ABSTRACT: Growth factors are frequently used to aid peripheral blood progenitor cell mobilization from bone marrow. This phase 2 study examined the efficacy and safety of pegfilgrastim for mobilizing peripheral blood progenitors cells for autologous transplantation.
Patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma received one cycle of mobilizing chemotherapy (ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide, ICE). Twenty-four hours later they were randomized, double-blind, to receive a single dose of pegfilgrastim 6 mg or 12 mg, or filgrastim 5 mug/kg/day (until the end of leukapheresis). Following leukapheresis (collection phase), patients rested or received one or two 'salvage' cycles of ICE. High-dose BEAM chemotherapy was then given before peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation. The primary end-point was the patients' mean yield of CD34(+) cells/kg during the collection phase.
Ninety patients were randomized and received a study drug; 63% completed the collection phase. The patients' mean (95% CI) CD34(+) cell harvest per leukapheresis was 0.8 (0.5-1.4), 0.8 (0.5-1.6) and 1.2 (0.7-2.0)x10(6) cells/kg for the pegfilgrastim 6 mg, pegfilgrastim 12 mg and filgrastim groups, respectively. Twenty (69%), 17 (59%) and 23 (72%) patients in these three groups achieved the targeted minimum harvest (>/=2 x 10(6) cells/kg). The mean total harvests were 1.7, 1.4 and 2.2 x 10(6) cells/kg, respectively. Post-transplantation, the median days to absolute neutrophil count recovery (>/=0.5 x 10(9)/L) were 12, 11, and 11, respectively. Pegfilgrastim and filgrastim were generally well tolerated.
Pegfilgrastim (6 or 12 mg) was effective for mobilizing peripheral blood progenitors cells in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. These data may aid the design of studies to clarify optimal dosing and leukapheresis with pegfilgrastim.
Haematologica 03/2008; 93(3):405-12. · 6.42 Impact Factor