Ronald C DeConti

Florida Hospital Cancer Institute, Orlando, Florida, United States

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Publications (47)294.72 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Despite resection followed by adjuvant radiotherapy, high-risk cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck region (SCCHN) often recur. Since adjuvant concurrent chemoradiation reduces recurrence among high-risk mucosal SCCHN, we sought to understand its efficacy among high-risk cutaneous SCCHN. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with cutaneous SCCHN who underwent adjuvant radiation or concurrent chemoradiation. Patients must have had stage III/IV with high-risk features including metastatic involvement of ≥2 lymph nodes, positive margins, or extracapsular invasion. Results: There were 61 patients: 27 (44%) received adjuvant radiation and 34 (56%) received adjuvant chemoradiation. The median recurrence-free survivals were 15.4 and 40.3 months, respectively. Adjuvant chemoradiation significantly decreased the risk of recurrence or death in a multivariable analysis: HR 0.31 (p=0.01). However, a difference in overall survival was not found. Conclusion: For high-risk cutaneous SCCHN, adjuvant chemoradiation was associated with a better recurrence-free survival than adjuvant radiation alone. Head Neck, 2014
    Head & Neck 06/2014; DOI:10.1002/hed.23684 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has gained widespread use in the treatment of head and neck cancer. METHODS: All patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx treated with primary IMRT with or without chemotherapy over a 5-year period were reviewed. Outcomes and morbidity were analyzed and compared with previously published data. RESULTS: In all, 170 patients were included in the analysis. The 3-year local control, locoregional control, disease-free survival, and overall survival rates were 92%, 91%, 80%, and 87%, respectively. Feeding tubes were present in 55% of patients during treatment, but remained in only 1% 2 years following treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that IMRT yields excellent treatment outcomes for oropharyngeal carcinoma. Although acute toxicity remains a problem, late toxicity rates are low and long-term feeding tube dependence is rare compared with conventional radiation therapy. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2013.
    Head & Neck 12/2013; 35(12). DOI:10.1002/hed.23245 · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • L Frank Glass, Ronald C DeConti, Vernon K Sondak
    Seminars in Oncology 04/2012; 39(2):132-3. DOI:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2012.01.012 · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Ronald C DeConti
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    ABSTRACT: The role of systemic chemotherapy with cytotoxic agents in squamous cell carcinoma of the skin remains uncertain. A number of agents in combination have been reported to induce high rates of remission, either alone or as a component of a multidisciplinary management plan. Fragmentary data suggest that the most benefit is achieved when chemotherapy is applied to patients with advanced local disease not easily treated with surgery either due to location (eg, on the face) or comorbidity. Concurrent chemoradiation has been recommended for the control of extensive lymph node involvement as a result of experience derived from similar studies in patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck, cervix, and anus. No standard treatment of metastatic disease has been formulated, although combinations of cisplatin with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), doxorubicin, or bleomycin have demonstrated some degree of efficacy, achieving complete responses (CRs) in some cases. Clearly, the relative rarity of patients with high-risk, potentially fatal, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin has limited prospective efforts to define ideal management. As our awareness of the increasing numbers of such problem patients becomes clear, hopefully more efforts will be forthcoming.
    Seminars in Oncology 04/2012; 39(2):145-9. DOI:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2012.01.002 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a highly aggressive skin malignancy. The growing incidence and recognition of this cancer in elderly or immunosuppressed individuals suggests that it is becoming an increasing clinical challenge. MCC recently has been demonstrated to have a probable viral pathogenesis related to a novel member of the polyomavirus (termed Merkel cell polyomavirus [MCV]). The molecular pathogenesis of viral carcinogenesis is currently being worked out in MCC. Current diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are discussed, with an eye toward the future development of molecularly targeted treatments.
