Pei Wang

University of Texas at Austin, Texas City, TX, United States

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Publications (6)22.54 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vitamin E analog, 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2R-(4R,8R, 12-trimethyltridecyl) chroman-6-yloxyacetic acid, referred to as alpha-TEA induces apoptosis in a variety of human cancer cells in cell culture and reduces tumor burden and metastases in preclinical animal models of breast and ovarian cancer. The goal of this study was to determine in vivo anticancer efficacy of alpha-TEA against human prostate cancer cells and identify mechanisms of action. A PC-3-GFP xenograft model was used to assess the effects of alpha-TEA formulated in liposomes and administered orally on tumor burden and metastases. Tumor tissue was examined by immunohistochemical staining for percentage of cells undergoing apoptosis by TUNEL or cell proliferation by Ki-67. In vitro analyses of mechanisms employed western immunoblotting to examine effects of alpha-TEA-treatments in LNCaP and PC-3-GFP cells on levels of pro-survival and pro-death factors. Functional significance was determined using ectopically expressed constitutively active forms, inhibitors, or siRNA. alpha-TEA significantly reduced tumor burden and metastases, increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation of tumor cells (P < 0.05). alpha-TEA treatment of both LNCaP and PC-3-GFP cells in vitro reduced levels of pAkt1, pAkt2; FOXO1, c-FLIP(L) and survivin. Constitutively active Akt1, Akt2, c-FLIP or survivin reduced alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis. PI3K inhibitor enhanced apoptosis. Constitutively active FOXO1 enhanced alpha-TEA induced Fas ligand expression; whereas, FOXO1 siRNA reduced alpha-TEA induced Fas ligand expression. alpha-TEA is an effective anticancer agent for human prostate cancer cells. Downregulation of pro-survival and upregulation of pro-death factors play roles in alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis.
    The Prostate 07/2008; 68(8):849-60. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microarray analyses of human MDA-MB-435 breast cancer cells treated with vitamin E analog 2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-2R-(4R,8R,12-trimethyltridecyl) chroman-6-yloxy acetic acid (alpha-TEA) showed over 400 genes to be modulated. Thirty-four genes deemed of interest based on potential involvement in anticancer activities of alpha-TEA fell into six categories: apoptosis related, signal transduction, cell cycle related, cell adhesion and motility, transcriptional regulators, and membrane traffic related. The gene (PMAIP1) for NOXA was studied further. NOXA mRNA and protein levels were elevated in a time and dose-dependent fashion following alpha-TEA treatment. Functional knockdowns using small interfering RNA (siRNA) showed NOXA to contribute to alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis. A correlation between alpha-TEA's ability to upregulate NOXA and induce apoptosis was seen among several human breast cancer cell lines. Efforts to identify upstream regulators of NOXA in alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis identified the necessity of both c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation and p73 expression. Additionally, protein levels of full length p73 were decreased by JNK siRNA treatment, suggesting that the signal transduction module of JNK-p73-NOXA is involved in alpha-TEA induced apoptosis of human breast cancer cells. Taken together, these findings suggest a role for JNK activation in mediating full length p73 expression and add to our understanding of the mechanisms of anticancer actions of alpha-TEA, a potential chemotherapeutic agent.
    Molecular Carcinogenesis 07/2008; 47(6):436-45. · 4.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The goal of these studies was to investigate the potential anticancer properties of two naturally occurring plant sources and two manufactured synthetic forms of vitamin E, i. e., RRR-alpha-tocopherol (alphaT), RRR-gamma-tocopherol (gammaT), all-rac-alpha-tocopherol (all-rac-alphaT), and all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (all-rac-alphaTAc) in breast cancer models. Vitamin E compounds were evaluated in vitro for inhibition of colony formation and induction of apoptosis in human MDA-MB-435 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells and murine 66cl-4 mammary cancer cells and in vivo for ability to reduce tumor growth and lung and lymph node metastases using the transplantable syngeneic BALB/c mouse 66cl-4-GFP mammary cancer model. gammaT