Mst Afsana Khatun

Lincoln College, Lincoln, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (20)0.52 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Neolamarckia cadamba (Rubiaceae) leaf is used in folk medicine of Bangladesh for the treatment of diabetes, but so far no scientific study has been done which may support its use in traditional medicine. The present study was carried out to evaluate the possible glucose tolerance efficacy of methanolic extract of Neolamarckia cadamba leaf using glucose-induced hyperglycemic mice. The extract at different doses was administered one hour prior to glucose administration and blood glucose level was measured after two hours of glucose administration (p.o.) using glucose oxidase method. The statistical data indicated significant oral hypoglycemic activity on glucose-loaded mice at the two highest doses of 200 and 400 mg extract per kg body weight. Maximum anti-hyperglycemic activity was shown at 400 mg per kg body weight, which was comparable to that of, glibenclamide (10 mg/kg). The methanolic extract of leaf of Neolamarckia cadamba had beneficial effects in reducing the elevated blood glucose level of hyperglycemic mice.
    African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 01/2011; 8(1):79-81. · 0.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bangladesh has over 86,000 villages spread throughout the country. The primary health-care providers of the village inhabitants are usually folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) since the villagers either lack access to modern medical facilities or cannot afford the price of modern medicines. Kavirajes rely on simple preparations of medicinal plants for treatment; the use of medicinal plants can vary widely between Kavirajes of different villages. We conducted an ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes of Vasu Bihar village located within Bogra district, Bangladesh to know about the folk medicinal practices of the village Kavirajes. Following obtaining informed consent from the Kavirajes, interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. All medicinal plants as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that the Kavirajes of Vasu Bihar village utilized 53 plant species distributed into 31 families for treatment of various ailments. The Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, and the Fabaceae families contributed four plants per family followed by the Rutaceae family with three plant species. 11 plants were used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, 6 for pain, and 5 plants for skin disorders, indicating that these are possibly the most common ailments prevalent within the village. Interestingly, the Kavirajes used 3 plants for treatment of cancers or tumors and 3 plants for treatment of diabetes, which are either incurable diseases or not completely cured with modern allopathic medicine. Leaves constituted 45.1% of total uses, followed by fruits (14.1%). Other plant parts used by the Kavirajes included whole plant, stem, shoot, root, flower, fruit, seed, bark, and rhizome. The folk medicinal use of plants offers tremendous potential for scientists to conduct further research on these plants to discover lead compounds and more efficacious drugs.
    American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 06/2010; 4(1):86-93.
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    ABSTRACT: Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) are possibly the most ancient practitioners of traditional medicine in Bangladesh and in general are the primary health-care providers to a majority of the rural population and a substantial segment of the urban population in the country. The major characteristic that separates the folk medicinal practitioners from other systems of existing medicinal practices is their almost exclusive use of simple preparations of medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. Since the population of Bangladesh is primarily rural, village Kavirajes form the major unit from whom ethnomedicinal data can be obtained. The objective of the present study was to conduct a randomized ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes of four villages, Kalakandi, Gorashal, Kadamtoli, and Gunjar, all villages being situated in Daudkandi sub-district of Comilla district in Bangladesh. Informed consent was obtained from the Kavirajes and surveys were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method, where the Kavirajes took the interviewers to places from where they collected their medicinal plants, pointed out the plants and described their uses. All plant specimens were collected and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that the Kavirajes of the four villages surveyed used 44 plant species distributed into 32 families. The Lamiaceae family contributed 4 plants, followed by the Leguminosae, Rutaceae, and Solanaceae families with 3 plants each. Leaves constituted the major plant part used (45.3%), followed by roots (13.2%), and whole plants, fruits, and seeds (7.5% each). The various ailments treated included respiratory tract problems, gastrointestinal disorders, sexual problems, fever, cardiovascular disorders, mental disease, diabetes, loss of hair, vomiting, menstrual problems, skin disorders, hepatic disorders, piles, leprosy, calcium deficiency, dental diseases, cracked foot, bleeding, insect bites, mumps, rabies, chicken pox, body ache, and bone fracture. Cumulatively, the plants obtained in the present survey present considerable potential for further scientific research towards discovery of lead compounds and more efficacious drugs.
