Michelle J Keyes

York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania, United States

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Publications (46)367.08 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Secondary prevention trials have demonstrated the efficacy of statins in reducing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease and events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, there are few data describing the clinical value of statins in patients with coronary artery disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing PCI. Of 10,148 patients who entered into Evaluation of Drug Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events, a multicenter registry of unselected patients undergoing PCI from July 2004 to December 2007, we studied 2,306 patients with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≤60 ml/min based on the Modified Diet in Renal Disease calculation). Patients were stratified into those receiving statins at discharge (n = 1,833, 79%) or not (n = 473, 21%). Patients in the statin group had a greater prevalence of hypertension, recent myocardial infarction (MI), and use of β blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Outcomes were assessed from discharge through 1-year follow-up. One-year all-cause mortality was 5.7% in statin group versus 8.7% in the no statin group (adjusted hazard ratio 0.55, 95% confidence interval 0.34 to 0.88). The composite of death, MI, and repeat revascularization was lower in statin group (adjusted hazard ratio 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.51 to 0.99). In conclusion, among patients with CKD undergoing PCI, the prescription of statins at hospital discharge was associated with a significant improvement in subsequent outcomes including mortality and composite end point of death, MI, and repeat revascularization.
    The American journal of cardiology 11/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background- Patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis, who do not undergo valve replacement surgery have a poor long-term prognosis. Limited data exist on the medical resource utilization and costs during the final stages of the disease. Methods and Results- We used data from the 2003 Medicare 5% standard analytic files to identify patients with aortic stenosis and a recent hospitalization for heart failure, who did not undergo valve replacement surgery within the ensuing 2 calendar quarters. These patients (n=2150) were considered to have medically managed severe aortic stenosis and were tracked over 5 years to measure clinical outcomes, medical resource use, and costs (from the perspective of the Medicare Program). The mean age of the cohort was 82 years, 64% were female, and the estimated logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) (a measure of predicted mortality with cardiac surgery) was 17%. During 5 years of follow-up, overall mortality was 88.4% with a mean survival duration of 1.8 years. During this time period, patients experienced an average of 4.4 hospital admissions, 52% were admitted to skilled nursing care, and 28% were admitted to hospice care. The total 5-year costs were $63 844 per patient, whereas mean annual follow-up costs (excluding the index quarter) per year alive were $29 278. Conclusions- Elderly patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing medical management have limited long-term survival and incur substantial costs to the Medicare Program. These results have important implications for policy makers interested in better understanding the cost-effectiveness of emerging treatment options such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 09/2012; 5(5):697-704. · 5.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the clinical outcomes after perctuaneous coronary revascularization of large coronary arteries using drug-eluting (DES) or bare-metal (BMS) stents. BACKGROUND: In de novo native coronary lesions with reference diameters of 2.5-3.5 mm, DES reduce target lesion revascularization (TLR) with no increase in death or myocardial infarction (MI). The relative efficacy of DES in larger coronary artery lesions is less certain. METHODS: From the prospective EVENT registry, we identified patients undergoing stenting of de novo lesions in native coronary arteries 3.5 to 5.0 mm in diameter (n=1485). In-hospital and one year clinical outcomes were compared for BMS (n=282) and DES (n=1203) patients, using propensity stratification to adjust for differences in potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Most patient characteristics were similar for the 2 groups, but BMS patients were more likely to have been treated in the setting of ST elevation MI, whereas DES patients had more bifurcation lesions, smaller vessels, and longer total stent lengths. In risk-adjusted analyses the composite endpoint of 1-year death, MI or target lesion revascularization was similar for BMS and DES (standardized rate: 11.9% vs. 8.5%, p=0.10). DES was associated with a 62% reduction in the risk of TLR, although the absolute difference in event rates was small (standardized rates 4.6% vs. 1.8%, p=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Among relatively unselected patients undergoing PCI of large native coronary arteries, use of DES was associated with a modest reduction in rates of TLR, with a neutral effect on other ischemic endpoints. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 04/2012; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes of patients receiving drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal stents (BMS) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of saphenous vein bypass grafts (SVG). BACKGROUND: Long-term benefits of DES versus BMS are well established for native vessel PCI. Benefit in patients undergoing SVG intervention is less certain. We used data from a multicenter registry (evaluation of drug eluting stents and ischemic events, EVENT) to compare outcomes among patients treated with DES versus BMS 1-year following SVG interventions. METHODS: Between July 2004 and December 2007, 684 patients in EVENT underwent SVG PCI (515 DES only, 169 BMS only). The primary endpoint was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and target lesion revascularization between hospital discharge and 1-year follow-up. Propensity score stratification was used to adjust for differences between groups. RESULTS: Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics of patients treated with DES and BMS were similar. The DES group had fewer men and a higher prevalence of prior PCI. Patients receiving DES had less angiographic thrombus, less frequent use of embolic protection devices, greater total stent length, and smaller maximum stent diameters. Unadjusted outcomes between discharge and 1-year follow-up did not differ between the groups. After risk adjustment, the primary outcome was less frequent among patients treated with DES (adjusted HR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.27-0.84, P < 0.01) with similar relative benefits across the individual endpoints. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing SVG PCI in a "real world" registry analyzed using propensity score stratification, treatment with DES compared with BMS was associated with reduced MACE at 1 year following PCI. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2012; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the standard of care for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis who are suitable surgical candidates, benefiting both non-high-risk and high-risk patients. The purpose of this study was to report long-term medical resource use and costs for patients following AVR and validate our assumption that high-risk patients have worse outcomes and are more costly than non-high-risk patients in this population. METHODS: Patients with aortic stenosis who underwent AVR were identified in the 2003 Medicare 5% Standard Analytic Files and tracked over 5 years to measure clinical outcomes, medical resource use, and costs. An approximation to the logistic EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation) based on administrative data was used to assess surgical risk, with a computed logistic EuroSCORE > 20% considered high-risk. RESULTS: We identified 1474 patients with aortic stenosis who underwent AVR, of whom 1222 (82.9%) were non-high-risk and 252 (17.1%) were high-risk. Among those who were non-high-risk, the mean age was 73.3 years, 464 (38.2%) were women, and the mean logistic EuroSCORE was 7%, whereas in those who were high-risk, the mean age was 77.6 years, 134 (52.8%) were women, and the mean logistic EuroSCORE was 37%. All-cause mortality was 33.2% for non-high-risk and 66.7% for high-risk patients at 5 years. Over this time period, non-high-risk patients experienced an average of 3.9 inpatient hospitalizations and total costs of $106,277 per patient versus 4.7 hospitalizations and total costs of $144,183 for high-risk patients. CONCLUSION: Among elderly patients undergoing AVR, long-term mortality and costs are substantially greater for high-risk than for non-high-risk individuals. These findings indicate that further research is needed to understand whether newer approaches to aortic valve replacement such as transcatheter AVR may be a lower cost, clinically valuable alternative.
    Risk Management and Healthcare Policy 01/2012; 5:117-126.
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    ABSTRACT: Drug-eluting stents (DES) are commonly used to treat obstructive coronary disease and avoid restenosis. Newer DES have been developed to improve effectiveness and safety. We describe a clinical trial to evaluate a DES with a novel polymer that may improve the antirestenosis effectiveness while maintaining the safety standards of currently Food and Drug Administration-approved DES. The RESOLUTE US Trial is a multicenter, nonrandomized trial prospectively designed to compare the Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES) to the Food and Drug Administration-approved Endeavor ZES using patient-level historical control data, adjusting for baseline covariates through propensity score. The stents differ primarily in the polymer, which, in the R-ZES, is designed to elute zotarolimus over a longer period. The study will enroll up to 1,574 patients with ischemic heart disease due to de novo native coronary lesions suitable for 1- or 2-vessel treatment with stents from 2.25 to 4.0 mm in diameter. The primary end point is target lesion failure at 12 months postprocedure, defined as the composite of cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically driven target lesion revascularization by percutaneous or surgical methods. Secondary end points include device, lesion and procedural success, death, MI, cardiac death and MI, composites of these clinical events, and stent thrombosis at each follow-up assessment up to 5 years postprocedure. The RESOLUTE US Trial (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT00726453) is a prospective, multicenter, observational study with a patient-level historical control designed to assess the safety and efficacy of the R-ZES for the treatment of de novo lesions in native coronary arteries.
