[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is an immune-inflammatory disease, characterized by acute phase response (APR) and immune activation. There has been increasing evidence showing that vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is associated with increased incidence and/or severity of immune-inflammatory disorders.Aim: To assess relationship between vitamin D status and C-reactive protein (CRP), a nonspecific inflammatory marker of CSU activity.
Concentrations of CRP and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], a biomarker of vitamin D status were measured in serum of CSU patients and compared with the healthy controls.
Serum 25(OH)D concentration was significantly lower in CSU group as compared with the normal subjects. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (< 20 ng/ml) was significantly higher in patients with CSU than among normal population. There were no significant differences in prevalence of 25(OH)D insufficiency between the groups. Serum CRP concentrations were significantly higher in CSU patients as compared with the healthy subjects. There were no significant correlations between CRP and 25(OH)D concentrations in CSU patients.
CSU is associated with lower serum 25(OH)D concentration and higher prevalence of its deficiency. The results failed to show any effect of vitamin D status on circulating CRP concentrations in CSU. A potential role of vitamin D in pathogenesis and/or additive therapy of CSU needs to be examined in other cohorts of CSU patients as well as in larger studies.
Journal of Inflammation 02/2014; 11(1):2. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CU) is associated with activation of the acute phase response (APR). Nevertheless, APR-associated proteins have not been well characterized as potential biomarkers of the disease severity. To assess the pattern of complement proteins C3 and C4 -- the acute phase reactants in patients with CU. C3, C4 and CRP concentrations were measured in serum of 70 patients showing different degrees of urticarial severity as well as in 33 healthy subjects. Serum C3 and C4 concentrations were significantly increased in CU patients as compared with the healthy subjects and exceed the normal lab range by about 5% and 10%, respectively. Significant differences were found between patients with mild and increased CU severity. In addition, significant correlations were observed between C3, C4 and CRP concentrations. More severe CU is characterized by higher production of C3 and C4 complements accompanied by parallel changes in CRP concentration.
Journal of Inflammation 05/2013; 10(1):22. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The bleeding and haemorrhage is strictly related with accidents and many medical procedures. In some conditions it leads to hypovolaemia and further to hypovolaemic shock. Under conditions of haemorrhagic shock, heart rate and blood pressure critically collapse. Reversing the sympathoinhibitory phase of hypovolaemia could be crucial for clinical management of injured patients after haemorrhage. Systemic administration of 5-HT1A agonists seams to produce resuscitating effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the participation of central serotonin and, in particular, 5-HT1A receptors in cardiovascular regulation in haemorrhagic shock in rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of serotonin (5-HT) increased the heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and implicated that all haemorrhaged animals survived for the whole observation time (2 hours). Similar, although significantly more minor, effects were achieved after selective 5-HT1A activation. Moreover, the i.c.v. administration of selective 5-HT1A antagonist before i.c.v. 5-HT injection partially inhibited 5-HT induced changes. The results of the present work indicate that 5-HT plays an important role in the reversal of the haemorrhagic shock in rats. These effects are at least partially dependent on activation of 5-HT1A receptors.
Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 04/2013; 64(2):219-29. · 2.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Our previous findings showed the importance of analysing the peripheral markers of acute phase response (APR) activation, C-reactive protein (CRP) and IL-6 in the context of urticaria activity and severity. However, these biomarkers do not reliably differentiate between APR to infectious and the disease severity. AIM: In order to investigate a possible association between the immune-inflammatory activation markers CRP and procalcitonin (PCT). METHODS: Serum PCT and CRP concentrations were measured in patients with CU of varying severity as well as in healthy subjects. RESULTS: Serum PCT and CRP concentrations were significantly increased in more severe CU patients when compared to healthy controls and mild CU, and within the CU population there was a significant correlation between concentrations of PCT and CRP. Serum PCT concentrations remained within normal ranges in most CU patients and were only slightly elevated in some severe CU cases. CONCLUSIONS: PCT serum concentration may be only slightly elevated in some cases of severe CU. Upregulation of PCT synthesis accompanied by parallel changes in CRP concentration reflects a low-grade systemic inflammatory response in CU. PCT should be considered as a better marker than CRP to distinguish between APR to infection and an active non-specific urticarial inflammation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Active chronic urticaria, identified as a mast cell- and basophil-dependent inflammatory disorder of the skin is able to elicit acute phase response (APR). However, systemic inflammatory response in different types of urticaria is poorly characterized. Aim To determine APR pattern in a clearly defined group of patients with acute urticaria and/or angioedema - induced by NSAIDs. Methods Plasma IL-6 and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations were studied in 17 patients with NSAIDs-induced acute urticaria/angioedema (NSAIDsAU) and in 20 healthy controls. Eleven patients who used NSAIDs were presented at the emergency room with acute urticaria/angioedema while the remaining six manifested the symptoms during the aspirin challenge test. Patients were examined in a dynamic manner: during the acute phase, and next, after subsidence of the symptoms. Results CRP and IL-6 concentrations increased significantly in patients with NSAIDsAU as compared with their asymptomatic period and the healthy subjects. In addition, NSAIDsAU patients showed elevated concentration of the biomarkers following aspirin provocation with the baseline values recovered in the asymptomatic period. Conclusion These results indicate that an acute systemic inflammatory response is activated in patients with NSAIDs-induced urticaria and/or angioedema. The study supports the evidence proving that up-regulation of CRP and IL-6 in urticaria/angioedema does not necessarily reflect any concomitant infection or other inflammatory processes, but may be due to the disease itself.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 02/2012; · 2.69 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Delayed pressure urticaria (DPU) is characterized by swelling in the area of sustained pressure on the skin. The reported case was a potentially life-threatening complication due to mucosal edema following esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). A 37-year-old man, suffering from severe DPU and chronic spontaneous urticaria, had undergone EGD due to dyspeptic symptoms. A few hours after the EGD procedure, the patient showed both dysphagia and dyspnea. A physical examination indicated massive tongue base and pharynx edema. We suggest that these symptoms were most likely due to the pressure exerted by EGD. No other apparent origins such as angioedema or late-phase allergic reaction to drugs were identified. One should be aware of the increased risk of developing airway and gastrointestinal obstruction during medical procedures associated with compression, such as EGD or endotracheal intubation, in DPU patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) may contribute to the mutagenic processes and has been extensively studied as a noninvasive marker of neoplastic processes occurring in the airways. It has been suggested that an increased expression of inducible NO synthase might appear as an important molecular event involved in the early stage of laryngeal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine NO levels in the exhaled air of patients with early stage glottic carcinoma. Exhaled bronchial NO was measured using a Niox Mino analyzer in 28 patients with squamous cell glottic carcinoma (T1-T2N0M0) and in 30 healthy controls. There were no significant differences in exhaled NO level between the healthy controls and T1-T2N0M0 patients with glottic cancer or between the subgroups (T1 vs. T2). It seems that early glottic cancer is not associated with significant changes in the exhaled NO level. Early diagnosis of cancer is desirable, however this study does not prove that exhaled NO may be a useful biomarker in patients with early stage squamous cell glottic carcinoma.
European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 05/2011; 20(5):426-8. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hendryk S, Czecior E1, Bażowski P, Misiołek M1.
Subcranial approach in surgical treatment of diffuse pansinusitis
Department of Neurosurgery in Katowice and ENT Department1 in Zabrze Medical University of Silesia, Poland
Purpose: The treatment of diffuse pansinusitis is a challenge for surgeons. Among a many surgical methods the extended subcranial approach creates a good surgical strategy for total removal of the inflammatory changes.
Material and Results: We demonstrate two patients with diffuse pansinusitis that comprising paranasal sinuses and in first case created a clinical image of anterior cranial base tumor and second case had destroyed structures of anterior skull base. In first patient this was Tu gigantocelullarae caused by weak trauma of the frontal region and next had a productive-inflammatory change. In next patient the reason of inflammatory process was aspergillosis. The extended subcranial approach described by Fliss et al. was used in our patients. The essence is to create a wide approach to the whole sinuses via opening the frontal sinus and nasal cavity in one bone piece. No complications were observed after the surgery, and inflammatory changes and accompanying disturbances receded quickly.
Conclusion: Extended subcranial approach creates excellent inspection into whole sinuses and permits the diffuse changes to be radically treated.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hendryk S, Czecior E1, Bażowski P, Misiołek M1.
Strategies and results in surgical treatment of the anterior skull base tumors
Department of Neurosurgery in Katowice and ENT Department1 in Zabrze,
Medical University of Silesia, Poland
Purpose: The final decision on choice of the surgical strategies in anterior skull bases tumors is influenced by possibility of complete tumor removal, difficulty of reconstruction and prediction of the serious postoperative complications.
Material and Results: Our experiences comprised 20 patients. Nine patients were operated on due to malignant tumors. Transcranial approaches were used in 4 cases and craniofacial or subcranial approaches in 5 patients. In 8 patients tumors were resected totally which was confirmed by histopathological tests and by CT and/or MR examinations. The mean survival time in a group with transcranial tumor removal was shorter than in group with en block tumor removal (11 and 17 moths respectively; p<0.01). The CSF leakage (one case) and CNS infection (two cases) appeared only in patients with craniofacial/subcranial approaches. In a group of 11 patients with benign tumors or other lesions of anterior cranial base transcranial or subcranial approaches were used with very good results.
Conclusions: The en bloc removal of the malignant tumors of anterior cranial base via craniofacial/subcranial approach creates a greater chance for a longer patient’s survival. The potential severe complications may be diminished by precise planning of the reconstruction of the skull base lesion. In the benign tumors of the anterior skull base transcranial or subcranial approaches are recommended.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thoracic surgery requires immobilization of the operating area. Usually, this is achieved with one-lung ventilation (OLV), however this may still lead to some movement. High-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) may be an alternative way of ventilation in thoracic surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of HFJV as an alternative option to OLV for thoracic procedures.
Sixty patients were randomized to receive either HFJV (n = 29) or OLV (n = 31) during the operation. During the course of the study 10 patients were excluded (4 patients in HFJV group and 6 patients in OLV group). The following haemodynamic and ventilatory parameters were recorded: heart rate, systolic and mean blood pressure, ventricular stroke volume, cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance, peak inspiratory pressure, oxygen saturation, PaO2 and PaCO2. Overall parameters were documented before the initiation of the chosen mode of ventilation every 15 min during the operation.
Patients in both groups showed comparable cardiovascular function. Mean values of peak inspiratory pressure were significantly higher in the OLV group. Oxygen saturation values were statistically higher in the HFJV group. PaCO2 values were similar in both during surgery, but were higher in the OLV group after awakening. Mean values of shunt fraction were lower in the HFJV group. Lower values of peak inspiratory pressure were therefore associated with higher partial pressure of carbon dioxide levels in the HFJV group. In the OLV group, 44% of patients experienced a postoperative sore throat. Operating conditions were comparable.
HFJV is safe option, comparable to OLV and offers some advantages for open-chest thoracic procedures.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology 02/2008; 25(1):15-21. · 2.79 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The problem of ventilation efficiency after total laser arytenoidectomy with posterior cordectomy due to bilateral vocal cord paralysis is discussed. There are a number of views on the usefulness and efficacy of different surgical procedures aimed at widening the glottis, but the studies concerning the long-term functional results are still lacking. The objective of the study is to evaluate the durability of ventilation results in patients after laser arytenoidectomy with posterior cordectomy based on the comparison between the early postoperative results and those assessed after a period of 5 years. Thirty patients (24 females, 6 males) aged between 30 and 80 (mean 58.5) with bilateral vocal cord paralysis after thyroid surgery, who underwent laser arytenoidectomy with posterior cordectomy, were analyzed. Ventilation tests were performed immediately after the operation and 5 years later with Body-Master Laab (Jaeger). The actual and predicted values of FVC, FEF(25), FEF(50), FEF(75), PEF, MMEF(75/25), AREA(Ex), sR(T0T), R(T0T) were compared and analyzed. Also, the values of the inspiratory parameters