    01/2010; 4:99-104.
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    ABSTRACT: Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) constitute the first tier for provision of primary health care to the rural population of 86,000 villages in Bangladesh. Their treatment method for most ailments is oral or topical administration of decoctions, or direct application of whole plants or plant parts, or juices obtained from crushing or maceration of whole plant or plant parts. This practice has been going on from ancient periods and the volume of patient satisfaction suggests that the treatments are on the whole serving their purpose. The medicinal plants chosen by the Kavirajes vary considerably even between adjacent villages. To get a comprehensive view of folk medicinal practices, it is therefore important to survey as many Kavirajes of different villages as possible. The objective of the present study was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes of Shetabganj village in the district of Dinajpur, which lies in the northern section of the country. Informed consent was obtained of the Kavirajes and interviews conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. All plant specimens as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected and brought back for identification at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that the Kavirajes of Shetabganj village used 58 plants distributed into 37 families for treatment of various ailments. The Euphorbiaceae family contributed the highest number of plants (5), followed by the Fabaceae family (4 plants) and the Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, Lamiaceae, and Verbenaceae families (3 plants per family). Leaves constituted the major plant part used (33.3%), followed by roots (16.0%), whole plant (13.3%), and barks (13.3%). 15 plants were used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders suggesting that this is the prevalent disorder in the area. 11 plants were used to respiratory tract disorders like asthma, tonsillitis, and coughs. 7 plants were used for treatment of rheumatism and rheumatic pain, while 6 plants were used for treatment of helminthic infections. The Kavirajes also used medicinal plants for treatment of ailments like paralysis, tuberculosis, endocrinological problems, tract disorders, hepatic disorders, disorders of the spleen, diabetes, sexual disorders, gall bladder problems, allergy, teeth problems, disorders of the ear, pain, snake bite, dog bite, and chicken pox. One plant was used for treatment of filariasis, which is quite prevalent in the region. Overall, the plants present considerable potential for further research, which can lead to the discovery of lead compounds and newer drugs.
    American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 01/2010; 4:196-203.
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    ABSTRACT: Bangladesh has over 86,000 villages spread throughout the country. The primary health-care providers of the village inhabitants are usually folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) since the villagers either lack access to modern medical facilities or cannot afford the price of modern medicines. Kavirajes rely on simple preparations of medicinal plants for treatment; the use of medicinal plants can vary widely between Kavirajes of different villages. We conducted an ethnomedicinal survey among the Kavirajes of Vasu Bihar village located within Bogra district, Bangladesh to know about the folk medicinal practices of the village Kavirajes. Following obtaining informed consent from the Kavirajes, interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. All medicinal plants as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that the Kavirajes of Vasu Bihar village utilized 53 plant species distributed into 31 families for treatment of various ailments. The Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, and the Fabaceae families contributed four plants per family followed by the Rutaceae family with three plant species. 11 plants were used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, 6 for pain, and 5 plants for skin disorders, indicating that these are possibly the most common ailments prevalent within the village. Interestingly, the Kavirajes used 3 plants for treatment of cancers or tumors and 3 plants for treatment of diabetes, which are either incurable diseases or not completely cured with modern allopathic medicine. Leaves constituted 45.1% of total uses, followed by fruits (14.1%). Other plant parts used by the Kavirajes included whole plant, stem, shoot, root, flower, fruit, seed, bark, and rhizome. The folk medicinal use of plants offers tremendous potential for scientists to conduct further research on these plants to discover lead compounds and more efficacious drugs.
    Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Am. Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric. 01/2010; 4(4):86-93.