inhibited colony formation and induced apoptosis in all three cancer cell lines. alphaT and all-rac-alphaT were less effective and all-rac-alphaTAc was ineffective. gammaT-induced apoptosis was correlated with activation of caspases-8 and -9 and down-regulation of protein expression of c-FLIP and survivin. In vivo study 1 analyses showed that all-rac-alphaT and all-rac-alphaTAc significantly inhibited tumor growth and inhibited both visible and microscopic size lung metastases. In vivo study 2 analyses showed that alphaT and gammaT reduced tumor growth, but only gammaT reduced tumor growth significantly in comparison to control. In conclusion, synthetic, but not natural, vitamin E exhibits promising anti-cancer properties in vivo.
    Molecular Nutrition & Food Research 05/2008; 52(4):447-56. · 4.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alpha-tocopherol ether-linked acetic acid (alpha-TEA), an analog of vitamin E (RRR-alpha-tocopherol), is a potent pro-apoptotic agent for human cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis was investigated in LNCaP and PC-3 human prostate cancer cells. Apoptosis was measured by DAPI-staining and FACS analyses of the sub-G1 fraction. Signaling molecules involved in apoptosis were measured by Western immunoblot analyses with or without prior immunoprecipitation, FACS analyses of cell surface membrane expression, RT-PCR analyses of mRNA levels, and chromatin immunoprecipitation. Functional significance was determined using siRNAs, dominant negative mutant, chemical inhibitor, or neutralizing antibody. Alpha-TEA treatment increased Fas and Fas ligand mRNA and protein levels; as well as, levels of cell surface membrane Fas in both cell lines. Blockage of Fas signaling attenuated alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis. alpha-TEA treatment also produced prolonged, elevated levels of activated (phosphorylated) c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and its substrate c-Jun, both of which were demonstrated to be necessary for alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation results showed binding of c-Jun to the promoters of both Fas and FasL in alpha-TEA treated cells. Investigations of alpha-TEA-triggered apoptosis showed dual signaling from Fas with essential roles for both FADD and Daxx with FADD initiating the classical pathway mediated by caspase-8 activation and Daxx initiating an alternate pathway involving activation of JNK, c-Jun, and increased levels of Fas and FasL. Collectively, data support critical roles for JNK, c-Jun, and dual signaling from Fas/FasL via FADD and Daxx in alpha-TEA-induced apoptosis of human prostate cancer cells.
    The Prostate 04/2008; 68(4):427-41. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Goal of this study was to investigate the pro-apoptotic properties of RRR-gamma-tocopherol (gammaT) in human breast cancer cells. gammaT was shown to induce cancer cells but not normal cells to undergo apoptosis, sensitize cancer cells to Tumor necrosis factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis, and increase death receptor 5 (DR5) mRNA, protein and cell surface expression. Knockdown of DR5 attenuated gammaT-induced apoptosis. Investigations of post-receptor signaling showed: caspase-8, Bid and Bax activation, increases in mitochondria permeability, cytochrome c release and caspase-9 activation. Thus, gammaT is a potent pro-apoptotic agent for human breast cancer cells inducing apoptosis via activation of DR5-mediated apoptotic pathway.
    Cancer Letters 03/2008; 259(2):165-76. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Efficacy of alpha-TEA formulated in liposome or biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticle was evaluated in a BALB/c clone 66cl-4 mammary cancer mouse model using oral delivery. alpha-TEA-loaded liposome or nanoparticle at 5 mg, but not 2.5 mg/day, significantly reduced tumor burden (p < 0.001). Both formulations at 5 mg significantly reduced visible lung metastases and lymph node and lung micrometastatic tumor foci. Surprisingly, nanoparticle control mice exhibited significantly reduced tumor burden, lymph node, and lung micrometastatic tumor foci. Both formulations at 5 mg significantly enhanced tumor apoptosis. In summary, liposomes and nanoparticles are effective means for administering the lipophilic anticancer drug alpha-TEA.
    Drug Delivery 11/2007; 14(8):497-505. · 2.02 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

71 Citations
22.54 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2008
    • University of Texas at Austin
      • School of Biological Sciences
      Texas City, TX, United States