ABSTRACT: Hypohidrotic/anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare Mendelian disorder affecting ectodermal tissues. The disease is primarily caused by inactivation of any one of three genes, namely ectodysplasin A1 (EDA-A1), which encodes a ligand belonging to the tumour necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily; ectodysplasin A receptor (EDAR), encoding the EDA-A1 receptor and ectodysplasin A receptor-associated death domain (EDARADD), encoding an adaptor protein. X-linked recessive (EDA-A1), the predominant form of HED, as well as autosomal recessive and dominant (EDAR and EDARADD) inheritance patterns have been identified in affected families.
To determine the common genes causing HED in India.
We performed mutation analysis on 26 HED families from India (including 30 patients). In addition, we carried out sequence and structural analysis of missense/nonsense and insertion/deletion mutations.
Among the 26 families analysed, disease-causing EDAR mutations were identified in 12 (46%) while EDA-A1 mutations were detected in 11 (42%). Four novel mutations in EDAR and five in EDA-A1 were identified. More importantly, a possible founder EDAR mutation, namely c.1144G>A, was identified in five independent families, thus accounting for about one-fifth of affected families in whom mutation was detected. A majority of EDA-A1 mutations localized to the TNF-like domain while the location of EDAR mutations was more widespread.
This is the first report of a founder EDAR mutation and of a significantly high frequency of autosomal recessive HED.
British Journal of Dermatology 10/2011; 166(4):819-29. · 3.67 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Gaucher disease in India has been reported only in a few case reports from India. The aim of the study was to assess the response to enzyme replacement therapy in Indian patients with Gaucher disease.
Retrospective analysis of patients receiving CHO-derived recombinant macrophage-targetted glucocorebrosidase.
Five centers from India with experience in treating lysosomal storage disorders.
The diagnosis of Gaucher disease was confirmed by low glucocerebrosidase levels, though it was first made on splenectomy in 8 and on bone marrow examination in 9 patients. Twenty five of 52 patients diagnosed with Gaucher disease (17 Type I, 8 mild Type III) received treatment for >6 months. Indications for treatment included symptomatic anemia, thrombo-cytopenia, organomegaly, bone disease or mild neurological symptoms leading to impairment of quality of life. Patients with significant neurological involvement were excluded. The drug infusions were given intravenously every 15 days.
Hemoglobin, platelet counts, liver and spleen volumes and growth parameters.
22 of the 25 children who survived were analyzed. After 6 months of treatment, the mean (range) increase in hemoglobin was 1.5 (-3.4 to 6.1) g/dL (P=0.01) and in platelet count was 32 x 10(9)/L (-98.5 x 109 to 145.5 x10(9))/L (P=0.02). The mean (range) increase in weight was 3 kg (-5.6 to 10.5) (P=0.04) and in height was 7.1 cm (0 to 26.5) (P=0.0003). Liver size decreased by a mean (range) of 38.5% (- 5.5 to 86.7) (P=0.0003) and the spleen size by 34.8% (0 to 91.7) (P=0.004). All patients had improvement in bone pains and in 2 patients, neurological symptoms improved with others remaining static.
This is the first reported cohort of patients in India reporting our experience with imiglucerase enzyme replacement therapy for treatment of Gaucher Disease in India.
Indian pediatrics 10/2011; 48(10):779-84. · 1.05 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by stippled epiphyses and rhizomelic shortening of the long bones. We report 3 subjects of rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata from India and the PEX7 mutations identified in them. The common PEX7-L292X allele, whose high frequency is due to a founder effect in the northern European Caucasian population, was not identified in these patients. Instead, 2 novel alleles are described, including 64_65delGC, which was present on a single PEX7 haplotype and could represent a common allele in the Indian population.
Journal of applied genetics 01/2010; 51(1):107-10. · 1.66 Impact Factor