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    ABSTRACT: This abstract describes a method for in vitro clonal propagation of Wedelia chinensis (Family: Asteraceae), a medicinal plant used by traditional medicinal practitioners of Bangladesh. This plant is used in the traditional medicinal system of Bangladesh for hepatic disorders, coughs, cephalagia, skin diseases, dyeing and promoting hair growth, cancer, and also during uterine hemorrhages and menorrhagia. Explants (shoot tips and nodes) from field grown plants were collected and treated with 0.1% HgCl 2 for surface sterilization. Sterile explants were cultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing different concentration of auxins, cytokinins and gibberellic acid. Tips were sprouted and regenerated on MS medium fortified with BAP (1.0 mg/l) and had an average length of 1.19 cm. [BAP (2.0 mg/l) + IAA (1.0 mg/l)] when used with MS medium showed the best response (100%) on shoot elongation. Simultaneous shooting and rhizogenesis (2.68 roots/shoot) was obtained when explants were cultured in [MS + BAP (1.0 mg/l) + NAA (1.5 mg/l)]. Shoot proliferation was obtained with profused lateral budding in [MS + BAP (1.5 mg/l) + GA 3 (0.5 mg/l)]. Auto-rooting (16 roots/shoot) with vigorous shoot growth was observed in the same medium. The rooted plantlets were successfully established in earthen potted media after proper hardening and acclimatization. After eight weeks of transplantation more than 70% plants survived and no morphological variation was observed with the donor plants. This method of clonal propagation could reduce the cost and time of plantlet production of this species.
    American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 01/2010; 4:65-69.
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    Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: An ethnomedicinal survey was carried out in five villages of Narsinghdi district, Bangladesh. It was observed that most village people rely on folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) for their primary health-care needs. The Kavirajes used medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. Following informed consent obtained from the Kavirajes, interviews were conducted of the Kavirajes with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. All plant species as pointed out by the Kavirajes were identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. A total of 41 plant species distributed into 27 families was found to be used by the Kavirajes of the five villages surveyed. The Asteraceae family, by itself, contributed five plant species. Leaves constituted the major plant part used for treatment of ailments (56.3%), followed by whole plant (18.8%), and bark (12.5%). Common ailments like gastrointestinal disorders, fever, respiratory tract diseases, and infections of the skin were mostly treated by the Kavirajes. 11 plant species were used to treat gastrointestinal disorders, 9 plant species for treatment of cold, coughs, and respiratory problems, and 5 plant species for treatment of fungal infections of the skin. Other more complicated disorders treated by the Kavirajes included cardiovascular disorders, hepatic disorders, and diabetes. One plant species was used not for its curative properties but for its preventive properties. The Kavirajes advised periodic oral administration of root juice of Hibiscus vitifolius to cleanse kidneys and allow normal renal functioning. Overall, the plants present considerable potential for discovery of newer and more efficacious drugs, since a perusal of the scientific literature indicated that a number of medicinal plants obtained in the present survey are validated by scientific findings in their uses by the Kavirajes.
    Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Bangladesh: Am.-Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric. 01/2010; 4(4):55-64.
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    ABSTRACT: Christians form a minority group within the overall Muslim population of Bangladesh and comprises less than 0.5% of the total population. The majority of Christians belong to the various tribes, while non-tribal pockets of Christian population, who have converted to Christianity from Hinduism or Islam are spread around the country. The objective of the present survey was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among one such pocket of Christianity in Mirzapur village of Dinajpur district of Bangladesh. It was observed that the group depends on their own folk medicinal healers or Kavirajes for their primary health-care needs. After obtaining informed consent of the Kavirajes, interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. Data was obtained on the medicinal plants or plant parts used, ailments treated, formulations and administration. All plant specimens as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected, dried and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium. It was observed that 41 medicinal plant species distributed into 28 families were used by the Christian Kavirajes for treatment of various ailments. The ailments treated included pain, gastrointestinal disorders, urinary tract infections, hepatic problems, cuts and wounds, sexual disorders, kidney and gall bladder stones, diabetes, heart disorders, tumor, elephantiasis, rheumatism, edema, epilepsy, nerve weakness, respiratory tract disorders, paralysis, fever, helminthiasis, and debility. Overall, it may be concluded that the medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes can be of excellent potential for further scientific studies and discovery of newer and effective drugs. At the same time, the importance of conservation of these medicinal plants must be emphasized for it was observed that a considerable number of the plants are fast disappearing from the wild because of over-exploitation and lack of conservation measures.
