Pasi A Koivisto

Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Province of Western Finland, Finland

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Publications (84)405.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We recently established the rationale that NRBP1 (nuclear receptor binding protein 1) has a potential growth-promoting role in cell biology. NRBP1 interacts directly with TSC-22, a potential tumor suppressor gene that is differently expressed in prostate cancer. Consequently, we analyzed the role of NRBP1 expression in prostate cancer cell lines and its expression on prostate cancer tissue microarrays (TMA). The effect of NRBP1 expression on tumor cell growth was analyzed by using RNAi. NRBP1 protein expression was evaluated on two TMAs containing prostate samples from more than 1,000 patients. Associations with clinico-pathological features, the proliferation marker Ki67 and survival data were analyzed. RNAi mediated silencing of NRBP1 expression in prostate cancer cell lines resulted in reduced cell growth (P < 0.05). TMA analysis revealed NRBP1 protein expression in benign prostate hyperplasia in 6% as compared to 60% in both, high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia and prostate cancer samples. Strong NRBP1 protein expression was restricted to prostate cancer and correlated with higher expression of the proliferation marker Ki67 (P < 0.05). Further, patients with strong NRBP1 protein expression showed poor clinical outcomes (P < 0.05). Analysis of matched localized cancer tissues before and after castration revealed that post-therapy-related repression of NRBP1 expression was significantly associated with better overall survival. We demonstrate that expression of NRBP1 is up-regulated during the progression of prostate cancer and that high NRBP1 expression is linked with poor prognosis and enhanced tumor cell growth. Prostate 72:1678-1687, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    The Prostate 04/2012; 72(15):1678-87. · 3.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of a functional polymorphism in the transcriptional control region of serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR, SERTPR) has been studied intensively in major depression and in the response to selective serotonin inhibitors (SSRIs) in major depression. The findings have been contradictory, although majority of the studies indicate that the short allele is associated with poor response to SSRIs in major depression. In the present study, we evaluated the association of 5-HTTLPR with treatment response to SSRI medication in Finnish Caucasian MDD patients. A secondary purpose was to study the possible association of this particular polymorphism with major depressive disorder. The aim of the study was to replicate the previous findings in this area. Primary outcomes of the treatment were remission, defined by an exit score of seven or less, and response, defined by a reduction of at least 50% on the MADRS. We had also a control population of 375 healthy blood donors, as a secondary objective was to evaluate the possible association of this particular polymorphism with major depressive disorder. Twenty-nine of the 85 (34.1%) patients reached the remission and 58.8% achieved the predefined response criteria. The l/l genotype of 5-HTTLPR was presented in 51.7% of those patients who achieved remission vs. 25.0% in the non-remitters (P = 0.03). The result remained statistically significant after adjusting for age, gender, medication and MADRS points at the study entry. However, the small sample size limits the reliability of this result.
    European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 03/2011; 261(2):95-102. · 3.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Androgen withdrawal is the standard treatment for advanced prostate cancer. Although this therapy is initially effective, nearly all prostate cancers become refractory to it. Approximately 15% of these castration-resistant prostate cancers harbour a genomic amplification at 10q22. The aim of this study was to explore the structure of the 10q22 amplicon and to determine the major driving genes. Application of high-resolution array-CGH using the 244k Agilent microarrays to cell lines with 10q22 amplification allowed us to narrow down the common amplified region to a region of 5.8 megabases. We silenced each of the genes of this region by an RNAi screen in the prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and 22Rv1. We selected genes with a significant growth reduction in the 10q22 amplified cell line PC-3, but not in the non-amplified 22Rv1 cells, as putative target genes of this amplicon. Immunohistochemical analysis of the protein expression of these candidate genes on a tissue microarray enriched for 10q22 amplified prostate cancers revealed vinculin as the most promising target of this amplicon. We found a strong association between vinculin gene amplification and overexpression (p < 0.001). Further analysis of 443 specimens from across all stages of prostate cancer progression showed that vinculin expression was highest in castration-resistant prostate cancers, but negative or very low in benign prostatic hyperplasia (p < 0.0001). Additionally, high tumour cell proliferation measured by Ki67 expression was significantly associated with high vinculin expression in prostate cancer (p < 0.0001). Our data suggest that vinculin is a major driving gene of the 10q22 amplification in prostate cancer and that vinculin overexpression might contribute to prostate cancer progression by enhancing tumour cell proliferation.
