Qi Li

Harbin Medical University, Charbin, Heilongjiang Sheng, China

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Publications (3)14.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac T-type Ca(2+) channels are reexpressed in atrial and ventricular myocytes under various pathological conditions such as post-myocardial infarction, hypertrophy, and heart failure, but relatively little is known about the mechanisms. Our previous study found that bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP4) was reexpressed in pathological cardiac hypertrophy models and BMP4-mediated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. We hypothesized that BMP4 could upregulate cardiac T-type Ca(2+) channels in HL-1 atrial myocytes. The T-type Ca(2+) currents were recorded by using the patch-clamp technique, and the expressions of Cav3.1 and Cav3.2 were measured by real-time PCR method in HL-1 cells. BMP4 and Cav3.1 mRNA expressions increased in the left atrium from the pressure overload-induced hypertrophy of mice hearts. BMP4 treatment for 48 h induced increase of Cav3.1 but not Cav3.2 mRNA expression in HL-1 cells, and the increase was inhibited by BMP4 inhibitor noggin. Acute treatment with BMP4 did not affect T-type Ca(2+) currents, but chronic treatment (48 h) significantly increased the amplitude of T-type Ca(2+) currents in HL-1 cells. Chronic treatment with BMP4 induced upregulation of NADPH oxidase-4 (NOX4), increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-activated protein kinases c-jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and p38. BMP4-induced upregulation of Cav3.1 mRNA was inhibited by NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin, the radical scavenger tempol, JNK inhibitor SP600125, and p38 inhibitor SB203580. In conclusion, BMP4 induces upregulation of Cav3.1 Ca(2+) channels and T-type Ca(2+) currents in HL-1 atrial myocytes through ROS/MAPK pathways.
    Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology 02/2014; · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Down-regulation of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels commonly occurs in multiple diseases, but the understanding of the regulation of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels and the role of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels in pathological conditions are limited. HEK (human embryonic kidney)-293T cells are derived from HEK-293 cells which are transformed by expression of the large T-antigen. In the present study, by comparing HEK-293 and HEK-293T cells, we find that HEK-293T cells express more Kv4.3 K⁺ channels and more transcription factor Sp1 (specificity protein 1) than HEK-293 cells. Inhibition of Sp1 with Sp1 decoy oligonucleotide reduces Kv4.3 K⁺ channel expression in HEK-293T cells. Transfection of pN3-Sp1FL vector increases Sp1 protein expression and results in increased Kv4.3 K⁺ expression in HEK-293 cells. Since the ultimate determinant of the phenotype difference between HEK-293 and HEK-293T cells is the large T-antigen, we conclude that the large T-antigen up-regulates Kv4.3 K⁺ channel expression through an increase in Sp1. In both HEK-293 and HEK-293T cells, inhibition of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels with 4-AP (4-aminopyridine) or Kv4.3 small interfering RNA induces cell apoptosis and necrosis, which are completely rescued by the specific CaMKII (calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II) inhibitor KN-93, suggesting that Kv4.3 K⁺ channels contribute to cell apoptosis and necrosis through CaMKII activation. In summary, we establish: (i) the HEK-293 and HEK-293T cell model for Kv4.3 K⁺ channel study; (ii) that large T-antigen up-regulates Kv4.3 K⁺ channels through increasing Sp1 levels; and (iii) that Kv4.3 K⁺ channels contribute to cell apoptosis and necrosis through activating CaMKII. The present study provides deep insights into the mechanism of the regulation of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels and the role of Kv4.3 K⁺ channels in cell death.
    Biochemical Journal 02/2012; 441(3):859-67. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-infected patients have a high prevalence of long QT syndrome (LQTs). hERG K(+) channel encoded by human ether-a-go-go related gene contributes to IKr K(+) currents responsible for the repolarization of cardiomyocytes. Inhibition of hERG K(+) channels leads to LQTs. HIV Tat protein, the virus transactivator protein, plays a pivotal role in AIDS. The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of HIV Tat protein on hERG K(+) channels stably expressed in HEK293 cells. The hERG K(+) currents were recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp technique and the hERG channel expression was measured by real-time PCR and Western blot techniques. HIV Tat protein at 200 ng/ml concentration showed no acute effect on hERG currents, but HIV Tat protein (200 ng/ml) incubation for 24 h significantly inhibited hERG currents. In HIV Tat incubated cells, the inactivation and the recovery time from inactivation of hERG channels were significantly changed. HIV Tat protein incubation (200 ng/ml) for 24h had no effect on the hERG mRNA expression, but dose-dependently inhibited hERG protein expression. The MTT assay showed that HIV Tat protein at 50 ng/ml and 200 ng/ml had no effect on the cell viability. HIV Tat protein increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the inhibition of hERG channel protein expression by HIV Tat protein was prevented by antioxidant tempol. HIV Tat protein in vivo treatment reduced IKr currents and prolonged action potential duration of guinea pig cardiomyocytes. We conclude that HIV Tat protein inhibits hERG K(+) currents through the inhibition of hERG protein expression, which might be the potential mechanism of HIV infection induced LQTs.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 07/2011; 51(5):876-80. · 5.15 Impact Factor