[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore a new schedule of gemcitabine-cisplatin (GP) combination therapy using two different cisplatin doses in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
From May to December 1997, 92 chemonaive patients entered the study and 88 (28 with locally advanced and 60 with disseminated NSCLC) were evaluable for response and toxicity (45 in arm A and 43 in arm B). Patients were randomly assigned to arm A or arm B. Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 was given on days 1-8 plus cisplatin 100 mg/m2 in arm A and cisplatin 70 mg/m2 in arm B on day 2 of every 21-day cycle.
The overall response rates in arms A and B were 42% (95% confidence interval (CI): 27.8%-56.7%) and 47% (95% CI: 31.6%-61.5%), respectively. Median duration of response was 9.7 months (range 1.8 to 30.9 months; 13.1 and 9.5 months for arm A and B, respectively), and median survival was 12 months (range 0.2 to 31.1 months; 15.4 and 11.5 months for arm A and B, respectively). Major WHO grade 3-4 toxicities in arm A vs. arm B included: thrombocytopenia (23% vs. 17% of courses), leukopenia (15%, vs. 4% of courses), anemia (7% vs. 6% of courses), and nausea-vomiting (20% vs. 7% of patients). Grade 1-2 nephrotoxicity occurred in 20% of patients in arm A and in 7% of patients in arm B, with one grade 4 episode in arm A. Six patients discontinued treatment because of toxicities, 5 in arm A and I in arm B.
Results of this trial indicate that both schedules are feasible and active, with a milder toxicity in the arm with the lower cisplatin dose.
Annals of Oncology 11/2000; 11(10):1295-300. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: More than 30% of lung cancers arise in patients aged 70 years or more; however, because elderly patients are not considered to tolerate chemotherapy, they are generally excluded from clinical trials and are not considered eligible for aggressive cisplatin-based chemotherapy in clinical practice. The aims of the present study were to test tolerability and activity of weekly vinorelbine in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients aged 70 years or more, and to define whether minimum conditions existed for a randomised comparison with best supportive care. The study was designed as a multicentre two-stage phase II trial according to Simon's optimal design: 8 or more responses out of 43 treated patients were expected at the end of the trial. Patients aged 70 years or more were eligible if they had a cytological or histological diagnosis of NSCLC at stage IIIb-IV and a performance status less than or equal to two according to the ECOG scale. Vinorelbine was given intravenously (i.v.) at a dose of 30 mg/m2 every week for 12 doses. As planned, 43 patients entered the study; median age was 73 years (range 70-80); 11 patients were older than 75 years. Median dose-intensity (mg/m2/week) of vinorelbine was 21.2 (range 7.5-30) and was not affected by age of patients. Toxicity was generally mild, mainly haematological and never life-threatening. ECOG performance status improved in 26% of patients; cough and pain improved in more than 40% of patients symptomatic at entry, while dyspnoea improved in 28%; approximately half the patients had a stabilisation of their symptoms. 10 patients (23-95% exact confidence interval (CI): 12-39%) obtained a partial response. Median time to progression was 11 weeks (95% CI 8-30) and median survival 36 weeks (95% CI 28-53). One-year estimated progression-free and overall survival rates are 16% and 36%, respectively. In conclusion, vinorelbine was well tolerated and active in the treatment of elderly NSCLC patients. A phase III trial (ELVIS-Elderly Lung Cancer Vinorelbine Italian Study) comparing best supportive care versus best supportive care plus vinorelbine is now ongoing.
European Journal of Cancer 04/1997; 33(3):392-7. · 5.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In a phase II trial, 36 patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer were treated with: folinic acid (FA) 500 mg/m2 in a 2-hr intravenous (IV) infusion, 5- fluorouracil (5-FU) 600 mg/m2 as an IV push injection 1 hr after FA, and hydroxyurea (HU) 35 mg/kg/day given p.o. in three administrations (every 8 hr) 6 hr after 5-FU. Cycles consisted of six weekly treatments for 6 weeks, followed by a 2-week rest period. Thirty-three patients were evaluable for response and 36 for toxicity; 73% had previous chemotherapy. The response rate was 30% (CR + PR), the median duration of response was 21 weeks (range 5-36), and time to failure was 17 weeks (range 3-51). The response in patients previously exposed to chemotherapy was 29% and 44% in chemotherapy-naïve patients. The median survival for all entered patients was 28 weeks (range 6-54). The most common toxicity was gastrointestinal: diarrhea 22/36 (61%), mucositis 15/36 (42%), and nausea and vomiting 15/36 (42%); hematological toxicity was mild. We conclude that HU can potentiate the activity of 5-FU plus FA in advanced gastrointestinal cancer; in particular, HU can restore the activity of 5-FU in patients previously exposed to chemotherapy.
