ABSTRACT: In the search for cell adhesion inhibitors from natural sources, three active compounds were isolated from Chloranthus japonicus Sieb. (Chloranthaceae) roots. The compounds were identified as dimeric sesquiterpenoids of shizukaol B (1), cycloshizukaol A (2) and shizukaol F (3). These compounds inhibited PMA-induced homotypic aggregation of HL-60 cells without cytotoxicity with MIC values of 34.1 nM (1), 0.9 microM (2) and 27.3 nM (3), respectively. Although 1-3 did not affect the direct binding of LFA-1 to ICAM-1, these compounds markedly inhibited ICAM-1 expression in HL-60 cells in a dose-dependent fashion. On the other hand, when HUVEC were pretreated with 1-3 and stimulated with TNF-alpha, adhesion of THP-1 cells to HUVEC decreased in dose-dependent manner with IC(50) values of 54.6 nM, 1.2 microM and 34.1 nM, respectively. In fact, 1 inhibited TNF-alpha-induced surface expression of the ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin in HUVEC with IC(50) values of 5.4 nM, 13.6 microM and 95.6 nM, respectively. The present findings suggest that 1-3 prevent monocyte adhesion to HUVEC through the inhibition of cell adhesion molecules expression stimulated by TNF-alpha.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 04/2006; 104(1-2):270-7. · 3.01 Impact Factor