Min Xia

Tongji University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (5)23.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Atrial Fibrillation (AF), the most common cardiac arrhythmia, is a significant public health problem in the United States, affecting approximately 2.2 million Americans. Recently, several chromosomal loci and genes have been found to be associated with familial AF. However, in most other AF cases, the genetic basis is still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular basis of familial AF in a Dutch kindred group. We analyzed a four-generation Dutch family in which AF segregated as an autosomal dominant trait. After the exclusion of linkage to 10q22-24, 6q14-16, 5p13, KCNQ1, KCNE2, KCNJ2 and some ion-channel-associated candidate genes, a genome-wide linkage scan using 398 microsatellite markers was performed. Two-point logarithms of odds (LOD) scores >1 at recombination fraction [theta] = 0.00 and a haplotype segregating with the disorder were demonstrated only across regions of chromosome 10. Subsequent fine mapping gave a maximum two-point LOD score of 4.1982 at D10S568 at [theta] = 0.00. Distinct recombination in several individuals narrowed the shared region among all affected individuals to 16.4 cM on the Genethon map (flanking markers: D10S578 and D10S1652), which corresponds to chromosome 10p11-q21. Thirteen candidate genes residing in this region, which could be associated with AF, were screened. No mutation has been found in their coding regions including the intron splice regions. We identify a novel locus for AF on chromosome 10p11-q21, which provides further evidence of genetic heterogeneity in this arrhythmia.
    Heart Rhythm 04/2007; 4(4):469-75. · 5.05 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1 mediates the potassium I(K1) current in the heart. It is encoded by KCNJ2 gene that has been linked to Andersen's syndrome. Recently, strong evidences showed that Kir2.1 channels were associated with mouse atrial fibrillation (AF), therefore we hypothesized that KCNJ2 was associated with familial AF. Thirty Chinese AF kindreds were evaluated for mutations in KCNJ2 gene. A valine-to-isoleucine mutation at position 93 (V93I) of Kir2.1 was found in all affected members in one kindred. This valine and its flanking sequence is highly conserved in Kir2.1 proteins among different species. Functional analysis of the V93I mutant demonstrated a gain-of-function consequence on the Kir2.1 current. This effect is opposed to the loss-of-function effect of previously reported mutations in Andersen's syndrome. Kir2.1 V93I mutation may play a role in initiating and/or maintaining AF by increasing the activity of the inward rectifier K(+) channel.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2005; 332(4):1012-9. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Biochem.Biophys.Res.Commun. 01/2005; 332:1012-1019.
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    ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. We first reported an S140G mutation of KCNQ1, an alpha subunit of potassium channels, in one Chinese kindred with AF. However, the molecular defects and cellular mechanisms in most patients with AF remain to be identified. We evaluated 28 unrelated Chinese kindreds with AF and sequenced eight genes of potassium channels (KCNQ1, HERG, KCNE1, KCNE2, KCNE3, KCNE4, KCNE5, and KCNJ2). An arginine-to-cysteine mutation at position 27 (R27C) of KCNE2, the beta subunit of the KCNQ1-KCNE2 channel responsible for a background potassium current, was found in 2 of the 28 probands. The mutation was present in all affected members in the two kindreds and was absent in 462 healthy unrelated Chinese subjects. Similar to KCNQ1 S140G, the mutation had a gain-of-function effect on the KCNQ1-KCNE2 channel; unlike long QT syndrome-associated KCNE2 mutations, it did not alter HERG-KCNE2 current. The mutation did not alter the functions of the HCN channel family either. Thus, KCNE2 R27C is a gain-of-function mutation associated with the initiation and/or maintenance of AF.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 12/2004; 75(5):899-905. · 11.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the search for a readily available source of native cardiac cells, we investigated the molecular and pharmacological properties of the immortalized cardiac atrial myocyte cell line, HL-1 cells. This work focused on the expression pattern of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC). Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that HL-1 cells have mRNA for several types of Ca2+ channels including the L-types, alpha1C and alpha1D, as well as T-types, alpha1H and alpha1G, but are lacking N-type, alpha1B and the T-type, alpha1I. Western blot analysis demonstrated significant alpha1C protein subunit expression, with less alpha1D subunit apparent, while alpha1A, alpha1B and alpha1E subunit expression was undetectable. Immunocytochemical staining showed that the alpha1C protein subunit is expressed predominantly on the cell surface, whereas the alpha1D protein is expressed mostly intracellularly. Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements demonstrated the presence of low (ICa,T) and high (ICa,L) voltage-activated Ca2+ currents, with preferential sensitivity to mibefradil and nimodipine, respectively. Addition of increasing external Ca2+ concentrations, [Ca2+]o, resulted in Ca2+ influx measured by fluorometric imaging with an EC50 of 0.8 mM [Ca2+]o. At a fixed [Ca2+]o of 0.125 mM, Ca2+ influx was also triggered by increasing the extracellular K+ concentration, [K+]o, with an EC50 of 3.7 mM [K+]o. As increasing [K+]o depolarizes the cell, this latter result is consistent with Ca2+ influx through a voltage-dependent mechanism. L-type (nimodipine and verapamil) and T-type (mibefradil and pimozide) Ca2+ channel blockers inhibited Ca2+ influx with IC50s of 1, 2, 0.4 and 0.2 microM, respectively. Antagonists of N-type (omega-conotoxins GVIA) and P/Q-type (MVIIC or omega-agatoxin IVA) did not inhibit Ca2+ influx, consistent with the lack of expression of N-, P-, or Q-type channels observed in the molecular studies. Taken together, these findings indicate that HL-1 cells express L- and T-subtypes of VGCC and are a unique in vitro model system for the study of native, mammalian cardiac Ca2+ channels.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 02/2004; 36(1):111-9. · 5.15 Impact Factor