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Publications (5)0.84 Total impact

  • J P Bellefleur, P Le Dantec
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    ABSTRACT: Snakebites constitute a public health problem in Africa, with some 600,000 envenomations and 20,000 estimated deaths per year. Hospital care of cases guided by written protocols which take into account the epidemiological and physiopathological data, as well as the hospital situation, starts in the emergency room and is based on the diagnosis of envenomation, either by vipers or elapids. If this diagnosis is confirmed, intensive treatment must ensue. It includes a non-specific component, particularly the treatment of hypovolemia, consumptive coagulopathy tissue necrosis and respiratory failure and a specific component, immunotherapy the only ethiological treatment. The latter consists in giving an iv injection of polyvalent purified immunoglobulin fragments against the venom. This attention is included in a general public health policy which takes into account the organization and financing of the treatment.
    Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique 12/2005; 98(4):273-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The houseflies (Musca domestica -MD) are involved in the transmission of the diseases of the faecal danger in subsaharan Africa. What is their role in the transmission of multiresistant bacteria in an intensive care setting in Dakar? Descriptive, forward-looking. The study was conducted from May 1 to September 30, 2003. During this period a flytrap was put above every patient carrier of BMR (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus, extended spectrum beta-lactamases-enterobacteria, ticarcillin resistant Pseudomonas). Caught MD were carried to the microbiology laboratory and incubated in heart-brain broth at 37 degrees C for 18 hours. Then selective gelose platers were used for identification of bacteria. Comparison of antibiotic sensitivities of bacteria isolated from MD and from the patients was made. Out of 441 hospitalized patients, 26 were colonised or infected by BMR. Human pathogenic microorganisms were obtained from 99 out of 120 flies. Seventeen of those flies were carried of BMR. Six among these 17 flies had BMR with sensitivity profile and phenotype of resistance identical to those of the patients under the trap with birdlime. More 3 MD carried BMR BLSE not found on our patients. This study shows that the MD can carry BMR. Their participation in the crossed transmission, between patients, of multiresistant bacteria in intensive care setting, must be discussed. The eradication of the MD in our Africa subsaharan services must be looked for.
    Annales Françaises d Anesthésie et de Réanimation 05/2005; 24(4):361-5. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. – The houseflies (Musca domestica -MD) are involved in the transmission of the diseases of the faecal danger in subsaharan Africa. What is their role in the transmission of multiresistant bacteria in an intensive care setting in Dakar?Type of study. – Descriptive, forward-looking.Materials and methods. – The study was conducted from May 1 to September 30, 2003. During this period a flytrap was put above every patient carrier of BMR (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus, extended spectrum beta-lactamases-enterobacteria, ticarcillin resistant Pseudomonas). Caught MD were carried to the microbiology laboratory and incubated in heart-brain broth at 37 °C for 18 hours. Then selective gelose platers were used for identification of bacteria. Comparison of antibiotic sensitivities of bacteria isolated from MD and from the patients was made.Results. – Out of 441 hospitalized patients, 26 were colonised or infected by BMR. Human pathogenic microorganisms were obtained from 99 out of 120 flies. Seventeen of those flies were carried of BMR. Six among these 17 flies had BMR with sensitivity profile and phenotype of resistance identical to those of the patients under the trap with birdlime. More 3 MD carried BMR BLSE not found on our patients.Conclusion. – This study shows that the MD can carry BMR. Their participation in the crossed transmission, betwen patients, of multiresistant bacteria in intensive care setting, must be discussed. The eradication of the MD in our Africa subsaharan services must be looked for.
    Annales Francaises D Anesthesie Et De Reanimation - ANN FR ANESTH REANIM. 01/2005; 24(4):361-365.
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this report is to describe a case of severe snake bite with envenomation by an African puff adder (Bitis arietans). Presenting symptoms warranted administration of antivenon upon admission. The patient's general condition improved. However bite-related trauma caused extensive phlyctenuar edema of the lower extremity with a high risk of compartimental syndrome due to hardening and compression. Due to the high risk for postoperative infection at our facility, aponevrotomy to relief pressure was not undertaken immediately. Instead management consisted in close surveillance with repeated measurement of peripheral pulses by Doppler ultrasound and of intracompartimental pressure. The outcome was favorable without need for aponevrotomy. This case demonstrates the value of intracompartimental pressure measurement in cases involving this type of envenomation in function of available technical facilities.
    Médecine tropicale: revue du Corps de santé colonial 02/2004; 64(2):187-91.
  • Médecine tropicale: revue du Corps de santé colonial 02/2003; 63(6):567-72.