Publications (2)0 Total impact
ABSTRACT: We attempt to fit observations with 5" resolution of the J=2-1 transition of CS in the directions of H II regions A, B, and G of W49A North as well as observations with 20" resolution of the J=2-1, 3-2, 5-4, and 7-6 transitions in the directions of H II regions A and G by using radiative transfer calculations. These calculations predict the intensity profiles resulting from several spherical clouds along the line of sight. We consider three models: global collapse of a very large (5 pc radius) cloud, localized collapse from smaller (1 pc) clouds around individual H II regions, and multiple, static clouds. For all three models we can find combinations of parameters that reproduce the CS profiles reasonably well provided that the component clouds have a core-envelope structure with a temperature gradient. Cores with high temperature and high molecular hydrogen density are needed to match the higher transitions (e.g. J=7-6) observed towards A and G. The lower temperature, low density gas needed to create the inverse P-Cygni profile seen in the CS J=2-1 line (with 5" beam) towards H II region G arises from different components in the 3 models. The infalling envelope of cloud G plus cloud B creates the absorption in global collapse, cloud B is responsible in local collapse, and a separate cloud, G', is needed in the case of many static clouds. The exact nature of the velocity field in the envelopes for the case of local collapse is not important as long as it is in the range of 1 to 5 km/s for a turbulent velocity of about 6 km/s. High resolution observations of the J=1-0 and 5-4 transitions of CS and C34S may distinguish between these three models. Modeling existing observations of HCO+ and C18O does not allow one to distinguish between the three models but does indicate the existence of a bipolar outflow. Comment: 42 pages, 27 figures, accepted for publication in the ApJS August 2004, v153 issue
ABSTRACT: A new general multilevel, non-Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) radiative transfer code, valid for any velocity field, is applied to HCO(+) observations of W49A North. Three classes of collapse models are considered: free-fall collapse (v proportional to 1/sq. root of r), rho proportional to r(exp -3/2) throughout the molecular cloud, successfully reproduces the features of the observations and gives the best fit to the J = 1-0 and J = 3-2 profiles both toward the prominent H II component G of W49A North and off the center. In addition to a slow radial fall-off of density, the theoretical modeling implies the following for the molecular cloud: the large line widths result from motions occurring within the inner 1 pc, and there are probably one or more fragments with peculiar velocities within this same region.