ABSTRACT: We sought to identify the prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) in urban Chinese children in Xi'an, China.
Five kindergartens and 3 primary schools were randomly selected in the urban area of Xi'an. Screening otoscopic and tympanometric examinations were performed on 2,902 children (1,491 boys and 1,411 girls) 2 to 8 years of age. Children with an abnormal tympanogram and simultaneous otomicroscopic signs of effusion were given a diagnosis of OME.
The overall prevalence of OME was 4.3%. By age group, the prevalence was 14.0% in 2-year-olds, 8.3% in 3-year-olds, 5.0% in 4-year-olds, 4.9% in 5-year-olds, 2.8% in 6-year-olds, 1.7% in 7-year-olds, and 3.2% in 8-year-olds. The prevalence rate for OME was 4.7% for boys versus 3.9% for girls, and 3.0% in the right ear versus 2.7% in the left, showing no statistically significant difference between genders or between ear sides (p > 0.05).
The prevalence of OME in urban areas of Xi'an is not high in comparison with that of the same age group in surrounding areas.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 09/2011; 120(9):617-21. · 1.05 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Congenital unilateral pulmonary malformation can easily be misdiagnosed as a bronchial foreign body. Although rigid bronchoscopy helps the proper diagnosis, high risks associated with anesthesia and operative complications may limit its application. However, high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and three-dimensional lung reconstruction provide a non-invasive tool to improve the diagnosis of congenital unilateral pulmonary malformation.
To compare clinical manifestations, physical signs, and radiological examinations of congenital unilateral pulmonary malformation and bronchial foreign body, and summarize the characteristics and methods for diagnosis of congenital unilateral pulmonary malformation.
Fourteen patients (five males and nine females, aged from 3 months to 14 years) with congenital unilateral pulmonary malformation, who were misdiagnosed or suspected as having bronchial foreign body or bronchial foreign body with pulmonary atelectasis, were analyzed retrospectively. Three typical cases are presented in detail.
All patients were previously misdiagnosed and treated as having pneumonia. From onset to final diagnosis, the longest misdiagnosis time was 10 years, and the shortest was 2 days. Only three patients presented with a history of foreign body inhalation. Six cases were finally diagnosed as having unilateral pulmonary malformation by rigid bronchoscope, five cases by X-ray and high-resolution CT scan, two cases by CT and three-dimensional lung reconstruction, and one case by autopsy. The malformation of left and right lungs was present in five and nine cases, respectively. Among these patients, four patients also had congenital cardiovascular diseases and other malformations, two patients underwent tracheotomy, and one patient died during salvage surgery.
Acta oto-laryngologica 08/2010; 130(8):971-6. · 0.98 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To study the clinical pathology and treatments on the pseudocyst of auricle.
Sixty cases of auricular pseudocyst were treated by surgery from 1993 to 2008 in our hospital. Their operation effects and the clinic pathological features were analyzed.
The clinic pathological data showed that the source of serous effusion of auricular pseudocyst origin from cartilage membrane in the top wall. In the early stage of the cyst, the top wall of auricular pseudocyst was the cartilage membrane. With the course progresses, the cartilage membrane in the top wall of auricular pseudocyst was proliferating, thickened and generated new cartilage. The new cartilage was formed from small piece to the big one, and eventually became an entire new cartilage on the top wall of auricular pseudocyst. Serous effusion at this time was terminated, and this cyst became intra-cartilaginous effusion of auricle. Finally the fluid between cartilages was absorbed and organized. In the cyst, the new cartilage and auricle cartilage were organized and adhered together each other. The auricle became thickened and deformed. The observation of capsule wall under light microscope showed that there were a few fibrous desmoplasia, anapetia and lymphocyte infiltrating in the fibrous tissue, as well as that there were cartilage cell layers from firmness to thicker. The cartilage cells and their lacunes were small, and the cartilage capsule and the basilaris substantia was showed as eosin. This data indicated that the cartilage was neogenesis but not degenerating. Sixty patients were followed up from 3 months to 1 year. The effect of surgical treatment for the auricular pseudocyst was satisfactory. There was no auricular deformation in these patients with the operation.
Auricular pseudocyst can be divided into the early period (acute exudative period), the medium period (cartilage formation period) and the late period (proliferative and organized period). The treatment should be based on the pathological findings of auricular pseudocyst. The operation is easy, safe and reliable. The key of the operation is the complete removal of perichondrium and cartilage at the top of auricular pseudocyst.
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 08/2010; 45(8):640-4.
ABSTRACT: To investigate the epidemiology of EBV in adenoidal hypertrophy and chronic tonsillitis and discuss the affection of EBV on the nosogenesis of adenoidal hypertrophy and tonsillitis of children.
Fifty-two children with chronic tonsillitis and/or adenoidal hypertrophy had the operations of the tonsillectomy and/or the adenoidectomy. These tissues resected and plasma of all cases were detected to find EBV-DNA by RQ PCR.
The infection rate of EBV in the tissues of adenoidal hypertrophy and tonsillitis of children was 51.9%. The boys' infection rate of EBV was 50.0%, and the girls' infection rate of EBV was 55.6%, which had not significantly different. The EBV infection rate in the tissues of tonsillitis was 40.4%, The EBV infection rate in the tissues of adenoidal hypertrophy was 48.9%, which had not significant difference. The school age group (7- to 14-years-old) presented higher infection rate of EBV in the tissues of adenoid and tonsil (65.5%) than the pre-school children group (2- to 6-years-old) (34.8%). Comparing the copies numbers of EBV-DNA in the different degrees of adenoidal hypertrophy, we found that the copies numbers of EBV-DNA in the severe hypertrophy group were higher than the midrange and slight hypertrophy groups (P<0.05). Meanwhile we detected EBV-DNA in these childrens' blood plasma by RQ-PCR. No blood plasma was detected EBV-DNA copies higher than normal (< 1 x 10(3) copies/ml).
The tissues of adenoidal hypertrophy and tonsillitis had same sensitivity to EBV. There was not significant difference between the infection rates of the boys and girls with adenoidal hypertrophy and/or tonsillitis. With these children growing up and the course of diseases prolonging, the infection rate of EBV increased correspondingly. There was a certain correlation between the hypertrophy of adenoid and EBV. There were no EBV-DNA fragments in blood plasma of the children with adenoidal hypertrophy and/or tonsillitis. So there were essential different between benign hyperplasia and nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology 12/2009; 23(24):1108-11.
ABSTRACT: To study the mucociliary transport function of rhinitis sicca and atrophic rhinitis, and to explore the standard of diagnosis.
The MTR of normal control group, the rhinitis sicca group and the atrophic rhinitis were determined by using saccharin, and then compared. Then MTR of rhinitis sicca treatment group were compared before and after treatment.
The MTR of normal group: (9.15 +/- 0.86) mm/min; the rhinitis sicca group: (5.84 +/- 0.48) mm/min and the atrophic rhinitis group: (3.36 +/- 0.07) mm/min. There were significant difference among them (P < 0.05). 25 patients of rhinitis sicca were treated by administering the pill of Gelomyrtol forte in 2 weeks. The MTR of rhinitis sicca were no significant difference before and after treatment (P > 0.05).
Rhinitis sicca is a separate nasal disease, which is different from atrophic rhinitis. It is important to find an effective treatment for the disease.
Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology 12/2003; 17(11):646-7, 649.