Cancer Investigation 02/1996; 14(3):234-8. · 2.24 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: One hundred eighty-one patients with measurable recurrent or metastatic colorectal cancer, who had not received prior chemotherapy, were randomized in a prospective controlled trial to receive 5-fluorouracil (5FU), 13.5 mg/kg, for five days (arm A) or high-dose folinic acid [Cyanamid-Lederle, Italy] (FA), 200 mg/m2, for five days and 5FU, 400 mg/m2 for five days (arm B). The treatments were repeated every four weeks. One hundred fifty-five patients were evaluable for response. The two arms were balanced for all potential prognostic factors studied. The response rate (CR+PR) was 18% in the 5FU arm and 16% in the 5FU plus FA arm. Median duration of response was 56 weeks for 5FU alone and 42 weeks for the combination (p = 0.48). Median time to failure (TTF) was 20 weeks for arm A and 21 for arm B (p = 0.62). Median survival was 62 weeks on the 5FU arm and 53 weeks on the FA plus 5FU arm (p = 0.14). Dose intensity (DI) delivered was the same in both arms. Diarrhea and mucositis were the most frequent adverse reactions in arm B; 20% of the patients in arm A and 38% of those in arm B experienced diarrhea (p = 0.008). Mucositis occurred in 34% of patients in arm A and 42% in arm B (p = 0.04). In general nausea and vomiting were moderate. Hematological toxicity was more severe in patients treated with 5FU alone: 31% in arm A and 14% in arm B developed leukopenia (p = 0.015). In the combination arm one patient died due to gastrointestinal and hematological toxicity after the seventh cycle. This study indicates that, in advanced colorectal cancer, the combination of high-dose FA and 5FU is not superior to 5FU alone when utilized at standard high-dose intensity.
Annals of Oncology 06/1992; 3(5):371-6. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this prospective randomized study, first-line treatment with the combination of cisplatin (P) and etoposide (E) was compared with the standard cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and fluorouracil (CMF) combination in 140 patients. Complete remissions were obtained in 11% of 65 assessable patients on CMF and in 12% of 65 assessable patients on PE. Complete plus partial remission rates were 48% on CMF and 63% on PE (P = .08). Time to progression (median, 32 v 31 weeks), duration of response (48 v 39 weeks), and survival (75 v 76 weeks) were not different. Hematologic toxicity was significantly higher with PE, and gastrointestinal side effects were frequent with this treatment. This study demonstrated that the PE combination is effective as front-line chemotherapy. As far as response rate is concerned, a trend of superiority over CMF was observed, which was of borderline significance. Due to the lack of survival advantage and to toxicity, this combination is not recommended for routine clinical use. However, its high level of activity should be taken into account for further research.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/1991; 9(4):664-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors report a case of severe thrombocytopenia during treatment with low doses of aminoglutethimide in a woman with advanced breast cancer. Hematologic toxicity secondary to aminoglutethimide did not seem to be dose-related, and an immunologic mechanism may be postulated. Although the incidence of the side effect is probably low, monitoring of blood counts during the first months of therapy is necessary.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors report on a consecutive series of 1,003 breast cancer cases classified on the basis of Wolfe mammographic parenchymal patterns and estrogen receptor content. The association between these two variables was investigated to assess the reliability of parenchymal patterns in predicting the estrogen receptor status. No significant association was observed after adjustment for possible confounders such as age, menopausal status, and T category. Mammographic parenchymal patterns appear to have no role in predicting estrogen receptor status.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-three patients with advanced colorectal cancer were treated with folinic acid (200 mg/m2/day 1-5 IV bolus injection) and 5-fluorouracil (400 mg/m2/day 1-5 IV in 15 minutes) every 28 days. Only three patients were pretreated. Objective response was observed in 6 (30%) of 20 evaluable patients (three complete and three partial responses). The median duration of response was 9 months (range 5-15) and time to disease progression ranged from 2 to 12 months (median 6 months). Median survival was 21 months (range 12-23+) for responders. Another 6 (30%) patients had stabilization of disease. Toxicity was generally gastrointestinal (mucositis, diarrhea, nausea); moderate leukopenia was noted. The response rate found in this study indicates that folinic acid administered in high doses enhances the effectiveness of 5-FU administered concomitantly in colorectal cancer.
Cancer Investigation 02/1988; 6(2):133-8. · 2.24 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Twenty-two patients with advanced malignancies were treated with low-dose cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) (45 mg/m2 sc every 12 h for 3 days) and cisplatin (DDP) (100 mg/m2 ev on day 2, 2 h after ara-C. Patients received 61 cycles of ara-C + DDP with a median number per patient of 2.7 cycles (range, 1-5). All patients were evaluable for toxicity and response. Overall, 6 of 22 patients (27%) obtained an objective response (2 CR + 4 PR) with a median response duration of 20 weeks. Hematologic and gastrointestinal toxicities were moderate. Our results show a low response rate with the ara-C and DDP combination compared to the interesting results obtained in vitro.