ABSTRACT: Myelofibrosis and osteosclerosis are prominent features arising in mice overexpressing thrombopoietin (TPO). The pivotal role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in the pathogenesis of myelofibrosis has been documented, but the mechanisms mediating osteosclerosis remain unclear. Here, we used mice deficient in osteoprotegerin (OPG), a secreted inhibitor of bone resorption, to determine whether osteosclerosis occurs through a deregulation of osteoclastogenesis. Marrow cells from opg-deficient mice (opg(-/-)) or wild-type (WT) littermates were infected with a retrovirus encoding TPO and engrafted into an opg(-/-) or WT background for long-term reconstitution. The 4 combinations of graft/host (WT/WT, opg(-/-)/opg(-/-), opg(-/-)/WT, and WT/opg(-/-)) were studied. Elevation of TPO and TGF-beta 1 levels in plasma was similar in the 4 experimental groups and all the mice developed a similar myeloproliferative syndrome associated with severe myelofibrosis. Osteosclerosis developed in WT hosts engrafted with WT or opg(-/-) hematopoietic cells and was associated with increased OPG levels in plasma and decreased osteoclastogenesis. In contrast, opg(-/-) hosts exhibited an osteoporotic phenotype and a growth of bone trabeculae was rarely seen. These findings suggest that osteosclerosis in mice with TPO overexpression occurs predominantly via an up-regulation of OPG in host stromal cells leading to disruption of osteoclastogenesis.
Blood 05/2003; 101(8):2983-9. · 9.90 Impact Factor