    The Journal of Pathology 03/2011; 223(4):543-52. · 7.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical features of familial prostate cancer (PCa) and other malignancies associated with PCa are poorly described. Using a large family-based data registry of histologically confirmed cancers with a 40-year follow-up, we sought to determine incidence of cancer in Finnish PCa families, separately for clinically aggressive and clinically nonaggressive PCa. We calculated standardized incidence ratios (SIR) for 5,523 members of 202 families by dividing the number of observed cancers (altogether 497 cases) by the number of expected cancers. The number of expected cancers is based on the national cancer incidence rates. SIR for overall cancer risk, excluding PCa, for male relatives in clinically nonaggressive families was 0.7 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.6-0.8] and in clinically aggressive families 0.8 (95% CI, 0.6-1.0). The respective SIRs for women were 1.0 (95% CI, 0.8-1.1) and 1.1 (95% CI, 0.8-1.3). The incidence of lung cancer among men was significantly lower than in the general population. The SIR for gastric cancer among women was 1.9 in both clinically nonaggressive and clinically aggressive families. In clinically aggressive families, there was borderline significant excess of cancer of the gallbladder in men and liver cancer in women. The incidence of non-PCa cancers is not increased in clinically aggressive or clinically nonaggressive PCa families except for stomach cancer among women.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &amp Prevention 11/2009; 18(11):3049-56. · 4.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The predominantly autosomal dominant disorder, oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) has high penetrance with intra- and interfamilial phenotypic variability. Abnormalities observed in ODDD affect the eye, dentition, and digits of the hands and feet. Patients present with a characteristic facial appearance, narrow nose, and hypoplastic alae nasi. Neurological problems, including dysarthria, neurogenic bladder disturbances, spastic paraparesis, ataxia, anterior tibial muscle weakness, and seizures, are known to occur as well as conductive hearing loss, cardiac defects, and anomalies of the skin, hair, and nails. In 2003, our analysis of 17 ODDD families revealed that each had a different mutation within the human gap junction alpha 1 (GJA1) gene which encodes the protein connexin 43 (Cx43). Since then at least 17 publications have identified an additional 26 GJA1 mutations and in this study, we present 28 new cases with 18 novel GJA1 mutations. We include tables summarizing the 62 known GJA1 nucleotide changes leading to Cx43 protein alterations and the phenotypic information available on 177 affected individuals from 54 genotyped families. Mutations resulting in ODDD occur in each of the nine domains of the Cx43 protein, and we review our functional experiments and those in the literature, examining the effects of 13 different Cx43 mutations upon gap junction activity.
    Human Mutation 04/2009; 30(5):724-33. · 5.21 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Urology - J UROL. 01/2009; 181(4):62-62.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2009; 8(4):317-317.
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2009; 8(8):570-570.
