Peng Hu

Anhui Medical University, Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China

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Publications (34)68.51 Total impact

  • International journal of dermatology 10/2015; DOI:10.1111/ijd.13122 · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Peng Hu · Bao Yu Huang · Xun Xia · Qiang Xuan · Bo Hu · Yuan Han Qin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Because most patients with ROD are asymptomatic in the early stage and bone biopsy remains not a routine procedure in many clinical settings; therefore, several biochemical parameters may help to identify the existence of ROD. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is considered as a positive regulator of bone formation. Both urinary excretion and renal expression of CNP are markedly up-regulated in the early stages of CKD, whereas they are still progressively declined accompanied by CKD progression, which invites speculation that the progressive decline of CNP may contribute, in part, to the pathogenesis of ROD. In addition, fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 is a bone-derived endocrine regulator of phosphate homeostasis. The elevation of serum FGF-23 has been recognized as a common feature in CKD to maintain normophosphatemia at the expense of declining 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D values. Since the effects of CNP and FGF-23 on bone formation appear to oppose each other, it is reasonable to propose a direct interaction of their signaling pathways during the progression of ROD. CNP and FGF-23 act through a close or reciprocal pathway and are in agreement with recent studies demonstrating a down-regulatory role of the mitogen-activated protein kinase activity by CNP. The specific node may act at the level of RAF-1 through the activation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinases II.
    Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 10/2015; DOI:10.3109/10799893.2015.1075041 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Jian Wang · Hai Bo Kong · Xue Qi Zhao · Jie Cai · Bo Hu ·

    Archives of Medical Science 08/2015; 11(4):905-7. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2015.53314 · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    Ling Zhang · Peng Hu · Jian Wang · Min Zhang · Qing Ling Zhang · Bo Hu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Mothers' knowledge of neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is grossly deficient or inaccurate, which may adversely affect the actions of mothers in the recognition of NNJ and cause a delay in seeking medical attention. Material and methods: A total of 1036 primiparas were separated randomly into the intervention group and the control group, with 518 primiparas in each group. Results: All (100%) mothers in the intervention group understood that NNJ is a yellow discoloration of the skin and sclera; 94.19% of them considered that NNJ is a common problem in newborns; 82.80% and 95.27% replied that jaundice appearing within the first 36 hours and lasting more than 2 weeks usually indicates pathological NNJ; 96.34%, 80.86%, and 90.32% realized that premature newborns, low birth weight, and perinatal asphyxia, respectively, are more likely to be accompanied by NNJ; 97.41%, 78.71%, and 64.95% knew that maternal-fetal blood group incompatibility, infection, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, respectively, are the common inducements to NNJ; 94.84% could associate NNJ with brain damage; 92.26%, 93.12%, and 74.62% agreed that phototherapy, strengthen feeding, and exchange blood transfusion, respectively, can greatly relieve NNJ. However, some respondents in the control group responded in other ways, such as stopping breastfeeding (9.19%), placing newborns in sunlight (10.24%) and traditional Chinese medicine (10.24%), which was significantly higher than that of the intervention group. There was also a significant delay for respondents in the control group in consulting a pediatrician, and 6.30% of them did not seek medical help until after the interview. Conclusions: Prenatal training could significantly improve new mothers' understanding of NNJ.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 06/2015; 21:1668-73. · 1.43 Impact Factor
  • Peng Hu · Yun Guan · Ling Lu ·

    The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences 01/2015; 31(3). DOI:10.1016/j.kjms.2014.12.006 · 0.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although many experimental therapeutic roles for C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) have been documented in the field of cardiovascular and pulmonary-vascular disease, the therapeutic uses of CNP to nephropathies are not as well documented. In this study, we established a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) to observe the beneficial effects of CNP on tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). In UUO rats, CNP administration induced a significant increase in plasma CNP levels, and caused a significant decrease in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels. In addition, CNP infusion also alleviated the pathological lesions and collagen IV accumulation in the obstructed kidneys through downregulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2 expression. In conclusion, exogenous CNP infusion can ameliorate UUO-induced TIF in rats. However, the use of CNP as a therapeutic agent requires further evaluation before being considered for human TIF.Laboratory Investigation advance online publication, 1 December 2014; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2014.149.
    Laboratory Investigation 12/2014; 95(3). DOI:10.1038/labinvest.2014.149 · 3.68 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Jun Wang · Xiao Chen Fan · Bo Hu · Ling Lu ·

    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 08/2014; 16(10). DOI:10.1111/jch.12394 · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Xue Qi Zhao · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Fang Deng · Li Ping Yuan ·