    American heart journal 05/2011; 161(5):807-14. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to describe the incidence and consequences of minor surgery after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The Evaluation of Drug-Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events (EVENT) Registry prospectively enrolled unselected patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention at 47 US centers between July 2004 and December 2007. We examined 8,323 patients who received a DES in EVENT to determine the frequencies of minor surgery and postoperative adverse events. Minor surgery (defined as procedures not requiring a major surgical incision) was performed in 164 (2.0%) of 8,323 patients <1 year after stenting, as follows: pacemaker/defibrillator implantation (46%), eye surgery (17%), orthopedic (9%), dermatologic (8%), endovascular (6%), and gastrointestinal procedures (5%). Compared with patients who did not undergo minor surgery, those who did were older, had more comorbidities, had more extensive coronary disease, and were more likely to have received warfarin after stenting. Only 1 (0.6%, 95% CI 0.0%-3.4%) of 164 patients had an event (stent thrombosis causing myocardial infarction) during the first week after minor surgery; this rate was slightly higher than the background rate of ischemic events in the study population (exact mid P = .01). Clopidogrel use at 12 months was similar between patients who did and those who did not undergo minor surgery (65.2% vs 65.5%, P = .95). In the EVENT Registry, minor surgery was performed in 2% of patients in the first year after DES implantation. The risk of stent thrombosis during the first week after surgery was increased slightly compared with background rates, but the absolute event rate was low (0.6%).
    American heart journal 02/2011; 161(2):360-6. · 4.65 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) level is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The relationship between tHcy and carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) at the internal carotid artery (ICA)/bulb-IMT and common carotid artery (CCA)-IMT had not been systematically studied, however. Because the ICA/bulb segment is more prone to plaque formation than the CCA segment, differential associations with tHcy at these sites might suggest mechanisms of tHcy action. We examined the cross-sectional segment-specific relationships of tHcy to ICA/bulb-IMT and CCA-IMT in 2499 participants from the Framingham Offspring Study who were free of cardiovascular disease. In multivariate linear regression analysis, ICA/bulb-IMT was significantly higher in the fourth tHcy quartile category compared with the other quartile categories, in both the age- and sex-adjusted and the multivariate-adjusted models (P for trend <.0001 and <.01, respectively). We observed a significant age-by-tHcy interaction for ICA/bulb-IMT (P=.03) and thus stratified the analyses by median age (58 years). A significant positive trend between tHcy and ICA/bulb-IMT was seen in individuals age ≥58 years (P for trend <.01), but not in younger individuals (P for trend=.24) in multivariate-adjusted models. For CCA-IMT, no significant trends were observed in any of the analyses. The segment-specific association between elevated tHcy level and ICA/bulb-IMT suggests an association between tHcy and plaque formation.
    Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases: the official journal of National Stroke Association 01/2011; 20(2):155-61.
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    ABSTRACT: We sought to evaluate the early drug-eluting stent (DES) era, characterized by widespread device use. Contemporary clinical practice incorporating more selective DES use can only be assessed by understanding the early DES era. All patients receiving DES during the first 3 waves of the Evaluation of Drug Eluting Stents and Ischemic Events (EVENT) Registry (2004-2006) were evaluated. The primary end point was a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and urgent revascularization at discharge and death, MI, or target lesion revascularization (TLR) at 1 year. The composite end point at each time point was compared across waves. Multivariable logistic regression was used for in-hospital outcomes and multivariable Cox regression was used for 1-year end points. Ninety-two percent of EVENT patients received at least one DES. One third of patients were treated for Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) (33.8%), and later waves included lower lesion complexity. Across waves there was more frequent clopidogrel loading, a decrease in heparin and an increase in bivalirudin use (all P < .01). The primary composite end point of in-hospital death, MI or urgent revascularization occurred in 7.2% of patients, and did not differ across waves. Despite remarkably high levels of routine DES usage, the composite end point of death, MI, or TLR at 1 year averaged 13.5% and did not differ across waves. After adjustment, no statistically significant effect of wave on composite bleeding (P = .068) as well as in-hospital TLR (P = .053) was noted. At 1 year, wave was associated with a lower likelihood of TLR in the adjusted model (HR 0.81, P = .03). The high-adoption DES era was associated with favorable outcomes, decreasing bleeding rates and changes in antithrombotic approach.
