Min Soo Kim

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States

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Publications (267)552.16 Total impact

  • Syahrizal Muttakin · Min Soo Kim · Dong-Un Lee
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of jet-milling on the physicochemical and sensorial properties of defatted soybean flour (DSF) were investigated. Superfine DSF powder (DSF-JM; D50=4.3±0.1μm) was prepared from DSF powder (DSF-150; D50=257.0±1.7μm) via conventional sifting followed by jet-milling. The jet-milled DSF showed significant increases in hydration properties, with increases in the water-holding capacity, water-solubility index, and swelling capacity of 24%, 39%, and 32%, respectively. Soluble dietary fibre and fat-binding capacity of DSF-JM also increased significantly (p<0.05). A quantitative descriptive analysis by trained panelists indicated that the sensorial properties of DSF were also modified by jet milling. The DSF-JM showed significant reductions in bitterness and roughness, but sweetness increased, and the colour of DSF-JM changed to a brighter achromatic colour. These results indicate that superfine DSF could be an ingredient used to modify physical and sensorial properties of food. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Food Chemistry 11/2015; 187. DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.104 · 3.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common problem after general anesthesia. Although 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists have significantly reduced PONV, over 35% of patients treated with ondansetron can experience PONV. In this study, we investigated whether the Y129S and -100_-102AAG deletion polymorphisms of the 5-HT3B receptor gene affect the efficacy of ondansetron in preventing PONV. Two hundred and forty-five adult patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled. Ondansetron 0.1 mg/kg was intravenously administered 30 minutes before the end of surgery. Genomic DNA was prepared from blood samples using a nucleic acid isolation device. Both the Y129S variant and the -100_-102AAG deletion variant were screened for using a single base primer extension assay and a DNA direct sequencing method, respectively. The relationship between genetic polymorphisms and clinical outcomes of ondansetron treatment was investigated. Among the 5-HT3B AAG deletion genotypes, the incidence of PONV was higher in patients with the homomutant than with other genotypes during the first 2 hours after surgery (p=0.02). There were no significant differences in the incidence of PONV among genotypes at 2-24 hours after surgery. In the Y129S variants of the 5-HT3B receptor gene, there were no significant differences in the incidence of PONV among genotypes during the first 2 hours and at 2-24 hours after surgery. The response to ondansetron for PONV was significantly influenced by the -100_-102AAG deletion polymorphisms of the 5-HT3B gene. Thus, the -100_-102AAG deletion variants may be a pharmacogenetic predictor for responsiveness to ondansetron for PONV.
    Yonsei medical journal 09/2015; 56(5):1415-20. DOI:10.3349/ymj.2015.56.5.1415 · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Young Chang Cho · Min Soo Kim
    06/2015; 20(3):11-18. DOI:10.9723/jksiis.2015.20.3.011
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    ABSTRACT: Candida albicans colonization is required for invasive disease. Unlike humans, adult mice with mature intact gut microbiota are resistant to C. albicans gastrointestinal (GI) colonization, but the factors that promote C. albicans colonization resistance are unknown. Here we demonstrate that commensal anaerobic bacteria-specifically clostridial Firmicutes (clusters IV and XIVa) and Bacteroidetes-are critical for maintaining C. albicans colonization resistance in mice. Using Bacteroides thetaiotamicron as a model organism, we find that hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a transcription factor important for activating innate immune effectors, and the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 (CRAMP in mice) are key determinants of C. albicans colonization resistance. Although antibiotic treatment enables C. albicans colonization, pharmacologic activation of colonic Hif1a induces CRAMP expression and results in a significant reduction of C. albicans GI colonization and a 50% decrease in mortality from invasive disease. In the setting of antibiotics, Hif1a and Camp (which encodes CRAMP) are required for B. thetaiotamicron-induced protection against C. albicans colonization of the gut. Thus, modulating C. albicans GI colonization by activation of gut mucosal immune effectors may represent a novel therapeutic approach for preventing invasive fungal disease in humans.
