Qing Zhang

Capital Medical University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (91)668.62 Total impact

  • Qing Zhang, Yujie Zhou, Cheuk-Man Yu
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with mild-to-severe heart failure. However, up to 40% of CRT recipients are nonresponders. This review addresses important aspects with regard to the identification and management of CRT nonresponders. Mid-term clinical or echocardiographic nonresponse is associated with worse clinical outcomes during the extended follow-up. A number of predictors are indicative of CRT response, which include patient characteristics, electrical determinants, and imaging techniques from preimplant to postimplant period, and can be grouped as modifiable and nonmodifiable contributors to treatment response. Advanced age, male sex, ischemic cause, end-stage heart failure, inadequate electrical delay, and absence of mechanical dyssynchrony are regarded as unfavorable but nonmodifiable factors, for which considering underutilization of CRT by refining patient selection is reasonable. On the contrary, more efforts should be made to optimize patient management by correcting those modifiable factors, such as suboptimal medical therapy, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation, left ventricular lead dislodgement or inappropriate location, loss of biventricular capture, and lack of device optimization. Proper management and careful selection of CRT recipients will transform a proportion of treatment nonresponders into responders, which is vital to improve patients' outcome.
    Current Opinion in Cardiology 01/2015; 30(1):40-49. DOI:10.1097/HCO.0000000000000140 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Insulin resistance and obesity is influenced by the retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) adipokine. This study aims to determine if genetic polymorphisms in RBP4 are associated with the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Chinese patients. RBP4 polymorphisms were analyzed by high resolution melting (HRM) analysis in a case-control study of 392 unrelated CAD patients and 368 controls from China. The Gensini score was used to determine the severity of CAD. The genotypic and allelic frequencies of RBP4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were evaluated for associations with CAD and severity of disease. The A allele frequency was significantly higher in CAD case groups compared to control groups (16.7% vs. 8.8%) at the RBP4 rs7094671 locus. Compared to the G allele, this allele was associated with a higher risk of CAD (OR = 2.07 (1.50-2.84)). Polymorphisms at rs7094671 were found to associate with CAD using either a dominant or recessive model (OR, 95% CI: 1.97, 1.38-2.81; 3.81, 1.53-9.51, respectively). Adjusting for sex, history of smoking, serum TC, TG, LDL-c, and HDL-c, the risk of CAD for carriers remained significantly higher in both dominant and recessive models (OR, 95% CI: 1.68, 1.12-2.51; 2.74, 1.00-7.52, respectively). However, this SNP was not significantly associated with severity of CAD using angiographic scores in multivariable linear regression models (p = 0.373). The RBP4 rs7094671 SNP is associated with CAD; however, our results do not indicate that this locus is associated with clinical severity of CAD or the extent of coronary lesions.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2014; 15(12):22309-22319. DOI:10.3390/ijms151222309 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AimsWe report the results of long-term follow-up of the Pacing to Avoid Cardiac Enlargement (PACE) trial, a prospective, double-blinded, randomized, multicentre study that confirmed the superiority of biventricular (BiV) pacing compared with right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing in prevention of LV adverse remodelling and deterioration of systolic function at 1 and 2 years.Methods and resultsPatients with bradycardia and preserved LVEF were randomized to receive RVA (n = 88) or BiV pacing (n = 89). Co-primary endpoints were LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) and LVEF measured by echocardiography. There were 149 patients who had extended follow-up, with a mean duration of 4.8 ± 1.5 years (2.5–7.8 years). The primary endpoint analyses were performed in 146 patients (74 in the RVA group and 72 in the BiV group). In the RVA pacing group, the LVEF decreased while the LVESV increased progressively at follow-up, but remained unchanged in the BiV pacing group. The differences in LVEF between the RVA and BiV groups were –6.3, –9.2, and –10.7% at 1-year, 2-year, and long-term follow-up, respectively (all P < 0.001). The corresponding differences in LVESV were +7.4, +9.9, and +13.1 mL, respectively (all P < 0.001). The deleterious effects of RVA pacing consistently occurred in all the pre-defined subgroups. Furthermore, patients with RVA pacing had a significantly higher prevalence of heart failure hospitalization than the BiV group (23.9% vs. 14.6%, log-rank χ2 = 7.55, P = 0.006).Conclusion Left ventricular adverse remodelling and deterioration of systolic function continued at long-term follow-up in patients with RVA pacing; this deterioration was prevented by the use of BiV pacing. Also, heart failure hospitalization was more prevalent in the RVA pacing group.Trial registration CUHK_CCT00037.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 09/2014; 16(9). DOI:10.1002/ejhf.157 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Community health service center (CHSC) in China is always regarded as a good facility of primary care, which plays an important role in chronic non-communicable disease management. This study aimed to investigate the blood pressure (BP) control rate in a real life CHSC-based management program and its determinants.