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    ABSTRACT: MYH9-related disease (MYH9-RD) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder caused by mutations in MYH9, the gene for the heavy chain of nonmuscle myosin IIA (NMMHC-IIA). All patients present from birth with macrothrombocytopenia, but in infancy or adult life, some of them develop sensorineural deafness, presenile cataracts, and/or progressive nephritis leading to end-stage renal failure. No consistent correlations have been identified between the 27 different MYH9 mutations identified so far and the variable clinical evolution of the disease. We have evaluated 108 consecutive MYH9-RD patients belonging to 50 unrelated pedigrees. The risk of noncongenital manifestations associated with different genotypes was estimated over time by event-free survival analysis. We demonstrated that all subjects with mutations in the motor domain of NMMHC-IIA present with severe thrombocytopenia and develop nephritis and deafness before the age of 40 years, while those with mutations in the tail domain have a much lower risk of noncongenital complications and significantly higher platelet counts. We also evaluated the clinical course of patients with mutations in the four most frequently affected residues of NMMHC-IIA (responsible for 70% of MYH9-RD cases). We concluded that mutations at residue 1933 do not induce kidney damage or cataracts and cause deafness only in the elderly, those in position 702 result in severe thrombocytopenia and produce nephritis and deafness at a juvenile age, while alterations at residue 1424 or 1841 result in intermediate clinical pictures. These findings are relevant not only to patients' clinical management but also to the elucidation of the pathogenesis of the disease.
    Human Mutation 04/2008; 29(3):409-17. · 5.21 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2008; 7(3):198-198.
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men worldwide and is likely to be caused by a number of genes with different modes of inheritance, population frequencies and penetrance. The objective of this study was to assess the familial aggregation of PCa in a sample of 1,546 nuclear families ascertained through an affected father and diagnosed during 1988-1993, from the unique, founder population-based resource of the Finnish Cancer Registry. Segregation analysis was performed for two cohorts of 557 early-onset and 989 late-onset families evaluating residual paternal effects and assuming that age at diagnosis followed a logistic distribution after log-transformation. The results did not support an autosomal dominant inheritance as has been reported in many of the hospital-based prostatectomy series. Instead, it confirmed the existence of hereditary PCa in the Finnish population under a complex model that included a major susceptibility locus with Mendelian recessive inheritance and a significant paternal regressive coefficient that is indicative of a polygenic/multifactorial component. The strengths of our study are the homogenous Finnish population, large epidemiological population-based data, histologically confirmed cancer diagnosis done before the PSA-era in Finland and registry based approach. Our results support the evidence that the inheritance of PCa is controlled by major genes and are in line with the previous linkage studies. Moreover, this is the first time a recessive inheritance is suggested to fit PCa in all data even when divided to early and late-onset cohorts.
    Human Genetics 05/2007; 121(2):257-67. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanisms of prostate cancer progression during hormonal therapy and the pathobiologic consequences of androgen receptor (AR) gene amplification are inadequately known. To further investigate the hypothesis that AR gene amplification is associated with increased cell proliferation, we analyzed 123 paraffin-embedded prostate cancer specimens from men who experienced tumor relapse during androgen withdrawal therapy. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization to quantify AR gene copy number and Ki-67 immunohistochemistry to determine cell proliferation. One third of the tumors showed AR gene amplification. Among tumors with AR amplification, the mean cell proliferation rate was 19.8 (SD, 12.3; 95% confidence interval [CI], 15.4-24.1), whereas it was 13.0 (SD, 15.9; 95% CI, 9.1-16.8) in tumors without amplification (P = .032). In the best fitting logistic regression model, only proliferation remained significant (P = .040). When the median Ki-67 labeling index (6.7%) of all tumors was used as a cutoff point, the tumors with AR amplification were more frequently highly proliferating than tumors with no amplification (P = .010; odds ratio, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.4-8.3). Our results imply that progression of prostate cancer during androgen withdrawal therapy is associated with AR gene amplification and increased cell proliferation rate in one third of tumors. We suggest that AR gene amplification is an important molecular mechanism underlying the increase in proliferation rate of a substantial fraction of recurrent prostate carcinomas. However, efforts should be targeted to develop prostate cancer cell lines to study causal relationships between AR gene amplification and various biologic variables.
