Xu-Dong Feng

Peking University, Beijing, Beijing Shi, China

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Publications (2)10.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Gadolinium (Gd) and its complexes are utilized widely in industrial and clinical diagnoses. As a rare earth metal ion, free gadolinium (Gd(3+)) in the human body poses neurotoxic risks during its in vivo release and retention. In the central nervous system, astrocytes play a pivotal role in processing toxic metal ions. The present study evaluates the effects of Gd on cellular calcium homeostasis, a common mechanism that causes cell death, and on unfolded protein responses (UPRs), a mechanism for cell survival in response to toxic stimuli in mammalian cells. The experimental results indicate that the influx of extracellular Ca(2+) increases greatly after the exposure of astrocytes to Gd; however, no cell deaths were observed. Further evidence suggests the up-regulated expression of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident chaperone protein GRP78 by ER stress-mediated signal transductions, specifically the activation of ATF6, eIF2a, and IRE1. These results suggest that Gd promotes Ca(2+) influx, thus triggering UPRs, which can be closely associated to the resistance of astrocytes to Gd-induced cytotoxicity.
    Cell Biology and Toxicology 04/2010; 27(1):1-12. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A series of quantum dots (QDs), CdSe, CdSe/CdS and CdSe/ZnSe, coated with L-arginine-modified beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD-L-Arg) were prepared in a solution of H2O and hexane by ultrasonic method and characterized using PL, UV-vis, TEM, EDX and FTIR techniques. We observed that beta-CD-L-Arg-coated QDs are water-soluble and stable with high colloidal properties in water. Their photophysical properties are similar to those of trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO)-coated nanocrystals. The quantum yield (QY) of beta-CD-L-Arg/CdSe/ZnSe QDs in water is 68%, which is much higher than those of beta-CD-L-Arg/CdSe/CdS (26%) and beta-CD-L-Arg/CdSe (13%). The in vitro cytotoxicity of these QDs was evaluated in ECV-304, SH-SY5Y and Hela cells and low cytotoxicity was observed. In particular, the beta-CD-L-Arg/CdSe/ZnSe QDs presented lower cytotoxicity to these cells (CC(50) value is 173 microg/mL in ECV-304 cells for 48h). This may be due to the presence of the ZnSe and beta-CD-L-Arg outlayer, which may improve the biocompatibility of QDs. The QDs were further investigated for biological labeling in ECV-304 cells using confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy. We found that these QDs were capable of localing to the cytoplasm of cells. These results demonstrate that the beta-CD-L-Arg-coated QDs could be used as a potential photoluminescent nanocrystal probing agent with good biocompatibility.
    Biomaterials 02/2010; 31(15):4401-8. · 8.31 Impact Factor