Min Li

Ningxia University, China

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Publications (16)41.98 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies reported that Rho-associated kinase inhibitor Y27632 markedly diminishes human embryonic stem cell and induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) dissociation-induced apoptosis and increases cloning efficiency in a feeder-free culture system. However, the mechanisms by which Y27632 protects pluripotent stem cells from apoptosis remain unknown. In the present study, we tested the effects of Y27632 on single dissociated marmoset iPSCs in a feeder-free culture. The results showed that Y27632 promoted the number of cells proliferating after passage by single-cell dissociation in a dose-dependent manner. The Rho-associated kinase inhibitor Y27632 markedly increased the cloning efficiency of marmoset iPSCs without affecting their karyotype and the expression of pluripotency markers. Meanwhile, Y27632 markedly diminished apoptosis of the marmoset iPSCs under even more severe conditions by suppressing the expression and activity of caspase 3. Taken together, the present results suggest that this reagent is effective in improving the cultural system of primate iPSCs.
    Theriogenology 09/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.theriogenology.2015.09.020 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) remains to be a prevalent health issue worldwide. At present, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is the singular anti‑TB vaccine available for the prevention of disease in humans; however, this vaccine only provides limited protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Therefore, the development of alternative vaccines and strategies for increasing the efficacy of vaccination against TB are urgently required. The present study aimed to evaluate the ability of a recombinant adenoviral vector (Ad5‑CEAB) co‑expressing 10‑kDa culture filtrate protein, 6‑kDa early‑secreted antigenic target, antigen 85 (Ag85)A and Ag85B of Mtb to boost immune responses following primary vaccination with BCG in mice. The mice were first subcutaneously primed with BCG and boosted with two doses of Ad5-CEAB via an intranasal route. The immunological effects of Ad5-CEAB boosted mice primed with BCG were then evaluated using a series of immunological indexes. The results demonstrated that the prime‑boost strategy induced a potent antigen‑specific immune response, which was primarily characterized by an enhanced T cell response and increased production of cytokines, including interferon‑γ, tumor necrosis factor‑α and interleukin‑2, in mice. In addition, this vaccination strategy was demonstrated to have an elevated humoral response with increased concentrations of antigen‑specific bronchoalveolar lavage secretory immunoglobulin (Ig)A and serum IgG in mice compared with those primed with BCG alone. These data suggested that the regimen of subcutaneous BCG prime and mucosal Ad5‑CEAB boost was a novel strategy for inducing a broad range of antigen‑specific immune responses to Mtb antigens in vivo, which may provide a promising strategy for further development of adenoviral-based vaccine against Mtb infection.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 05/2015; 12(2). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2015.3770 · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Necrosis of alveolar macrophages following Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection has been demonstrated to play a vital role in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. Our previous study demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin signaling was able to promote mycobacteria-infected cell apoptosis by a caspase-dependent pathway. However, the functionality of this signaling in the necrosis of macrophage following mycobacterial infection remains largely unknown. Methods Murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells were infected with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in the presence of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. The necrotic cell death was determined by cytometric assay and electronic microscopy; the productions of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were measured by a cytometric analysis and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively; and the activity of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1)/apoptosis inhibition factor (AIF) signaling was examined by an immunoblotting assay. Results The BCG can induce RAW264.7 macrophage cells necrosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner along with an accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Intriguingly, an enhancement of Wnt/β-catenin signaling shows an ability to reduce the mycobacteria-induced macrophage necrosis. Mechanistically, the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is capable of inhibiting the necrotic cell death in BCG-infected RAW264.7 cells through a mechanism by which the Wnt signaling scavenges intracellular ROS accumulation and increases cellular GSH concentration. In addition, immunoblotting analysis further reveals that Wnt/β-catenin signaling is capable of inhibiting the ROS-mediated cell necrosis in part through a PARP-1/AIF- dependent pathway. Conclusions An activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling can inhibit BCG-induced macrophage necrosis by increasing the production of GSH and scavenging ROS in part through a mechanism of repression of PARP-1/AIF signaling pathway. This finding may thus provide an insight into the underlying mechanism of alveolar macrophage cell death in response to mycobacterial infection.