    American heart journal 10/2010; 160(4):767-74. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the setting of acute myocardial infarction, prolongation of the QRS interval on electrocardiography identifies patients at risk for needing permanent pacemaker implantation. However, the implications of prolonged QRS intervals in healthy subjects are unclear, especially given that the QRS prolongation encountered in this setting is typically mild. The aim of this study was to assess the relation between QRS duration and incident pacemaker implantation in a community-based cohort of 8,311 subjects (mean age 54 years, 55% women) who attended 17,731 routine examinations with resting 12-lead electrocardiography. QRS duration was analyzed as a continuous and a categorical variable (<100, 100 to <120, and > or =120 ms). During up to 35 years of follow-up, 157 participants (56 women) developed need for permanent pacemakers. In multivariable Cox regression models adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors and previous myocardial infarction or heart failure, mild QRS prolongation was associated with a threefold risk for pacemaker implantation (adjusted hazard ratio 2.90, 95% confidence interval 1.81 to 4.66, p <0.0001), and bundle branch block was associated with a fourfold risk for pacemaker implantation (hazard ratio 4.43, 95% confidence interval 2.94 to 6.68, p <0.0001). Each standard deviation increment in QRS duration (11 ms) was associated with an adjusted hazard ratio of 1.14 (95% confidence interval 1.11 to 1.18, p <0.0001) for pacemaker placement. This association remained significant after excluding subjects with QRS durations > or =120 ms. In conclusion, subjects with prolonged QRS durations, even without bundle branch block, are at increased risk for future pacemaker implantation. Such individuals may warrant monitoring for progressive conduction disease.
    The American journal of cardiology 09/2010; 106(5):668-72. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2010; 55(10).
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    ABSTRACT: Clinic-based, case-control studies linked sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) to markers of endothelial dysfunction. We attempted to validate this association in a large community-based sample, and evaluate the relation of SDB to arterial diameter and peripheral blood flow. This community-based, cross-sectional observational study included 327 men and 355 women, aged 42-83 years, from the Framingham Heart Study site of the Sleep Heart Health Study. The polysomnographically derived apnea-hypopnea index and the hypoxemia index (percent sleep time with oxyhemoglobin saturation below 90%) were used to quantify the severity of SDB. Brachial artery ultrasound measurements included baseline diameter, percent flow-mediated dilation, and baseline and hyperemic flow velocity and volume. The baseline brachial artery diameter was significantly associated with both the apnea-hypopnea index and the hypoxemia index. The association was diminished by adjustment for body mass index, but remained significant for the apnea-hypopnea index. Age-, sex-, race- and body mass index-adjusted mean diameters were 4.32, 4.33, 4.33, 4.56, 4.53 mm for those with apnea-hypopnea index < 1.5, 1.5-4.9, 5-14.9, 15-29.9, >/= 30, respectively; p = 0.03. Baseline flow measures were associated with the apnea-hypopnea index but this association was non-significant after adjusting for body mass index. No significant association was observed between measures of SDB and percent flow-mediated dilation or hyperemic flow in any model. In conclusion, this study supports a moderate association of SDB and larger baseline brachial artery diameter, which may reflect SDB-induced vascular remodeling. This study does not support a link between SDB and endothelial dysfunction as measured by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation.
    Vascular Medicine 11/2009; 14(4):351-60. · 1.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Because vitamin D deficiency is associated with a variety of chronic diseases, understanding the characteristics that promote vitamin D deficiency in otherwise healthy adults could have important clinical implications. Few studies relating vitamin D deficiency to obesity have included direct measures of adiposity. Furthermore, the degree to which vitamin D is associated with metabolic traits after adjusting for adiposity measures is unclear. We investigated the relations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations with indexes of cardiometabolic risk in 3,890 nondiabetic individuals; 1,882 had subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volumes measured by multidetector computed tomography (CT). In multivariable-adjusted regression models, 25(OH)D was inversely associated with winter season, waist circumference, and serum insulin (P < 0.005 for all). In models further adjusted for CT measures, 25(OH)D was inversely related to SAT (-1.1 ng/ml per SD increment in SAT, P = 0.016) and VAT (-2.3 ng/ml per SD, P < 0.0001). The association of 25(OH)D with insulin resistance measures became nonsignificant after adjustment for VAT. Higher adiposity volumes were correlated with lower 25(OH)D across different categories of BMI, including in lean individuals (BMI <25 kg/m(2)). The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (25[OH]D <20 ng/ml) was threefold higher in those with high SAT and high VAT than in those with low SAT and low VAT (P < 0.0001). Vitamin D status is strongly associated with variation in subcutaneous and especially visceral adiposity. The mechanisms by which adiposity promotes vitamin D deficiency warrant further study.