    Human Pathlogy 04/2007; 38(3):474-8. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several linkage and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analyses suggest that the region 3p21-p26, which is a chromosomal location of MLH1, could harbour a susceptibility gene for prostate cancer (PRCA). Furthermore, in a recent candidate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis the I219V variation of the MLH1 gene was associated with PRCA. Microsatellite instability (MSI) and germ-line MLH1 mutations were originally demonstrated in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) but MSI and loss of MLH1 function have also been detected in PRCA. To assess the contribution of MLH1 germline mutations to the development of PRCA in Finland different approaches were used. First, the samples from 11 PRCA-colon cancer patients were screened for MLH1, MSH2 and MSH6 protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC). IHC revealed one patient with a putative MLH1 aberration and sequencing of this sample revealed five sequence variants including two missense variants P434L and I219V. Second, the samples from Finnish hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) families were used for the screening of MLH1 mutations which produced twelve MLH1 sequence variants including two missense mutations, I219V, as in the PRCA-colon cancer patient, and V647M. P434L and V647 were both novel, rare variants. Carrier frequencies of the I219V mutation were compared between hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) patients, unselected PRCA cases, patients with benign prostate hyperplasia and controls, but no differences between the sample groups were found. P434L was not present in this study population and V647M was a very rare variant found only in one HPC family. According to the present results, MLH1 does not have a major role in PRCA causation in Finland.
    European Journal of Cancer 12/2006; 42(16):2802-6. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is a tumour predisposition syndrome caused by heterozygous germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase (FH) gene. The condition is characterised by predisposition to benign leiomyomas of the skin and the uterus, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS). To comprehensively examine the cancer risk and tumour spectrum in Finnish FH mutation positive families, genealogical and cancer data were obtained from 868 individuals. The cohort analysis of the standardised incidence ratios (SIR) was analysed from 256 individuals. FH mutation status was analysed from all available individuals (n = 98). To study tumour spectrum in FH mutation carriers, loss of the wild type allele was analysed from all available tumours (n = 22). The SIR was 6.5 for RCC and 71 for ULMS. The overall cancer risk was statistically significantly increased in the age group of 15-29 years, consistent with features of cancer predisposition families in general. FH germline mutation was found in 55% of studied individuals. Most RCC and ULMS tumours displayed biallelic inactivation of FH, as did breast and bladder cancers. In addition, several benign tumours including atypical uterine leiomyomas, kidney cysts, and adrenal gland adenomas were observed. The present study confirms with calculated risk ratios the association of early onset RCC and ULMS with FH germline mutations in Finns. Some evidence for association of breast and bladder carcinoma with HLRCC was obtained. The data enlighten the organ specific malignant potential of HLRCC.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 07/2006; 43(6):523-6. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH), the most common genetic disease in northern Europeans, is an autosomal recessive disorder of iron metabolism. The association between hepatocellular carcinoma and HFE homozygosity is well documented, but recently HFE hetero- and homozygosity has also been linked to nonhepatocellular malignancies, including female breast cancer. We hypothesized that C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene could contribute to male breast cancer (MBC) and prostate cancer (PC) susceptibility at the population level in Finland. We screened the 2 major HFE mutations, H63D and C282Y, from 116 MBC cases diagnosed in Finland between 1967 and 1996, 843 consecutive unselected PC cases diagnosed at the Pirkanmaa Hospital District between 1999 and 2001 and 480 anonymous blood donor controls by minisequencing. Our results indicate that the frequencies of the HFE mutations do not significantly differ between MBC and PC patients and the population-based controls. No significantly altered risks for MBC or PC among carriers of the 2 variants were observed. However, HFE mutations were seen twice as often among carriers of a common BRCA2 mutation 9346(-2)A-->G compared with the rest of the MBC cases, indicating that HFE may be an MBC risk modifier gene among BRCA2 mutation carriers. In conclusion, our results indicate a minor role for the HFE mutations C282Y and H63D in the causation of MBC and PC, but carriers of both BRCA2 9346(-2)A-->G and an HFE mutation may be at an increased risk.
    International Journal of Cancer 02/2006; 118(2):518-20. · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • European Urology Supplements - EUR UROL SUPPL. 01/2006; 5(2):164-164.
