[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal fibrosis is an inevitable outcome of end-stage chronic kidney disease. During this process, epithelial cells lose E-cadherin expression. β-Catenin may act as a mediator by accumulation and translocation to the nucleus. Studies have suggested that CIP4, a Cdc42 effector protein, is associated with β-catenin. However, whether CIP4 contributes to E-cadherin loss in epithelial cells by regulating β-catenin translocation is unclear. In this study, we investigated the involvement of CIP4 in β-catenin translocation. Expression of CIP4 was upregulated in renal tissues of 5/6 nephrectomized rats and mainly distributed in renal tubular epithelia. In TGF-β1-treated NRK-52E cells, upregulation of CIP4 expression was accompanied by reduced expression of E-cadherin. CIP4 overexpression promoted the translocation of β-catenin to the nucleus, which was accompanied by reduced expression of E-cadherin even without TGF-β1 stimulation. In contrast, CIP4 depletion by using siRNA inhibited the translocation of β-catenin to the nucleus and reversed the decrease in expression of E-cadherin. The interaction between CIP4 and β-catenin was detected. We also show that β-catenin depletion could restore the expression of E-cadherin that was suppressed by CIP4 overexpression. In conclusion, these results suggest that CIP4 overexpression represses E-cadherin expression by promoting β-catenin translocation to the nucleus.
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 08/2015; 16(8):19170-83. DOI:10.3390/ijms160819170 · 2.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
This review is to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum GPC3 for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to conflicting results reported.
NCBI PubMed and Embase were comprehensively searched for studies that have used serum GPC3 level as a diagnostic index for HCC. The quality of the included studies was assessed. Subgroup analyses were conducted to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of GPC3 as a HCC marker. Statistical analysis was performed with the software STATA version 12.0.
A total of 22 studies were included. The qualities of included studies were relatively poor. Among them, 18 studies have shown that serum GPC3 is a specific biomarker for HCC, and the pooled sensitivity and specificity of these studies were 69 and 93%, respectively. The other 4 studies have reported conflicting results, which were not caused by races, infection status of HBV and HCV, or assay reagents but due to one common experimental design of enrolling liver cirrhosis patients as control subjects.
This meta-analysis indicates that serum GPC3 is elevated in HCC patients compared with healthy individuals, but more studies are needed to evaluate its effectiveness to differentially diagnose HCC and liver cirrhosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) gene was the first breast cancel susceptibility gene discovered in familial breast cancer. It has been revealed that BRCA1 can be combined with an array of important protein involved in cell cycle regulation, DNA repair, gene transcription control and apoptosis regulation. It plays a down-regulation effect on tumor growth and an important role in maintaining genomic stability. New research suggests that it also associate with the breast cancer stem cells and microRNA. Its mutations, promoter methylation and ectopic expression may one of the main reasons for the generation and development of hereditary breast cancer.
The Chinese-German Journal of Clinical Oncology 12/2013; 12(12). DOI:10.1007/s10330-013-1247-2
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have identified inflammatory features that enable the prediction of renal outcome of IgA nephropathy (IgAN); however, validation of these findings is still needed. This prospective study was performed to determine the characteristics of renal interstitial infiltration and tertiary lymphoid organ (TLO) neogenesis in a cohort of Chinese patients with IgAN.
Adult patients with IgAN were recruited into this study from June 2009 to June 2010. Inflammatory cells in renal biopsy tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Correlations between the density of interstitial inflammatory cells, grades of TLOs, and clinicopathologic features were evaluated. Of 152 eligible patients, 72 (47%) were successfully followed-up by telephone at 30 months after renal biopsy. Twelve patients were classified as the severe group and 60 patients were classified as the stable group, according to the progression of serum creatinine levels during the follow-up period. A comparison of the severity of interstitial infiltration and the frequency of TLO neogenesis between the two groups was performed.
The accumulation of interstitial inflammatory cells was correlated with decreased renal function, heavy proteinuria, and severe glomerular, interstitial, and arterial lesions in patients with IgAN. TLOs, identified as nodular inflammatory infiltrates containing organized DC-SIGN(+), CD4(+), CD8(+), and CD20(+) cells, were observed in 37.5% of patients. Patients with high-grade TLOs exhibited a high percentage of mesangial hypercellularity and crescents as well as severe interstitial and arterial lesions. Patients in the severe group exhibited more severe interstitial infiltration and a higher percentage of TLO neogenesis (83.3% versus 33.3%; P=0.001) compared with patients in the stable group.