    Seminars in Oncology 04/2012; 39(2):163-72. DOI:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2012.01.003 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Src inhibitors sensitise melanoma cells to chemotherapy in preclinical models. The combination of dasatinib and dacarbazine was tested in a phase I trial in melanoma. Patients had ECOG performance status 0-2 and normal organ function. Dacarbazine was administered on day 1 and dasatinib on day 2 through 19 of each 21-day cycle. Both were escalated from 50 mg b.i.d. of dasatinib and 800 mg m(-2) of dacarbazine. Available pre-treatment biopsies were sequenced for BRAF, NRAS, and C-Kit mutations. Dose-limiting toxicity was reached at dasatinib 70 mg b.i.d./dacarbazine 1000 mg m(-2), and was predominantly haematological. In 29 patients receiving dasatinib 70 mg b.i.d., the objective response rate (ORR) was 13.8%, the clinical benefit rate (ORR+SD) was 72.4%, the 6-month progression-free survival (PFS) was 20.7%, and the 12-month overall survival (OS) was 34.5%. Two out of three patients who were wild type for BRAF, NRAS, and c-KIT mutations had confirmed partial responses, and one had a minor response. The recommended phase II dose is dasatinib 70 mg b.i.d with dacarbazine 800 mg m(-2). PFS and OS data for dasatinib at 70 mg b.i.d. with dacarbazine compared favourably with historical controls. Preliminary data support evaluating tumour mutation status further as a biomarker of response.
    British Journal of Cancer 11/2011; 106(1):85-91. DOI:10.1038/bjc.2011.514 · 5.08 Impact Factor
    This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched format
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    ABSTRACT: Bortezomib, an inhibitor of the 26S proteasome and NF-κB, may have antitumor activity in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). Preclinical studies have shown synergy between bortezomib and doxorubicin. Eligibility criteria included incurable ACC, any number of prior therapies but without an anthracycline, unidimensionally measurable disease, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, and ejection fraction within normal limits. Patients with stable disease for ≥9 months were excluded. Patients received bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2) by intravenous (IV) push on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11, every 21 days until progression. Doxorubicin 20 mg/m(2) IV on Days 1 and 8 was added at the time of progression. Twenty-five patients were enrolled, of whom 24 were eligible; the most common distant metastatic sites were the lung (n = 22) and the liver (n = 7). There was no objective response with single-agent bortezomib; best response was stable disease in 15 (71%) of 21 evaluable patients. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 6.4 months and 21 months, respectively. Of 10 evaluable patients who received bortezomib plus doxorubicin, 1 had a partial response, and 6 had stable disease. The most frequent toxicity with bortezomib was grade 3 sensory neuropathy (16%). With bortezomib plus doxorubicin, serious toxicities seen more than once were grade 3-4 neutropenia (n = 3) and grade 3 anorexia (n = 2). Bortezomib was well tolerated and resulted in disease stabilization in a high percentage of patients but no objective responses. The combination of bortezomib and doxorubicin was also well tolerated and may warrant further investigation in ACC.
    Cancer 08/2011; 117(15):3374-82. DOI:10.1002/cncr.25852 · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Docosahexaenoic acid-paclitaxel (DHA-paclitaxel, Taxoprexin(®)) is made by covalently conjugating the essential fatty acid DHA to the paclitaxel molecule. Preclinical studies of DHA-paclitaxel have demonstrated increased activity relative to paclitaxel and the potential for an improved therapeutic ratio. In the present study, the efficacy and toxicity profiles of DHA-paclitaxel were compared with those of dacarbazine. In this study, 393 chemonaive patients with metastatic melanoma were randomly assigned to receive either DHA-paclitaxel at a starting dose of 900 mg/m(2) IV on day 1 every 3 weeks or dacarbazine at a starting dose of 1000 mg/m(2) IV on day 1 every 3 weeks. The primary end point of the study was the comparison of overall survival (OS). No significant difference in OS was noted between patients in the DHA-paclitaxel and dacarbazine arms. Similarly, there were no significant differences in response rate, duration of response, time to progression, and time to treatment failure between the two drugs. Safety results of the two drugs were as predicted from prior studies. Myelosuppression was more common with DHA-paclitaxel. DHA-paclitaxel was not superior to dacarbazine. We conclude that further studies with the drug on an every 3-week schedule in melanoma are not warranted.
