not been addressed. We examined expression of proliferative and phenotypic markers in circulating lymphocytes of male young adult rhesus macaques chronically-treated with THC (i.m. twice daily 0.32 mg/kg) for 12 months. Chronic THC administration did not alter lymphocyte subtypes, naïve and memory subsets, proliferation, or apoptosis of T lymphocytes when compared to time-matched vehicle-treated controls. However, chronic THC increased T lymphocyte CXCR4 expression on both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes compared to control. These results show that chronic THC administration produces changes in T cell phenotype, which can potentially contribute to host immunomodulation to infectious challenges.
    Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology 04/2011; 6(4):540-5. · 3.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Enhanced granulopoietic activity is crucial for host defense against bacterial pneumonia. Alcohol impairs this response. The underlying mechanisms remain obscure. G-CSF produced by infected lung tissue plays a key role in stimulating bone marrow granulopoiesis. This study investigated the effects of alcohol on G-CSF signaling in the regulation of marrow myeloid progenitor cell proliferation in mice with Streptococcus pneumoniae pneumonia. Chronic alcohol consumption plus acute alcohol intoxication suppressed the increase in blood granulocyte counts following intrapulmonary challenge with S. pneumoniae. This suppression was associated with a significant decrease in bone marrow granulopoietic progenitor cell proliferation. Alcohol treatment significantly enhanced STAT3 phosphorylation in bone marrow cells of animals challenged with S. pneumoniae. In vitro experiments showed that G-CSF-induced activation of STAT3-p27(Kip1) pathway in murine myeloid progenitor cell line 32D-G-CSFR cells was markedly enhanced by alcohol exposure. Alcohol dose dependently inhibited G-CSF-stimulated 32D-G-CSFR cell proliferation. This impairment of myeloid progenitor cell proliferation was not attenuated by inhibition of alcohol metabolism through either the alcohol dehydrogenase pathway or the cytochrome P450 system. These data suggest that alcohol enhances G-CSF-associated STAT3-p27(Kip1) signaling, which impairs granulopoietic progenitor cell proliferation by inducing cell cycling arrest and facilitating their terminal differentiation during the granulopoietic response to pulmonary infection.
    The Journal of Immunology 02/2011; 186(7):4306-13. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CD4(+) T cells play a key role in host defense against Pneumocystis infection. To define the role of naïve CD4(+) T cell production through the thymopoietic response in host defense against Pneumocystis infection, Pneumocystis murina infection in the lung was induced in adult male C57BL/6 mice with and without prior thymectomy. Pneumocystis infection caused a significant increase in the number of CCR9(+) multipotent progenitor (MPP) cells in the bone marrow and peripheral circulation, an increase in populations of earliest thymic progenitors (ETPs) and double negative (DN) thymocytes in the thymus, and recruitment of naïve and total CD4(+) T cells into the alveolar space. The level of murine signal joint T cell receptor excision circles (msjTRECs) in spleen CD4(+) cells was increased at 5 weeks post-Pneumocystis infection. In thymectomized mice, the numbers of naïve, central memory, and total CD4(+) T cells in all tissues examined were markedly reduced following Pneumocystis infection. This deficiency of naïve and central memory CD4(+) T cells was associated with delayed pulmonary clearance of Pneumocystis. Extracts of Pneumocystis resulted in an increase in the number of CCR9(+) MPPs in the cultured bone marrow cells. Stimulation of cultured bone marrow cells with ligands to Toll-like receptor 2 ([TLR-2] zymosan) and TLR-9 (ODN M362) each caused a similar increase in CCR9(+) MPP cells via activation of the Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK) pathway. These results demonstrate that enhanced production of naïve CD4(+) T lymphocytes through the thymopoietic response and enhanced delivery of lymphopoietic precursors from the bone marrow play an important role in host defense against Pneumocystis infection.
    Infection and immunity 02/2011; 79(5):2031-42. · 4.21 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

739 Citations
216.62 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2014
    • University of South China
      Heng-nan, Hunan, China
  • 2011–2013
    • Michigan State University
      • Department of Surgery
      East Lansing, MI, United States
  • 1996–2013
    • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center New Orleans
      • • Department of Physiology
      • • Section of Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine
      New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  • 2008–2011
    • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport
      Shreveport, Louisiana, United States
  • 1998
    • The University of Chicago Medical Center
      Chicago, Illinois, United States