    01/2010; 4:45-51.
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    ABSTRACT: Arsenic in drinking water has been shown to affect approximately 30-40 million people in Bangladesh. The effects of chronic arsenic exposure are not so well-known in children although arsenic is known to have neurologically adverse effects in adults, which include a range of cognitive functions. The present study reports results of a cross-sectional investigation carried out with 500 school children (both males and females, ages 6-10) enrolled in Classes II-VI (n = 25 for both males or females in every Class) at Madartola Government Primary School in Bagerhat district (arsenic-affected area) versus Khorsuthi Government Primary School in Faridpur district (an arsenic non-affected area). Children’s intellectual functions were analyzed from standardized questionnaires, which were pre-tested among school children in Dhaka district, Bangladesh. Along with children’s intellectual functions, the heights and weights of school children between Grades II-VI (both males and females) were compared between Madartola and Khorsuthi. Heights of male students between Madartola and Khorsuthi were significantly different (P<0.05) in Classes III, IV and VI. In case of male students in Classes II and V, these differences were significant but at P<0.08 level. For female students, heights were found to be significantly different (P<0.05) in Classes II, V and VI between Madartola and Khorsuthi. In all cases where significant differences were observed, the heights of school children at Madartola were less than that of Khorsuthi. The weights of male children of Madartola were found to be significantly less than those of Khorsuthi for Classes III, V and VI (P<0.05). Female students of Madartola of Classes II, III, V and VI also had significantly lesser weights (P<0.05) than those at Khorsuthi. Mean of marks obtained by both male and female students were significantly higher for Khorsuthi when compared to Madartola (P<0.05) for Classes II, III, IV and V. Mean of time taken to fill the questionnaire was significantly lower for male students at Khorsuthi for Classes II-VI when compared to students of Madartola (P<0.05). For female students, significant differences (P<0.05) were observed for Classes II-V. Taken together, children between ages 6-10, when chronically exposed to arsenic seemed to gain lesser weights and heights as well as become impaired in intellectual functions when compared to children who have not been exposed to arsenic.
    Advances in Environmental Biology 01/2010; 4(2):172-177.
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    ABSTRACT: Medicinal plants used by folk medicinal practitioners in three villages of Natore and Rajshahi districts, Bangladesh, Am. Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric., C(): CC-CC, 2010 ABSTRACT Folk medicinal healers (Kavirajes) form the primary health-care providers to the predominantly rural population residing in over 86,000 villages throughout Bangladesh. The Kavirajes treat various ailments with whole plants or plant parts from which they make simple decoctions or pastes, which are administered orally or topically. Their mode of treatment is simple, yet considerable variations exist between Kavirajes of even adjoining villages as to the species of plant chosen for treatment of any given ailment. The objective of the present study was to conduct a survey on folk medicinal use of plants in the village of Islampur in Natore district, Bangladesh and the villages of Itaghati and Ataibidir in Rajshahi district, Bangladesh, which are adjoining districts. Informed consent was obtained from the Kavirajes and surveys were carried out with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method, where the Kavirajes pointed out medicinal plants during field-walks with the interviewers and pointed out their uses. A total of 87 medicinal plants distributed into 44 families were observed to be used by the Kavirajes of the three villages surveyed. The Fabaceae family contributed the highest number of plants (9), followed by the Solanaceae family (7) and the Euphorbiaceae family with 5 plants. Whole plants constituted the majority of uses (27.0%), followed respectively, by leaves (22.7%), roots (14.9%), seeds (9.2%), and fruits (8.5%). Other plant parts used included stems, barks, flowers, and tubers. The various ailments treated included helminthiasis,, and hepatitis. Since a number of modern allopathic medicines owe their discovery to studies of medicinal practices of indigenous peoples, cumulatively these medicinal plants present significant potential for further scientific research leading to discovery of lead compounds and more efficacious drugs.