    Annals of Oncology 04/2011; 22(4):787-93. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdq438 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-dose pegylated interferon α-2b (peginterferon α-2b) significantly decreased disease recurrence in patients with resected stage III melanoma in a clinical study. We investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of high-dose peginterferon α-2b in patients with high-risk melanoma. For PK analysis, 32 patients received peginterferon α-2b 6 μg/(kg week) subcutaneously for 8 weeks (induction) then 3 μg/(kg week) for 4 weeks (maintenance). PK profiles were determined at weeks 1, 8, and 12. Exposure-response relationships between peginterferon α-2b and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level were also studied. Peginterferon α-2b was well-absorbed following SC administration, with a median T (max) of 24 h. Mean half-life estimates ranged from 43 to 51 h. The accumulation factor was 1.69 after induction therapy. PK parameters showed moderate interpatient variability. PK profiles were described by a one-compartmental model with first-order absorption and first-order elimination. Toxicity was profiled and was acceptable; observed side effects were similar to those previously described. Dose reduction produced proportional decreases in exposure and predictable effects on ANC in an Imax model; however, a PK/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship between peginterferon α-2b and ALT could not be established with high precision. Peginterferon α-2b was well-absorbed and sustained exposure to peginterferon α-2b was achieved with the doses tested. These data confirm and extend previous PK observations of peginterferon α-2b in melanoma and solid tumors. Our PK/PD model of exposure and ANC effect provides useful information for prediction of peginterferon α-2b-related hematologic toxicity.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 03/2011; 67(3):657-66. DOI:10.1007/s00280-010-1326-9 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sagopilone is a novel fully synthetic epothilone with promising preclinical activity and a favourable toxicity profile in phase I testing. A phase II pharmacokinetic and efficacy trial was conducted in patients with metastatic melanoma. Patients had measurable disease, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, adequate haematological, and organ function, with up to 2 previous chemotherapy and any previous immunotherapy regimens. Sagopilone, 16 mg m⁻², was administered intravenously over 3 h every 21 days until progression or unacceptable toxicity. Thirty-five patients were treated. Sagopilone showed multi-exponential kinetics with a mean terminal half-life of 64 h and a volume of distribution of 4361 l m⁻² indicating extensive tissue/tubulin binding. Only grade 2 or lower toxicity was observed: these included sensory neuropathy (66%), leukopenia (46%), fatigue (34%), and neutropenia (31%). The objective response rate was 11.4% (one confirmed complete response, two confirmed partial responses, and one unconfirmed partial response). Stable disease for at least 12 weeks was seen in an additional eight patients (clinical benefit rate 36.4%). Sagopilone was well tolerated with mild haematological toxicity and sensory neuropathy. Unlike other epothilones, it shows activity against melanoma even in pretreated patients. Further clinical testing is warranted.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2010; 103(10):1548-53. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6605931 · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: High-dose intravenous interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy (14 doses/course, 2 courses/cycle) for metastatic melanoma or kidney cancer induces infrequent, although major responses. In this trial, we evaluated a new schedule (dose of 600,000 IU/kg, 8 h between doses, 5 doses/course, 4 courses at weekly intervals/cycle) of high-dose IL-2, in which we inserted more planned breaks while maintaining high cumulative dose delivery, and investigated the relationship between dendritic cells (DC) and response to treatment. Target dose delivery was attained: median IL-2 cumulative dose per patient was 11.4 and 10.8 million units/kg (cycles 1 and 2, respectively). Major responses were observed in patients with kidney cancer (n=20; 3 complete and 2 partial responses) and melanoma (n=16; 1 partial response). Adverse events appeared comparable with those typically associated with high-dose IL-2. From this data set, we introduce the hypothesis-generating observation that patients who had more favorable outcomes had high pretreatment DC-to-myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) ratios, similar to the ratio observed in healthy individuals. However, even in patients with the most favorable outcome, after treatment, there were IL-2-induced changes in the DC-to-MDSC ratio, specifically increases in MDSCs. This modified IL-2 schedule is a feasible option, with a more uniform dose delivery over the treatment cycle, a similar toxicity profile, and observed complete, durable response in patients with renal cancer. Pretreatment assessment of DC phenotypic or maturational status may be a starting point to predicting response to high-dose IL-2 cytokine immunotherapy in patients with melanoma and kidney cancer.
