[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a clonal disease in which thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications are common. Our aim in this study was to investigate whether oxidative stress in ET patients increased compared to healthy volunteers and to investigate whether there is a relationship between vascular events and oxidative status parameters in ET patients.
We determined the serum levels of oxidative status parameters, such as total oxidative status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS), oxidative stress index (OSI) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in ET patients. Forty-three ET patients (20 males, 23 females) and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Oxidative status parameters of the patients were compared with those of the controls at time of diagnosis and at 6th-month follow-up. Additionally, oxidative status parameters of patients with ET with a history of vascular event were compared with patients without a vascular event history during diagnosis.
Rises in TOS, OSI, and MDA were statistically significant in the patients group; however, the TAS value was significantly lower compared to the control group. Furthermore, TOS was significantly higher in patients with history of vascular event compared to the patients without such a history. Following therapy, OSI and MDA values were significantly reduced in the patient group compared to the pre-treatment values.
Our findings reveal that although oxidative stress parameters were increased, compensative total antioxidant status was significantly reduced in ET patients. Furthermore, TOS values were significantly high in patients with a history of vascular event.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences 11/2013; 17(21):2860-2866. · 0.99 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The most common site of metastases in differentiated thyroid carcinomas is the lungs. In our study, we aimed to determine the ratios of lung metastases in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma and response to radioiodine therapy.
A total of 542 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma who were admitted to our clinic were included in the study. High doses of (131)I were administered to the patients with lung metastases. Response to therapy were evaluated with (131)I scans and stimulated serum Tg levels were examined at least 6 months after therapy.
Lung metastases were detected in 17 (3.1%) of 542 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Of these patients to whom high doses of (131)I therapy were administered, complete response to therapy was obtained in 5 (29.4%), partial response was obtained in 3 (17.6%) and no response could be obtained in 9 (53%) patients.
Although lung metastases from differentiated thyroid carcinomas are rare, those are more common in advanced ages and in males. High doses of (131)I therapy may be partially beneficial in these patients. Thus repetition of therapy is frequently required.
Revista española de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 11/2012; 31(6):328-31.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Axillary metastasis is not a common finding in papillary carcinoma. F-FDG can detect foci of metastasis in patients with negative I scan. We report a case of a 64-year-old man who had undergone thyroidectomy and I ablation due to classic type of papillary carcinoma 14 years ago. Follow-up examination revealed high serum thyroglobulin and negative whole body I scan. F-FDG PET/CT showed focally increased uptake in right axillary as well as supraclavicular and bilateral cervical lymph nodes. Histopathological examination of the surgically removed lymph nodes confirmed the metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Clinical nuclear medicine 09/2012; 37(11):1120-2. · 3.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relation between cancer and coagulation is the subject of investigation since a relation between tumor and thrombosis has been determined. Antithrombin III is an important thrombin inhibitor, and increased thrombin-antithrombin (TAT) complex levels activate coagulation. Activated thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) inhibits the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. In addition, it directly inactivates plasmin. Defective fibrinolysis increases the risk of thrombosis. In this study, we evaluated homeostatic parameters, TAFI, and TAT levels in patients with gastric cancer applying to the medical oncology outpatient clinic. Fifty-two patients and 35 healthy controls were included. ELISA was used to measure TAFI and TAT complex levels. These were statistically higher in the patient group (p < 0.05 and p = 0.001, respectively). D-dimer levels were higher in stage IV (p = 0.05). Correlations between lymph nodes and TAFI and TAT levels were examined. Weak but positive correlation between lymph nodes and TAFI was detected (R = 0.452, p = 0.027). TAFI and TAT levels were evaluated using relative operating characteristic analysis to differentiate the disease. TAT was more specific than TAFI according to this analysis (TAFI area under curve (AUC), 0.676; TAT AUC, 0.874). Thrombotic events and bleeding disorders need to be borne in mind in gastric cancer. This situation is due to the impairment of the balance between coagulation and fibrinolysis. Further studies are now needed to evaluate the effects of TAFI and TAT on survey and prognosis as well as the potential of these parameters as tumor markers for gastric cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited disorder characterized by QT prolongation and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia known as torsade de pointes. The underlying cellular mechanism is prolonged ventricular repolarization caused by mutations in genes encoding cardiac ion channels or membrane adaptors. The disease can be diagnosed at any age and, very rarely, it can be diagnosed prenatally or in the neonatal period. Isolated noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (INCVM) is defined as the presence of prominent ventricular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular recesses within the endomyocardium. This report describes a newborn baby presenting with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia whose diagnosis was LQTS and INCVM. Ventricular tachycardia did not respond to medical treatment, and a transient epicardial pacemaker was inserted surgically on his 30th day of life for atrioventricular block and bradycardia. The transient epicardial pacemaker was upgraded to an epicardial intracardiac defibrillator on his 40th day. The concomitant occurrence of INCVM, LQTS, and atrioventricular block needs to be evaluated further.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association between the polymorphisms in DNA repair genes (XPD, XRCC1, and XRCC4) and clinical parameters in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), their effects on prognosis and their roles in susceptibility to MM. Patients and methods: Sixty patients, diagnosed with MM and 70 individuals as the healthy control group were included in the study. Gene polymorphisms were detected with the polymerase chain reaction and/or polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. When the genotype frequencies of XPD (Llys751Gln) and XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) genes were examined in the patient and control groups, no significant difference was detected, while a significant association was found in XRCC4 (VNTR in intron 3 and G-1394T) polymorphisms. A significant association was found in the MM patients group for AA genotype and event-free survival (EFS) in terms of XPD (751) gene polymorphism (P = 0.047). When VNTR intron 3 polymorphism was compared for genotype frequency, DD genotype was found to be significantly low (P = 0.012) in the patient group, whereas GG and TT genotypes were found to be significantly lower in the patient group for the genotype frequency XRCC4 (G-1394T) polymorphism when compared to the control group (P = 0.015, P = 0.010, respectively). RESULTS: These data provide support for the hypothesis that a common variation in the genes encoding XRCC4 DNA repair proteins may contribute to susceptibility to myeloma. These findings require further validation in independent populations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is an uncommon type of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. A 51-year-old man had 2 gradually enlarging reddish, firm, and painless cutaneous-subcutaneous masses surrounded with some erythematous patches on his back for 3 years. Skin biopsy result was consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. FDG PET/CT was performed for staging and demonstrated bilaterally increased FDG uptake in the cutaneous masses with hypermetabolic left axillary lymph nodes. After chemotherapy, FDG PET/CT demonstrated that all FDG-avid lesions resolved, and there is a complete response to therapy.