    Nature medicine 06/2015; 21(7). DOI:10.1038/nm.3871 · 27.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Circulating carbohydrates are an essential energy source, perturbations in which are pathognomonic of various diseases, diabetes being the most prevalent. Yet many of the genes underlying diabetes and its characteristic hyperglycaemia remain elusive. Here we use physiological and genetic interrogations in D. melanogaster to uncover the 'glucome', the complete set of genes involved in glucose regulation in flies. Partial genomic screens of ∼1,000 genes yield ∼160 hyperglycaemia 'flyabetes' candidates that we classify using fat body- and muscle-specific knockdown and biochemical assays. The results highlight the minor glucose fraction as a physiological indicator of metabolism in Drosophila. The hits uncovered in our screen may have conserved functions in mammalian glucose homeostasis, as heterozygous and homozygous mutants of Ck1alpha in the murine adipose lineage, develop diabetes. Our findings demonstrate that glucose has a role in fly biology and that genetic screenings carried out in flies may increase our understanding of mammalian pathophysiology.
    Nature Communications 05/2015; 6:7102. DOI:10.1038/ncomms8102 · 11.47 Impact Factor
  • Sang Hee Jeon · Min Soo Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, CCS (carbon dioxide capture and sequestration) has been receiving considerable attention as a possible means of dealing with emissions of CO2, a greenhouse gas. To this end, EOR (enhanced oil recovery) and EGR (enhanced gas recovery) are regarded as being viable options for economically sequestrating large amounts of CO2. A feasible approach would involve capturing CO2 from large-scale CO2 emission sources such as power plants, and then transporting that captured gas to near-depleted oil and gas wells to maintain the reservoir pressure and enhance the oil/gas recovery rate. In the future, CO2 will be transported large distances from emission sources in developed countries to oil/gas producing regions by pipelines or ships. The long-distance ship-based transport of CO2 would require that the gas be compressed or liquefied (LCO2). Furthermore, an LCO2 transport ship would have to be capable of processing boil-off gas while at sea.
    Applied Thermal Engineering 05/2015; 82. DOI:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.02.080 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PurposeThe purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a newly designed titanium mesh (TM) for preserving the buccal bone around an immediately placed implant following tooth extraction in dogs.Materials and Methods Immediate implant placements were performed bilaterally in the mesial socket of the fourth premolar in five dogs. In one site, the TM was affixed to the fixture using its own stabilization components (TM group), and the contralateral site was left untreated (control group). All surgical sites were intended to be submerged with primary flap closure. Histologic and histomorphometric analyses were performed 16 weeks postoperatively.ResultsAll implants were histologically osseointegrated, and buccal bone resorption was evident in both groups with the high rate of TM exposure (4/5). The most coronal level of bone-implant contact and the bone crest were not statistically different between the TM and the control group. A dense connective tissue layer consistently predominated under the TM, where mineralized tissue was not observed, and the vascularity and cellularity were minimal.Conclusions It can be conjectured that preservation of buccal plate by using the TM in immediate implantation was not predictable due to vulnerability to wound dehiscence and substantial pseudoperiosteum formation beneath the TM.
    Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research 03/2015; DOI:10.1111/cid.12302 · 3.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obesity has been reported to impair immune functions and lead to low-grade long-term inflammation; however, studies that have investigated the impact of weight loss on these among the young and slightly obese are limited. Thus, we investigated the effect of a 12-week weight management program with behavioral modifications on cell-mediated immune functions and inflammatory responses in young obese participants. Our hypothesis was that weight loss would result in improved immune functions and decreased inflammatory responses. Sixty-four participants (45 obese and 19 normal weight) finished the program. Obese (body mass index ≥25) participants took part in 5 group education and 6 individual counseling sessions. Normal-weight (body mass index 18.5-23) participants only attended 6 individual sessions. The goal for the obese was to lose 0.5 kg/wk by reducing their intake by 300 to 500 kcal/d and increasing their physical activity. Program participation resulted in a modest but significant decrease in weight (2.7 ± 0.4 kg, P < .001) and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated interleukin-1β production (from 0.85 ± 0.07 to 0.67 ± 0.07 ng/mL, P < .05) in the obese. In the obese group, increase in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated interleukin-10 production, a TH2 and anti-inflammatory cytokine, approached significance after program participation (from 6181 ± 475 to 6970 ± 632 pg/mL, P = .06). No significant changes in proliferative responses to the optimal concentration of concanavalin A or phytohemagglutinin were observed in the obese after program participation. Collectively, modest weight loss did not change the cell-mediated immune functions significantly but did attenuate the inflammatory response in young and otherwise healthy obese adults. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    Nutrition Research 02/2015; 35(4). DOI:10.1016/j.nutres.2015.02.004 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study proposes a method for assessing the risk of ship hull collapse following a collision. A probabilistic approach is applied to establish the relationship between the exceedance probability of collision and the residual ultimate longitudinal strength index. A set of credible collision scenarios which represent the entire range of possible collision accidents is selected using a sampling technique based on probability density distributions of influencing parameters. The amount and location of collision damage for selected individual collision scenarios are characterised using the LS-DYNA nonlinear finite element method. The ultimate hull girder strength of a ship with predefined collision damage is then calculated using the ALPS/HULL intelligent supersize finite element method. To demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method, applied examples are given, involving collisions with a hypothetical Suezmax-class double-hull oil tanker. Based on the results, design formulations for predicting the residual strength index of damaged ship hulls are derived in an empirical manner. The examples show that the proposed method will be very useful for evaluating the risk of collapse of a ship's hull after sustaining collision damage, which may contribute to a collision risk-based design framework. Moreover, the method will be useful in rescue and salvage operations immediately after a collision by permitting a rapid assessment of the structural safety of a damaged ship.