    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 12/2013; 16(3). DOI:10.1111/jch.12247 · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) selectively binds to the guanylyl cyclase coupled natriuretic peptide receptor (NPR)-B and exerts more potent antihypertrophic and antifibrotic properties. Elimination of CNP occurs mainly by neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and NPR-C. We established a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) to examine the continuous change of the CNP expression and to assess the correlations of NPR-B, NPR-C, NEP with CNP in the obstructed kidneys. The expressions of CNP mRNA and protein in the obstructed kidneys tended to be higher immediately after ligation and declined at later time points compared to sham-operated rats, measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot analysis. Subsequent correlation analysis indicated that CNP mRNA was positively correlated with NPR-B mRNA (r=+0.673, p<0.05). In addition, the increased expression of NPR-C (r=-0.943 and -0.837 for mRNA and protein respectively, p<0.05) and NEP (r=-0.687 and -0.823 for mRNA and protein respectively, p<0.05) were accompanied by a significant decline in CNP. A high level of CNP may contribute to the elevated expression of NPR-B in the early phase of UUO. More interestingly, paradoxical expressions of NPR-C and NEP may account for the decline of CNP in the obstructed kidneys.
    Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 11/2013; 15(4). DOI:10.1177/1470320313507121 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Guo You Zhang · Yang Wang · Yan Cheng · Li Li Wang ·
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    ABSTRACT: Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare and sporadic disorder characterized by the triad of capillary malformations, venous varicosities, and limb hypertrophy. The clinical manifestations of KTS are heterogeneous. In this report, we present a unique case of KTS in combination with congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) in a 4-day-old female neonate. The patient had a widespread port-wine stain surrounded by regions of unaffected skin in a mosaic pattern, cutaneous hemangioma on the upper lip, left-sided hemihypertrophy involving the entire body, and also evidence of left CDH (based on the results of a physical examination and radiographic interpretation). We present this case for the rarity of presentation, discuss the relationship between KTS and CDH, and the treatment options available with a brief review of the literature.
    Journal of the Chinese Medical Association 04/2013; 76(4):229-31. DOI:10.1016/j.jcma.2012.12.004 · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective and methods: This study established a simple stereological method to obtain quantitative information about two- or three-dimensional structures based on observations from kidney sections in the unilateral ureteral obstruction(UUO) model. Results: Tubulointerstitial area(TA) and TA/the area of a rectangular field(RA) were raised gradually, but significantly, in the obstructed kidney from 1 to 3months post-ligation in comparison to the sham kidney of sham-operated rats(SOR). On the contrary, glomerular area(GA) and glomerular volume(GV) were decreased progressively over time, but significantly, in the obstructed kidney from 3weeks to 3months post-ligation compared to the sham kidney of SOR. UUO caused a progressive decline of TA and TA/RA in the contralateral kidney. More specifically, there were significant decreases in TA at 1,2,3months post-ligation, while in TA/RA only at 3months post-ligation in comparison to the right kidney of SOR. In contrast, GA and GV enhanced in a time-dependent manner in the contralateral kidney, in which the difference in GA reached significance only at 3months post-ligation, whereas the difference in GV reached significance from 1 to 3months post-ligation when comparing with the right kidney of SOR. Conclusions: Our results confirmed two typical features of obstructive nephropathy, including widen interstitial space and glomerular atrophy in the obstructed kidney, and compensatory growth of the contralateral kidney.
    International journal of medical sciences 02/2013; 10(4):385-91. DOI:10.7150/ijms.5182 · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Jing Wang · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Min Zhang ·
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    ABSTRACT: The current report detailed an investigation of melamine-linked urinary stones in children exposed to contaminated formula. A total of 1062 children fed with melamine-contaminated infant formula were screened for urinary stones. Sixty healthy children without melamine exposure were recruited as a control group. Ultrasonography of the urinary tract system was performed. Urinalysis, renal function, liver status, and serum electrolytes were determined. We encountered 49 affected children from the 1062 screened ones, at a rate of 4.6% per ultrasound performed. Thirty-two were male, and 17 were female. The affected children ranged in age from 1 month to 96 months, with a mean of 25 months. Duration of exposure was from 1.3 months to 84 months, with a mean of 19.5 months. The melamine contents in serum were between 12 mg/kg and 2563 mg/kg, with mean concentration of 1295.3 mg/kg. Most affected children were asymptomatic with no urinary findings. Patients with urinary stones exhibited lower urine pH and serum HCO3 (-) than those in the healthy children, whereas for serum uric acid, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and anion gap the opposite trends were observed. The stone diameter ranged from 2 mm to 18 mm with a median of 6.5 mm. Multiple stones were noted in all patients. After 1 week of conservative management, stone diameters of 38 cases (77.6%) were significantly decreased. Among them, urinary stones were discharged completely in 21 affected children (42.9%). The short-term outcome of melamine-linked urinary stones is satisfactory.
    Archives of Medical Science 02/2013; 9(1):98-104. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2013.33350 · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Peng Hu · Qiang Xuan · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Yuan Han Qin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) is the first podocytic antigen responsible for human membranous nephropathy (MN). Besides the prevailing pathogenetic mechanism of immune complex, NEP is also involved in the metabolism of natriuretic peptides (NP). The identification of anti-NEP antibodies in human MN suggests that the decreased circulating NEP may down-regulate the NP catabolism. In this context, we hypothesize that NP disarrangement secondary to anti-NEP antibodies may account, in part, for the onset of proteinuria in MN. Whereas the pathways for the onset of proteinuria caused by elevated NP level are still obscure. The data presented in this review focus on those which support this hypothesis with regards to evidence from the glomerular haemodynamic changes, endothelial permeability, glomerular basement membrane disruption, and podocyte detachment.
