N Yamagata

Tokai University, Hiratuka, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (6)15.77 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To elucidate the complete gene structure and to identify new genes involved in the development of HLA class I antigen-associated diseases in the class I region of the human major histocompatibility complex on chromosome 6, a YAC clone (745D12) covering the 146-kb segment around the IkBL and MICA loci was isolated from a YAC library constructed from the B-cell line, BOLETH. A physical map of this region was constructed by isolation of overlapping cosmid clones derived from 745D12. Of these, five contiguous cosmids were chosen for DNA sequencing by the shotgun strategy to give a single contig of 146,601 bp from 2.8 kb telomeric of the IkBL gene to exon 6 of MICA. This region was confirmed to contain five known genes, IkBL, BAT1, MICB, P5-1, and HLA-X (class I fragment), from centromere to telomere, and their exon-intron organizations were determined. The 3.8-1 homologue gene (3.8-1-hom) showing 99.7% identity with the 3.8-1 cDNA clone, which was originally isolated using the 3.8-kb EcoRI fragment between the HLA-54/H and the HLA-G genes, was detected between MICA and MICB and was suggested to represent the cognate 3.8-1 genomic sequence from which the cDNA clone was derived. No evidence for the presence of expressed new genes could be obtained in this region by homology and EST searches or coding and exon prediction analyses. One TA microsatellite repeat spanning 2545 bases with as many as 913 repetitions was found on the centromeric side of the MICA gene and was indicated to be a potential hot spot for genetic recombination. The two segments of approximately 35 kb upstream of the MICA and MICB genes showed high sequence homology (about 85%) to each other, suggesting that segmental genome duplication including the MICA and MICB genes must have occurred during the evolution of the human MHC.
    Genomics 03/1998; 47(3):372-82. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the influence of the MHClinked LMP7 gene on disease susceptibility in HLA class I and class II-associated diseases, the distribution of LMP7 alleles was determined using the PCR-RFLP method in 69 Japanese patients with Behçet's disease, 65 patients with sarcoidosis, and 100 unrelated healthy controls. No differences were found between either of the patient groups and the healthy control group, indicating that LMP7 allelic variation may not contribute to the pathogenesis of either Behçet's disease or sarcoidosis. We also analyzed linkage disequilibria between LMP7 and HLA class II alleles in Japanese populations.
    Human Immunology 01/1997; · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Psoriasis vulgaris is associated with the HLA-Cw6 and Cw7 antigens. However, it has not yet been clarified if the HLA-Cw6 and Cw7 genes themselves are the susceptible gene related to this disease or if it is some other non-HLA gene in a linkage disequilibrium with these HLA-C alleles. The S gene, recently identified in the HLA class I region 160 kb telomeric of HLA-C, encodes a keratin-like protein and is expressed specifically in the granular layer of the epidermis. Therefore, it is tempting to speculate that the S gene is one of the strong candidate genes responsible for the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris. Direct sequencing of the first and second exon of the S gene after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification has allowed the identification of two diallelic polymorphic sites in exon I and seven diallelic polymorphic sites in exon 2, three among which result in amino acid exchanges, a Ser-Phe substitution at amino acid position 186, a Gly-Val substitution at position 393 and a Ser-Leu substitution at position 394. No significant difference in the dimorphic distributions of the S gene was observed between the patients with psoriasis vulgaris and healthy controls, suggesting that the susceptible gene for psoriasis is not the S gene itself.
    Tissue Antigens 10/1996; 48(3):182-6. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disorder showing significant increases in the HLA-DRB1*11, *12, *14 and *08 alleles in the Japanese population. To evaluate the role of polymorphism in the DMA and DMB genes in predisposition to sarcoidosis, seventy Japanese patients with sarcoidosis and 95 unrelated healthy controls were analyzed in the third exon polymorphisms within the DMA and DMB genes by the PCR-RFLP method. There were no differences in the distribution of DMA alleles between the patient and control groups. The frequency of DMB*0102 was higher (p < 0.05) and that of DMB*0101 was lower (p < 0.05) in the patients than in the healthy controls. However, this association and negative association could be explained by linkage disequilibrium with the disease-associated DRB1 alleles. The DMA and DMB genes do not primarily confer the susceptibility to sarcoidosis.
    Human Immunology 09/1996; 49(2):144-6. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • Tissue Antigens 04/1996; 47(3):249-52. · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease showing a significant increase in the HLA-DR5, -DR6, and -DR8 associated alleles in Japanese. To investigate whether the class I antigen-processing genes, encoded within the MHC class II region between the HLA-DP and -DQ loci, are involved in determining the susceptibility to Sarcoidosis, TAP1, TAP2, and LMP2 alleles were analyzed by the PCR-RFLP method in 85 Japanese patients with Sarcoidosis and 91 healthy controls.There were no significant differences in the distribution of TAP1 and LMP2 alleles between the subgroups of the patients and controls positive or negative for DR5, DR6, and DR8. A significant decrease in the frequency of TAP2∗0201 was found among the patients negative for DR5, DR6, and DR8 as compared to the DR-matched controls (p < 0.05), but this could be explained by its linkage disequilibrium to the negatively associated allele DR1. These findings suggest that the TAP or LMP2 gene is not primarily involved in the susceptibility to Sarcoidosis. In the course of this study, a linkage disequilibrium was observed in the Japanese population between TAP1 and TAP2 alleles, TAP1∗0201 and TAP2∗0102.
    Human Immunology 03/1996; · 2.30 Impact Factor