    Ships and Offshore Structures 01/2015; DOI:10.1080/17445302.2014.993110 · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Supraglottic airway devices with noninflatable cuff have advantages in omitting the cuff pressure monitoring and reducing potential pharyngolaryngeal complications. Typical devices without cuff inflation available in children are the i-gel™ and the self-pressurized air-Q™ intubating laryngeal airway (air-Q SP). To date, there is no comparative study between these devices in pediatric patients.AimThe purpose of this randomized study was to compare the i-gel™ and the self-pressurized air-Q™ intubating laryngeal airway (air-Q SP) in children undergoing general anesthesia.Methods Eighty children, 1–108 months of age, 7–30 kg of weight, and scheduled for elective surgery in which supraglottic airway devices would be suitable for airway management, were randomly assigned to either the i-gel or the air-Q SP. Oropharyngeal leak pressure and fiberoptic view were assessed three times as follows: after insertion and fixation of the device, 10 min after initial assessment, and after completion of surgery. We also assessed insertion parameters and complications.ResultsInsertion of the i-gel was regarded as significantly easier compared to the air-Q SP (P = 0.04). Compared to the air-Q SP group, the i-gel group had significantly higher oropharyngeal leak pressures at all measurement points and significantly lower frequencies of gastric insufflation at 10 min after initial assessment and completion of surgery. The air-Q SP group had better fiberoptic views than the i-gel group at all measurement points.Conclusion Our results showed that the i-gel had easier insertion and better sealing function, and the air-Q SP provided improved fiberoptic views in children requiring general anesthesia.
    Pediatric Anesthesia 01/2015; 25(4). DOI:10.1111/pan.12609 · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • Mo Se Kim · Chang Soo Shin · Min Soo Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the replacements of the synthetic refrigerants whose properties are good as a refrigerant with no ozone depletion and a very little global warming effect. However, its low critical temperature makes a CO2 refrigeration system to form trans-critical cycle and determination of an optimal heat rejection pressure becomes an important problem for the best performance. Until now, number of studies have been published which correlate preliminarily obtained data map with some major operating parameters. In this study, a generally usable real time optimal control method is introduced. This real time optimal control method does not require preliminarily obtained correlations and makes the system operate in a nearly optimal region. Additionally, its limitations which produce undesirable errors and bias of controlled value were also treated in this paper. Three causes of errors were discussed and it is helpful to improve the control method.
