M Zhang

National Institutes of Health, Maryland, United States

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Publications (6)24.95 Total impact

  • Endocrine Research 12/2000; 26(4):559-60. · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • M Zhang · X Zhao · H C Chen · K J Catt · L Hunyady ·
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    ABSTRACT: The C-terminal region of the third intracellular loop of the AT(1) angiotensin receptor (AT(1)-R) is an important determinant of G protein coupling. The roles of individual residues in agonist-induced activation of G(q/11)-dependent phosphoinositide hydrolysis were determined by mutational analysis of the amino acids in this region. Functional studies on mutant receptors transiently expressed in COS-7 cells showed that alanine substitutions of the amino acids in positions 232-240 of the third loop had no major effect on signal generation. However, deletion mutations that removed Ile(238) or affected its position relative to transmembrane helix VI significantly impaired angiotensin II-induced inositol phosphate responses. Substitution of Ile(238) with an acidic residue abolished the ability of the receptor to mediate inositol phosphate production, whereas its replacement with basic or polar residues reduced the amplitude of inositol phosphate responses. Substitutions of Phe(239) with polar residues had relatively minor effects on inositol phosphate signal generation, but its replacement by aspartic acid reduced, and by positively charged residues (Lys, Arg) significantly increased, angiotensin II-induced inositol phosphate responses. The internalization kinetics of the Ile(238) and Phe(239) mutant receptors were impaired in parallel with the reduction in their signaling responses. These findings have identified Ile(238) and Phe(239) as the critical residues in the C-terminal region of the third intracellular loop of the AT(1)-R for receptor activation. They also suggest that an apolar amino acid corresponding to Ile(238) of the AT(1)-R is a general requirement for activation of other G protein-coupled receptors by their agonist ligands.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2000; 275(21):15782-8. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M000198200 · 4.57 Impact Factor

  • Endocrine Research 01/2000; 26(4):559-560. DOI:10.3109/07435800009048570 · 1.28 Impact Factor
  • L Hunyady · H Ji · G Jagadeesh · M Zhang · Z Gáborik · B Mihalik · K J Catt ·
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    ABSTRACT: For several G protein-coupled receptors, amino acids in the seventh transmembrane helix have been implicated in ligand binding and receptor activation. The function of this region in the AT1 angiotensin receptor was further investigated by mutation of two conserved polar residues (Asn294 and Asn295) and the adjacent Phe293 residue. Analysis of the properties of the mutant receptors expressed in COS-7 cells revealed that alanine replacement of Phe293 had no major effect on AT1 receptor function. Substitution of the adjacent Asn294 residue with alanine (N294A) reduced receptor binding affinities for angiotensin II, two nonpeptide agonists (L-162,313 and L-163,491), and the AT1-selective nonpeptide antagonist losartan but not that for the peptide antagonist [Sar1, Ile8]angiotensin II. The N294A receptor also showed impaired G protein coupling and severely attenuated inositol phosphate generation. In contrast, alanine replacement of Asn295 decreased receptor binding affinities for all angiotensin II ligands but did not impair signal transduction. Additional substitutions of Asn295 with a variety of amino acids did not identify specific structural elements for ligand binding. These findings indicate that Asn295 is required for the integrity of the intramembrane binding pocket of the AT1a receptor but is not essential for signal generation. They also demonstrate the importance of transmembrane helices in the formation of the binding site for nonpeptide AT1 receptor agonists. We conclude that the Asn294 residue of the AT1 receptor is an essential determinant of receptor activation and that the adjacent Asn295 residue is required for normal ligand binding.
    Molecular Pharmacology 09/1998; 54(2):427-34. · 4.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A polyclonal antibody was raised in rabbits against a fusion protein immunogen consisting of bacterial maltose-binding protein coupled to a 92-amino acid C-terminal fragment of the rat AT1b angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor. The antibody immunoprecipitated the photoaffinity-labeled bovine AT1 receptor (AT1-R), but not the rat AT2 receptor, and specifically stained bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells and AT1a receptor-expressing Cos-7 cells, as well as the rat adrenal zona glomerulosa and renal glomeruli. The antibody was employed to analyze Ang II-induced phosphorylation of the endogenous AT1-R immunoprecipitated from cultured bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells. Receptor phosphorylation was rapid, sustained for up to 60 min, and enhanced by pretreatment of the cells with okadaic acid. Its magnitude was correlated with the degree of ligand occupancy of the receptor. Activation of protein kinase A and protein kinase C (PKC) also caused phosphorylation of the receptor, but to a lesser extent than Ang II. Inhibition of PKC by staurosporine augmented Ang II-stimulated AT1-R phosphorylation, suggesting a negative regulatory role of PKC on the putative G protein-coupled receptor kinase(s) that mediates the majority of AT1-R phosphorylation. The antibody should permit further analysis of endogenous AT1-R phosphorylation in Ang II target cells.
    Molecular Endocrinology 06/1998; 12(5):634-44. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    L Hunyady · M Zhang · G Jagadeesh · M Bor · T Balla · K J Catt ·
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    ABSTRACT: The coupling of agonist-activated seven transmembrane domain receptors to G proteins is known to involve the amino-terminal region of their third cytoplasmic loop. Analysis of the amino acids in this region of the rat type in angiotensin (AT1a) receptor identified Leu-222 as an essential residue in receptor activation by the physiological agonist, angiotensin II (Ang II). Nonpolar replacements for Leu-222 yielded functionally intact AT1 receptors, while polar or charged residues caused progressive impairment of Ang II-induced inositol phosphate generation. The decrease in agonist-induced signal generation was associated with a parallel reduction of receptor internalization, and was most pronounced for the Lys-222 mutant receptor. Although this mutant showed normal binding of the peptide antagonist, [Sar1,Ile6]Ang II, its affinity for Ang II was markedly reduced, consistent with its inability to adopt the high-affinity conformation. A search revealed that many Gq-coupled receptors contain an apolar amino acid (frequently leucine) in the position corresponding to Leu-222 of the AT1 receptor. These findings suggest that such a conserved apolar residue in the third intracellular loop is a crucial element in the agonist-induced activation of the AT1 and possibly many other G protein-coupled receptors.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10/1996; 93(19):10040-5. DOI:10.1073/pnas.93.19.10040 · 9.67 Impact Factor