As contributors to an active local inflammatory response, the severity of interstitial infiltration and the frequency of TLO neogenesis are correlated with glomerular, interstitial, and arterial lesions as well as IgAN progression.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 11/2013; 9(2). DOI:10.2215/CJN.01150113 · 4.61 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma is the most common human primary malignant bone tumor in children and young adults. Sensitive and non-invasive biomarkers that can facilitate disease detection at early stage are highly desirable to improve survival rate and help to determine optimized treatment for osteosarcoma. The small non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), have recently been identified as critical regulators for various diseases including cancer and may represent a novel class of cancer biomarkers. In this study, we aimed to detect the potential of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for osteosarcoma. Levels of six candidate miRNAs (miR-21, miR-199a-3p, miR-143, miR-34, miR-140, and miR-132) that were previously demonstrated to be regulated in osteosarcoma were examined in plasma of 40 osteosarcoma patients and 40 matched healthy controls by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays. The results showed that circulating levels of miR-21 were significantly higher in osteosarcoma patients than controls, while miR-199a-3p and miR-143 were decreased in osteosarcoma patients. We replicated the findings in an independent study of 40 osteosarcoma patients and 40 matched controls and confirmed the results. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis of the combined populations demonstrated that the three-miRNA signature could discriminate cases from controls with an area under the curve of 0.953 (95 % CI 0.924-0.984). In addition, circulating miR-21 and miR-143 were correlated with both metastasis status and histological subtype of the patients, while miR-199a-3p only correlated with histological subtype. Our data suggest that altered levels of circulating miRNAs might have great potential to serve as novel, non-invasive biomarkers for osteosarcoma.
Medical Oncology 03/2013; 30(1):340. DOI:10.1007/s12032-012-0340-7 · 2.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: By using a yeast two-hybrid system, a yeast two-hybrid bait vector was constructed and identified for screening of the HPV18 E6-interacting proteins, and its effects on the growth of yeast cells and the activation of reporter genes were investigated. Total mRNA extracted from Hela cells was reversely transcribed into cDNA. Fragment of HPV18 E6 cDNA was amplified using RT-PCR and directly ligated to the pGBKT7 vector. The recombinant plasmid was confirmed by restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA sequencing. The recombinant pGBKT7-HPV18 E6 plasmid and empty pGBKT7 vector were transformed into the yeast cell AH109, respectively. After they were cultured respectively in YPDA liquid medium and nutrition-deficient culture medium, their toxicity and transcriptional activation were tested by both the phenotype assay and the color assay. The bait plasmid HPV18 E6 was successfully obtained. After being cultured in YPDA liquid medium for 16h, the A (600 nm) values of two yeast fluids were 0.98+/-0.03 and 0.99+/-0.02, respectively. The recombinant pGBKT7-HPV18 E6 plasmid and empty pGBKT7 vector could grow to white colonies on SD/-Trp/X-alpha-gal plates, while no colony could survive on SD/-His/-Trp/X-alpha-gal, SD/-Ade/-Trp/X-alpha-gal plates, indicating that the bait plasmid pGBKT7-HPV18 E6 was constructed successfully and expressed correctly, and could not activate the transcription of reporter gene alone. The yeast two-hybrid GAL4 system 3 can be utilized to find HPV18 E6 interacting proteins.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 02/2010; 30(1):8-12. DOI:10.1007/s11596-010-0102-8 · 0.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The high-risk human papillomavirus oncoprotein 18 E6 (HPV18 E6) is associated with cervix cancer. This study was conducted in order to identify the transmembrane protein 87B (TMEM87B) as a novel binding protein interacting with the HPV18 E6 oncoprotein and to perform an initial bioinformatics analysis. The yeast strain AH109 was transformed with pGBKT7-HPV18 E6 and the yeast mating assay was utilized to identify the interaction between TMEM87B and HPV18 E6 in the human Hela cDNA library. TMEM87B mRNA was detected in Hela cells by using RT-PCR. The TMEM87B gene structure, genomic localization, physical and chemical characteristics, subcellular localization and functional domain were predicted, as well as the systematic evolution analysis on similar proteins among several species. In the yeast two-hybrid assay, HPV18 E6 mRNA was expressed and there was no self-activation and toxicity in the AH109 strain. The special TMEM87B mRNA expression was detected in Hela cells and the blue clones were validated by the yeast mating assay. An efficient bioinformatics analysis fundamentally identified that TMEM87B is a secretary protein, containing many phosphorylation sites and functional motifs and possibly involved in signal transduction and transcriptional control in carcinogenesis. It was indicated that the yeast two-hybrid system is efficient for screening interacting proteins. The novel gene TMEM87B may interact with HPV18 E6 and may be a potential oncogenesis target according to the bioinformatics analysis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of beta2-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in isolated rat hearts and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min global ischemia and 60 min reperfusion on a Langendorff apparatus. Cardiac function was evaluated by heart rate, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular systolic pressure, maximal rise rate of left ventricular pressure [+dp/dt(max)], and the coronary effluent (CF). Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the coronary effluent, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and Ca2+-ATPase activity in the cardiac tissue were measured using commercial kits. The apoptotic cardiomyocyte was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated digoxigenin-dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA levels and the expression of caspase-3 were detected by RT-PCR and immunoblotting, respectively. Cultured newborn rat cardiomyocytes were preincubated with clenbuterol, and oxidative stress injury was induced by H2O2. Cell viability and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometry (FCM).
