[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem in India. Although several International guidelines for diagnosis and management of COPD are available, yet there are lot of gaps in recognition and management of COPD in India due to vast differences in availability and affordability of healthcare facilities across the country. The Indian Chest Society and the National College of Chest Physicians (India) have joined hands to come out with these evidence-based guidelines to help the physicians at all levels of healthcare to diagnose and manage COPD in a scientific manner. Besides the International literature, the Indian studies were specifically analysed to arrive at simple and practical recommendations. The evidence is presented under these five headings: (a) definition, epidemiology and disease burden, (b) disease assessment and diagnosis, (c) pharmacologic management of stable COPD, (d) management of acute exacerbations; and (e) non-pharmacologic and preventive measures.
The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences 07/2014; 56(Spec No:5-54.).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-two patients with smear-negative miliary tuberculosis underwent fiberbronchoscopy and brush smears; bronchial aspirates and transbronchial lung biopsy specimens were obtained. A definite diagnosis of tuberculosis was made in 16 (73 percent) patients. A rapid diagnosis was established in 14 of these 16 patients either from brush smears alone (three) or bronchial aspirate smear alone (one) or exclusively by histopathologic study of biopsy specimens (seven). Both brush smears and biopsy histopathology results provided the diagnosis in three patients. Bronchial aspirate culture was the only positive specimen in two patients. No serious complication resulted from the procedure. Our experience substantiates previous reports of the value and safety of fiberbronchoscopy in the rapid diagnosis of smear-negative miliary tuberculosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fifty smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis patients underwent fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Bronchial aspirate smears of twelve patients and post-bronchoscopic sputum smears of fourteen patients were positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB). Bronchial biopsy provided the diagnosis in 9 out of 30 patients. Brush smears were positive in 28 patients, being the only positive sample in ten cases. A high yield from brush smears was obtained due to their preparation from caseous material wherever visible in the bronchi. With these results a rapid diagnosis was established in 36 of the 50 patients. When culture results were available, a definite diagnosis of tuberculosis was made in 45 of the patients. The yield from brush smears was found to be significantly better when compared to bronchial aspirate smears (p less than 0.01) and post-bronchoscopic sputum smears (p less than 0.01).
European Respiratory Journal 11/1988; 1(9):804-6. · 6.36 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-four patients suspected to have sarcoidosis were subjected to fibrebronchoscopy. Histopathological support for the diagnosis was ultimately obtained in 20 patients. Fibrebronchoscopy provided the diagnosis in 17 patients, while histopathological confirmation was obtained from extrapulmonary biopsy sites in 3 patients. Transbronchial lung biopsy, attempted without fluoroscopic guidance, revealed non-caseating granulomata in 15 patients. The only complication encountered was a small pneumothorax, not requiring intervention, in one patient. Lack of fluoroscopic guidance did not compromise the diagnostic yield or increase the complication rate of the procedure. Bronchial biopsy confirmed the diagnosis in 2 patients with a non-specific lung biopsy. It was positive in 6 of 8 patients with an abnormal appearing mucosa and in 5 of 12 patients with a normal bronchial tree. Random bronchial biopsy in all patients, irrespective of mucosal changes, made an important contribution to the yield of fibrebronchoscopy. Fibrebronchoscopy confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis in 2 patients with an atypical radiological picture, thereby differentiating the two conditions which occasionally mimic each other.
The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences 32(4):199-203.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tracheal carcinoid is a rare entity. A patient with a primary carcinoid tumour of trachea treated as a case of bronchial asthma for over a decade, is presented.
The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences 32(3):193-7.