    International Journal of Refrigeration 12/2014; 48. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2014.09.014 · 2.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, we isolated a bacteriophage T7-resistant mutant strain of Escherichia coli (named S3) and then proceeded to characterize it. The mutant bacterial colonies appeared to be mucoid. Microarray analysis revealed that genes related to colanic acid production were upregulated in the mutant. Increase in colanic acid production was shown in the mutant bacteria when L-fucose was biochemically measured, and protective capsule formation was observed under an electron microscope. We found a point mutation in the lon gene promoter in S3, the mutant bacteria. Overproduction of colanic acid was observed in some phage-resistant mutant bacteria after infection with other bacteriophages, T4 and lambda. Colanic acid overproduction was also observed in clinically isolated strains of E. coli upon phage infection. The overproduction of colanic acid resulted in the inhibition of bacteriophage adsorption to the host. Biofilm formation initially decreased shortly after infection, but eventually increased after 48 hours of incubation by the emergence of the mutant bacteria. The bacteriophage PBECO4 was shown to infect the colanic acid-overproducing mutant strains of E. coli. We confirmed that gene product of ORF 547 of PBECO4 harbored colanic acid degrading enzymatic (CAE) activity. The mixed infection of T7 and PBECO4 or its purified enzyme (CAE) to the T7-resistant bacteria led to the successful infection of T7. Biofilm formation decreased with the mixed infection, too. This represents a novel strategy for overcoming phage-resistant mutant bacteria where phage cocktails different from those exploiting solely receptor differences are used. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 11/2014; 81(3). DOI:10.1128/AEM.02606-14 · 3.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1unprecedented properties, have gained great attraction for the repair of tissues, particularly for those requiring electrical stimuli. While most reports have demonstrated in vitro neural cell responses of the CNTs, little has performed on the in vivo efficacy of CNT-interfaced biomaterials in the repair and regeneration of neural tissues. Thus, here we report for the first time the in vivo functions of CNT-interfaced nerve conduits in the regeneration of rat transected sciatic nerve. Aminated CNTs were chemically tethered onto a surface of aligned phosphate glass microfibers (PGFs) and the CNT-interfaced PGFs (CNT-PGFs) were embedded into three-dimensional poly(-L/D-lactic acid) (PLDLA) tube successfully. In vitro study confirmed that neurites of dorsal root ganglion outgrew actively along the aligned CNT-PGFs and that CNT interfacing significantly increased the maximal neurite length. Sixteen weeks after implantation of a CNT-PGFs nerve conduit into a 10 mm-gap transected sciatic nerve in rats, the number of regenerating axons crossing the scaffold, the cross-sectional area of the re-innervated muscles and the electrophysiological findings were all significantly improved by the interfacing with CNTs. This first in vivo effect of CNT-interfaced scaffold in the regeneration process of a rat transected sciatic nerve strongly supports the potential use of CNT-interfaced PGFs at the interface of nerve conduit and peripheral neural tissues.
    Acta Biomaterialia 11/2014; 13. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2014.11.026 · 6.03 Impact Factor
  • Young Chang Cho · Min Soo Kim
    10/2014; 19(5):25-31. DOI:10.9723/jksiis.2014.19.5.025
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    ABSTRACT: Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that mainly involves medium to large sized arteries. Although it affects coronary and pulmonary arteries occasionally, physicians should consider the possibility of involvement of coronary or pulmonary arteries in patients with Takayasu's arteritis with chest pain or exertional dyspnoea. We report a case of Takayasu's arteritis who presented with exertional dyspnoea and generalised oedema due to severe bilateral pulmonary and left main coronary arterial stenoses. The patient was successfully treated by a one-stage percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty and stent implantation of the involved left main coronary and pulmonary arteries. The endovascular treatment may be one of the treatment options for the stenotic vascular lesions in patients with Takayasu's arteritis. Copyright © 2014 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Heart, Lung and Circulation 10/2014; 24(2). DOI:10.1016/j.hlc.2014.09.007 · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background There is a need for an adjuvant agent of caudal block that prolongs its duration and improves the analgesic efficacy to fasten functional recovery. Magnesium is an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist that functions as an analgesic. This study was aimed to evaluate whether magnesium as an adjuvant for caudal block in children can improve postoperative analgesia and functional recovery.Methods Eighty children, 2–6 years of age, undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy, were included in this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. For caudal block, Group R received ropivacaine 1.5 mg·ml−1, 1 ml·kg−1 and Group RM received the same dose of ropivacaine mixed with 50 mg of magnesium. The Parents' Postoperative Pain Measure (PPPM) score, analgesic consumption, functional recovery, and adverse effects were evaluated at 6, 24, 48, and 72 h after surgery, as well as daily thereafter until the child showed full functional recovery.ResultsThe PPPM score after hospital discharge was significantly lower for Group RM than for Group R at all times (P < 0.05). Children in Group RM required less fentanyl for rescue analgesia in the recovery area (16.2% vs 39.5%, P = 0.034) and less oral analgesics after discharge (20.5% vs 52.6%, P = 0.007). The time to return of normal functional activity was shorter in Group RM (P < 0.05). The incidence of adverse effects did not differ between groups.Conclusions As an adjuvant for caudal analgesia, 50 mg magnesium provided superior quality of analgesia and faster return of normal functional activity than local anesthetic alone in children.