In the isolated rat hearts after I/R injury, clenbuterol significantly improved diastolic function (LVEDP and CF) and Ca2+-ATPase activity. Treatment with clenbuterol increased SOD activity and decreased the MDA level and LDH release compared with the I/R group (P<0.05). Moreover, clenbuterol decreased apoptosis, which was associated with a reduction in TUNEL-positive cells, Bax/Bcl-2 mRNA, and caspase-3 expression. In H2O2-induced cardiomyocyte injury, clenbuterol increased cell viability and attenuated cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Pretreatment with ICI118551 (selective beta2-adrenergic antagonist) decreased these effects compared with the clenbuterol-treated group (P<0.05).
Clenbuterol ameliorated ventricular diastolic function by enhancing Ca2+-ATPase activity and reduced oxidative stress and cardiac myocyte apoptosis in an experimental rat model of myocardium I/R. It decreased cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by H2O2 in vitro. It plays a key role in the cardiac protection against myocardium I/R injury.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ezrin primarily acts as a linker between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton and is a key component in tumor metastasis. In the present study, RNA interference (RNAi) using ezrin small hairpin RNAs (ezrin shRNAs) was used to define the roles of ezrin in the regulation of malignant behaviors of human breast cancer. The highly metastatic human breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231, in which ezrin mRNA and protein levels are the highest, was selected as a cell model in vitro. In addition, we also found that ezrin expression was up-regulated and its immuno-staining trans-located from cell membrane to cytoplasm, whereas E-cadherin expression decreased and showed the same cell distribution as ezrin in lymphatic metastases of human breast carcinomas. After repression of ezrin by more than 85% of G3PDH and 75% of beta-actin in mRNA and protein levels was maintained in the stable expressing ezrin shRNAs MDA-MB-231 cell clones, the abilities of cell motility and invasiveness were obviously inhibited with a 4-fold and 2-fold, respectively, and the altered cell polarity was observed. Western blot analyses further revealed that the silencing of ezrin induced an increased E-cadherin expression and a decreased phosphorylation of beta-catenin by inhibiting phosphorylation levels of c-src. These data indicate that ezrin overexpression positively correlated with metastatic potentials of human breast cancer cells, especially lymphatic system metastasis. Decreased ezrin expression by shRNA reversed metastatic behaviors of human breast cancer cells by inducing c-src-mediated E-cadherin expression, suggesting that ezrin may have potential values in assessing lymphatic metastasis of human breast cancers.