    BMC Public Health 08/2014; 14(1):801. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-801 · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) is a newly developed technique to evaluate left ventricular (LV) deformation by measuring the area strain (AS) of endocardial surface that combines information from both longitudinal (LS) and circumferential strain (CS). We performed a study to examine myocardial deformation in patients with heart failure (HF) using 3D-STE. A total of 149 subjects including 58 patients with HF and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), 45 patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), and 46 normal subjects were prospectively studied by 3D-STE. After adjusting for age, gender and BSA, global CS, LS, radial strain (RS) and AS derived from 3D-STE in patients with HFPEF were significantly higher than their counterparts in patients with HFREF (all p<0.001), but lower than that in normal subjects (all p<0.05). In addition, among all the strain parameters, global AS exhibited the highest correlation with LV ejection fraction (y=1.243x+6.332, r=0.982, p<0.001) and the best intra- (ICCs: 0.986, p<0.001) and inter-observer variability (ICCs: 0.978, p<0.001) than other parameters of 3D strain (CS: 0.981 and 0.974; LS: 0.908 and 0.841; RS: 0.946 and 0.915; all p<0.001). Measurement of endocardial surface AS based on 3D-STE technique is reproducible and proves to be accurate and comprehensive in assessing the global LV performance and multidirectional deformation of the LV myocardium in HF patients.
    International journal of cardiology 01/2014; 172(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.12.314 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract This study aimed to determine the learning needs of Chinese patients going for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in order to design nurse led education programs. A self-administered survey was completed by a total of 395 patients prior to the procedure. Face-to-face communication was chosen by 343 (86.8%) patients as the most preferred way of education. Doctor-in-charge was ranked as the most wanted educator by 372 (94.2%) patients, including 191 (45.4%) patients who chose both doctor-in-charge and nurse-in-charge. Interventional cardiologist was preferred by patients with higher education more than those with lower education (63.6% vs. 48.1%, p<0.05). Learning items such as self-rescue on heart attack, efficiency of PCI and post-procedural medication were regarded as the most important, which could be affected by age, gender and educational level. These findings would help to develop patient preferred programs that involve brief communications with doctors and more structured education activities led by nurses.
    Contemporary nurse: a journal for the Australian nursing profession 11/2013; DOI:10.5172/conu.2013.4238 · 0.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The normal data of left ventricular (LV) synchronicity by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) are lacking. We assessed the normal range/cutoff values of LV dyssynchrony parameters by RT3DE. For this purpose, RT3DE was performed in 130 healthy subjects, aged 53 ± 12 years. Time to the point of minimal regional systolic volume (Tmsv) was measured from time-volume curves in each segment. Standard deviation (SD) and maximal difference (Dif) of Tmsv were calculated from 16 (6 basal/6 mid/4 apical), 12 (6 basal/6 mid), and 6 (basal) LV segments together with the corresponding parameters adjusted by R-R interval. The data show non-significant difference between Tmsv-16-SD (9.24 ± 3.54 ms) and Tmsv-12-SD (8.80 ± 3.82 ms); with a correlation between two by both unadjusted (ms; r = 0.87) and adjusted (%R-R; r = 0.84) methods (P < 0.001). Heart rate correlated negatively with Tmsv (r = -0.13 to -0.34, P < 0.05-0.001) but had no effect on parameters adjusted for %R-R. Age and gender did not affect any of these parameters. Inter-observer variability was 3.3-4.6 % for 16, 4.8-9.1 % for 12, and 14.4-19.7 % for 6 segments. Thus, RT3DE is a reliable technique for detecting LV systolic dyssynchrony whereas the heart rate, but not age and gender, affects Tmsv parameters. Dyssynchrony parameters by 16 or 12 segments are superior to 6 segments in yielding comprehensive information and lower variability.