    Journal of immunotherapy (Hagerstown, Md.: 1997) 10/2010; 33(8):817-27. DOI:10.1097/CJI.0b013e3181ecccad · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • Ragini Kudchadkar, Ronald Deconti
    Current problems in cancer 01/2010; 34(1):97-107. DOI:10.1016/j.currproblcancer.2010.01.004 · 7.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) was evaluated as a treatment for Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC, neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin) based on the identification of strong c-KIT staining of these neoplasms. Eligibility included patients with measurable metastatic or unresectable MCC, c-KIT (CD117) expression and a Zubrod performance status of 0 to 2. Imatinib 400 mg daily was administered orally in 28-day cycles to 23 patients. Overall, imatinib was well tolerated with grade 1 or 2 nausea, diarrhea, and hematologic toxicity as the most frequent side effects. A partial response was seen in 1 patient (4%; 95% CI: 0%-22%). Median progression-free survival was 1 month (95% CI: 1-2 months). Median overall survival was 5 months (95% CI: 2-8 months). One patient achieved a partial response and another had prolonged disease stabilization while receiving treatment. The majority of patients progressed rapidly within 1 to 2 cycles of treatment. The observed progression-free survival and overall survival were not adequate to conclude that this agent was active in advanced MCC, and thus the planned second stage of patient accrual was not opened.
    American journal of clinical oncology 12/2009; 33(5):495-9. DOI:10.1097/COC.0b013e3181b9cf04 · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the potential value of postoperative concurrent chemoradiation among patients with high-risk salivary gland carcinomas. Case control study based on retrospective medical record review. A tertiary care comprehensive cancer center. A total of 24 patients, 12 with major salivary gland carcinoma who were treated with postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy from 1998 to 2007 (chemoradiation group), and a control group of 12 patients treated with postoperative radiation alone. Overall survival, progression-free survival, toxic effects. All but 1 patient had stage III or IV disease; close or positive surgical margins were identified in 20 patients (83%). The median radiation dose was 63 Gy. In the chemoradiation group, platinum-based regimens were used in all. Treatment was well tolerated, but toxic effects, predominantly hematologic, were increased in the chemoradiation group. To date, 8 patients have died; the median overall survival was 53 months. The overall survival in the chemoradiation group was significantly better than in the radiation-alone group: 3-year survival rates were 83% and 44%, respectively (P = .05). Locally advanced or high-grade salivary gland carcinomas follow an aggressive clinical course. Based on our limited experience, postoperative chemoradiation with a platinum-based regimen seems to be effective in selected patients and warrants further investigation.
    Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery 08/2009; 135(7):687-92. DOI:10.1001/archoto.2009.70 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The novel topoisomerase I inhibitor karenitecin (KTN) shows activity against melanoma. We examined whether histone deacetylase inhibition could potentiate the DNA strand cleavage, cytotoxicity as well as the clinical toxicity, and efficacy of KTN in melanoma. Apoptosis, COMET, and xenograft experiments were carried out as described previously. A phase I/II trial of valproic acid (VPA) and KTN was conducted in patients with stage IV melanoma, with any number of prior therapies, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, and adequate organ function. VPA pretreatment potentiated KTN-induced apoptosis in multiple melanoma cell lines and in mouse A375 xenografts. VPA increased KTN-induced DNA strand breaks. In the phase I/II trial, 39 patients were entered, with 37 evaluable for toxicity and 33 evaluable for response. Somnolence was the dose-limiting toxicity. The maximum tolerated dose for VPA was 75 mg/kg/d; at maximum tolerated dose, serum VPA was approximately 200 microg/mL (1.28 mmol/L). At the dose expansion cohort, 47% (7 of 15) of patients had stable disease; median overall survival and time to progression were 32.8 and 10.2 weeks, respectively. Histone hyperacetylation was observed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells at maximum tolerated dose. VPA potentiates KTN-induced DNA strand breaks and cytotoxicity. VPA can be combined at 75 mg/kg/d for 5 days with full-dose KTN without overlapping toxicities. In metastatic poor prognosis melanoma, this combination is associated with disease stabilization in 47% of patients. Further testing of this combination appears warranted.