    American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 01/2010; 4:211-218.
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    ABSTRACT: A survey of medicinal plants used by folk medicinal practitioners for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in randomly selected areas of four districts of Bangladesh; Adv. in Nat. Appl. Sci., C(): CC-CC, 2010.
    01/2010; 4:139-147.
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    01/2010; 4:105-111.
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    ABSTRACT: Leukorrhea is the flow of whitish, yellowish or greenish discharge from the vagina of a female, which can happen under normal conditions as well as bacterial or fungal infections. Such discharges may originate from the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or, most commonly, the cervix. In our ongoing ethnomedicinal surveys among the various tribes and regions of Bangladesh, it was observed that leukorrhea due to infections were common among the tribal women as evidenced by the number of plants used by the tribal medicinal practitioners to treat this infective condition. The objective of the present survey was to learn more about the medicinal plants used for treatment of leukorrhea by the tribal medicinal practitioners of the Chakma, Murong and Tonchonga tribes. All three tribes reside in the southeastern forested region of Bangladesh known as the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Informed consent was obtained from the tribal medicinal practitioners and interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. It was observed that the tribal medicinal practitioners of the Chakma, Murong, and Tonchonga tribes used 13 plant species distributed into 12 families for treatment of leukorrhea. Roots constituted the major plant part used (53.3%), followed by leaves (20.0%), bark (13.3%), and whole plant and stem (6.7% each). The Kavirajes did not distinguish whether the leukorrhea originated from bacterial or fungal infections of the vagina or was due to other complications of the ovary, fallopian tube or cervix. In general, any sign of especially whitish discharge from the vagina of females was treated as leukorrhea and medications prescribed accordingly. Since the tribal population in their densely forested abodes lack access to modern medicinal facilities, the medicinal plants can form a primary mode of health-care for treatment of this occasionally infective medical condition in females.
    01/2010; 4:148-152.
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    ABSTRACT: Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by the microorganisms Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. It is primarily a granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. The pauci-bacillary form of leprosy is treated with the drugs, rifampicin and Dapsone (diamino-diphenyl sulfone), while the multi-bacillary form of the disease is treated with the drugs rifampicin, clofazimine, and Dapsone. Bangladesh is one of the five countries who contribute to 82% of the sufferers from this disease world-wide. The disease is prevalent especially among the rural and urban poor, who despite provision of modern treatment often visit folk medicinal practitioners, who utilize medicinal plants for treatment of leprosy. Since the above drugs has been reported to have a number of adverse side-effects, it was of interest to document the medicinal plants used to treat leprosy in Bangladesh for such plants can prove to be valuable sources of drugs with less side-effects. Randomized ethnomedicinal surveys were therefore carried out in ten districts of Bangladesh to learn more about medicinal plants used by folk medicinal practitioners. Informed consent was obtained from the practitioners prior to interviews, which were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. The names of 16 plants were obtained, the plants being distributed into 11 families. The Combretaceae family provided the highest number of three plants followed by the Apocynaceae and Fabaceae families with 2 plants each. The various plant parts used to treat leprosy included whole plant, leaves, barks, roots, and seeds. The plants present considerable potential for discovery of novel compounds with less side-effect for treatment of leprosy and can, at least in Bangladesh, become a source of affordable and more easily available drugs.
    01/2010; 4:128-131.
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    ABSTRACT: Bangladesh is a developing country with the majority of population residing in rural areas lacking proper access to modern medicinal facilities. Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) form the primary health-care providers to the vast majority of rural population as well as a substantial number of the urban population, who cannot afford the price of allopathic medicines. Kavirajes rely on medicinal plants for treatment of ailments. This expertise on medicinal plant usage varies widely between Kavirajes of different areas and even can differ substantially between Kavirajes of adjoining villages. The objective of the present study was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey of Kavirajes in Shitol Para village of Jhalokati district, Bangladesh. Informed consent was obtained from the Kavirajes prior to the actual survey. Interviews were conducted with the help of a semistructured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method in which the Kavirajes took the interviewers to areas from where they collected their medicinal plants, pointed out the plants and described their uses. It was observed that the Kavirajes of Shitol Para village used 95 plants distributed into 48 families for treatment of various ailments. Leaves constituted the plant part primarily used for treatment of ailments (48.9%), followed by fruits (10.5%). From the number of plants used, it appeared that various gastrointestinal disorders were the major ailments prevalent among the villagers of Shitol Para. 29 plants were used for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. 14 plants each were used to treat liver diseases, skin disorders, and respiratory tract disorders. Helminthiasis, gingivitis, urinary tract disorders, and reproductive tract disorders (infertility, lack of libido) were the other major problems affecting the people. 11 plants were used to treat helminthiasis. 9 plants each were used to treat urinary tract disorders and reproductive disorders, while 7 plants were used for treatment of gingivitis. Other diseases treated by the Kavirajes included fever, cuts and wounds, arthritis, pain, cardiovascular disorders, cholera, malaria, hypertension, bone fractures, stomatitis and angular stomatitis, thyroiditis, chicken pox, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, and diabetes. 8 plants had ethnoveterinary applications. Cumulatively, the plants present considerable potential for further studies and discovery of novel compounds for treatment of diseases, which cannot be effectively cured with modern medicine.
    Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences 01/2010; 4(4):85-92.
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    ABSTRACT: Folk medicinal practitioners (Kavirajes) form the first tier of primary health care providers to most of the rural population of Bangladesh. Kavirajes use simple formulations of whole plant or plant parts from medicinal plants for treatment of various ailments. The medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes differ considerably in various areas of Bangladesh. The objective of the present study was to conduct a survey on medicinal plant usage by the Kavirajes of Daulatdia Ghat area in Kushtia district, Bangladesh. Interviews were conducted with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. Plant specimens as pointed out by the Kavirajes were collected and identified at the Bangladesh National Herbarium at Dhaka. It was observed that the Kavirajes of Daulatdia Ghat area used 49 plants distributed into 38 families for treatment of different ailments. The Fabaceae family contributed 4 plants followed by the Agavaceae family with 3 plants. Leaves and whole plants constituted the major parts used (24.6% each), followed by roots (22.8%) and fruits (7.0%). The Kavirajes treated a number of ailments or disorders. Gastrointestinal disorders were treated with 13 plants; skin disorders were treated with 9 plants; respiratory disorders were treated with 8 plants. Other disorders treated included leucorrhea (5 plants), sexual disorders (7 plants), diabetes (4 plants), rheumatism (5 plants), gall bladder stones (3 plants), fever (3 plants), urinary tract problems (3 plants), and pain (5 plants). The Kavirajes also treated debility, hepatic disorders, infections, poisoning, menstrual problems, heart diseases, typhoid, cuts and wounds, edema, measles, helminthiasis, piles, malaria, obesity, insanity, and ear and eye infections. Taken together, the medicinal plants used by the Kavirajes considerable potential for further scientific studies, which can lead to newer and more efficient drugs.
    American-Eurasian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 01/2010; 4(1):219-229.
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    A supplement of an Indexed (Pubmed) Journal. Abstract from 20th International Symposium on Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (PBA2009),March 1st to 4th ,2009, Agra, India . 01/2009;
  • Journal of Phytomedicine and Therapeutic. 01/2009;
  • First Asian Horticulture congress, Juju Island, South Korea; 01/2008