    Pediatric Anesthesia 10/2014; 24(12). DOI:10.1111/pan.12559 · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The diagnostic criteria of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) have mainly focused on dichotomous (yes/no) categorization, which makes it difficult to compare the inter-patient's condition and to evaluate the intra-patient's subtle severity over the course of time. To overcome this limitation, many efforts have been made to create laboratory methods or scoring systems to reflect the severity of CRPS; measurement of the skin temperature asymmetry is one of the former, and the CRPS severity score (CSS) is one of the latter. However, there has been no study on the correlations among the CSS, temperature asymmetry and subjective pain score. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there is any correlation between the CSS, skin temperature asymmetry and subjective pain score. Methods Patients affected with CRPS in a unilateral limb were included in this study. After making a diagnosis of CRPS according to the Budapest criteria, the CSS and skin temperature difference between the affected and unaffected limb (ΔT) was measured in each patient. Finally, we conducted a correlation analysis among the CSS, ΔT and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the patients. Results A total of 42 patients were included in this study. There was no significant correlation between the ΔT and VAS score (Spearman's rho = 0.066, P = 0.677). Also, the CSS and VAS score showed no significant correlation (Spearman's rho = 0.163, P = 0.303). Conclusions The ΔT and CSS do not seem to reflect the degree of subjective pain in CRPS patients.
    The Korean journal of pain 10/2014; 27(4):339-44. DOI:10.3344/kjp.2014.27.4.339
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    ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal death are poorly understood. One of the most widely used models to study neuronal death are cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) which undergo apoptosis when switched from a medium containing depolarizing levels of potassium (HK) to a medium with low non-depolarizing levels of potassium (LK). Previously, other labs have used DNA microarray analysis to characterize gene expression changes in LK-treated CGNs. However, microarray analysis is only capable of measuring the status of known transcripts, and expression of low-abundance mRNAs is often not detected by the hybridization-based approach. We have used RNA-sequencing to conduct a more detailed and comprehensive analysis of gene expression changes in CGNs induced to die by LK treatment. RNA-seq investigates the status of both known transcripts as well as exploring new ones and is substantially more sensitive than the microarray approach. We have found that the expression of 4334 genes is significantly altered in LK-treated CGNs with 2199 being up-regulated while 2135 are down-regulated. Genes functioning in cell death and survival regulation, cell growth and proliferation and molecular transport were most affected by LK treatment. Further, a large number of genes involved in nervous system development and function were also deregulated. Analysis of signaling pathways that were affected in LK-induced death included but were not limited to mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative phosphorylation, consistent with a number of studies showing perturbations of these pathways in neurodegenerative disorders. Thus, our study identifies a large number of new genes that are affected during the process of neuronal death. While a majority of these changes may reflect consequences of the induction of neuronal death, many of the genes that we have identified are likely to be critical and potentially novel mediators of neuronal death, including death associated with neurodegenerative disease.
    Experimental Biology and Medicine 09/2014; 240(2). DOI:10.1177/1535370214551688 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: This study compared the effects of Escherichia-coli-produced recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (ErhBMP-2) with a biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) carrier to those of deproteinized bovine bone in human maxillary sinus floor augmentation. Material and methods: Screening for this clinical trial selected 56 sites that provided informed consent to participate, of which 46 were ultimately enrolled and 41 were finally included in the study. The sites were divided into two groups using a random-number table, and the material was applied. A trephine biopsy was performed after 24 weeks, and implants wider than the biopsy site were inserted. Computed tomography and plain panoramic images were obtained immediately and then again at 24 weeks after the surgery. Radiographic images were reconstructed to allow measurement of the linear and volumetric changes. The biopsy samples were processed for histologic and histometric analyzes. Results: All sites healed uneventfully with no complications. Radiographic analysis revealed a tendency for the volume to increase, but the difference was not statistically significant in either group. Comparison of volumetric changes between the two groups also revealed no significant difference. Moreover, none of the histometric parameters differed significantly between the groups, although different healing patterns were observed on histologic analysis. Conclusions and clinical implications: It can be concluded that sinus augmentation with ErhBMP-2 carrying BCP carrier did not enhance bone regeneration compared to the conventional treatment using deproteinized bovine bone at 24 weeks after the surgery.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 09/2014; DOI:10.1111/clr.12471 · 3.89 Impact Factor
  • Kyung Don Baik · Bo Ki Hong · Kookil Han · Min Soo Kim
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of the anisotropic bending stiffness of gas diffusion layers (GDLs) on the performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells with metallic bipolar plates (MBPs), having different channel depths, are investigated. The current–voltage performance of fuel cells with 90° GDLs, whose directions of higher stiffness are perpendicular to the direction of the major flow field, is generally higher than that of cells with 0° GDLs, whose directions of higher stiffness are parallel to the direction of the major flow field. In the shallowest channel, the air pressure drop (ΔP) values of the 90° GDL cells are clearly lower than those of the 0° GDL cells, indicating less intrusion of the 90° GDL into the MBP channels. However, no significant difference appears between the air ΔP values of 0° and 90° GDL cells employing deeper channels. In comparison with other cells employing deeper channels, a dramatic increase in the high-frequency resistance of both the 0° and 90° GDL cells with the shallowest channel is unexpectedly observed, presumably due to the exceptional increase in the hydrogen and air pressure, which may cause more deformation and poor contact status of the GDLs in the cell. The cross-sectional images of GDLs upon compression indicate that the difference of blocked channel area between 0° and 90° GDL cells is much larger in the case of the shallowest channel, resulting in the observed air ΔP, whereas it is substantially negligible for the deepest channel.