    Cell biochemistry and biophysics 11/2013; 69(1). DOI:10.1007/s12013-013-9777-3 · 2.38 Impact Factor
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    International journal of cardiology 05/2013; 168(4). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.04.200 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Complete versus culprit-only revascularization in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multivessel disease is controversial. Current guidelines recommend treatment of the culprit artery alone during the primary procedure. However, with improvements in stent technique and with the use of new antiplatelet drugs (GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors), complete revascularization (CR) at an early stage is attracting increasing attention. We conducted an English language search on Medline (PubMed database), Embase, and the Cochrane databases between January 1966 and January 2011, as well as a search on the China National Knowledge Internet (1979-January 2011), and the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (1978-January 2011). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or non-RCTs that compared the two strategies in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease (MVD) during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were included. Thirteen articles were selected, 8240 patients in the CR group and 51,998 in the culprit-only revascularization group. CR was associated with an increased short-term mortality [odds ratio (OR) = 1.39, 95% confidence interval (CI) = (1.26, 1.53)], a long-term mortality [OR = 1.35, 95% CI = (1.09, 1.67)], and an increased risk of renal failure [OR (95% CI) = 1.24 (1.11, 1.38)] in patients with STEMI and MVD at the primary procedure. In addition, CR did not reduce the rate of short-term major adverse cardiac events [OR (95% CI) = 1.52 (0.88, 2.61)] and remyocardial infarction [OR = 0.57, 95% CI = (0.25, 1.29)]. However, CR was associated with a marked reduction in the rate of revascularization [OR = 0.45, 95% CI = (0.27, 0.74)]. This analysis of current available data demonstrates that CR during primary PCI can put those patients with STEMI and MVD at risk. To clarify this issue, large RCTs are needed.
    The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 03/2013; 29(3):140-9. DOI:10.1016/j.kjms.2012.08.024 · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have shown that interleukin (IL)-16 is an immunomodulatory cytokine, which plays an important role in some inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. We aimed to investigate the association between the IL-16 gene polymorphisms and presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) where inflammatory processes are involved. METHODS: This case-control study enrolled 651 CAD patients confirmed by coronary angiography and 428 controls. Four tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs8034928-rs3848180-rs4577037-rs1131445) within the IL-16 gene and the related haplotypes were genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Plasma IL-16 concentration was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In patients with CAD, the plasma concentration of IL-16 was significantly higher than in controls (97.6 ± 10.7, 66.5 ± 9.6, respectively. p < 0.001). By using multivariate logistic regression analysis, the allele and genotype frequencies of rs8034928 were different between CAD and control groups (P < 0.001). However, the associations of the polymorphisms rs3848180,rs4577037,and rs1131445 with CAD were not observed. The haplotypes TTTT and TGGT significantly increased risk to CAD (OR, 95% CI: 1.43, 1.26-1.63; 1.47, 1.16-1.85; respectively), whereas the haplotypes CTTT and TTGT referred to protection of CAD (OR, 95% CI: 0.45, 0.33-0.62; 0.50, 0.33-0.76; respectively). CONCLUSION: The study indicated that the IL-16 rs8034928 T/C polymorphism and haplotypes were associated with the presence of CAD in Chinese Han population. The IL-16 gene polymorphisms may be a useful predictor to the susceptibility of CAD.
    Clinical biochemistry 11/2012; 46(3). DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2012.11.009 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    Qing Zhang, Cheuk-Man Yu
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanical dyssynchrony is a common phenomenon in patients with congestive heart failure, which usually identified by noninvasive cardiac imaging tools such as echocardiography. It demonstrates electromechanical delay in some regions of the failing heart which in turn contributes to further impairment of cardiac function. The diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic values of mechanical dyssynchrony have been reported in a number of studies. Therefore, this review describes briefly the methods of measurement, but more importantly, explains the clinical implication of its assessment in heart failure related aspects including cardiac resynchronization therapy, functional mitral regurgitation, diastolic heart failure and mortality.
    Journal of cardiovascular ultrasound 09/2012; 20(3):117-23. DOI:10.4250/jcu.2012.20.3.117
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing is associated with adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling and biventricular (BiV) pacing may prevent it although the mechanisms remain unclear. The current study aimed to assess the role of early pacing-induced systolic dyssynchrony (DYS) to predict adverse LV remodeling. METHODS: Patients with standard pacing indications and normal LV ejection fraction were randomized either to BiV (n=89) or RVA pacing (n=88). Pacing-induced DYS, defined as the standard deviation of the time to peak systolic velocity (Dyssynchrony Index) >33ms in a 12-segmental model of LV, was measured by tissue Doppler echocardiography at 1month. RESULTS: At 1month, 59 patients (33%) had DYS which was more prevalent in RVA than BiV pacing group (52% vs. 15%, χ(2)=28.3, p<0.001), though Dyssynchrony Index was similar at baseline (30±14 vs. 26±11ms, p=0.06). At 12months, those developing DYS had significantly lower LV ejection fraction (55.1±9.7 vs. 62.2±7.9%, p<0.001) and larger LV end-systolic volume (35.3±14.3 vs. 27.0±10.4ml, p<0.001) when compared to those without DYS. Reduction of ejection fraction ≥5% occurred in 67% (39 out of 58) of patients with DYS, but only in 18% (21 out of 115) in those without DYS (χ(2)=40.8, p<0.001). Both DYS at 1month (odds ratio [OR]: 4.725, p=0.001) and RVA pacing (OR: 3.427, p=0.009) were independent predictors for reduction of ejection fraction at 12months. CONCLUSION: Early pacing-induced DYS is a significant predictor of LV adverse remodeling and the observed benefit of BiV pacing may be related to the prevention of DYS. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Centre for Clinical Trials number, CUHK_CCT00037 (URL: http://www.cct.cuhk.edu.hk/Registry/publictrialrecord.aspx?trialid=CUHK_CCT00037).
    International journal of cardiology 08/2012; 168(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.08.005 · 6.18 Impact Factor
  • Yucheng Chen, Qing Zhang
    Circulation 08/2012; 126(6):e81; author reply e83. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.076893 · 14.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AimsThe aim of this study was to assess the contribution of left ventricular (LV) systolic dyssynchrony to functional mitral regurgitation (MR).Methods and resultsPatients (n = 136) with LV systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction <50%) and at least mild MR were prospectively recruited. The effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) was assessed by the proximal isovelocity surface area method. Left ventricular global systolic dyssynchrony [the maximal difference in time to peak systolic velocity among the 12 LV segments (Ts-Dif)] and regional systolic dyssynchrony (the delay between the anterolateral and posteromedial papillary muscle attaching sites) were assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. Left ventricular global and regional remodelling, systolic function, indices of mitral valvular and annular deformation were also measured. The size of the EROA correlated with the degrees of mitral deformation, LV remodelling, systolic function, and systolic dyssynchrony. By multivariate logistic regression analysis, the mitral valve tenting area (OR = 1.020, P < 0.001) and the Ts-Dif (OR = 1.011, P = 0.034) were independent determinants of significant functional MR (defined by EROA ≥20 mm(2)). From the receiver-operating characteristic curve, the tenting area of 2.7 cm(2) (sensitivity 83%, specificity 82%, AUC 0.86, P < 0.001) and the Ts-Dif of 85 ms (sensitivity 66%, specificity 72%, AUC 0.74, P < 0.001) were associated with significant functional MR. The assessment of Ts-Dif showed an incremental value over the mitral valve tenting area for determining functional MR (χ(2) = 53.92 vs.49.11, P = 0.028).Conclusion This cross-sectional study showed that LV global, but not regional systolic dyssynchrony, is a determinant of significant functional MR in patients with LV systolic dysfunction, and is incremental to the tenting area that is otherwise the strongest factor for mitral valve deformation.
    European Heart Journal 05/2012; DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs078 · 14.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The acute effects of right ventricular apical (RVA) pacing on left atrial (LA) function in patients with normal ejection fraction are not clear. A total of 94 patients (age 68.1 ± 11.1 years, 26 men) with implanted RVA-based dual-chamber pacemakers were recruited into this study. Patients who were pacemaker-dependent, in persistent atrial fibrillation or left ventricular ejection fraction <45% were excluded. Echocardiography (iE33, Philips, Andover, MA, USA) was performed during intrinsic ventricular conduction (V-sense) and RVA pacing (V-pace) with 15 minutes between switching modes. The total maximal LA volume (LAV(max)), preatrial contraction volume (LAV(pre)), and minimal volume (LAV(min)) were assessed by area-length method. Peak systolic, early diastolic, and peak late diastolic (atrial contractile) velocity (Sm-la, Em-la, and Am-la) and strain (ɛs-la, ɛe-la, and ɛa-la) were measured by color-coded tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in four mid-LA walls at apical four- and two-chamber views. During V-pace, LA volumes increased significantly compared with V-sense (LAV(max): 52.0 ± 18.8 vs 55.2 ± 21.1 mL, P = 0.005; LAV(pre): 39.8 ± 16.4 vs 41.3 ± 16.6 mL, P = 0.014; LAV(min): 27.4 ± 14.0 vs 29.1 ± 15.1 mL, P = 0.001). TDI parameters showed significant reduction in Sm-la and Em-la. Furthermore, ɛs-la, ɛe-la, and ɛa-la decreased significantly, especially in patients with preexisting diastolic dysfunction (all P < 0.01). RVA pacing acutely induced LA enlargement and impaired atrial contractility. Patients with preexisting diastolic dysfunction may be more vulnerable to develop LA dysfunction and remodeling after acute RVA pacing.
    Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 04/2012; 35(7):856-62. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8159.2012.03403.x · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) function is a predictor for future cardiac events in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). The aim of this study was to assess whether left atrium (LA) function has additional predictive value for the prognosis of NSTE-ACS patients, especially when assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). This study prospectively recruited 164 patients with NSTE-ACS where clinical and echocardiographic parameters were collected within the first 72 hours of admission. Primary end point was assessed during the 6-month follow-up period which included cardiac mortality and/or rehospitalization for recurrent ACS or heart failure. Atrial function was assessed by conventional echocardiographic parameters and by TDI that measured the mean atrial contraction velocity at the midsegments of interatrial septum, anterior, inferior, and lateral wall of LA (mLA-V). The primary end point occurred in 33 (20.1%) patients who had lower mLV-A (5.4 ± 1.6 vs 6.5 ± 1.4 cm/sec, P < 0.01). Patients with mLA-V <6.3 cm/sec had more cardiac events (30.9% vs 9.6%, P < 0.01). By multivariate logistic regression analysis, mLA-V <6.3 cm/sec was an independent predictor for cardiac events (odds ratio: 2.79, 95% confidence interval: 1.07-7.30, P = 0.04). Furthermore, mLA-V<6.3 cm/sec had an incremental predictive value for cardiac events to clinical data, LV ejection fraction, and LV diastolic function (E/E') (P = 0.02). In patients with NSTE-ACS, early assessment of LA function by TDI appears useful to predict the midterm cardiac events, which adds prognostic information in addition to that of LV function.
    Echocardiography 04/2012; 29(7):785-92. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8175.2012.01696.x · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) is a new device-based therapy for advanced systolic heart failure with normal QRS duration and therefore not suitable for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling was reported in patients treated with CCM or CRT, however, the extent of response was not compared. METHODS: This observational study consisted of three groups of patients with symptomatic heart failure and LV ejection fraction <35% despite optimal medical therapy. Group 1 included those received CCM with a QRS duration <120ms (n=33), Group 2 included those received CRT with a QRS duration of 120-150ms (n=43), and Group 3 included those received CRT with a QRS duration >150ms (n=56). LV end-systolic volume (LVESV) was measured at baseline and 3months later. RESULTS: Age, gender, etiology of heart failure and baseline ejection fraction were comparable. A significant LV reverse remodeling was observed in each group. The degree of LVESV reduction was similar between Group 1 and Group 2 (-11.3±11.8 vs. -13.6±18.3%, p=0.833), however, it was greater in Group 3 (-25.0±18.0%, both p<0.01). By using the reduction ≥15%, the responder rate was not different between Group 1 (39%) and Group 2 (42%), but significantly higher in Group 3 (68%) (χ(2)=9.514, p=0.009). CONCLUSION: CCM exhibited a similar LV reverse remodeling response to CRT for patients with a mildly prolonged QRS, though the effect was less strong when compared to CRT for patients with a very wide QRS.