  • American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 12/2005; 139(1):48-9. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Androgen withdrawal is the only effective therapy for patients with advanced prostate cancer, but progression to androgen independence ultimately occurs in almost all patients. Novel therapeutic strategies targeting molecular mechanisms that mediate resistance to hormonal and chemotherapeutic treatment are highly warranted. Here, we aimed to evaluate the expression of potential therapeutic targets in advanced prostate cancer. A tissue microarray (TMA) containing samples from 535 tissue blocks was constructed, including benign prostatic hyperplasia as controls (n = 65), prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN; n = 78), clinically localized prostate cancers (n = 181), as well as hormone-refractory local recurrences (n = 120) and distant metastases (n = 91). The expression of 13 different proteins was analyzed using immunohistochemistry (Bcl-2, p53, ILK, Syndecan-1, MUC-1, EGFR, HER2/neu, HSP-90, Ep-CAM, MMP-2, CD-10, CD-117 and Ki67). Significant overexpression in hormone-refractory prostate cancer and metastatic tissue compared to localized prostate cancer was found for Ki67 (64% vs. 9%), Bcl-2 (11% vs. 1%), p53 (35% vs. 4%), Syndecan-1 (38% vs. 3%), EGFR (16% vs. 1%) and HER2/neu (16% vs. 0%). Overexpression of CD-117 was restricted to 1 single metastasis. All other markers did not show relevant differences in expression between subgroups. Taken together, p53, Bcl-2, Syndecan-1, EGFR and HER2/neu are preferentially expressed in hormone-refractory and metastatic prostate cancer. Selected inhibition of these targets might offer a strategy to treat advanced tumors and prevent further progression. Treatment decisions should not be based on findings in primary tumors but rather on tissues from recurrent or metastatic lesions.
    International Journal of Cancer 03/2005; 113(4):619-28. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a recent genome-wide linkage (GWL) analysis of Finnish families at high risk for prostate cancer, we found two novel putative susceptibility loci at 3p25-p26 and 11q14. Here, we report the fine-mapping of these two critical regions at high resolution with 39 microsatellite markers in 16 families, including multiplex families that were not used in the GWL scan. The maximum multipoint HLOD was 3.39 at 3p26 and 1.42 at 11q14. The highest LOD scores were seen around markers D3S1270 and D3S4559 (alpha=0.89), covering approximately two megabases. The two known genes in this region CHL1 (cell adhesion molecule with homology to L1CAM) and CNTN6 (contactin 6) were screened for exonic mutations in the families showing the strongest linkage, but no disease-segregating sequence variants were observed. The recombination map pointed to a region proximal to the area of best linkage, suggesting that more genes may need to be investigated as candidates. These results provide strong evidence for the existence of a prostate cancer susceptibility gene at 3p26 in Finnish prostate cancer families. This locus has not been strongly linked with hereditary prostate cancer in other populations. However, the mildly positive 3p LOD scores in a recent GWL analysis of patients from the United States suggest that the locus may also be important in other populations.
    Human Genetics 02/2005; 116(1-2):43-50. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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    International Journal of Cancer 10/2004; 111(4):642-3. · 6.20 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

4k Citations
405.22 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2012
    • Vaasa Central Hospital
      Vaasa, Province of Western Finland, Finland
    • Umeå University
      • Department of Medical Biosciences
      Umeå, Västerbotten, Sweden
  • 1999–2009
    • Tampere University Hospital (TAUH)
      Tammerfors, Province of Western Finland, Finland
    • National Human Genome Research Institute
      Maryland, United States
  • 1995–2009
    • University of Tampere
      • • Laboratory of Cancer Genetics
      • • Department of Clinical Chemistry
      Tampere, Western Finland, Finland
  • 2008
    • University of Pavia
      Ticinum, Lombardy, Italy
  • 2004
    • Emory University
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2002–2003
    • National Institute of Molecular Genetics (INGM)
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
  • 1999–2002
    • National Institutes of Health
      • • Branch of Cancer Genetics
      • • Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics
      Bethesda, MD, United States