    Diabetes 10/2009; 59(1):242-8. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prolongation of the electrocardiographic PR interval, known as first-degree atrioventricular block when the PR interval exceeds 200 milliseconds, is frequently encountered in clinical practice. To determine the clinical significance of PR prolongation in ambulatory individuals. Prospective, community-based cohort including 7575 individuals from the Framingham Heart Study (mean age, 47 years; 54% women) who underwent routine 12-lead electrocardiography. The study cohort underwent prospective follow-up through 2007 from baseline examinations in 1968-1974. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the associations of PR interval with the incidence of arrhythmic events and death. Incident atrial fibrillation (AF), pacemaker implantation, and all-cause mortality. During follow-up, 481 participants developed AF, 124 required pacemaker implantation, and 1739 died. At the baseline examination, 124 individuals had PR intervals longer than 200 milliseconds. For those with PR intervals longer than 200 milliseconds compared with those with PR intervals of 200 milliseconds or shorter, incidence rates per 10 000 person-years were 140 (95% confidence interval [CI], 95-208) vs 36 (95% CI, 32-39) for AF, 59 (95% CI, 40-87) vs 6 (95% CI, 5-7) for pacemaker implantation, and 334 (95% CI, 260-428) vs 129 (95% CI, 123-135) for all-cause mortality. Corresponding absolute risk increases were 1.04% (AF), 0.53% (pacemaker implantation), and 2.05% (all-cause mortality) per year. In multivariable analyses, each 20-millisecond increment in PR was associated with an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.11 (95% CI, 1.02-1.22; P = .02) for AF, 1.22 (95% CI, 1.14-1.30; P < .001) for pacemaker implantation, and 1.08 (95% CI, 1.02-1.13; P = .005) for all-cause mortality. Individuals with first-degree atrioventricular block had a 2-fold adjusted risk of AF (HR, 2.06; 95% CI, 1.36-3.12; P < .001), 3-fold adjusted risk of pacemaker implantation (HR, 2.89; 95% CI, 1.83-4.57; P < .001), and 1.4-fold adjusted risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 1.44, 95% CI, 1.09-1.91; P = .01). Prolongation of the PR interval is associated with increased risks of AF, pacemaker implantation, and all-cause mortality.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 06/2009; 301(24):2571-7. · 29.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endothelial dysfunction may link obesity to cardiovascular disease (CVD). We tested the hypothesis that visceral abdominal tissue (VAT) as compared with subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) is more related to endothelium-dependent vasodilation. Among Framingham Offspring and Third Generation cohorts (n = 3,020, mean age 50 years, 47% women), we used multivariable linear regression adjusted for CVD and its risk factors to relate computed tomography (CT)-assessed VAT and SAT, BMI, and waist circumference (WC), with brachial artery measures. In multivariable-adjusted models, BMI, WC, VAT, and SAT were positively related to baseline artery diameter and baseline mean flow velocity (all P < 0.001), but not hyperemic mean flow velocity. In multivariable-adjusted models, BMI (P = 0.002), WC (P = 0.001), and VAT (P = 0.01), but not SAT (P = 0.24) were inversely associated with percentage of flow-mediated dilation (FMD%). However, there was little incremental increase in the proportion of variability explained by VAT (R(2) = 0.266) as compared to SAT (R(2) = 0.265), above and beyond traditional risk factors. VAT, but not SAT was associated with FMD% after adjusting for clinical covariates. Nevertheless, the differential association with VAT as compared to SAT was minimal.
    Obesity 03/2009; 17(11):2054-9. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Corneal arcus is a lipid-rich deposit at the corneoscleral limbus that shares some similarities with the lipid deposition of atherosclerosis. Epidemiologic studies examining the association between corneal arcus and coronary artery disease (CAD) have yielded mixed results. This study was conducted to determine if corneal arcus is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CAD. A prospective analysis was performed using Cox proportional-hazards regression models in the Framingham Heart Study Original Cohort and Offspring Cohort database. This cohort included 23,376 patient-examinations, during 3,890 (17%) of which corneal arcus was identified. Corneal arcus was a predictor of CVD and CAD at 4 years (hazard ratios [HRs] 2.28 and 1.99, respectively) and 8 years (HRs 2.52 and 2.35, respectively) of follow-up (p <0.0001 for all). Corneal arcus was no longer predictive of either CVD or CAD, however, after adjustment for age and gender at 4 years (HRs 1.07 and 1.01, respectively) and 8 years (HRs 1.18 and 1.17, respectively) of follow-up (p >0.05 for all). In conclusion, corneal arcus predicted CVD and CAD in the community-based Framingham Heart Study cohort because of the strong association of corneal arcus with increasing age. To date, this is the largest and lengthiest population-based cohort study examining the direct association between corneal arcus and CVD and CAD.
