Publications (2)4.88 Total impact
Article: Evidence for a multivalent interaction of symmetrical, N-linked, lidocaine dimers with voltage-gated Na+ channels.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The interaction of symmetrical lidocaine dimers with voltage-gated Na+ channels (VGSCs) was examined using a FLIPR membrane potential assay and voltage-clamp. The dimers, in which the tertiary amines of the lidocaine moieties are linked by an alkylene chain (two to six methylene units), inhibited VGSC activator-evoked depolarization of cells heterologously-expressing rat (r) Na(v)1.2a, human (h) Na(v)1.5, and rNa(v)1.8, with potencies 10- to 100-fold higher than lidocaine (compound 1). The rank order of potency (C4 (compound 4) > C3 (compound 3) > or = C2 (compound 2) = C5 (compound 5) = C6 (compound 6) > compound 1) was similar at each VGSC. Compound 4 exhibited strong use-dependent inhibition of hNa(v)1.5 with pIC50 values < 4.5 and 6.0 for tonic and phasic block, respectively. Coincubation with local anesthetics but not tetrodotoxin attenuated compound 4-mediated inhibition of hNa(v)1.5. These data suggest that the compound 4 binding site(s) is identical, or allosterically coupled, to the local anesthetic receptor. The dissociation rate of the dimers from hNa(v)1.5 was dependent upon the linker length, with a rank order of compound 1 > compound 5 = compound 6 > compound 2 > compound 3. The observation that both the potency and dissociation rate of the dimers was dependent upon linker length is consistent with a multivalent interaction at VGSCs. hNa(v)1.5 VGSCs did not recover from inhibition by compound 4. However, "chase" with free local anesthetic site inhibitors increased the rate of dissociation of compound 4. Together, these data support the hypothesis that compound 4 simultaneously occupies two binding sites on VGSCs, both of which can be bound by known local anesthetic site inhibitors.Molecular Pharmacology 04/2006; 69(3):921-31. · 4.88 Impact Factor
Article: Comparison of the pharmacological properties of rat Na(V)1.8 with rat Na(V)1.2a and human Na(V)1.5 voltage-gated sodium channel subtypes using a membrane potential sensitive dye and FLIPR.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A novel, membrane potential sensitive dye and a fluorescence imaging plate reader (FLIPR) have been used to characterize the pharmacological properties of rat Na(v)1.8 voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC) in parallel with rat Na(v)1.2a and human Na(v)1.5 VGSC subtypes, respectively. The sensitivity of recombinant Na(v)1.2a-CHO, Na(v)1.5-293-EBNA, and Na(v)1.8-F-11 cells to VGSC activators was subtype dependent. Veratridine evoked depolarization of Na(v)1.2a-CHO and Na(v)1.5-293-EBNA cells with pEC(50) values of 4.78 +/- 0.13 and 4.84 +/- 0.12, respectively (n = 3), but had negligible effect on Na(v)1.8-F-11 cells (pEC(50) < 4.5). Type I pyrethroids were without significant effect at all subtypes. In contrast, the type II pyrethroids deltamethrin and fenvalerate evoked direct depolarization of Na(v)1.8-F-11 and Na(v)1.5-293-EBNA cells. Deltamethrin potentiated the veratridine-evoked response in Na(v)1.8-F-11 cells by > or =20-fold, in contrast to a <or =3-fold potentiation of the response in Na(v)1.2a, and Na(v)1.5 cells. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) inhibited VGSC activator-evoked depolarization of Na(v)1.8-F-11 cells with a biphasic concentration-response curve. The calculated pIC(50) values were 8.05 +/- 0.25 (n = 4) and 4.32 +/- 0.21 (n = 4), corresponding to TTX inhibition of endogenous TTX-sensitive (TTX-S), and recombinant Na(v)1.8 TTX-resistant (TTX-R) VGSCs, respectively. With the exception of TTX, the potencies of a number of ion channel blockers for the Na(v)1.8, Na(v)1.2a, and Na(v)1.5 VGSC subtypes were similar. In summary, these high-throughput FLIPR assays represent a valuable tool for the determination of the relative potencies of compounds at different VGSC subtypes and may prove useful for the identification of novel subtype-selective inhibitors.Receptors and Channels 02/2004; 10(1):11-23.