Peter M Vogt

Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (532)756.19 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Regarding aesthetics and long-term stability, cell-assisted lipotransfer is a promising method for breast reconstruction. Here, autologous fat grafts enriched with autologous adipose-derived stem cells are transferred. However, as adipose-derived stem cells secrete high amounts of growth factors, potential risks of tumor reactivation remain. In this study, influences of adipose-derived stem cells on inflammatory breast cancer cells were evaluated in a direct co-culture system.
    Plastic and reconstructive surgery. 09/2014; 134(3):414-423.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Various diseases, injuries, and congenital abnormalities may result in degeneration and loss of organs and tissues. Recently, tissue engineering has offered new treatment options for these common, severe, and costly problems in human health care. Its application is often based on the usage of differentiated stem cells. However, despite intensive research and growing knowledge, many questions remain unresolved in the process of cell differentiation. The aim of this study was to find standardized cell models for analyzing molecular mechanisms of cell differentiation. We investigated the multipotency of three standardized murine embryonic fibroblast cell cultures using histological staining, western blotting, and quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Our results demonstrated that NIH-3T3 and mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells were able to differentiate into adipogenic, chondrogenic, and osteogenic lineages expressing typical differentiation markers. Interestingly, Flp-In-3T3 cells did not differentiate into any of the three mesenchymal lineages, although this cell line is genetically closely related to NIH-3T3. The results were confirmed by histological staining. Flp-In-3T3, NIH-3T3, and MEF cells have usually been used for DNA transfections, recombinant protein expression, and as "feeder cells." Unlike mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs), they are easy to obtain and to expand and are less prone to change their structure and morphology, even at higher passages. Our results suggest that Flp-In-3T3, MEF, and NIH-3T3 cells are highly suitable to be used as models to analyze molecular mechanisms of cell differentiation.
    Cellular Reprogramming 08/2014; 16(4):241-52. · 2.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reconstructive microsurgery is an essential part of plastic surgery. To live up to the high technical demands of today's sophisticated techniques, a structured microsurgical training is required. However, such curricula are rare in Germany. We therefore evaluated the concepts and requests of trainers as well as trainees regarding an optimal microsurgical training. We found that the demands of both sides to be fairly similar. How-ever, there were factors potentially hindering the implementation of such curricula, foremost the increasing economic pressure. Based on our find-ings, representatives of microsurgical trainers and trainees, together with national societies might be able to establish a national curriculum for microsurgical training. The clinical implementation of such a structured train-ing will require significant personal resources. However, this expenditure seems to be justified by the increasing complexity of techniques, the rising demand of patients and the limited time for -surgical training.
    08/2014; 46(4):234-241.
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    ABSTRACT: In the last century there has been great progress in the treatment of breast cancer by improving drug and radiation therapy as well as surgical techniques. Despite this development, breast cancer remains a major cause of death among women in Europe and the US. The cause of breast cancer at the cellular level is still not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the expression of the Lifeguard β-isoform in breast cancer tissues. In contrast to Lifeguard, the β‑isoform has one transmembrane domain less, which is the last of seven (99 bp), and due to this we suspect that the Lifeguard β-isoform exhibits a different function. We determined the expression and function of the β-isoform of Lifeguard in breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231), a human breast epithelial cell line (MCF10A) and in breast tumour tissue sections. Western blotting, PCR arrays and immunofluorescence were used to investigate the expression of Lifeguard and its β-isoform. Moreover, we investigated the ability of Lifeguard β-isoform expression to inhibit apoptosis induced by Fas. Our results indicated that Lifeguard β-isoform is strongly expressed in breast tumour tissues. More notably, we demonstrated that Fas sensitivity was reduced in the MCF10A breast cells expressing the Lifeguard β-isoform. Taken together, our findings indicate the role of the Lifeguard β-isoform as an anti‑apoptotic protein and provide further evidence of the potential of the Lifeguard β-isoform as a target for the development of novel therapeutic strategies.