Clinical nuclear medicine 10/2011; 36(10):e153-5. · 3.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to bring a more understandable and applicable technique to the literature instead of "massage therapy" in CTS. We compared our new technique with the splint wear, of which the efficacy in CTS has been proven with many studies. Eighty-four patients between 31 and 65 years of age were included in the study. The patients were divided into two equal groups. In the first group, splint and "Madenci" hand massage technique were applied, and in the second group only splint was applied. A splint was provided for all patients with tendon and nerve gliding exercises, and also when needed analgesic drugs were given. When the pretreatment and posttreatment parameters were compared via repetitive measurement analysis, it was found that PGA and MDPGA were significantly decreased in both groups (P = 0.001), whereas grip strength was significantly increased (P = 0.001). While no statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding pretreatment values (P > 0.05), the posttreatment PGA, MDPGA, and grip strength scores were significantly improved in Group I compared to Group II (P < 0.05). To the best our knowledge, the present study is the first and largest study in the literature conducted on the massage technique that will contribute to the treatment of CTS. As this new massage technique is easy for self-application, cheap, and practical, every patient with CTS can apply the massage to him/herself easily.
Rheumatology International 09/2011; 32(10):3171-9. · 1.63 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endovascular treatment options have evolved in many ways and become an important alternative for open surgical repairs in various vascular territories. Herein, we present a case of an 18-year-old man with complex injury to the left subclavian artery and vein caused by a gunshot 4 months ago. After the gunshot, a high-flow fistula between the left subclavian artery and the vein occurred with pseudoaneurysm formation. This fistula led to a significant left subclavian steal phenomenon. A stent-graft was deployed along the injured left subclavian artery after embolization of the left vertebral artery by Amplatzer vascular plug 4 (AVP-4) in order to prevent subsequent endoleak due to the subclavian steal syndrome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the presence of autoantibodies developing against thrombocyte membrane glycoproteins (GPs), such as GPIIa/IIIa and GPIb/IX. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of inflammatory cytokine genes were investigated in 71 patients with chronic ITP and 71 healthy controls, and they were compared with the clinical parameters. The polymorphisms in the SNPs were investigated with the polymerase chain reaction, polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primer, and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. It was found that the high expression of TNF-alpha (-308) AG phenotype significantly increased in cases with ITP (odds ratio, OR: 0.318, 95% confidence intervals, CI: 0.103-0.987, p < 0.05). TT genotype in TGF-beta 1 (codon 10) significantly decreased in ITP in comparison with the controls (OR: 0.342, 95% CI: 0.149-0.787, p = 0.016). IFN-gamma (+874) TT genotype was detected to be high in cases with ITP (OR: 3.301, 95% CI: 1.400-7.784, p < 0.05), whereas AA genotype was found to be significantly lower (OR: 4.993, 95% CI: 1.586-15.721, p < 0.05). MBL (codon 54) BB genotype (OR: 1.164, 95% CI: 1.059-1.279, p < 0.05) and IL1A A1/A2 genotype (OR: 0.249, 95% CI: 0.076-0.815, p < 0.05) were found to be significantly higher in cases with ITP than in healthy controls. TNF-alpha (-308) AG phenotype was detected to be significantly higher in steroid-refractory and splenectomized cases at the end of the first year than in the steroid-responsive (complete response (CR) and remission (R)) cases (OR: 4.137, 95% CI: 1.156-14.807, p < 0.05). When we compared the cases, from whom we obtained a CR at their first steroid response, with 12 cases, who entered R but from whom we could not obtain any CR, the frequencies of IFN-gamma (+874) AA genotype were found as 12 (20.3%) and 6 (50%) (OR: 0.082, 95% CI: 0.009-0.793, p < 0.05). MBL (codon 54) AB genotype was detected to be significantly higher in CR patients than in R cases (OR: 1.273, 95% CI: 1.110-1.459, p < 0.05). With these findings, it was found that TNF-alpha/AG, TGF-beta 1/TT, IFN-gamma/TT, MBL/BB, and IL-1RA A1/A2 genotypes were detected as the genes of susceptibility to ITP, while TNF-alpha/AG, IFN-gamma/AA, and MBL/AB genotypes might be important in response to steroid treatment.