    BMC Immunology 03/2015; 16(1). DOI:10.1186/s12865-015-0080-5 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (M. ovipneumoniae) is a bacterium that specifically infects sheep and goat and causes ovine infectious pleuropneumonia. In an effort to understand the pathogen-host interaction between the M. ovipneumoniae and airway epithelial cells, we investigated the host inflammatory response using a primary air-liquid interface (ALI) epithelial culture model generated from bronchial epithelial cells of Ningxia Tan sheep (Ovis aries). The ALI culture of sheep bronchial epithelial cells showed a fully differentiated epithelium comprising distinct epithelial types, including the basal, ciliated and goblet cells. Exposure of ALI cultures to M. ovipneumoniae led to increased expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), and components of the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)-dependent TLR signaling pathway, including the MyD88, TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), IL-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), as well as subsequent pro-inflammatory cytokines in the epithelial cells. Of interest, infection with M. ovipneumoniae failed to induce the expression of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), TRAF3 and interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), key components of the MyD88-independent signaling pathway. These results suggest that the MyD88-dependent TLR pathway may play a crucial role in sheep airway epithelial cells in response to M. ovipneumoniae infection, which also indicate that the ALI culture system may be a reliable model for investigating pathogen-host interactions between M. ovipneumoniae and airway epithelial cells. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 11/2014; 163(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.vetimm.2014.11.008 · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The emerging roles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating immune responses have attracted increasing attention in recent years; and the alveolar macrophages (AMs) are the main targets of mycobacterial infection, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. However, the immunoregulatory role of miRNAs in AMs has not been fully demonstrated. In this study, we find that miR-124 is up-regulated in the peripheral leukocytes of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis; furthermore, the expression miR-124 can be induced upon Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) infection in both RAW264.7 AM cells in vitro and murine AMs in vivo. Mechanistically, miR-124 is able to modulate toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling activity in RAW264.7 cells in response to BCG infection. In this regard, multiple components of TLR signaling cascade, including the TLR6, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), TNFR-associated factor 6 and tumor necrosis factor-α are directly targeted by miR-124. In addition, both overexpression of TLR signaling adaptor MyD88 and BCG infection are able to augment miR-124 transcription, while MyD88 expression silenced by small interfering RNA dramatically suppresses miR-124 expression in AMs in vitro. Moreover, the abundance of miR-124 transcript in murine AMs of MyD88 deficient mice is significantly less than that of their wild-type or heterozygous littermates; and the BCG infection fails to induce miR-124 expression in the lung of MyD88 deficient mouse. These results indicate a negative regulatory role of miR-124 in fine-tuning inflammatory response in AMs upon mycobacterial infection, in part through a mechanism by directly targeting TLR signaling.
    Molecular Immunology 07/2014; 62(1):150-158. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2014.06.014 · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by an infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and remains an enormous and increasing health burden worldwide. To date, Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) is the only licensed anti-TB vaccine worldwide, which provides an important but limited protection from the Mtb infection. The development of alternative anti-TB vaccines is therefore urgently needed. Here we report, the generation of Ad5-CEAB, a recombinant adenovirus expressing Mtb antigens of CFP10, ESAT6, Ag85A and Ag85B proteins in a form of mixture. In order to evaluate the immunogenicity of Ad5-CEAB, mice were immunized with Ad5-CEAB by intranasal instillation three times with 2-week intervals. The results demonstrated that Ad5-CEAB elicited a strong antigen-specific immune response, particularly of the Th1 immune responses that were characterized by an increased ratio of IgG2a/IgG1 and secretions of Th1 type cytokines, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2 and IL-12. In addition, the Ad5-CEAB also showed an ability to enhance humoral responses with a dramatically augmented antigen-specific serum IgG. Furthermore, an elevated sIgA were also found in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the immunized mice, suggesting the elicitation of mucosal immune responses. These data indicate that Ad5-CEAB can induce a broad range of antigen-specific immune responses in vivo, which provides a promising and novel route for developing anti-TB vaccines and warrants further investigation.
    Molecular Immunology 06/2014; 62(1):86-95. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2014.06.007 · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of gender and obesity on the abundance of human colonic Feacalibacterium prausnitzii is currently unclear. We collected fecal samples from 54 obese and 54 sex- and age-matched normal-weight Chinese adults and quantified the fecal F. prausnitzii as percentage of 16S rRNA gene copies of F. prausnitzii accounting to that of total gut bacteria with quantitative PCR. The fecal F. prausnitzii amount was not significantly different between obese and lean subjects. Men possessed significantly lower level of fecal F. prausnitzii than women, and the significant and positive correlation of fecal F. prausnitzii quantity with fasting glucose level was observed in men, not in women. Our results suggest that the gender effect, in addition to other factors including the geographic location, ethnicity, diet and gut transit times of study subjects, has to be considered when studying the relationship between gut F. prausnitzii and diseases.
    Archives of Microbiology 11/2013; 196(1). DOI:10.1007/s00203-013-0942-2 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the association of eNOS gene polymorphism with essential hypertension in the Chinese Han population, we examined polymorphisms of the rs2070744 (T→C), rs1800780 (A→G), and rs3918181 (A→G) loci. The results demonstrated that the genotypic frequency at the rs1800780 (A→G) locus was significantly different between patients with essential hypertension and the control cohorts (P < 0.05); while genotypic frequencies and allelic frequencies at rs2070744 (T→C) and rs3918181 (A→G) loci had no statistical difference between the patient group and controls (P > 0.05). In addition, haplotype analysis found a statistically significant difference for haplotype TGA, with OR (95% CI) of 1.549 (1.116-2.150) (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that polymorphism of rs1800780 (A→G) in the eNOS gene may be one of the most important genetic factors associated with essential hypertension susceptibility, and those who have haplotype TGA may be at risk to develop essential hypertension.