    Oncology reports. 07/2014;
  • 10th International Congress & Exhibition on Nanobiotechnology (NanoBioEurope), Muenster, Germany; 06/2014
  • C Radtke, P M Vogt
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    ABSTRACT: Peripheral nerve injuries are a common clinical problem and can represent a major challenge, especially after trauma. In order to achieve optimal therapy, an early and adequate diagnosis with subsequent therapy is critical for functional preservation and restoration. Especially after complete severance of a peripheral nerve, the surgical techniques for nerve coaptation are an important prerequisite for peripheral nerve regeneration. The importance and necessity of adequate nerve coaptation and nerve transplantation are presented in detail. In addition, the types of primary and secondary nerve reconstruction procedures are described as well as the optimal time point of nerve repair. This article provides a comprehensive overview of the possibilities for diagnosis and intervention after nerve injury, additionally including an algorithm for surgical intervention. Furthermore, possible pitfalls and factors for improving the functional outcome are presented to optimize results with trauma-related nerve injury.
    Der Unfallchirurg 06/2014; 117(6):539-56. · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • 3rd Conference on Advanced Nanoparticle generation and Excitation by Lasers in Liquids (ANGEL), Matsuyama, Japan; 05/2014
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    ABSTRACT: The benefits and risks of singular and repetitive microneedling (1 mm) have not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits and risks of singular and repetitive skin needling with a microneedling device in an animal model with and without skincare. 30 Sprague Dawley rats were randomized to five groups: control, skin-care only (Vitamin A & C), 1× needling 1 mm, 4× needling 1 mm, 4× needling 1 mm with skin-care. All animals were euthanized after 10 weeks. Skin specimens were stained with HE and Masson's trichrome. Additionally, gene expression analysis with microarray technique for various growth factors (TGFβ1–3, FGF, EGF, VEGF, TNF-α) and real time reverse transcription PCR for collagen I & III were conducted. We showed that singular microneedling matches and repetitive microneedling sessions superposition epidermal and dermal benefits such as an increase of epidermal thickness (up to 658% increase, p value 0.0008) and dermal connective tissue—even more so when combined with skin-care with vitamin A and C. Juvenile collagen I showed itself up-regulated in all groups, while collagen III was down-regulated. Singular and repetitive PCI with a microneedling device can achieve and supersede the results already shown with medical needling.
    Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 01/2014; · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last years, a number of therapeutic strategies have emerged to promote axonal regeneration. An attractive strategy is the implantation of biodegradable and nonimmunogenic artificial scaffolds into injured peripheral nerves. In previous studies, transplantation of decellularized veins filled with spider silk for bridging critical size nerve defects resulted in axonal regeneration and remyelination by invading endogenous Schwann cells. Detailed interaction of elongating neurons and the spider silk as guidance material is unknown. To visualize direct cellular interactions between spider silk and neurons in vitro, we developed an in vitro crossed silk fiber array. Here, we describe in detail for the first time that human (NT2) model neurons attach to silk scaffolds. Extending neurites can bridge gaps between single silk fibers and elongate afterwards on the neighboring fiber. Culturing human neurons on the silk arrays led to an increasing migration and adhesion of neuronal cell bodies to the spider silk fibers. Within three to four weeks, clustered somata and extending neurites formed ganglion-like cell structures. Microscopic imaging of human neurons on the crossed fiber arrays in vitro will allow for a more efficient development of methods to maximize cell adhesion and neurite growth on spider silk prior to transplantation studies.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:906819. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Splint immobilization of the forearm is often performed in clinical practice. Previous studies investigated the effect of immobilization on bone, cartilage, muscle, and tendon, however, the acute effects on human skin microcirculation and histomorphology remains elusive. METHODS: In 12 healthy, nonsmoking individuals (aged 29.7 ± 9.1 years) a randomly selected forearm was immobilized by splinting for 72 h, whereas the other forearm served as control. In vivo Reflectance-Mode Confocal-Microscopy (RMCM) was performed prior (baseline value) and postimmobilization to evaluate: quantitative blood cell flow; density of functional dermal capillaries; epidermal thickness; and granular cell size. RESULTS: At 72h forearm immobilization, quantitative blood cell flow was significantly reduced (42.86 ± 3.68 cells/min) compared to the control blood flow (53.11 ± 3.68 cells/min, P < 0.05) and dermal capillaries indicates less functional density (5.73 ± 0.63 capillaries/mm2) compared to the controls (7.04 ± 0.81 capillaries/mm2, P < 0.05). Histometric assessment reveals significantly thinner epidermis following immobilization compared to the control site (40.02 ± 2.91 vs. 46.64±3.09 µm, P < 0.05). Granular cell size was significantly altered at 72 h splinting (730.1 ± 42.53 µm2) compared to the control cell size at 770.2 ± 38.21 µm2. Comparison of baseline values of both forearms indicate statistically insignificance (P > 0.05) for each parameter. CONCLUSION: At 72 h splint immobilization, for the first time, significant adaptive mechanisms were evaluated on human skin microcirculation and histomorphology using in vivo RMCM. These adaptations may be considered as an incipient atrophy of the human skin. Long-term effects of immobilization including the regenerative potential should be evaluated in further RMCM studies. Microsc. Res. Tech. 77:99–103, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Microscopy Research and Technique 01/2014; 77(1). · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective Lymphedema has a high incidence and various causes. It reduces patients' quality of life and productivity and currently lacks a cure. Management is based on lifelong physical therapies. Many surgical procedures have been proposed for lymphedema without significant acceptance. This study evaluates surgical procedures aimed at the management of lymphedema and highlights present evidence. Methods Based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation consensus, a systematic literature search (MEDLINE and The Cochrane Library) was performed to identify studies evaluating treatment outcomes after lymphedema surgery. The authors evaluated all articles found with the keywords “lymphedema” and “surgery,” including experimental studies in animals. Cross referencing was made. Next, a protocol was created to assess the degree of quality of publications in this field. An overview of the complete medical literature was performed. Thereafter, publications meeting inclusion criteria were attributed a score according to the assessment protocol. This allowed an overview of the scientific quality of all surgical procedures for lymphedema. Results A total of 108 article texts were read and 70 publications included in this study according to predefined criteria. Lymphedema operative procedures were classified according to type. The outcomes highlighted the importance of individual patient analysis, as most interventions are not sufficiently studied to sustain clinical recommendations. Conclusions Risk factors for acquired lymphedema, such as lymph node excision and radiation therapy, are well identified and should allow primary prevention. Improved diagnosis, classification, standardized volume measurement, staging, and follow-up of lymphedema patients can facilitate their management and allow valid retrospective studies. Currently, there is no evidence of any treatment yielding high long-term cure rates. Therefore, lymphedema management must be based on interdisciplinary approaches, with curative or palliative therapy options discussed openly with the patient. Therapeutic plans should not exclude surgery. Nevertheless, additional studies are recommended to prove the validity of some surgical approaches.
    Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Local cold therapy for burns is generally recommended to relief pain and limit tissue damage, however, there is limited data of its physiological benefit. This study aimed to evaluate pathophysiological effects of cold therapy in superficial burn on microcirculation, edema formation, and histomorphology. In 12 volunteers (8f, 4m; aged 30.4±14.1 years) circumscribed superficial burn was induced on both hand back and either left untreated as control (control-group) or treated by local-cold-application (cold-treatment-group). Prior to burn (t0), immediately (t1), 15min (t2), and 30min (t3) following cold therapy, following parameter was evaluated using intravital-microscopy; epidermal-thickness (ET), granular-cell-size (GCS), individual-blood-cell-flow (IBCF), and functional-capillary-density (FCD). Both ET and GCS increased significantly more in control-group and slightly in cold-treatment-group in t1, while turns to insignificant t2 onwards. IBCF and FCD raised up in control-group compared to dramatically decrease in cold-treatment-group in t1. In t2 both parameter remains in control-group and increased in cold-treatment-group. Comparison of both groups for IBCF and FCD indicates significant difference in t1 and t2, however, insignificant in t0 and t3. Microcirculation, edema formation, and histomorphology of superficial burn has been significantly influenced through immediate cold therapy, however, this alterations are transient and turns to ineffective after 30min.
    Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries 12/2013; · 1.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been demonstrated to improve wound healing and skin regeneration such as in burn wounds and scars. We hypothesized that the combination of focused ESWT and a daily gluteal muscle strength program is superior to SHAM-ESWT and gluteal muscle strength training in moderate to severe cellulite. This was a single-center, double-blinded, randomized-controlled trial. For allocation of participants, a 1:1 ratio randomization was performed using opaque envelopes for the concealment of allocation. Eligible patients were females aged 18-65 years with cellulite. The primary outcome parameter was the photo-numeric Cellulite Severity Scale (CSS) determined by two blinded, independent assessors. The intervention group (group A) received six sessions of focused ESWT (2,000 impulses, 0.35 mJ/mm(2), every 1-2 weeks) at both gluteal and thigh regions plus specific gluteal strength exercise training. The control group (group B) received six sessions of SHAM-ESWT plus specific gluteal strength exercise training. The CSS in group A was 10.9 ± 3.8 (mean ± SE) before intervention and 8.3 ± 4.1 after 12 weeks (P = 0.001, 2.53 improvement, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43-3.62). The CSS in group B was 10.0 ± 3.8 before intervention and 10.1 ± 3.8 after 12 weeks (P = 0.876, 95% CI 1.1-0.97). The change of the CSS in group A versus group B was significantly different (P = 0.001, -24.3 effect size, 95% CI -36.5 to -12.1). The combination of non-invasive, focused ESWT (0.35 mJ/mm(2), 2,000 impulses, 6 sessions) in combination with gluteal strength training was superior to gluteal strength training and SHAM-ESWT in moderate to severe cellulite in terms of the CSS in a 3-month perspective. Long-term results have to be evaluated in terms of the sustainability of these effects.
    Dermatology and therapy. 12/2013;
  • ISPRES 2013; 11/2013
  • Maria Boyce, Christine Radtke, Peter M Vogt
    Plastic and reconstructive surgery 11/2013; 132(5):862e-3e. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lower limb ischemia with poor wound healing is found in patients with diabetic foot disease and peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and remains a major reason for lower limb amputa-tions. Specifically, more than 60% of nontraumatic lower limb amputations in the United States are per-formed in patients with diabetes. 1 In addition, elderly patients with diabetes have a higher prevalence of Background: Plastic and reconstructive surgeons are commonly faced with chronic ulcerations and consecutive wound infections of the feet as com-plications in patients with diabetes and/or peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Microcirculatory changes seem to play an important role. However, the evaluation of functional changes in the soft tissue microcir-culation at the plantar foot using combined Laser-Doppler and Photospec-trometry System has not yet been performed in patients with DM or PAOD. Methods: A prospective, controlled cohort study was designed consisting of a total of 107 subjects allocated to 1 of 3 groups—group A: healthy sub-jects (57% males, 63.3 y); group B: patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) (53% males, 59.4 y); and group C: patients with PAOD (81% males, 66.1 y). Microcirculatory data were assessed using a combined Laser-Doppler and Photospectrometry System. Results: Global cutaneous oxygen saturation microcirculation at the plan-tar foot of healthy individuals was 8.4% higher than in patients with DM and 8.1% higher than in patients with PAOD (both P = 0.033). Patients with diabetes did not show significant differences in global cutaneous blood flow when compared with either healthy subjects or patients suffer-ing from PAOD. Conclusions: Functional microcirculation at the plantar foot differs be-tween healthy subjects and patients suffering from diabetes or PAOD of the same age. Patients with either diabetes or PAOD demonstrate deteriorated cutaneous oxygen saturation with equivalent blood perfusion at the plan-tar foot. More clinical studies have to be conducted to evaluate therapeu-tical methods that might ameliorate cutaneous oxygen saturation within diabetic foot disease and PAOD. (Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2013;1:e48; doi:10.1097/GOX.0b013e3182a4b9cb; Published online 1 October 2013.) Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Hospital Essen Mitte, Essen, Germany; Department of Otolaryngol-ogy, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany; and ||Sport Practice, Hanover, Germany. Received for publication February 18, 2013; accepted July 05, 2013. Drs. Kabbani and Rotter contributed equally to this work.
    Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Global Open (PRS GO). 10/2013;
  • Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering 09/2013; · 1.16 Impact Factor
  • Plastic and reconstructive surgery 09/2013; 132(3):469e-71e. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is the key pathogenic factor of gram-positive bacteria and contributes significantly to organ dysfunction in sepsis, a frequent complication in critical care patients. We hypothesized that LTA directly affects cardiomyocyte function, thus contributing to cardiac failure in sepsis. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of LTA on contractile properties and calcium-transients of isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes. When myocytes were exposed to LTA for 1h prior to analysis, the amplitudes of calcium-transients as well as sarcomere shortening increased to 130% and 142% at 1Hz stimulation frequency. Relengthening of sarcomeres as well as decay of calcium-transients was accelerated after LTA incubation. Exposure to LTA for 24h resulted in significant depression of calcium-transients as well as of sarcomere shortening compared to controls. One of the major findings of our experiments is that LTA most likely affects calcium-handling of the cardiomyocytes. The effect is exacerbated by reduced extracellular calcium, which resembles the clinical situation in septic patients. Functionally, an early stimulating effect of LTA with increased contractility of the cardiomyocytes may be an in vitro reflection of early hyperdynamic phases in clinical sepsis. Septic disorders have been shown to induce late hypodynamic states of the contractile myocardium, which is also supported at the single-cell level in vitro by results of our 24h-exposure to LTA.
    Molecular Immunology 08/2013; 56(4):720-728. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recruitment problems in surgical disciplines have become an increasingly debated topic. On the one hand current career prospects appear to be less attractive than those were seen for the previous generation. On the other hand the demands for a so-called "work-life balance" have changed and the proportion of female students and colleagues in medicine has risen and will continue to increase. Although Plastic Surgery currently seems to be less affected by these problems than other surgical disciplines, securing a qualified supply of young academics in Plastic Surgery is a prerequisite for the further development of this discipline. The traditional model of mentoring is discussed and the role of coaching in a sense of helping the mentorees examine what they are doing in the light of their intentions and goals is reflected.The present article tries to analyze the current status of academic Plastic Surgery from the viewpoint of German university senior surgeons in academic plastic surgery, and aims to highlight the specific prospects for young academics against the backdrop of an often one-sided and superficial perception of this profession.
    Handchirurgie · Mikrochirurgie · Plastische Chirurgie 07/2013; · 0.86 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
756.19 Total Impact Points


  • 2001–2014
    • Hannover Medical School
      • Department of Plastic, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2012–2013
    • University of Rostock
      Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • 2005–2013
    • Yale University
      • Department of Neurology
      New Haven, CT, United States
    • Universität Ulm
      • Clinic of Trauma, Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
      Ulm, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
  • 2002–2012
    • Hochschule Hannover
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2011
    • Klinikum Duisburg
      Duisburg-Hamborn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2008–2011
    • MediClin Herzzentrum Lahr/Baden
      Lahr/Schwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
    • Leibniz Universität Hannover
      • Institute of Technical Chemistry
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2009
    • University of Colorado Hospital
      Denver, Colorado, United States
  • 1993–2009
    • Ruhr-Universität Bochum
      • • Institut für Pathologie
      • • Klinik für Plastische Chirurgie und Schwerbrandverletzte
      Bochum, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
    • University of California, Los Angeles
      Los Angeles, California, United States
  • 2007
    • Johns Hopkins University
      • Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
      Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 2006
    • University Medical Center Hamburg - Eppendorf
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • 1999
    • University of Louisville
      Louisville, Kentucky, United States
  • 1994
    • Brigham and Women's Hospital
      • Division of Plastic Surgery
      Boston, MA, United States