    International journal of cardiology 02/2012; 167(3). DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.01.066 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Low serum albumin is common in patients with systolic heart failure and is associated with increased mortality. However, the relationship between albumin and outcome in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of serum albumin level on survival in patients with HFPEF. We studied 576 consecutive HFPEF patients (left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50%) admitted to our hospital from 2006 to 2009. Standard demographics, transthoracic echocardiography, and routine blood testing including albumin levels were obtained shortly after admission. Outcome was assessed at 1 year after admission. Hypoalbuminaemia (≤34 g/L) was detected in 160 (28%) at admission; and all patients were then divided into hypoalbuminaemia and non-hypoalbuminaemia groups. In the hypoalbuminaemia group, the prevalence of chronic renal failure history, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen levels were higher when compared with those without hypoalbuminaemia (all P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with hypoalbuminaemia had a significantly lower survival rate (53% vs. 84%, log-rank χ(2) = 53.3, P < 0.001) and a higher rate of cardiovascular death (21.8% vs. 8.9%, log-rank χ(2) = 19.7, P < 0.001) when compared with those without hypoalbuminaemia. Cox regression further revealed that hypoalbuminaemia, a history of cerebrovascular disease, and older age were the most powerful independent predictors of all-cause mortality in HFPEF patients at 1 year. Hypoalbuminaemia is common in HFPEF patients and is associated with increased risk of death. Renal dysfunction may be the main pathophysiological mechanism underlying hypoalbuminaemia in HFPEF patients.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 12/2011; 14(1):39-44. DOI:10.1093/eurjhf/hfr154 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The reproducibility of the measurement of mechanical dyssynchrony by echocardiography including Doppler tissue imaging has recently been questioned. The aim of this study was to ascertain the role of a dedicated training program to improve skills and the reproducibility of dyssynchrony assessment. In 70 patients with heart failure, color Doppler tissue images were acquired, and the time to peak systolic velocity of each segment and several dyssynchrony indices, including the standard deviation of time to peak systolic velocity, were measured by an expert to constitute a reference standard. The same images were then assessed by two beginners, who had only basic knowledge of dyssynchrony analysis after a 1-hour lecture, and two graduates, who had received a structured hands-on training program. Both sets of results were compared with the standard. For the standard deviation of time to peak systolic velocity, the linear correlations between the standard and beginner 1 (r = 0.643) and beginner 2 (r = 0.532) were only modest (P < .001 for both). When referenced to the standard, interobserver variability was 18% for beginner 1 and 19% for beginner 2. Measurements with differences of ≥10 msec were found in 24% and 22% of cases by beginners 1 and 2, respectively. In contrast, the assessments made by graduates 1 and 2 were significantly improved. The correlation coefficients were 0.935 and 0.929 (P < .001 for both), and interobserver variability values were 8% and 7%. The prevalence rates of measurements with differences ≥ 10 msec were 1.5% and 3%, respectively. There is a learning curve for the measurement of systolic dyssynchrony using Doppler tissue imaging, but good reproducibility can be achieved by the use of a dedicated training program.
    Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 12/2011; 25(2):210-7. DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2011.11.011 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Right atrial (RA) appendage pacing may prolong atrial conduction time (ACT). This study aimed to investigate if RA appendage pacing can induce intra- and interatrial dyssynchrony and if atrial dysfunction and dyssynchrony can predict atrial high rate episodes (AHREs) in the first year after pacing. Patients implanted with dual-chamber pacemakers for symptomatic bradycardia were enrolled. Cumulative percentage of RA appendage pacing (Cum%AP) during 1-year follow-up and AHREs were recorded. Full Doppler echocardiography studies were performed before implantation and 1 year after pacing. ACT and peak atrial velocities (Sm-la, Em-la, Am-la) were measured. One hundred ten patients (age 70.5 ± 11 years; 53 males) were recruited and completed 1-year follow-up. ACT of both RA and left atrial (LA) were more prolonged in patients with Cum%AP > 75% than those with <25%. Intra- and interatrial dyssynchrony was more obvious in patients with Cum%AP > 75% (22.3 ± 12.2 milliseconds vs 9.5 ± 6.2 milliseconds; 53.9 ± 29.7 milliseconds vs 19.7 ± 17.3 milliseconds; both P < 0.001). AHREs occurred in 29% of patients. Atrial pump function and interatrial dyssynchrony independently predicted AHREs in multivariate analysis. Receiver operating characteristic curve provided a cutoff value of Am-la <5.3 cm/s, which predicted AHREs with a sensitivity of 71% and a specificity of 75% (area under the curve, 0.822; P < 0.001). RA appendage pacing causes atrial conduction delay with intra- and interatrial dyssynchrony. Atrial dysfunction and interatrial dyssynchrony are related to AHREs in the first year after pacing.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 11/2011; 23(4):384-90. DOI:10.1111/j.1540-8167.2011.02210.x · 2.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
668.62 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Capital Medical University
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2003–2014
    • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
      • Department of Medicine and Therapeutics
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    • Sichuan University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China
  • 2006
    • Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong
      Chiu-lung, Kowloon City, Hong Kong
  • 2005
    • Leiden University
      Leyden, South Holland, Netherlands
    • Hong Kong SAR Government
      Hong Kong, Hong Kong