    Clinical Cancer Research 05/2009; 15(7):2479-87. DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-1931 · 8.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients who develop recurrent or new primary head and neck cancer in a previously irradiated site have poor prognosis. Reirradiation is a treatment option, although it is associated with substantial toxicities. We investigated potential prognostic factors, including comorbidity and pre-existing organ dysfunction, for survival after reirradiation. Institutional electronic records of patients treated with reirradiation between January 1998 and 2008 were reviewed. Comorbidity was assessed by Charlson index and Adult Comorbidity Evaluation-27 (ACE-27) grading. Organ dysfunction was defined as feeding tube dependency, functioning tracheostomy, or soft tissue defect. There were 103 patients, including 46 patients who underwent salvage surgery before reirradiation. Median progression-free and overall survivals were 12.1 months (95% CI, 9.7 to 16.6) and 19.3 months (95% CI, 13.9 to 29.9), respectively. Significant comorbidity was present in 36% of patients by Charlson index and 24% by ACE-27. Baseline organ dysfunction was present in 37% of patients. Median overall survivals were 5.5 months among those with both organ dysfunction and comorbidity per Charlson index, and 4.9 months per ACE-27, compared with 59.6 and 44.2 months, respectively, among the patients with neither organ dysfunction nor comorbidity (P < .001 and < .001). Other independent prognostic factors were interval from previous radiation, recurrent tumor stage, tumor bulk at reirradiation, and reirradiation dose. A nomogram to predict the probability of death within 24 months after reirradiation was developed (concordance index = 0.75). Comorbidity and pre-existing organ dysfunction are among several important prognostic factors for patients undergoing reirradiation. For those with both comorbidity and organ dysfunction, reirradiation largely serves as a palliative therapy.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2009; 27(12):1983-91. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2008.20.0691 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gene-based immunotherapy for cancer is limited by the lack of safe, efficient, reproducible, and titratable delivery methods. Direct injection of DNA into tissue, although safer than viral vectors, suffers from low gene transfer efficiency. In vivo electroporation, in preclinical models, significantly enhances gene transfer efficiency while retaining the safety advantages of plasmid DNA. A phase I dose escalation trial of plasmid interleukin (IL)-12 electroporation was carried out in patients with metastatic melanoma. Patients received electroporation on days 1, 5, and 8 during a single 39-day cycle, into metastatic melanoma lesions with six 100-mus pulses at a 1,300-V/cm electric field through a penetrating six-electrode array immediately after DNA injection. Pre- and post-treatment biopsies were obtained at defined time points for detailed histologic evaluation and determination of IL-12 protein levels. Twenty-four patients were treated at seven dose levels, with minimal systemic toxicity. Transient pain after electroporation was the major adverse effect. Post-treatment biopsies showed plasmid dose proportional increases in IL-12 protein levels as well as marked tumor necrosis and lymphocytic infiltrate. Two (10%) of 19 patients with nonelectroporated distant lesions and no other systemic therapy showed complete regression of all metastases, whereas eight additional patients (42%) showed disease stabilization or partial response. This report describes the first human trial, to our knowledge, of gene transfer utilizing in vivo DNA electroporation. The results indicated this modality to be safe, effective, reproducible, and titratable.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2008; 26(36):5896-903. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2007.15.6794 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Radiotherapy (RT) and interferon-alfa-2b (IFN α-2b) have individually been used for adjuvant therapy stage III melanoma with high-risk pathologic features. We hypothesized that concurrent adjuvant RT and IFN α-2b may decrease the risk of regional recurrence following surgery with acceptable toxicity. A prospective multicenter phase I/II study was conducted to evaluate hypofractionated RT with concurrent IFN. Induction IFN α-2b, 20 MU/m2/d, was administered IV ×5 consecutive days every week for 4 weeks. Next, RT 30 Gy in 5 fractions was given with concurrent IFN α-2b, 10 MU/m2 SQ 3 times per week on days alternating with RT. Subsequent maintenance therapy consisted of adjuvant IFN α-2b, 10 MU/m2 SQ 3 times per week to a total of 1 year. To fully evaluate patterns of failure, long-term follow-up was conducted for up to 10 years. A total of 29 consenting patients were enrolled between August 1997 and March 2000. The maximum (worst) grade of acute nonhematologic toxicity during concurrent RT/IFN α-2b (and up to 2 weeks post RT) was grade 3 skin toxicity noted in 2 patients (9%). Late effects were limited. Probability of regional control was 78% (95% CI: 55%–90%) at 12 months. The median follow-up (range) was 80 (51–106) months among ten survivors (43%). The median overall survival was 34.5 months while the median failure-free survival was 19.9 months. Postoperative concurrent hypofractionated RT with IFN α-2b for advanced stage III melanoma appears to be associated with acceptable toxicity and may provide reasonable in-field control in patients at high risk of regional failure.