    Renewable Energy 09/2014; 69:356–364. DOI:10.1016/j.renene.2014.03.060 · 3.48 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

2k Citations
552.16 Total Impact Points


  • 2014–2015
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Department of Clinical Sciences
      Dallas, Texas, United States
    • Chonbuk National University
      • Department of Mechanical Design Engineering
      Tsiuentcheou, Jeollabuk-do, South Korea
    • Dankook University
      • Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering (ITREN)
      Eidō, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
    • Chungnam National University Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2011–2015
    • Chung-Ang University
      • • School of Food Science and Technology
      • • College of Pharmacy
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Inha University
      • Department of Mechanical Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2015
    • Yonsei University Hospital
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Catholic University of Korea
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2002–2015
    • Yonsei University
      • • College of Dentistry
      • • Department of Mechanical Engineering
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Kookmin University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1994–2015
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Food and Nutrition
      • • School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
      • • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2012–2014
    • Seoul National University Bundang Hospital
      • Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Nevada, Reno
      • Department of Chemistry
      Reno, Nevada, United States
    • Inje University
      • Department of Medicine and Premedicine
      Kŭmhae, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea
  • 2010–2014
    • Chonnam National University
      • • Division of Food and Nutrition
      • • Department of Anatomy
      Gwangju, Gwangju, South Korea
    • Inje University Paik Hospital
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2014
    • Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
      • Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2007–2014
    • Hallym University
      • Department of Food Science and Nutrition
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2013
    • San Diego State University
      San Diego, California, United States
  • 2012–2013
    • Georgia Institute of Technology
      • School of Electrical & Computer Engineering
      Atlanta, Georgia, United States
  • 2011–2013
    • Gachon University
      • Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
  • 2010–2013
    • CHA University
      • Department of Neurosurgery
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2013
    • Hanyang University
      • • School of Business
      • • College of Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003–2013
    • Yeungnam University
      • • Department of Neurosurgery
      • • Department of Electronic Engineering
      Gyeongsan, Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea
  • 2010–2012
    • Keimyung University
      • Dongsan Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2012
    • Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute-KERI
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 1999–2012
    • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
      • • Department of Computer Science
      • • Department of Biological Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009–2010
    • Korea University
      • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008–2010
    • Toyohashi University of Technology
      • Department of Electrical and Electronic Information Engineering
      Toyohasi, Aichi, Japan
    • Dongguk University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • National Cancer Center Korea
      Kōyō, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
    • Ajou University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of California, Berkeley
      Berkeley, California, United States
    • Sogang University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Korea Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • University of Seoul
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008–2009
    • Kangwon National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Shunsen, Gangwon, South Korea
  • 2007–2009
    • Seoul Medical Center
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2004–2009
    • Korea Research Institute of Bioscience & Biotechnology KRIBB
      • Chemical Biology Research Center
      Anzan, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2004–2008
    • Pusan National University
      • Department of Polymer Science and Engineering
      Tsau-liang-hai, Busan, South Korea
  • 2006–2007
    • Pohang University of Science and Technology
      • Department of Mechanical Engineering
      Geijitsu, Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea
  • 2002–2006
    • Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
      Usan-ri, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea
  • 2005
    • Chungnam National University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Sŏngnam, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea