V N Koka

American Hospital of Paris , Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (5)8.69 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present series compares results in our head and neck department from primary and salvage surgery for tumors of the tonsillar region from 1978 to 1985. Of 120 consecutively admitted patients, 70 underwent primary surgery followed by irradiation, and 50 underwent salvage surgery after the failure of primary radiotherapy. Follow-up has been continued for the past 6 years. Musculocutaneous flaps were employed in all patients requiring them after the introduction of this reconstructive technique in 1981. The actuarial survival rate after primary surgery was 58% at 3 years and 46% at 5 years. For salvage surgery the figures were 38% and 24%, respectively. This disappointing survival rate in salvage surgery resulted from a higher postoperative mortality (8% versus 1.4% in primary surgery) and from a higher local failure rate (36% versus 14%). The outcome was invariably unfavorable when tonsillar tumors extended into the base of the tongue.
    Head & Neck 01/2006; 15(3):185-9. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • The Laryngoscope 07/1996; 106(6):784-7. · 1.98 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proximal esophageal cancer is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, and the treatment is often limited to palliation. Surgery offers the best relief of dysphagia but it remains controversial, because a cure is unlikely even at the price of laryngeal mutilation. We treated 40 patients with transhiatal esophagectomy for cancer of the proximal esophagus. The esophageal substitute was a stomach tube in 37 patients and colon in 3 patients. The larynx was preserved in 27 patients whose tumors did not extend to cricopharyngeus. Adjuvant treatment consisted of postoperative radiotherapy for 22 patients, chemotherapy for 1 patient, and a multimodality regimen for 4 patients. The postoperative complication and hospital mortality rates with gastric tube transpositions were 22% and 8%, respectively, with a 3% fistula rate. The 1- and 3-year overall survival rate was 53% and 21%, respectively. The unfavorable prognostic factors were tumor wall penetration, lymph nodal involvement, and cricopharyngeal involvement. Local recurrence of cancer was the major cause of failure. These results indicate that transhiatal esophagectomy with gastric tube transposition offers good palliation of dysphagia with low morbidity and mortality for proximal esophageal cancer. The laryngeal preservation can be attempted for tumors located close to, but not involving, the cricopharyngeus in order to retain speech in patients with a limited life expectancy.
    The American Journal of Surgery 05/1995; 169(4):386-90. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A case of a low grade chondrosarcoma of the cricoid cartilage which had been diagnosed initially as a chondroma is presented. The tumour recurred twice after limited surgical resections. Total laryngectomy was inevitable due to near total involvement of the cricoid cartilage and subsequent histological examination revealed a low grade chondrosarcoma. We have discussed in brief, the diagnosis and treatment of chondrosarcomas of the larynx and support the view of conservative surgical management for low grade tumours as they are slow growing and metastases are infrequent. A total laryngectomy may be reserved for salvage or primarily when more than half of the cricoid cartilage needs to be resected. Histological grading reveals the biological behaviour of the tumour and CT scans help in planning the surgery. A regular follow-up is necessary for early detection of recurrences and metastases.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 03/1995; 109(2):168-70. · 0.68 Impact Factor
  • J P Marmuse, C Guedon, V N Koka
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    ABSTRACT: A study of 20 cases of gastric tube transposition following total laryngopharyngoesophagectomy during an eight-year period is presented. The site of the tumour was: hypopharynx in 13 cases (12 pyriform sinus, 1 post-cricoid); and cervical oesophagus in seven cases. There were nine (45 per cent) Stage III lesions and 11 (55 per cent) Stage IV lesions (UICC, 1987). Post-operative morbidity rate was 15 per cent. Hospital mortality rate was 10 per cent (cause of death was myocardial infarction). Anastomotic fistula rate was five per cent. Excluding hospital mortality, the three year actuarial survival rate was 35 per cent for the whole series and 53 percent for patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. The actuarial survival rate for patients with oesophageal cancer at one and two years was 41 and zero per cent respectively. The transposition of a tubed stomach provided successful swallowing in two-thirds of the patients for a period of more than a year and these patients developed good neoesophageal speech.
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology 02/1994; 108(1):33-7. · 0.68 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

63 Citations
170 Views
8.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995
    • American Hospital of Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1994
    • Hôpital Bichat - Claude-Bernard (Hôpitaux Universitaires Paris Nord Val de Seine)
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France