    Biochemical Genetics 11/2013; 52(1-2). DOI:10.1007/s10528-013-9628-3 · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic inflammation induced by endotoxin from a dysbiotic gut microbiota contributes to the development of obesity-related metabolic disorders. Modification of gut microbiota by a diet to balance its composition becomes a promising strategy to help manage obesity. A dietary scheme based on whole grains, traditional Chinese medicinal foods, and prebiotics (WTP diet) was designed to meet human nutritional needs as well as balance the gut microbiota. Ninety-three of 123 central obese volunteers (BMI ≥28 kg m(-2) ) completed a self-controlled clinical trial consisting of 9 weeks intervention on WTP diet followed by a 14 weeks maintenance period. The average weight loss reached 5.79±4.64 kg (6.62±4.94%), in addition to improvement of insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles, and blood pressure. Pyrosequencing of fecal samples showed that phylotypes related to endotoxin-producing opportunistic pathogens of Enterobacteriaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae were reduced significantly, while those related to gut barrier-protecting bacteria of Bifidobacteriaceae increased. Gut permeability, measured as lactulose/mannitol ratio, was decreased compared to the baseline. Plasma endotoxin load as lipopolysaccharide-binding protein was also significantly reduced, with concomitant decrease of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and an increase in adiponectin. These results suggest that modulation of the gut microbiota via dietary intervention may enhance the intestinal barrier integrity, reduce circulating antigen load, and ultimately ameliorate the inflammation and metabolic phenotypes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    FEMS Microbiology Ecology 09/2013; 87(2). DOI:10.1111/1574-6941.12228 · 3.57 Impact Factor

  • AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BIOTECHNOLOGY 11/2012; 11(90). DOI:10.5897/AJB12.594 · 0.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), is one of the world's leading infectious causes of morbidity and mortality. As a mucosal-transmitted pathogen, Mtb infects humans and animals mainly through the mucosal tissue of the respiratory tract. Apart from providing a physical barrier against the invasion of pathogen, the major function of the respiratory mucosa may be to serve as the inductive sites to initiate mucosal immune responses and sequentially provide the first line of defense for the host to defend against this pathogen. A large body of studies in the animals and humans have demonstrated that the mucosal immune system, rather than the systemic immune system, plays fundamental roles in the host’s defense against Mtb infection. Therefore, the development of new vaccines and novel delivery routes capable of directly inducing respiratory mucosal immunity is emphasized for achieving enhanced protection from Mtb infection. In this paper, we outline the current state of knowledge regarding the mucosal immunity against Mtb infection, including the development of TB vaccines, and respiratory delivery routes to enhance mucosal immunity are discussed.
    11/2012; 2012(7):791728. DOI:10.1155/2012/791728
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    ABSTRACT: Amyloid-β (Aβ40/42) aggregates containing the cross-β-sheet structure are associated with the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is generally accepted that the N-terminal peptide of Aβ40/42, Aβ1-16, does not aggregate, and is not cytotoxic. However, we here show that Aβ1-16 can aggregate, and form cytotoxic aggregates containing β-turns and regular non-amyloid β-sheet structures. Factors such as pH, ionic strength, and agitation were found to influence Aβ1-16 aggregation, and the amino acid residues Asp1, His6, Ser8, and Val12 in Aβ1-16 may play a role in this aggregation. Our MTT results showed that Aβ1-16 monomers or oligomers were toxic to SH-SY5Y cells, but Aβ1-16 fibrils exhibited less cytotoxicity. Our studies also indicate that Aβ1-16 aggregates can increase the formation of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide, induce the loss of calcium homeostasis, and incur the microglial production of TNF-α and IL-4. Thus, our findings suggest that Aβ1-16 may contribute to AD pathogenesis.
    Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD 08/2011; 27(2):401-13. DOI:10.3233/JAD-2011-110476 · 4.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The metabolic pathway of phospholipids is one of the most important physiologic pathways in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a typical intracellular bacterium. The hemolytic phospholipase lip gene (Rv0183) is one of 24 phospholipase genes that have been demonstrated to play critical roles in the metabolism of phospholipids in M. tuberculosis. Quantitative RT-PCR and flow cytometry were used to elucidate the immunological and pathogenic implications of the Rv0183 gene on the inflammatory response following persistent expression of Rv0183 in mouse alveolar macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Our results demonstrate that a time-course-dependent ectopic expression of Rv0183 significantly elevated the expression of IL-6, NF-κB, TLR-2, TLR-6, TNFα, and MyD88 in these alveolar macrophage cells. Furthermore, the persistent expression of Rv0183 induced RAW264.7 cell apoptosis in vitro. These findings demonstrate that the expression of Rv0183 induces an inflammatory response and cell apoptosis in the host cells, suggesting that Rv0183 may play an important role in the virulence and pathogenesis of M. tuberculosis infection.
    Canadian Journal of Microbiology 11/2010; 56(11):916-24. DOI:10.1139/w10-079 · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bacteroides spp. represent a prominent bacterial group in human intestinal microbiota with roles in symbiosis and pathogenicity; however, the detailed composition of this group in human feces has yet to be comprehensively characterized. In this study, the molecular diversity of Bacteroides spp. in human fecal microbiota was analyzed from a seven-member, four-generation Chinese family using Bacteroides spp. group-specific 16S rRNA gene clone library analysis. A total of 549 partial 16S rRNA sequences amplified by Bacteroides spp.-specific primers were classified into 52 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with a 99% sequence identity cut-off. Twenty-three OTUs, representing 83% of all clones, were related to 11 validly described Bacteroides species, dominated by Bacteroides coprocola, B. uniformis, and B. vulgatus. Most of the OTUs did not correspond to known species and represented hitherto uncharacterized bacteria. Relative to 16S rRNA gene universal libraries, the diversity of Bacteroides spp. detected by the group-specific libraries was much higher than previously described. Remarkable inter-individual differences were also observed in the composition of Bacteroides spp. in this family cohort. The comprehensive observation of molecular diversity of Bacteroides spp. provides new insights into potential contributions of various species in this group to human health and disease.
    Systematic and Applied Microbiology 06/2009; 32(3):193-200. DOI:10.1016/j.syapm.2009.02.001 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Humans have evolved intimate symbiotic relationships with a consortium of gut microbes (microbiome) and individual variations in the microbiome influence host health, may be implicated in disease etiology, and affect drug metabolism, toxicity, and efficacy. However, the molecular basis of these microbe-host interactions and the roles of individual bacterial species are obscure. We now demonstrate a"transgenomic" approach to link gut microbiome and metabolic phenotype (metabotype) variation. We have used a combination of spectroscopic, microbiomic, and multivariate statistical tools to analyze fecal and urinary samples from seven Chinese individuals (sampled twice) and to model the microbial-host metabolic connectivities. At the species level, we found structural differences in the Chinese family gut microbiomes and those reported for American volunteers, which is consistent with population microbial cometabolic differences reported in epidemiological studies. We also introduce the concept of functional metagenomics, defined as "the characterization of key functional members of the microbiome that most influence host metabolism and hence health." For example, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii population variation is associated with modulation of eight urinary metabolites of diverse structure, indicating that this species is a highly functionally active member of the microbiome, influencing numerous host pathways. Other species were identified showing different and varied metabolic interactions. Our approach for understanding the dynamic basis of host-microbiome symbiosis provides a foundation for the development of functional metagenomics as a probe of systemic effects of drugs and diet that are of relevance to personal and public health care solutions.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 03/2008; 105(6):2117-22. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0712038105 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A group-specific PCR-based denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method was developed and combined with group-specific clone library analysis to investigate the diversity of the Clostridium leptum subgroup in human feces. PCR products (length, 239 bp) were amplified using C. leptum cluster-specific primers and were well separated by DGGE. The DGGE patterns of fecal amplicons from 11 human individuals revealed host-specific profiles; the patterns for fecal samples collected from a child for 3 years demonstrated the structural succession of the population in the first 2 years and its stability in the third year. A clone library was constructed with 100 clones consisting of 1,143-bp inserts of 16S rRNA gene fragments that were amplified from one adult fecal DNA with one forward universal bacterial primer and one reverse group-specific primer. Eighty-six of the clones produced the 239-bp C. leptum cluster-specific amplicons, and the remaining 14 clones did not produce these amplicons but still phylogenetically belong to the subgroup. Sixty-four percent of the clones were related to Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (similarity, 97 to 99%), 6% were related to Subdoligranulum variabile (similarity, approximately 99%), 2% were related to butyrate-producing bacterium A2-207 (similarity, 99%), and 28% were not identified at the species level. The identities of most bands in the DGGE profiles for the same adult were determined by comigration analysis with the 86 clones that harbored the 239-bp group-specific fragments. Our results suggest that DGGE combined with clone library analysis is an effective technique for monitoring and analyzing the composition of this important population in the human gut flora.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 09/2006; 72(8):5232-8. DOI:10.1128/AEM.00151-06 · 3.67 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

507 Citations
41.98 Total Impact Points


  • 2011-2015
    • Ningxia University
  • 2009-2013
    • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
      • • State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism
      • • Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2006
    • Shanxi University
      Yangkü, Shanxi Sheng, China