    09/2008; 72(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.06.1012
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) can induce differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) in preclinical models. We hypothesized that GM-CSF-stimulated DC differentiation may result in clinical benefit in patients with high-risk melanoma. We conducted a prospective trial in patients with high-risk (stage III B/C, IV), resected melanoma, with GM-CSF 125 microg/m(2)/d administered for 14 days every 28 days. Patients underwent clinical restaging every four cycles, with DC analysis performed at baseline and at 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Of 42 patients enrolled, 39 were assessable for clinical outcome and DC analysis. Median overall survival was 65 months (95% CI, 43 to 67 months) and recurrence-free survival was 5.6 months (95% CI, 3 to 11 months). GM-CSF treatment caused an increase in mature DCs, first identified after 2 weeks of treatment, normalizing by 4 weeks. Patients with decreased DCs at baseline had significant increases in DC number and function compared with those with "normal" parameters at baseline. No change was observed in the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). Early recurrence (< 90 days) correlated with a decreased effect of GM-CSF on host DCs, compared with late or no (evidence of) recurrence. GM-CSF treatment was associated with a transient increase in mature DCs, but not MDSCs. Greater increase of DCs was associated with remission or delayed recurrence. The prolonged overall survival observed warrants further exploration.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2008; 26(19):3235-41. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2007.13.9048 · 17.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the safety, toxicity, and maximum-tolerated dose of a sequence-specific combination of the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), valproic acid (VPA), and epirubicin in solid tumor malignancies and to define the clinical feasibility of VPA as an HDACi. Patients were treated with increasing doses of VPA (days 1 through 3) followed by epirubicin (day 3) in 3-week cycles. The study evaluated pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic end points, toxicities, and tumor response. Forty-eight patients were enrolled, and 44 received at least one cycle of therapy. Patients (median age, 54 years; range, 39 to 78 years) received the following doses of VPA: 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 100, 120, 140, and 160 mg/kg/d. Dose-limiting toxicities were somnolence (n = 1), confusion (n = 3), and febrile neutropenia (n = 1). No exacerbation of epirubicin-related toxicities was observed. Partial responses were seen across different tumor types in nine patients (22%), and stable disease/minor responses were seen in 16 patients (39%), despite a median number of three prior regimens (range, zero to 10 prior regimens). Patients received a median number of four treatment cycles (range, one to 10 cycles), and treatment was stopped after reaching maximal epirubicin doses rather than progression in 13 (32%) of 41 patients patients. Total and free VPA plasma concentrations increased linearly with dose and correlated with histone acetylation in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells. The maximum-tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose was VPA 140 mg/kg/d for 48 hours followed by epirubicin 100 mg/m2. Sustained plasma concentrations of VPA exceeding those required for in vitro synergy were achieved with acceptable toxicity. Noteworthy antitumor activity was observed in heavily pretreated patients and historically anthracycline-resistant tumors.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2007; 25(15):1979-85. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2006.08.6165 · 17.88 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
294.72 Total Impact Points


  • 2011
    • Florida Hospital Cancer Institute
      Orlando, Florida, United States
  • 1996–2011
    • Moffitt Cancer Center
      Tampa, Florida, United States
    • University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
      Houston, Texas, United States
  • 1996–2010
    • University of South Florida
      • • Department of Oncologic Sciences
      • • Department of Surgery
      Tampa, Florida, United States
  • 2008
    • University of California, San Francisco
      San Francisco, California, United States
  • 2005
    • Johns Hopkins University
      Baltimore, Maryland, United States
  • 2004
    • Fox Chase Cancer Center
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States