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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy, safety, and acceptability of budesonide inhaled from Easyhaler dry powder inhaler (DPI) (Giona Easyhaler, Orion Pharma, Finland) and from Turbuhaler DPI (Pulmicort Turbuhaler, AstraZeneca, Sweden) in the treatment of asthma in children. The 6-month, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study was conducted in 229 completed, asthmatic children (5-10 years), who were symptomatic at study entry. For the first 2 months, children inhaled budesonide 2 x 200 microg b.i.d. (high-dose treatment period). Thereafter, the daily dose of inhaled budesonide was 2 x 100 microg for 4 months (low-dose treatment period). The study was carried out at 32 centers in Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. During the high-dose treatment period, the initially symptomatic patients improved in both treatment groups and the achieved control was maintained during the low-dose treatment period. An improvement was seen in the efficacy outcome parameters in the initially symptomatic patients in both treatment groups. Also, there were no differences in the number of asthma exacerbations between the treatments. The urinary free cortisol/creatinine (UCC) ratios were significantly lower in the Turbuhaler group compared to the Easyhaler group after the high-dose treatment period. In addition, there was a slight but statistically significant slower growth rate in the Turbuhaler group after the 6- month treatment period compared with the Easyhaler group. Pulmicort Turbuhaler and Giona Easyhaler are equally effective in the treatment of asthma in children aged 5-10 years old. Budesonide inhaled from Turbuhaler showed slightly greater systemic effects than budesonide inhaled from Easyhaler. The majority of children and parents preferred Easyhaler to Turbuhaler.
Journal of Aerosol Medicine 02/2004; 17(1):15-24. DOI:10.1089/089426804322994424 · 1.61 Impact Factor