Cancer Letters 04/2008; 261(1):55-63. DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2007.11.018 · 5.62 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To screen for novel binding proteins interacting with high-risk HPV 18 E6 oncogene, the strain AH109 was transformed with pGBKT7-HPV18 E6 plasmid, and subsequent transference was utilized to screen for interacting proteins with HPV 18 E6 in human Hela cDNA library. HPV18 E6 mRNA was expressed in yeast and there was no self-activation and toxicity in AH109. Seven proteins that interacted with HPV18 E6, including transmembrane protein 87B, phosphonoformate immuno-associated protein 5, vimentin, KM-HN-1 protein, dedicator of cytokinesis 7, vaccinia related kinase 2 and a hypothetical protein, were identified. It was suggested that yeast two-hybrid system is an efficient for screening interacting proteins. The high-risk HPV 18 E6 oncogene may interact with the proteins, which may be associated with signal transduction and transcriptional control, epithelial cell invasion and migration, as well as humoral and cellular immune etc. This investigation provides functional clues for further exploration of potential oncogenesis targets for cancer biotherapy.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology 03/2008; 28(1):93-6. DOI:10.1007/s11596-008-0124-7 · 0.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A significant proportion of prostate cancer patients treated with curative intent develop advanced disease. At a fundamental biological level, very little is known about what makes the disease aggressive and metastatic. Observational pathology reports and experimental data suggest that an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in prostate cancer invasiveness. The mechanism by which vimentin promotes prostate cancer cell invasion and metastasis was examined. The highly metastatic human prostate epithelial cell line PC-3M-1E8 (1E8-H) and the low metastatic line PC-3M-2B4 (2B4-L) were used for comparative proteomic analysis by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). A transwell assay was performed to test cell migration and invasion and immunoblotting was used to analyze the relative expression of proteins. High vimentin expression was detected in 1E8-H compared to 2B4-L cells. Down-regulation of vimentin in 1E8-H by antisense-vimentin transfection led to a significant inhibition of invasiveness, and selective stimulation of vimentin activity in 2B4-L by delivery of recombinant vimentin promoted cell invasiveness. Vimentin activity was associated with C-src, beta-catenin and E-cadherin expression. PP2, a specific inhibitor of src family kinases, reduced phospho-beta-catenin expression and induce E-cadherin expression. Vimentin promotes tumor cell invasiveness and the targeting of vimentin/C-src may be a promising strategy for preventing or blocking prostate cancer metastasis.
Anticancer research 01/2008; 28(1A):327-34. · 1.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study utilized LC-MS and HPLC approaches to characterize the metabolites of neferine in rat liver after an oral administration of 20 mg x kg(-1), and investigated the involvement of CYP450 isoforms in the metabolism of neferine by their selective inhibitors in vitro, separately. In positive ionization mode, besides neferine, four metabolites (M1-M4) were detected. M2 (the major metabolite) and M4 were identified as liensinine and isoliensinine by comparison with reference substances. Moreover, according to the analysis of metabolic rule of parent drug (neferine), M1 and M3 may be desmethylliensinine and desmethyl-isoliensinine, respectively. Furthermore, the metabolism of neferine in rat liver microsomes showed that the percentage inhibition of the major metabolism (liensinine) formation was 80.5% by quinidine (10 micromol x L(-1), selective CYP2D1 inhibitor) and 25.7% by ketoconazole (1 micromol x L(-1), selective CYP3A1 inhibitor). Neferine was mainly metabolized by CYP2D1 or CYP3A1 to liensinine, isoliensinine, desmethyl-liensinine and desmethyl-isoliensinine.
Yao xue xue bao = Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 11/2007; 42(10):1034-40.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We observed the effect of modified Wendan decoction (modified Wen-Dan-Tang) on a cellular model of Alzheimer's disease. Amyloid beta (Abeta) 25-35 segment neurotoxin was employed to induce a PC12 cellular model of Alzheimer's disease. After modified Wendan decoction was fed to rats, the serum containing medicine was prepared and changes in cell morphology observed. Cell mortality and survival rate was examined by trypan blue stain assay and MTT method and caspase-3 expression was detected by western blot, while cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. Cell morphology of prepared serum group was better than that of controls, and cell survival rate in prepared serum group was higher than that in control (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). Cell mortality, caspase-3 expression and apoptosis rate in prepared serum group were lower than that in control (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). We conclude that Modified Wendan Decoction can attenuate the neurotoxicity of Abeta 25-35 and rescue neurons via suppressing apoptotic process.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 10/2007; 6(3):325-30. DOI:10.1093/ecam/nem103 · 1.88 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To better understand the molecular mechanisms of prostate cancer (PCA) dissemination and to develop new anti-metastasis therapies, key regulatory molecules involved in PCA metastasis were identified in two human androgen-independent PCA cell lines, highly metastatic 1E8-H and lowly metastatic 2B4-L cells. Through 2-DE and MS analyses, 12 proteins with different expression levels in the two cell lines were identified. The following proteins were found to be significantly up-regulated in 1E8-H cells compared with 2B4-L cells: gp96 precursor, calreticulin precursor, vimentin (VIM), Hsp90alpha, peroxiredoxin 2, HNRPH1, ezrin, T-complex protein 1, alpha subunit, and hypothetical protein mln2339. In contrast, heart L-lactate dehydrogenase H chain, annexin I, and protein disulfide isomerase were notably down-regulated in 1E8-H cells compared with 2B4-L cells. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that up-regulation of VIM expression positively correlates with the invasion and metastasis of androgen-independent PCA.