    Molecular Biology Reports 12/2012; 40(4). DOI:10.1007/s11033-012-2367-4 · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Peng Hu · Jing Wang · Xue Qi Zhao · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Yuan Han Qin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Although the mechanism underlying C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) beneficial effects is not entirely understood, modulating the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)/tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) may play an important role. The study presented herein was designed as a first demonstration of the regulative effects of CNP on MMPs/TIMPs expression in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) rats. The continuous changes of CNP, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, TIMP-2 and type IV collagen (Col-IV) expression were determined in the obstructed rat kidneys at 3 days, 1, 2, and 3 months post-UUO respectively. According to the real-time PCR analysis, CNP, MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA expression in the obstructed kidneys were significantly higher compared to every time corresponding SOR, and progressively decreased over time. In contrast, in the obstructed kidneys collected 2 and 3 months post-UUO, the higher TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA expression were observed in comparison to the corresponding SOR group. The above trends of CNP, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 transcripts were confirmed by their protein expression based on immunohistochemistry and western blot, and finally contributed to the progressive elevated Col-IV expression in the obstructed kidneys throughout the entire study period. Overexpressed CNP may be an early compensatory response to counteract extracellular matrix remodeling in UUO rats.
    Molecular Biology Reports 10/2012; 40(2). DOI:10.1007/s11033-012-2186-7 · 2.02 Impact Factor
  • Peng Hu · Jing Wang · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Qiang Xuan · Yuan Han Qin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Although recent major advances have developed a much better understanding of the pathophysiological pathways, tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) is still currently incurable. Therefore, early detection may mean that the condition is more manageable than it was in the past. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) has been found to be a potent vasodilator but a weak natriuretic factor. In addition, CNP has also been believed to be produced in tubular cells and presented as a local modulator with anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Elimination of CNP occurs by three main mechanisms, neutral endopeptidase, natriuretic peptide receptor-C and urinary excretion. Among them, the status of urinary CNP excretion in nephropathies is not yet fully elucidated. In the present study, subgroups of rats were subjected to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) or sham operation and observed for 24h to 3 months. Urinary CNP excretion was significantly enhanced in UUO rats from 24h to 1 month post-ligation compared to sham-operated rats. Urinary CNP excretion was also markedly higher than CNP concentrations both in abdominal aorta and in renal vein, and almost identical concentrations in these two vessels excluded major renal extraction of circulating CNP of systemic origin. Urinary CNP excretion was negatively correlated with urinary protein concentration, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, while positively correlated with albumin. In conclusion, the increased urinary CNP excretion is strongly associated with TIF progression, and may serve as an early marker of TIF.
    Peptides 06/2012; 37(1):98-105. DOI:10.1016/j.peptides.2012.06.009 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Qiang Xuan · Bo Hu · Ling Lu · Jing Wang · Yuan Han Qin ·
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    ABSTRACT: Hypovitaminosis D is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, vitamin D has sparked widespread interest because of its potential favorable benefits on cardiovascular disease (CVD). Evidence from clinical studies and animal models supports the existence of biphasic cardiovascular effects of vitamin D, in which lower doses suppress CVD and higher doses stimulate CVD. However, the mechanism for the different effects remains unclear. Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) is a recently identified member of the FGF family, and thought to be actively involved in renal phosphate and vitamin D homeostasis. More specifically, Vitamin D stimulates FGF-23 secretion and is inhibited by increased FGF-23. Given this background, we hypothesize that FGF-23 may provide a unique tool to explain the biphasic cardiovascular effects of vitamin D in CKD. The data presented in this review support the hypothesis that FGF-23 may be linked with the high cardiovascular risk in CKD through accelerating the onset of vascular calcification, secondary hyperparathyroidism, left ventricular hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction. Therefore, modulation of FGF-23 may become a potential therapeutic target to lowing cardiovascular risk in CKD. Several clinical interventions, including decreased phosphate intake, phosphate binders, cinacalcet plus concurrent low-dose vitamin D, C-terminal tail of FGF-23 and renal transplantation, have been employed to manipulate FGF-23.
    International journal of biological sciences 05/2012; 8(5):663-71. DOI:10.7150/ijbs.3886 · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Shu Hou · Peng-Fei Du · Jia-Bin Li · Ying Ye ·
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    ABSTRACT: An 11-month-old male infant was admitted to our hospital with fever, fussiness, poor feeding, vomiting, and tachypnea for two days prior. Physical examination revealed sporadic papules and vesicles occurring on his hands, feet, face, and perianal mucosa. Enterovirus 71 was identified from both throat swab and vesicle fluid using virus isolation techniques. The patient's heart rate fluctuated in a very narrow range from 180~210/beats/min regardless of his physiologic state. An electrocardiogram showed P-waves buried within or occurring just after regular, narrow, QRS complexes. The patient was diagnosed as having hand, foot, and mouth disease in combination with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). The child recovered well with symptomatic treatment, including intravenous administration of acyclovir, glucocorticoids, immunoglobulin, adenosine, and sotalol. PSVT was terminated within 36 hours of hospitalization. The skin lesions became crusted on the third day, and then proceeded to heal spontaneously. Here we report on this unusual case and review the associated literature.
    Annals of Dermatology 05/2012; 24(2):200-2. DOI:10.5021/ad.2012.24.2.200 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is currently believed that melamine ingestion can lead to insoluble crystals in an animal's urinary system with subsequent physical obstruction or bladder carcinoma. However, whether melamine can cause injury of other tissues and organs in humans is yet unknown. In this study, we encountered 3 affected children with liver lesions, 2 males and 1 female, and detailed their clinical characterizations. Their ages were respectively 2, 6, and 10 months. Among the 3 patients with liver lesions, only 1 exhibited symptoms of gradual progressive jaundice, abdominal distention, hepatic intumesce, and bilirubin abnormality; the other 2 were asymptomatic. The mechanism associated with liver lesion may, at least in part, be due to physical deposition and blockage of the biliary tract system. Disturbance of the acid-base equilibrium may be another reason that accelerates stone formation in human tissues.
    Archives of Iranian medicine 04/2012; 15(4):247-8. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Ling Lu · Bo Hu · Fang Deng · Wen Jun Fei ·