    The American journal of cardiology 01/2009; 103(1):64-6. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Observational studies generally showed beneficial associations between supplemental vitamin E intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk whereas intervention trials reported adverse effects of vitamin E supplements. We hypothesize that these discordant findings result from differing underlying health status of study participants in observational and intervention studies. Determine if the relation between supplemental vitamin E intake and CVD and all-cause mortality (ACM) depends on pre-existing CVD. Proportional hazards regression to relate supplemental vitamin E intake to the 10-year incidence of CVD and ACM in 4270 Framingham Study participants stratified by baseline CVD status. Eleven percent of participants used vitamin E supplements at baseline. In participants with pre-existing CVD, there were 28 (44%) and 20 (32%) incident cases of CVD and ACM in the vitamin E supplement users versus 249 (47%) and 202 (38%) in the non-users, respectively (CVD HR, 0.90; 95% CL, 0.60-1.32; ACM HR, 0.74; 95% CL, 0.46-1.17). In participants without pre-existing CVD, there were 51 (13%) and 47 (12%) cases of CVD and ACM in the vitamin E supplement group versus 428 (13%) and 342 (10%) in the non-vitamin E supplement group, respectively (CVD HR, 1.00; 95% CL, 0.75-1.34; ACM HR 1.20; 95% CL, 0.89-1.64). CVD status has no apparent influence on the association of supplemental vitamin E intake and risk for CVD and ACM in this large, community-based study. Further research is needed to clarify the basis for the discrepant results between intervention and observational studies of supplemental vitamin E intake.
    Atherosclerosis 01/2009; 205(2):549-53. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Emerging evidence suggests that different inflammatory biomarkers operate through distinct biologic mechanisms. We hypothesized that the relation to peripheral arterial disease (PAD) varies for individual markers. In a community-based sample we measured 12 biomarkers including plasma CD40 ligand, fibrinogen, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase-A2 mass and activity, osteoprotegerin, P-selectin, and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2); and serum C-reactive protein, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and myeloperoxidase in Framingham Offspring Study participants (n=2800, 53% women, mean age 61 years). We examined the cross-sectional relation of the biomarker panel to PAD using (1) a global test of significance to determine whether at least one of 12 biomarkers was related to PAD using the TEST statement in the LOGISTIC procedure in SAS and (2) stepwise multivariable logistic regression with forward selection of markers with separate models for (1) ankle-brachial index (ABI) category (<0.9, 0.9-1.0, >1.0) and (2) presence of clinical PAD (intermittent claudication or lower extremity revascularization). The group of inflammatory biomarkers were significantly related to both ABI and clinical PAD (p=0.01 and p=0.02, respectively, multi-marker adjusted global significance test). Multivariable forward elimination regression retained interleukin-6 and TNFR2 as significantly associated with PAD. For one standard deviation change in interleukin-6 and TNFR2 concentrations, there was a 1.21 (p=0.005) and 1.19 (p=0.009) increased odds of a change in ABI level respectively. Similar results were observed for clinical PAD. Interleukin-6 and TNFR2 were significantly associated with PAD independent of established risk factors and each other, suggesting that each marker represents a distinct biologic pathway.
    Atherosclerosis 08/2008; 203(2):509-14. · 3.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
367.08 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • York Hospital
      York, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2004–2011
    • Boston University
      • • Division of Mathematics
      • • Department of Medicine
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2005–2009
    • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
      • Division of Cardiovascular Sciences (DCVS)
      Maryland, United States
  • 2007–2008
    • University of Massachusetts Boston
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      • Division of Cardiology
      Boston, MA, United States
    • Karl Jaspers Society of North America
      United States
  • 2006
    • Beverly Hospital, Boston MA
      Beverly, Massachusetts, United States