FIV(1), FIF(50), PIF and the coefficients FEF(50)/FIF(50) and FIV(1)/FEV(1) were assessed. Moreover, subjective evaluation was performed based on a questionnaire. The statistical analysis reveals a significant decrease in FIV(1), FIF(50), PIF and FIV(1)/FEV(1). FEF(50)/FIF(50) and sR(T0T) (actual and predicted values) increased significantly after 5 years from the operation. However, the patients did not complain nor was this tendency reflected in their answers to the questionnaire. The probable reasons for such ventilation results are discussed. The role of phoniatric rehabilitation and the time elapsed is emphasized. In general, it can be concluded that laser arytenoidectomy with posterior cordectomy is a durable and effective procedure, although the objective assessment does not fully match the patient's subjective impression.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2007; 264(8):895-900. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is now growing evidence that the reactive oxygen species have an influence on proliferation and antioxidative status of various cell types. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of different concentrations of leptin, ghrelin, angiotensin II and orexins on proliferation, culture medium malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and antioxidative enzymes activities: superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) in 3T3 L1 preadipocytes cell culture. Cell proliferation was measured using [(3)H]tymidine incorporation. In 3T3-L1 cells leptin caused a significant reduction in proliferation (by 36%) compared to control. Ghrelin increased preadipocyte proliferation, and the effect was stronger in higher dose (by 39%), while proproliferatory effect of angiotensin II was stronger in lower doses (by 47%). All used doses of orexin A significantly increased 3T3 L1 cell proliferation (from 21% to 160%), while orexin B caused a marked reduction (from 35% to 70%) of this proliferation. The effects of both orexins were dose-dependent. Leptin and ghrelin increased activity of SOD, CAT, GSH-Px and decreased level of MDA. Angiotensin II treatment stimulated only SOD and CAT activities. Influence of orexins was different on various enzymes. Orexin A increased MDA levels, while orexin B caused a marked decrease in MDA levels. Our results strongly suggest the effects of appetite affecting hormones such as leptin and ghrelin on proliferation and antioxidative enzyme activities of preadipocyte cell lines. Orexin A was found to be the most efficient proliferative-signalling hormone, while orexin B revealed the most significant inhibitory effect on preadipocytes proliferation.
Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 04/2007; 58 Suppl 1:53-64. · 2.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relation between snoring and obstructive sleep apnea as well as hypothyroidism is the object of interest of many authors. The respiratory disturbances during sleep are often observed in patients suffering from hypothyroidism. The relation of snoring to overweight in those patients has not been taken into account. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relations between hypothyroidism and quantitative and qualitative respiratory disturbances during sleep. Additional aim was to establish the relations of sleep apnea syndrome, snoring, hypothyroidism and overweight. The subjects included 15 patients (11 females and 4 males) aged from 28 to 73 (mean 50.3) suffering from hypothyroidism. All of them underwent thyroid testing before and after the hormonal treatment. TSH and fT4 concentrations were determined. At the same time the sleep assessment (PolyMESAM) was performed twice. Data were obtained from sleep studies and questionnaires (Epworth sleepiness scale). After the thyroid hormones stabilization significant decrease of snoring severity was observed. On the contrary, the respiratory disturbance index (RDI), desaturation index (DI), the lowest saturation (LSAT) did not change significantly, however, the Epworth scale score showed significant improvement. The correlations showed the strong relation between loud snoring and TSH (r=0.73, p<0.01) and fT4 (r=-0.66, p<0.003) concentrations before the treatment. The analysis showed no correlation between body mass (BMI) and snoring. The hormonal stabilization in patients suffering from hypothyroidism causes improvement in snoring severity. Based on our investigation the relationship between hypothyroidism and severity of snoring and excessive daytime somnolence was confirmed. It indicates a possible connection between hypothyroidism and upper airway resistance syndrome.
Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 04/2007; 58 Suppl 1:77-85. · 2.48 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lipoma of the retropharyngeal space is a very rare benign tumor often causing unspecific clinical symptoms. The most common symptoms are dysphagia and/or respiratory disturbances. The clinical diagnosis may be difficult. The radiological imaging techniques (CT and MRI) can provide adequate information with regard to the composition and extension of the tumor, although final histological confirmation is essential. Surgery is the treatment of choice. We present a case of 40-year-old male patient complaining of obstructive sleep apnea symptoms (respiratory disturbances, excessive daytime somnolence, morning headache). The radiological examination (CT) showed a huge (11.7 x 7.2 cm) lipoma of the retropharyngeal space extending from the nasopharynx to the superior mediastinum. The tumor was removed via transcervical approach with complete amelioration of symptoms.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2006; 263(8):738-40. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis is a symptom that may lead to serious breathing problems. The treatment of patients with vocal cord paralysis presents a challenge to otolaryngologists. Many techniques have been developed in an attempt to improve the patient's airway insufficiency. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the laser total unilateral arytenoidectomy with posterior cordectomy in patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis. Thrity-six patients (33 females, 3 male) aged between 24 and 76 (mean 52) were treated by laser arytenoidectomy. The flow-volume loop and pletysmography were performed in all patients before and after the operation. Additionally, a group of 15 patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis was introduced and analyzed as a special control. Based on the relative increase of the parameters after the surgery, the most useful of them were selected for the evaluation. Also, the character of the laryngeal obstruction was defined. Changes in the flow-volume loop before and after surgery were compared by planned comparison in univariate analysis ANOVA/MANOVA with an isolated control group. As the parameters AREA(EX), FEF50, FEF75, PEF and MMEF(75/25) increased most effectively, they appeared to be the most useful in the evaluation. FIV1/FEF1, FEF50/FIF50 and FEV1/FEV(0,5) allowed the definition of the obstruction as an extrathoracic dynamically variable quantity. The resistances measured during pletysmography diminished significantly after surgery. The introduction of the special control group with unilateral vocal cord paralysis showed that despite the significant improvement after surgery, the patients who had been operated on still had a laryngeal obstruction worse than that of patients from the control group. The laser arytenoidectomy is shown to be a useful and efficacious procedure for bilateral vocal cord paralysis.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 09/2003; 260(7):381-5. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The analysis of the correlation between bilateral vocal cord paralysis and the occurrence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and snoring is presented. The aim of the study was to establish whether the decrease of the air flow in the upper airway in patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis involves OSAS and/or snoring occurrence and whether arytenoidectomy affects an improvement of breathing parameters measured during sleep. Fourteen patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis underwent Poly-MESAM examination before and 3 months after arytenoidectomy. They had never complained of snoring before. The Epworth sleepiness scale was used to quantify excessive daytime somnolence. The RDI, DI, mean saturation and percentage of snoring, loud snoring and sleep without snoring were estimated and compared pre- and postoperatively. The results were compared by the Student's t-test for dependent values. No significant differences were shown between the Epworth scores before and after the treatment. The RDI, DI and mean saturation were normal before and after the operation. The percentage of loud snoring decreased and the percentage of sleep without snoring increased significantly after arytenoidectomy in both cases. The mechanism of snoring in patients with vocal cord paralysis seems to be similar to OSAS. The difference consists in the level of flow limitation. On the basis of the results there is no reason to diagnose OSAS and UARS in patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis. On the other hand, the intensive snoring that occurs after paralysis was significantly reduced as a result of arytenoidectomy.
Archiv für Klinische und Experimentelle Ohren- Nasen- und Kehlkopfheilkunde 05/2003; 260(4):183-5. · 1.46 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The efficacy and safety of amoxycillin/clavulanic acid (AMX/CA) (875/125 mg b.i.d. for 14 days) were compared with that of cefuroxime axetil (500 mg b.i.d. for 14 days) in a multicenter, open, parallel-group, randomized clinical trial in 206 adults with chronic or acute exacerbation of chronic sinusitis. Clinical response was similar, with 95% of AMX/CA-, and 88% of cefuroxime-treated, clinically evaluable patients cured (95% confidence interval; -0.6% to +15%). In bacteriologically evaluable patients, cure rates, defined as eradication of the original pathogen with or without re-colonization with non-pathogenic flora, were also similar, with 65% of AMX/CA- and 68% of cefuroxime-treated patients cured (95% confidence interval; -18% to +15%). However, clinical relapse was significantly higher in the cefuroxime group: 7% (7/89) of clinically evaluable patients, compared with 0% (0/98) in the AMX/CA (p=0.0049) group. A similar incidence of possible or definite adverse events related to the study drug was reported for both treatments (AMX/CA 4.4%, cefuroxime 4.3%), the most frequent being diarrhea. Four adverse events were recorded as serious or life-threatening with only one considered related to the study drug (urticaria, cefuroxime). AMX/CA 875/125 mg b.i.d. for 14 days is as effective and well tolerated as cefuroxime axetil 500 mg b.i.d. for 14 days in the treatment of chronic, or acute exacerbation of chronic sinusitis, but is associated with a significantly lower clinical relapse rate.