    Journal of Clinical Hypertension 04/2012; 14(4):271-2. DOI:10.1111/j.1751-7176.2012.00602.x · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    Peng Hu · Yuan Han Qin · Feng Ying Lei · Juan Pei · Bo Hu · Ling Lu ·
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    ABSTRACT: Guangxi Zhuang, the largest ethnic minority in China, is located in the southern part of the country, and well-known to the world as the longevity village. Studies of apolipoprotein E (APOE) polymorphism in adults suggest the lower frequencies of E4 allele and E4/E4 genotype may account, in part, for the favorable lipid profiles of Guangxi Zhuang. However, the effect of APOE polymorphism on serum lipids in the Guangxi Zhuang children is yet unknown to date. In the present study, genomic DNA was extracted from 278 Guangxi Zhuang and 200 Guangxi Han children. APOE genotypes were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. The fasting serum lipoprotein a [Lp(a)], total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) and apoB were measured. Our results demonstrated that no significant differences in serum lipids were observed between the Guangxi Zhuang and Han children. The E4/E4 and E4/E3 genotypic frequencies were significantly lower in the Guangxi Zhuang children compared with the Guangxi Han children, whereas for E2/E2, E3/E2 and E4/E2 genotypic frequencies the opposite was presented. Though no significant differences in serum lipid concentrations were found for variant alleles both in the Guangxi Zhuang and Han children, the trend was observed in the association of higher levels of Lp(a), TC, TG and LDL-C with E4 allele in the Guangxi Zhuang children. In conclusion, a significant heterogeneity in APOE genetic variation indeed exists between the Guangxi Zhuang and Han ethnic group. The E4 allele may serve as a genetic marker for susceptibility to higher lipid profiles in the Guangxi Zhuang children. Lifestyle should be modified, according to APOE polymorphism even in the young children.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2011; 12(9):5604-15. DOI:10.3390/ijms12095604 · 2.86 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

150 Citations
68.51 Total Impact Points


  • 2009-2013
    • Anhui Medical University
      • Department of Pediatrics
      Luchow, Anhui Sheng, China
    • Guangxi Medical University
      Yung-ning, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, China