[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine whether follicular development, superovulation and embryo production were affected by the absence or presence of a dominant follicle, cows were administered injections of FSH twice daily in the early (Days 2 to 6, estrus=Day 0) or middle stage (beginning on Day 10 or 11) of the estrous cycle. Treatment with FSH early in the cycle stimulated follicular development in 83 to 100% of all cows from 4 groups evaluated at different times after PGF2alpha treatment on Days 6 and 7. However, the proportion of cows with >2 ovulations varied from 31 to 62.5%, indicating that induction of follicular development may occur in the absence of superovulation. When compared with cows treated in the middle of the cycle, no differences were observed in the proportion of cows with >2 ovulations (31 vs 20%), ovulation rate. (26.0+/-6.3 vs 49.6+/-25.8), production of ova/embryos (13.3+/-3.2 vs 14.4+/-3.4), or the number of transferable embryos (8.0+/-3.6 vs 5.4+/-1.5; early vs middle, respectively). The proportion of the total number of embryos collected that were suitable for transfer was greater (P<0.01) in cows treated early in the cycle (60%) than at midcycle (37.5%). The diameter of the largest follicle observed by ultra-sound prior to initiation of FSH treatment in the early stage of the cycle (10.0+/-2.0 mm) was smaller (P<0.05) than at midcycle (16.8+/-1.3 mm). These results demonstrate that superinduction of follicular development is highly consistent after FSH treatment at Days 2 to 6 of the cycle and that superovulation and embryo production are not less variable than when FSH is administered during the middle of the cycle. However, superovulation in the early stage of the cycle may increase the proportion of embryos suitable for transfer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relationship between ovarian follicular steroidogenesis and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) activity was evaluated during the follicular phase of the bovine estrous cycle. In experiment 1, follicles were collected from cyclic cows (n = 11) slaughtered at 48 h after administration of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF; 35 mg i.m.). In experiment 2, cows were injected twice daily with saline (control) or FSH (FSH cows; total dosage = 42 mg) from Day 2 to Day 6 (estrus = Day 0) and with PGF (35 mg i.m.) on Day 7; follicles were collected from control cows (n = 20) slaughtered at 0, 24, 48, or 72 h and from FSH cows (n = 8) at 0 and 48 h after PGF. Follicular fluid was assayed for estradiol (E2), androstenedione (A4), progesterone (P4), and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) by RIA and for IGFBP activity by ligand blotting and densitometry. Intensities of the 34-kDa (IGFBP-2), 29-27-kDa, and 22-kDa IGFBP bands in follicular fluid were nondetectable or were lower (p < 0.01) in the fluid of large (> or = 8 mm) E-active (E-A; E2 > 50 ng/ml and > P4) follicles than in large E-inactive (E-I), medium (5-7 mm), or small (< 5 mm) follicles. IGFBP-3 (44-40-kDa doublet) was unaffected by follicle stage in experiment 1, but IGFBP-3 was lower (p < 0.01) in follicular fluid of E-A vs. E-I large follicles in experiment 2. Profiles of IGFBP activity were similar in follicular fluid of small, medium, and E-I large follicles. In experiment 2, E2 concentrations in large E-A follicles increased (p < 0.01) from 0 to 48 h after the PGF injection for control cows but decreased (p < 0.01) for FSH cows, whereas follicular fluid IGFBP-2 binding activity decreased from 0 to 48 h after PGF in controls and increased in FSH cows (treatment x time, p < 0.05). IGFBP-3 binding was unaffected by FSH treatment or time after administration of PGF. Profiles of IGFBP activity in homogenates of granulosa or theca cells were similar to follicular fluid profiles except for the absence of IGFBP-3 binding activity. The disappearance of binding activities for IGFBP-2 and smaller-molecular-mass IGFBPs in E-A follicles suggests a possible regulatory role for IGFBPs in follicular maturation and on aromatase activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Biology of Reproduction 11/1994; 51(5):971-81. · 4.03 Impact Factor